ONE MONTH AT SOISSONS. LOSS OF CROUY. "IRON CORPS"& THE FRENCH. [By A. Si'exce.] The name of Lioutet-iar.t-gene.'inl Von Lock-on- is given as Hie German commander who repulsed the French ■i.m Iho highlands behind r-'oi.sso;i.s. Tlii« general command:; tli« 3rd Corps of Rr-audenbiutgers, sometimes cat:od tho Iron. Corps. It is reckoned to bo the host body of trow pa iu ill/- Get man army, nut excluding the Piwu'an Gutml. Cnder Yon Alvorwiebon in 1870, if, certainly did astonishing things, its moist notable rich i eve men t beitt-sy at-Marsda-T-our 071 August 16 <->£ that year. On (hat occasion it fought & desperate battle, holding up Bazain-e'e big army, and thereby originating the movement which brought on iho .battle of G ravel otte two days later, and ultimately shut Bazaine in Mots. 'The battle, of Mars-la-Tour ha? formed the main theme of jnany an English tfittd>ook on tactics.
Traditions of tho pSiSf live long. It is s:aid in the Rome papers that, nothing has held »mo of the. English but tabors together in (lie fa-ro of (Tying oireumsitiriew so-much ;us tho regimental tradition. Some- fading linked to tho past probably spurred the- ord Corps on for tho effort at Soii>s*ons. These traditions, belong only to two nations—England and Germany. French regimental tradition was almost lost after tho disintegration of tho FrancoGerman war. The Hussions parted with many of theirs in the Japaneao war. Other nations liavo taken lit-ilo care to preserve tradition, and therefore have hardly any now. Tho struggle at Crony, which is nine or ten miles behind Soissons (and on the Vregny plateau, which is near Crony), has evidently been going on for a, 'mouth. The Amsterdam cable refers to a, supremo bombardment on Christmas Day. The Berlin communique- statce. that- it is four weeks si 1100 General Joil'ro. published an army order to attack. Berlin, claims that in this period France sustained a, lose of about 150.000 men, .and Germany about one-fourih of that. Importance need not be attached to the rosier of losses, for no nation engaged in war em- tells the (ruth. What is import-ant is (hat there has been a French order to atlaclc at a,s many points as possible. 'Hint, order must have Wri designed u>' ease (lie strain which Von Hi ride 11 burg was imposine; in Poland. '
And, by tho. way, we haite not heard lately one. syllable -a.s to where Yon Hinde.nburg is. Sixty-nine days ago ho began pouring in troops between'the Vistula- and the Warla. and when last.we were told of him he was quite close to Warsaw. Ho seems to have vanished from (ho cables since. What is going on? We. can <-.nly l.e r, asonabiy certain that Jofi'i-ft is in the position to sikvak (he premier word at present, and, knowing his views, it is easy to i-ay that tho Allies aim at a co-ordination of f-tratecy. The enemy must b-e pressed on concentric lines everywhere and often. ]>. v.as. indeed, only the otlur day that doffi'o said ail this in i~ message to the Hii-sian commander wh-/) fought, (he sac-ces.-iul action at Saiwkanih.h, in iho Onima.su.-> region. In view of this cvinrcnliic- pressure' such victories as \"on Locltov.- has ivuii near Soissons do not matter very much.
