TO SOISSONS EPISODE. / ASSAULT AT LA BASSEE. DOMINATING HILL CLEARED BY BRITISH BAYONETS. ZOUAVES ALSO ACTIVE ON ARRAS-LILLE LINE. Press Association—By Telegraph—Copyright,
AT LA BASSEE. A BRITISH COUP EFFECTED AT LIGHT COST. LONDON. January 15. (Received January 16, at 8.50 a.m.) Router states that the British on Thursday captured an important strategic point at La It as see, inflicting heavy German losses and taking many prisoners. Tire British casualties, were light. [La Bassee is between Lille and Arras.] AN UPHILL CHARGE. TWO HOURS’ BAYONET WORK. PARIS, January 15. (Received January 16, at 9.5 a.m.) The British success was brilliant and over a kilometre of ground was gained, the Germans being driven from strong entrenchments. ‘Le Petit Parisian’ says the attack was necessary to protect La Basseo, which is dominated by a hill. The British charged up the hillside and fought for two hours with the’ bayonet. ’ A ZOUAVE SUCCESS IN SAME NEIGHBORHOOD. PARIS, January 15. (Received January 16, at 9.5 a.m.) A communique states: We progressed near Lombap.rtzyde and Becelaire. Tire Zouaves, by a brilliant bayonet attack, took near the Arras and Lille road. In the same region our artillery silenced the enemy's batteries, wrecked two guns, and blew up an ammunition depot. The Germans entered the. village of St. Paul, north-east of Soissons, but we recaptured it immediately. We also destroyed the German bridges at St. Mihiel (on the Meuse). The Germans were thrown back south of Senones (in the Vosges Mountains). IN THE CAUCASUS. RUSSIANS IN PURSUIT. PETROGRAD, January 15. A communique says: We captured many officers and men in the region of Karanrgan, pursuing the Turks, who arc fleeing to Olti. [Olti lies west, of Kars and north-east of Erzerum.] AFTER SARYKAMISIT. TURKISH TROOPS’ SUFFERINGS. (London ' Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, January 15. A Tiflis official states that when the Russians captured Ardaghan 1.000 Turks were found lying in the streets with frostbitten feet, praying for mercy. The Arab prisoners, unaccustomed to cold, suffered terribly. Their solo food for two months, had been roasted corn. It is an established fact that the German officers induced the temperate Osraanlis to drink cognac before the attack. The result was that many Turks fell from dizziness before reaching the Russian bayonets. BLACK SEA FLEET. GERMAN ADMIRAL DEPOSED. F3RTS, January ,15. (Received January 16, at 9,5 a.m.! ‘ Lo Temps ’ says that Admiral Souchon has been relieved of his command, owing to the failure of the operations of the Turkish fleet in the Black Sea. [Souchon, prior to the war, was second in command to Von Ingenohl, then commanding the second squadron of the High Seas Fleet, hut now in charge of Germany’s naval operations in the North Sea. Besides Souchon. the name of Goeschen has been mentioned in the cables' as directing Turkey’s Black Sea operations.] PREPARATIONS AGAINST EGYPT. A VERY MIXED ARMY. (London ' Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, January 15. British military authorities consider that an attack on Egypt, if made at all, cannot bo long deferred. The Germans are. likely to bring a large force against Egypt. Though the, Turks are expected to make, a good fight, the Arabs and Syrians, forming the large proportion of their armv, have nob their hearts in the business, being more anxious to expel the Turks from Syria than to install them in Egypt. , IN EAST AFRICA. (London "limes * and Sydney ‘ Sun’Services.) LONDON, January 15. Particulars of the. British attack on Tanga, in East Africa, in November show that the Germans received notice from the British warship, because it was an open town, supposed to ho undefended. They collected 5,000 troops and strongly fortified the place. The density of the bush prevented tho British using their guns, and they had to meet heavy machine gun and rille fire. After a. stubborn contest they were finally compelled to retreat. SECRET WIRELESS STATION disuoveredTv] 1 pa nam a. WASHINGTON, January 15., (Received January 16, at 8.50 a.m.) A high-power wireless station has been discovered concealed at Panama, Tho discovery was made through investigations by British agents. Other stations, situated somewhere on the ‘lsthmus of Darien, are reported to be in existence. Sir C. Spring-Rice has a-sked for their dismantlement. THE MERGIER INCIDENT. LONDON, January 15. (Received January 16, at 8.50 a.m.) The ‘Daily Mail’ contradicts the ‘Daily Telegraph’s’ Havre correspondent’s state--menb that the Pope does not consider Cardinal Mertier's arrest a grave incident, or that- it is in any way closed.
