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GERMANS WANT REINFORCEMENTS, TURKEY' REFUSES THEM. LONDON, Jan nary 21. (Received January 22, at 9 Reuter’s Cairo com’.-.ponckmt states that the German officers in Syria are pessimistic over Turkey ref using to send reinforcements of trained men and ordering' an advance, on Egypt at all costs and without delay. IMG NUMBERS MEAN IMG SUPPLIES. THE DESERT PROBLEM. (London ‘Times' and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, January 21. Tho German officers want 200,C00 Turks before Duty feel strong enough to t.acklo the invasion of .Egypt, but defects in the supply of provision's are proving the greatest obstacle. A Pasha who had expressed sympathy with the Allies was conducted through the streets of Damascus, clad in penitent Lai garments, and wearing a placard inscribed, Tr.ait.--r; ho was polled, by the populace. CAUCASUS RETREAT. TURKS’ LEFT WING FLEEING. PETROURAD, January 21. (Received -January 22, at 9 a.m.) Official : The remnants of tho Turkish rearguards aro precipitately retreating.' W© have occupied Ardamitsch (between Batu m and Kars, and west of Ardaga-u). GERMAN ADMINISTRATION. FAMINE, MUTINY', HANGING. (London 'Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun’ Services.) LONDON, January 21. The Turks in Erzcrum arc mutinying because- of famine, and several Poores were hanged by direction of tho German commandant-. SOUTH-WEST AFRICA. ENEMY IN FORCE OVER THE FRONTIER. CAPE TOWN, January 21. (Received January 22, at 9 a.m.) As a result of recent operations tho Union forces hold a lino on tho Orange River. Tho enemy are in force in Union territory, near the German border, where, .however, their advance has been checked.