Str;i.U?gi«il!y siwakincr. Urn! is. ]n the tactit.-al Allien are pctiinj; picntv of blows which do nm ir-U fho puhli-: of. 'lhr h:\y.k of Seasons n.ii \va ; :-'d on a ninemile front., and ; In-' [•'r'Mwh tr-ecm to haw: been voiy roughly handled, espivialiv on January 14. when ihoir fiont was driven in for inoi.p than 4.000 yards. The .subject Deed not be pursued far ji),-'-i now. but there is ii>M' it:toroy'iiiycr ]irK- in lb-.- cables. On ChrUtinm day ,-ohie of the lluihjh machine Kims worr' buried hy "' tho. bombardment of the trenehes."' This huri.il of men. and l'U);:; lus boon a common tV.attnr. in ijt'nc-h. warbrr-e. it, ficonis. .A heavy .'■hc!i strikes tb- )>:ira.jir-t of a trniv:li. s.'a:'tf'rii,!: ion.-, of .--r.nh over the m.-n inc-i-ci-c. and they (lie h-orore spadi.s <r I j-ojit!;injr fools can oh: them out. .WAX I AS. Kvcryv.dicre Anania- stalks the -!;iL r -i. Yesterday the number of French combatants afSoissons was trivon a- three bripa do;- '4,20. it was said;. This was a queer figure for three brigades, but to-dav the French total swells out to 10,000, Perhaps it may -have been 100.000. Acthis e.-tinrdo of nnmhois (hero i- the old story about "close formation," so dear to the man in the. si i pet. This time, it seems, the Germans wore, attacking one of the bridge-heads on the Anne. Sniijeot to the governing rule of an immense amount of covering [,y\ a bridge or bridge-head can bo attacked in no Other way by any troops. The story of the war, a:- wo arc receiving it. or.gnt, to be ernbodhxl in a book for children. Ono of the most important spots in tho long fs out in France is La Bassco. Yesterday it was cheering to find that the British had made a lodgment near this point, well inside- the German, linos. To-day, a.- we see, (hero is no lodgment, or fas ' Tho Tinipp' puts it) it is " unconfirmed." < AN u, r.iusfc-us IVi d„\ tl><* Pi" -> I'll.tail pi'Liu I'M hj« it v la u ( num <>n '1" , maioe <• i iH-> r.uJxo i»*. ..nh tU. V( t.i ml, wh a \ fl 1 t l(.» r k«Mi i hj, „i <lomii foi 'That u i' \* oith. There v a«, i .* iintiic not Ic / < k'o, ui. .illu h ti4 nuMii" Hw n «" A'ii lie. n | 'i mull t l anud ( otv ,u i Bind "Kitdi.'i Hit F (. c -> liid'.i' pa" d *hA al'eri'd u„i L t\ lU'hentu and lilt hi in i Uuii'4 (. soon as- h-e saw U. Smi <:fa tic I'.e«i o» Hut, ni w t 3P in'ita in * ana IK Kir-'<-' mad< a - out i- i K i! - ivati m < t \\, i O'Mi o, . 1> it'i necks I ii In is'vp ti\ i-itmoiitly mr . > 'd'i t t ' shotdd be made bv thw Um-eaii < ne. d .', i (no FVCfi oi U» in a-1 tUlk up ill. oi 1 s ' f rip HeV[ o .\ ( v \ei 100 da\.s .ipi ill,' < I u , r v s n ar m ter \c\ 'S r»i' t tdiin; P oi t' it 1 < rjc- Bin (.in « i> -nil noiiiii; i r i ' I b vli.it I -i ooi - (i 1 in ri c'U ' \ i isi n pi-t-r<l; to "nymcer tue i- li i >« W o-l<l lo\ , O till 1..11 lit " fj IK , I prom d llut mniLu to <,t in \ nld i Ull.Ul .o UiMt'V'tc Ilia* N , 1 - rxni takfi So steps "\cr on i lAco A& the Jhess Buieau outh 's th* o tindcr6td.rd that tnete bs/J cu/aiuo. turn, la<k <>' a ppli -s t.imels drirg Cernwlt officers upainst the move, inexorable ir.andste from Berlin io proceed, and £0 on. CAJN'AL AND BEALITF. Perhaps "we may do wisely to fall bark on the London 'Times' for guidance in ft position about which there can be no certain*.y yet. .Aeoordinij to the cables ! Tho Times' seems t-o assume that it may he possible that 70,000 Turks are moving south, no doubt- via Jerusalem, Qazaj Hebron, Boeraheba, and otiier pl.icag iawiliw. to readers of the Bible-. can fight, and ' The Times' pays a chrrcilrous iributr. to them. It oveh goes so far 9s to .say that they are a military people with 'great traditions, and must: not ba despised. It then goes on to show tho chances. The Turks will set a warm reception iTontally. and the Xavy may also take, a lending share on their flanks notonly in the Canal itself, but operating off El Arish, on the northern seaboard, and off Akaba, in the south. These considerations are well put, even, ■(b.ouzb the. |ive,fathom line is six inil&s; of| gTfiOKi i'J, tha offme by Kl Ar:«h. The j-.wints juentioriod wo?-?, fftb out in the map which appeared .in Saturday's issuo of tlw ' Kveninir'Star.'