Two hundred .naturalised aliens have been permitted to enter imde.r the, new regulations. Business commenced quietly, the first bargain being approximately in the. War Loan. The amount of business was small in comparison to normal times, hut in view- of the restrictions the result was satisfactory. Prices wore remarkably small. There, whs no pressure to sell. Seven hundred and thirty-four transactions were recorded. The absence of anxiety to sell was commented upon favorably, and encourages the hope of an early modification of the regulations, which prohibit bidding and offering of stock - . The. attend unde gradually dwindled, and there were only a-few persons present at the close,
BEEiCHTOLD’S RESIGNATION IMPLIES SOMETHING- SERIOUS. (London ' Times ’ and Sydney ' Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, January 15. ‘The Tirnea,’ in a leader, says t “What the real meaning of Count Berchtold’s retirement may bo must remain for the present a matter of surmise. Tijo change indicates that something has snapped in the fabric of the Dual Monarchy: but what exactly has -given way, and whether further and deeper ruptures may follow, wo have not yet the materials to pusss." BERLIN PAPER, SUSPENDED. (London ‘Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun’ Services.) LONDON, January 15. The Paris paper ‘ Humanite' says that tho * Vossische Zeitung ’ was suspended from publication in December because it published the substance of a confidential interview between party leaders and tho Imperial Chancellor, at which Herr Ton Bothmann Holhveg was stated to have informed those, gentlemen that their situations were precarious. NATURALISED GERMANS. CCXMPLAT N T FROM ADELAIDE, ADELAIDE, January 16, (Received January 16, at 10.20 a.m.) Mr Hamburg, State Attorney-General, speaking at the Liberal Uiuoi. referred to adverse comments on himself and Mr Pflaum, both British subjects. Ho said J.e had taken no notice of insults and anonymous letters. He did not ask for pity, but be did ask for Irtish fair play. THE EMBARGO ON COAL. NEWCASTLE PROTESTS. SYDNEY, January 15. (Received January 16, at, 1C 20 a.m.) Tho New caustic Chamber of Cornmeice are petitioning the Minister of C iistcma for the removal of the embargo on tae exportation of coal to foreign ports. Failing this, they seek a definite announcement • regarding the markers to which coal may be sent, pointing out that the presold uncertainty is caus’ng much delay and injury to trade. THE AYESHA. PIRACY HER CAREER. LONDON, January 15. (Received January 16, at 11.50 a.m.) A. letter received from Sumatra states that the schooner Ayesha, from Cocos Island, reached Padang, where the Emden escapees purchased cattle and provisions. Tho Ayesha left the same, day, armed to the teeth with three macliinc guns. The men expressed their intention of getting alongside an English steamer some night, capturing her. and then having some fun with other English vessels, and eventually proceeding to East Africa, HIGH COMMISSIONER’S REPORT. The High Commissioner reported under date London, January 15 (7.45 p.m.) : Paris reports progress near Lombaertzyde. North of Arras a brilliant attack by Zouaves carried with the bayonet the enemy's position ni*ii' the Arras-Lillo road. In the same region the enemy’s batteries wore silenced, two guns wrecked, ammunition. exploded, and works destroyed. North-east of Soif-sons the Germans entered St. Paul, but it was retaken immediately. In /the Vosges, south of Scnonos, tho Germans were repulsed in a lively infantry light, their barbed entanglements and trenches being filled (?). RECRUTTING CONCERTS. Recruiting demonstrations are. to be held in tho Garrison Hall, Port Chalmers, on Monday, January 25. and in. tho Coronation Hall, Mosgiel. on Friday. January 29. It is proposed to arrange a splendid programme for each concert. Patriotic Bong's will be, contributed by Mrs AY. Percy, Mrs R, Hudson, and Mr M’Grath, and 'elocutionary items will be given by Miss Mazengarb and others. Mr H. D. Bedford will be one of the speakers. HOW LONDON ’CHANCE REOPENED. MEMBERS’ LOYAL OUTBURSTS. A special cable message, dated London, January 4, says : It toh a memorable occasion in the history of the ..Stock Exchange when, yesterday, for tho first time for five months, since the beginning of the war, tho doors were reopened. Such scenes ae occurred had never before been witnessed. Long before, the time fixed for tho reopening crowds of members assembled in the entrances, many old members who have long since retired from active business, but atill being members, being among them. When the doors were flung back at 10.45 tho house quickly filled, and soon presented a normal appearance. At 11, the official hour for business to start, there must have been 5,000 on the floor, many being in. khaki. To celebrate the historic nature of the occasion, the members, when the signal to commence buying and soiling was given, instead sang the National Anthem, The three verses rolled out with unusual solemnity and earnestness-'. The lists showed that 14 fmns, Involving 24 members, have unfortunately gone into liquidation.