ANGOLA. PORTUGUESE REINFORCEMENTS. LISBON, January 21. (Received January 22, at 9 Portugal has despatched 4,600 troops to Angola.. COPRA EXPORT. A DESIRABLE EMBARGO, LONDON,-January 31. (Received January 22, at 9 a.m.) The British Government have, prohibited the export of copra, owing to heavy reexports from Ho!land and Scandinavia. No less than 11,129 tens were exported from .England in December. The visible supplies are 110.610 tons. AUSTRALASIA'S LEADER. MAJOR-GENERAL W. R. BIRD WOOD. While it has been generally, known here for sorao days that Major-General AW R. Bird wood -was in commend the Australian and New Zealand Forces at. the front (writes a correspondent from Bombay to a Sydney paper), the appointment has now been only oflieiallv announced. -As ifi known in Australia., the Australasians are now in Egvpt, carrying mu tho double object of perfecting their training and strengthening the British Forocs there, ami they will shortly he joined by their new leader, who leaves Lidia during the next, few days. The idea us that tlm Australians and the New Zealanders shall go into action together, and will lie formed with other ranks into one uiiiiy corps. Majorgeneral Bird wood will he with the. man in TCeypt. and then, at tics decide,l ume. lead them to battle. Tile appointment of Major-general Birdwood is considered a happy one. in India, as tie raw a good deal ot the Australian contingents in South Africa. He is a young general, being in In's 49th. year, and in addition to a successful career during the South African War he lias seen service in several expedii ions in India, jvt-nrning in evn-v i asc with Ids reputation as a da.-Ling soldier c-.tivnglhoncd by pioniouon and medals. The general has, a striking cainage and pleasant fare. marked by note; uiinnl ion. He is vety popular in military circles in India, and there is misdoubt that -Australians will find him an efficient, and pleasant leader. Passing over Gcin.-ral Bird wood s early dr.vs in the nvinv, we, find him, at the opening ot his. career, n India, taking part in the. Hazara. and !sa/.ai Expeditions ot 1801 and 1892. and for bis work in these expeditions he received a. medal and clasp. Then ho was in the operations on the Samana, in 1697-1808 (modal with two clasps), and in- was mem ir.-.ned :n de.s--piitehes. He Macs home on leave when the South .-African War broke out, an,!, in Noecu.tier, lo?9, was appointed a special service olliccr. serving in that- capacity wit!: the Natal Field Force until the. following Januaiv, when he lx earnn a, brigade-major, and in' October. 1900. ho was. appointed, a D.A A.G. Ho chtnied out, those cluiics until June, 1902. and lie was then for a short. time military serretai'v i o KrH’fi I\ itchoncr. (f.0.C.-iii-Ciu'U (,t tDo Konvs in Smith Airhvi-. Ho was three times, mentioned in despatches by Sir Itodver* Bullcr and once bv Lord Kitchener, and he was given tho. inev.-ts of major and lieutenant-colonel (Queen's medal with, six cca-sp.s and Kings medal with two clasps). It-Turniug i o India with Hie rank of colonel, he received an appointment .'it Annv 1 [eadq unifiers, and much of his work iu India was after wards done at headquarters-. H > was on the staff of Lord Tvitchcwr fw fieri Gnimiiandcr-ai-Ghicf in India). Rut in 1908 1m was given another opportunity to s'-rvuv, being appointed chief staff V.ificer wit It the Mohinana Field Force. He served with the, force, throughoat- the year-, and mumd to Ins laurels a D.5.0.. a. medal with clasp, and was mentioned in despatches. T ncii ho took command .a the Konar. “...." a-' - n while n'.s latest, app- acl men! inns been I hat; ot Army Sec ret or v. Genera! Vordwood was deco-‘-a.ted with the G.I.K. in L-inß. G.S.L in 1910. ami H IS. at- the Coronation. PAS DE OALATE. (Ror.dc-av.) This .1 . ■ Calais!’’ the War Lord. . Hod ; “ There lies the goal to which wo stride 1 Ah, what a game our gun,-. s-ha-l 1 play Once i;i.?r---- -the English, brought, to bay. Shall wish their Channel thrice, n.s wide I “.Across that- strip of swinging fide To Dover Ciilis ot'.r shells shall, ride. Who falters? tin, delay---I’a.s do Calais !" .-Vlas for William -and hie prided He sees Ids elFortx ail defied. The long French field guns pound away. ” Poult! Pas do biague!" fney seem to s r. y. ■‘Not tins w.-v, Wfida.m. Stand aside i'.is do Calais!" —* Ma.m ■■.-.=: nr Guardian.’ ‘•THE WHITE GENERAL." Russian soidiei's tL/it asi m-’O sur-reun-df’d by sc. sao 1 - gasrd-ians. T.ed believe that-’’’) here are more with ns Hum ;vv-- }fi .- dvevd.veu, t.t M fiICS I says that, the whisper goes round on julgrim beats I,'ound lor Jaffa.! ‘‘.lhero is a mysterious passenver on board," and iu a recent, 'Haile Mail’ Mr Hamilton Eyf-e says; “A story lias lately boc-n. spread through, tho soldiers at- tho front of a mysterious ‘White General/ who rides throng): Hue ranks on a white horse, If lie looks- a man full iu the face, that, man bears -a charmed Rio-. Thofio whom he passes by with eyes averted, aro .always, so tho troops declare, marked for death. During the last few weeks the. General has not. been si-cii in the Russian lines, and the soldiers say ho is busy in the German or Austrian armies, walking with his eyes to the ground, and they thus account for the enemy's defeat and heavy losses.'’ LORI) FT"tATIfCONA'S WARNING. Presiding at. a meeting in London of Ihe Anglo-German Oil Gonipauy. Mr G. Greenaway said that 1 heir late chairman (Lord Sirn’thcona) held for years that tills war would sooner or later be forced on tun Tie, therefor..' tint riot ieally devoted the last venrs of his life to obtain Tor tho nation pu.rclv British source of supply of oh fuel.

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THE MARCH ON EGYPT, Issue 15707, 22 January 1915

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THE MARCH ON EGYPT Issue 15707, 22 January 1915

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