DJEMAL OR SOME OTHER? Some wonderful day we ma.y hear who is to command t-his advance oil the Canal. Four separate Turks and two Germans have been named. Of these tha most uotablo is Djemal Patsha, lately Turkish Minister of Marino. By raersage of January 1 he was reported as found dead in his ruuni at Jerusalem. Djemal Pasba is lor was) a bitter antagonist of England. Ho raised ids voJoe very strongly against tho seizure by England of the two battleships which wero nearly ready in English yards for Turkey when war began, and which have now been renamed Erin and Agincourt. When the last mail left ' The Times ' seemed to attach some importance to the Turkish move on tho Canal, mainly because Djemal was t.o command. He has for a- good long time been one of the most violent, of the Young Turk party, and was formerly Governor of such places as Adana and Basra, where General Barrett lately lowered tho Turkish. Orescent and hoisted tho Union Jack. He commanded an army corps in the Balkan War, but his military value hj uncertain. He lias, however, tho reputation of being; an energetic, though headstrong, leader, and is otherwise well known for his strong Pan-lelaTnie ivmpathie». ATROCITIES AGAIN. Atrocity st-trios have been thick in Dunedin lately, mostly in consequence of Jettors received from Homo. Some writers to friends here assert- that they have actually seen Belgian children in Britain with hands cut off. Medical men point out that death by hemorrhage would ensue very quickly after Mich mutilation, unless someone was at hand to staunch the flow of blood, and that would be rather unlikely in in-? circumstances under which such mutilation would take place. If, also, these atrocities were as common as reported, the camera might have been trusted to tell something, nut so far there have been no photographs. Tho hysterical woman .Miss Hume, who lately horrified tho world with a dreadful story regarding tho mutilation of her sister, Nurse- flume, has been before the Court again at Dumfries, but, owing to some legal technicality, the proceedings against her had to be abandoned, and a fresh information is to be laid. One of the cables has stated that tha death penalty has been imposed by Germans on a number of clergymen in Belgium, and 'The Times' is supposed to be sponsor for this. If ' The Times' has said iso we must look at the message very seriously, but the cable does not indicate whether ' The Times ' say*_ it, or merely some contributor to ' The Times.' On the other band, Berlin describes all this as tho climax of lies and filth. Jf these reports of outrages arc true they arc so dastardly that words fail to fit tho situation. But if the reports are false they are a greater outrage on the credulity and sensibilities of people than even the actual outrages in the flesh. TO A CORRESPONDENT.
■'F.J.II." forwards a clipping from yesterday's cable-s referring to a letter by .Sergeant-major Hands, giving an account of a chaTge on the trenches by the Gordon Highlanders. Port-ion of this astonishing message read as folkrws: —" The Gordon 'won the front line of tho German trenches.. Afterwards, they mustered in a- dip and found that 55 per cent. had. fallen. They .retreated, carrying their wounded, bub Fie,'d-marshal French and two generals, \cho witnessed the charge., said : "The Gordons have made history and accomplished more than we expected," etc. The correspondent adds.: "Several nonplussed and flabbergasted ex-volunteers would like to hear your comments on tho above Sample of alleged British strategy and general.ship." 1 am afraid that I am as much nonplussed as my correspondent, but whatever was done, and however costly it proved, must, in my judgment, have been wisely done by the British direction.- It .seems that it was deemed necessary to assaultsome point (unspecified), and that this assault was prepared by a very heavy can* iK.-nade lasting 45 minutes. The task oi making Ihe assault was then as-signed to t,JK: Gordons, under much the .same circumstances as the- terrible assault on St. Privat was undertaken by the Prussian Guard at <u-avclor.ro <m Angust 18, 1870. Othcrwiv: the cable is very dim, and I can only conclude that some, mistakes have oceuii-cd in transmission by cable, or, more likely still, that the Censor hag cut out the important part of the message.
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THE PLATEAU., Evening Star, Issue 15704, 19 January 1915
THE PLATEAU. Evening Star, Issue 15704, 19 January 1915
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