OFFICERS FOR TRENTHAM. A number of officers who have received appointments in the fourth, and fifth reinforcements left for Trentham by the second express this morning. They were enthusiastically farewelled by a big gathering of friends .and bystanders. The following are the names of the officers; Lieutenant-colonel G. H, Stewart (12th Regiment). J —' Captain Digby Smith (Engineers), Captain W. Domigan (14th Regiment). Lieutenants Tregcar (Coast Defence), Powell (High School), J. M'Crao (14th Regiment). Leslie Smith (4th Regiment), A. S. Herbert (12th Regiment). Lieutenant T. T>. Hunt went by the first express, and Lieutenants Jenkins and Marshall were to join the second express at Oamaru. NEW ZEALANDERS AT HOME. We have beei» permitted to make these extracts from the letter of a gentleman occupying a leading financial position in London : “ This war is a . shocking and most dreadful one, and no one can realise (except those at the front) the awful slaughter that is going on there. 1 spent a couple of nights with an old friend who _ has occupied a high position under Sir John Trench, hut who has had to return home invalided, and to hear him recite the awful time that the British troops went through during that wonderful retreat from Mons- positively makes your blood freeze. . . . We old Otagans are proud of the splendid manner in which you have replied to the call for assistance- to equip the contingents, and for the relief ot distress in this country and_ in Belgium. We are strongly of opinion that the Dominion., which has contributed so much one way and another to the patriotic funds, (mould be represented on the Empire relief fund here, and it is to be hoped that the Government will take prompt action in this relation. It Is felt that it will be a mistake to give those large organisations huge sums without knowing anything of the principles on which they are distributed. Certainly much better results are obtained if the money is circulated only through the organisations that are in' a position to get into close touch with those actually requiring assistance.
“\Ve are’all anxiously expecting the arrival in England of your Expeditionary Force now on their way, but at the time of writing I am advised that they will stay for a time iu Egypt. The New Zealanders in London have been very prompt to act, and they have a, splendid organisation which will attend to the creature comforts of your men from the hour that they land in England. As you know long ere this, the New Zealanders who have been sworn in in England took part in the. Lord Mayor’s show last month, and were considered the best body of colonial troops present thereat, being much cheered en route. They are a splendid lot of young fellows. They are comiortably boused' in good huts, and are supplied with waterproofs for putting under their straw beds and with an ample outfit of blankets. Additional huts for 5,000 of the New Zealanders expected from your end were obtained, but, meanwhile, these, are occupied by the Canadians, for whom absolutely no provision had been made, and you" hardly require to be told that they'were exceedingly grateful for thh attention, as this ‘ winter in England threatens to be unusually severe. The action of your High Commissioner in ordering the closing of the liquor canteen in the cam]) has given much satisfaction to the men. "In connection with, the camp, I was informed when I was in Victoria street the other day that the High Commissioner has established a parcel post for the cariip. Any mother or other relative of any of the men now in camp, or likely to join the camp, who desires to send letters oi parcels to our soldiers should address such to the, care of the High Commissioner, who has instituted a. department which will specially handle all such and see to their due delivery. And Mr Mackenzie told me. the other day, when T met him in the City, that ho will he, pleased to receive any letters intended for the camp or front that any mother in New Zealand .may post, and if any inquiries have to lie Trtaclfe 'respecting any mother's son, ho will consider it a- personal obligation to do ail in his power to satisfy the anxiety of each and every parent who communicates with him. I am sure that you in the Dominion will be only too glad to accept Mr .Mackenzie's offer in the spirit in which it is made.'’ CAPTAIN DOMICAN. When it became known in Core on Friday that Captain Domigan, commander of E Company, 14th Regiment. bad been accepted ns an officer in the reinforcements. steps were taken immediately (wires “Our Own”) to give him a fitting send-off'. The members of the Citizens’ Defence Committee* met him early in the evening at the Council Chambers, and presented him with a silver wristlet watch, the presentation being made by the Mayor (.Mr I). M’Farlano). Lieutenant-colonel .Boyne, Rev. Rugby Pratt, and Ors John Day and P. C. Gray also spoke eulogistirally of their departing guest. Replying to the toast of his health, Captain Domigau stated that ho had been connected with the Volunteer movement for many years, and. recognising the seriousness of the, position, lie had thought that it was only his duty as a soldier in peace time to show that he was willing to play the sain*' game in war. “ Many that had gone.”, be said, “may not come back, and if (he Fates decree that I am one of those. I hope my friends here will know than 1 will have endeavored to do my duty." Many of those present availed themselves of the opportunity to extend their personal congratulations to Captain Domigan. who already has ono son in Egypt. Later iu the evening the members of the E (Gore) Company, 14th Regiment, together with a number of officers and excomrades of Captain Domigan, met in Hoffman’s Tea Rooms at a farewell social. Lieutenant L. M'Dowall presided. The loyal toast was proposed by Lieutenant M'Dowall and fully honored, and other important toasts were ‘ The Defence, Forces of New Zealand ’ (by Lieutenantcolonel Boyne), ‘Our Allies' (by Mr W. W. Robson), ‘ Our Absent Comrades ’ (by Mr F. Wallis), these being ail well spoken to by the various speakers, and, most important of all. the toast of “Our Departing Guest,” which wm ably proposed by the next in command, Lieutenant M'Dowall, and toasted with honors. The proposer said that lie was sure that when Captain Domigan got to the front he would prove ter bo the* right man in the* right place. Captain Domigan left on route for Trentham by the first express to-day. Tire member’s of the company, who got very short notice of his departure, intend 'forwarding some useful present to him in a few days. MISCELLANEOUS. Mr Alfred Digby Smith, an officer in the Dunedin Engineers, lias received a captain’s commission in the infantry regiment, and loft Dunedin this 'morning for Wellington. He was presented by a, lew friends on Dunedin wharf yesterday afternoon with a wristlet watch, iu recognition of his many good qualities, and the tact that, although married, he deems it an honor to servo his country by fighting for it if necessary. We have received £5 3s 9d. being the ninth contribution by Hie majority of the employees of Reid and Gray, Limited, for the relief of local distress. A. son of Panes von Billow was killed while fighting in the Imperial Guard on the Somme in September. It transpires that the body was discovered by some French Dragoons, by whom the, personal jewellery and other objects of value wore collected and sent to ihe colonel of the dead man's regiment, with the following note: The colonel and officers of the Dragoons, whose, houses were pillaged by your troops at Epcrnay, discharge a duty by returning to you the objects and jewels found on the body of Lieutenant von Dulow, killed near P . One wonders how this missive- was received by the German colonel.
THE COASTAL RAID GERMAN ATTACK ON UNDEFENDED TOWNS. GRAPHIC STORIES OP SHELLING. A Loudon cable, dated December 17, to the ‘San Francisco Chronicle’ says;'Pbc light cruiser Patrol and the destroyer Doou were among the British ships which attacked the German cruisers which yesterday raided the north-east coast of England, and both were struck by shells. They lost five men killed and 15 wounded. No details are given by tho Admiralty, which tdmpiy issues a list of tho casualties. Tiro two vessels mentioned could have only a- small chance of doing any serious damage to tha larger Gorman ships engaged. The peop/lo of Scarborough, the Hartlepools. and Whitby, which yesterday were bombarded by Gorman cruisers, resume.; their ordinary -occupations tc-day. Tho only difference discerned in the regular routine of this season of the rear was the arrival of crowds of camera-bearing tourists, which reminded the residents of the summer ini!us; the return of those who Tiad fled on the first sound of the firing; and busy mechanics, who were early at work repairing- the damage done by tho shells. Tho Mayor of Scarborough placarded the walls of tho city with pasters advising tho people to keep cool; but. this was hardly necessary, for beyond tho grief for 'the loss of friends and neighbors, and. the little pride displayed at the attention they attracted, tho cil-isc ns seemed to be going about their business in quite a natural way. It will not be long before a.il marks of the damage done by tho gunfire will be removed. The attitude of tho people of England is much the game as that of the bombarded towns. . There are, no signs of excitement, and the only effect the bombardment has had is tho demand that naturalised Germain and those who have not been naturalised shall be eschded from areas open to «a attack such us that delivered yesterday, and a little boom in recruiting, which has been slackening owing to the approach of Climb‘mas. It is believed now that the German squadron includel ot least_ four battle-cruisers of tho super-Dreadnought class and two armored cruisers. Tho shelling of the Hartlepoois and Scarborough was simultaneous, but Whitby was visited by the warships after they had left the other towns. —Many Dead in -Hartlepool.— Although at a late hour to-night ibo official estimates of the casualties at Hartlepool was 82 persons killed and about 250 injured, many of t-he wrecked houses have not. been explored, and it is believed that, the list of dead eventually will reach 100. Eight soldiers, two of them gunners in the coast deferase, end two sailors arc among tho killed. Tho panic-stricken residents of the sister towns have returned gradually to their homes from the country, and are standing about in sad groups watching the search of the demolished buildings for dead and injured. Mayor Fryer issued a proclamation to-day stating that where families cannot meet the funeral expenses of their dead they will be paid for from the war relict fund. The dead are evenly divided between the/ two Hartlepc.ols, and plans are under consideration for a common funeral for alb Throughout the day rumors were current that German and English fleets were tiring off ihe Scotch coast. No sounds of gunliring were heard here, but tho rumors excited tho crowds, which were willing to behove, predictions that the Germans soon will shell this coast again. Array officers who examined the ruins caused by tho bombardment, estimate that tho Germans fired 200 shells, chiefly of the Sin and 12iu variety. Several 12in shells which bad not- exploded were found to-day in (ha soil earth. The Karl lepools were raked from throe angles by ihe enemy. Lying oil the peninsula., which (he Germans approached from tho south, both (owns were shelled by ihc forward guns an ihe, cruisers advanced, t in-east of tho peninsula the Germans poured a broadside lire over ihe entire length of tho sister towns. As ihe cruisers made their escape to tho north-east they poured a lira from their rear guns on the north side of the peninsula. Many destroyers were viable beyond tbs Gormans during the bombardment. At. first these were believed to belong' to ibo hostile squadron, but competent observers say the Germans fired both seaward and toward the. .shore, which so,sms to indicate that, the Gormans slipped between (he English flotilla and the <!oa*t d> ring- the, heavy fog that prevailed just befcrc the bombardment. Two large German cruisers and one small cruiser did the shelling here. C. Neilssn, tho American Consular agent, narrowly escaped death during tire attack, tho houses adjoining his being crushed, together with (heir occupants. “The most remarkable fen lure of the bombardment was tho calmness of the public, while tho .shells, were falling-,” said Mr Noilsen to-day. “At first we thought, it was a naval battle, but when the people realised it was a bombardment (hero was no panic. Many persons (.tend outside their homes watching. I saw a postman continuing bis duties and a dairyman delivering our milk as usual during the shelling. Our cook, unmoved by the destruction all about, continued the breakfast preparation.®, and announced that the meal was ready just before ihc bombardment Mopped. After tho shells quit singing the nerves of the people went io pieces, and hysterical people took to ihc country.” The shore gnus aenuii t-ed ihcraselves creditably, awl wore not injure;! bv the, German fire. Persons who witnessed tho fighting between the shore, guns and the cruisers say the, smokestack of one of the cruisers, was smashed, and that many shots landed on another whit' if was standing broadside to tho shore ball erics. It, is estimated that the cruisers wore about, ACT-Oft off shore during tho hoariwt. part of the shelling. An inquest began to-day over ibo bodies of 79 victims of the G-nmn bombardment killed in Hartlepool ami West Hartlepool. In opening ib? court the Goroner said that never before in English history had an inquest been hold under similar circumstances, and that he hoped; the occasion would never occur again. The diellhur of the, Hartlepool?, lie added, afforded -i faint, idea, of what Belgium and France, had suffered through the Gcnn-ni invasion. Tho evidence, though mostly of a formal character, brought, to light some —Pathetic Case?. An old woman was picking up coal dropped from ct'rs on tho railway embankment when sho was killed 1 by a, shell. An old man and his two daughters were just, starting breakfast when a shell burst into the room, killing all three of them. A young woman wept to the house of her aged mother, intending to conduct her to a. place of safety. Entering the passageway slip stumbled across her mother's bodv. A slid! had pierced the roof and killed her. An elderly man who ibought the gnu-firing was that of British ships at practice sat down un c on corn sell y to break?aet. A shell carried away Ike comer of his house, killing bis two little grandchildren. The verdict rendered by the coroner's jury was that ihe deaths of 7P persons were, duo to bombardment of the twin boroughs *• Ivan enemy who, under cover of a dense fog, fired phot and shell into the (owns, killing many unarmed civilians." THE ATTACK ON SCARBOROUGH. At .Scarborough tho first warning sound of distant firing, which attracted -little attention except from (lie military authorities, came at 5.30 in the morning. At 8 o'clock ■three German warcrr.fi. which tho majority of eye-witnesses agree wore. one. brittle cruiser mid two light- -cruisers, loomed out of tho heavy fog r o clo-c underneath the cliffs that they were unable, to train their gnus on tha wireless station on tho height-:. However, tha big re-sort hotels on the esplanade and the old town offered tempting target:.?, mul a rain of shrapnel and lyddite shc ! ls began to fall in ibis section, doing great damage to ihe hotels and destroying houses and ships in the poorer districts. A. woman in one of these shops was literally blown to piece?, —Shells Damage, Hospital.— One of tho light aniisevs seemed to he doing the most of ihe firing. First she let <:o with her stern giuos. and- then, manoeuvring further out, devoted her broadsides io ihe in os t conspicuous buildings on ihe higher ground. -Vst ths result- of this bombardment three did Is found a target in the Scarborough Hospital, one tc-avihg a chimney from the roof, another,- striking ihe irar-c--' quarters, and the third demolishing Ihc ornamental fflcado above the entrance. The. wall of the old castle, which looks formidable, but which has been unoccupied' for hundreds of years, was broached by an Sin shell. The gunners now got the correct elevation of the wireless station, hub failed to injure it, most of (he shells falling in an adjacent, field, ploughing up the turf. Some of the better class of residence? then began to suffer, ono of 'the first being the home of Russell Baa, member of Parliament. His life ami that of hia wife were saved by ihe fact that they had gone flown for an early breakfast anil were in the kitchen, the only part of ilie house untouched, the rest being- wrecked. At the same time a small house occupied by a soldier, his wife, and their cljild and
nephew, was ofcmck by an ©aptoefve shell, killing the family and reducing' the place to kindling wsosh —Ynhabitaiitfi’ Segerfr the Street®/ The bombardment now had been on for 15 minutes, and the town was given a five minutes’ breathing’ spell. T!he streets were cleared of people when the light cruiser, after turning, brought a new broadside into play. The German squadron then faced what looked like a deserted' city. The gunners directed-their attenl ion to the railroad station. with the result that a whole row of houses, including a church in a near-by street, were wrecked, but without Joss of life. This second bombardment was more violent than the first, but did less damage. At the expiration of this second 15-minute period of firing the warships drew off hi a, northerly direction, and when the people of Scarborough again beard' the booming of .guns nt 9 o'clock the town of Whitby, up the coast, was being attacked. During the early stag© of the bombardment the screeching shellcaused pandemonium, hater the people became still as death under the thunder of the guns, which rose to a tremendous crescendo when the full broadsides were used. -—Search for Dead and Wounded.— When the ships drew off, the search for dead and wounded begun. At the hospital, when the wounded began to arrive, the large entry hall witnessed many pitiable scenes, as anxious relatives awaited the result of the surgeon’s examinations. Among the wounded were many women ond children, including an infant of four months, whoso skull had been fractured by a bit of shrapnel while in the arms of its mother, who escaped uninjured, A surgeon at the hospital also had a marvellous escape when the cm einy of an 3i n shell burrowed into the grounji at his feet. The military authorities, assisted by the police, directed the exodus of the townspeople from the, city. Women were favored with seats on the trains, with the result that hut few men departed from the town. The pathetic helplessness of the. refugees brought home the reality of war to this part of England. Many poor people whose homes were * destroyed sought refuge in nearby towns. Crowds of these waited about the station, thinking that the scenes of the morning were about to be re-enacted. One of the first notices posted insimeted citizens to bring to the police station all uuesploded shells. In accordance with these instructions a, policeman brought in a. projectile which he had picked up on the street. Examination showed it had not exploded, so it was plunged into a bucket, of water. By nightfall the town bore an outward appearance of calm, hut anxious groups lingered about the streets. Many of the peri eons in these groups wore unsparing in their expressions of resentment, because Ihe town was helpless to retaliate on the raiders.
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ALLIES’ REPLY, Evening Star, Issue 15702, 16 January 1915