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[By Viva.]

" Viva ” will in this column answer cSI reasonable questions relating to the home, cookery, domestic economy, and any topic of interest to her sex. But each letter must bear the writer’s i bona fide name and address. No notice whatever will be taken of anonymous correspondence. Questions should be concisely ‘ put, and the writer’s nom de plume clearly written. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. “Margaret.”—Have given hint re homemade fruit salts this week. “ Viva ” thanks readers for hint re fruit salts, also for other useful information sent:. “Jen.”—Eau-de-Cologne is an excellent remedy. The face should ho washed in warm water, dried carefully, and the eau-de-Cologne then applied. It tones up the skin. Use once a day only, “ Subscriber.”—Have given . information asked for 1 this week. * HOUSEHOLD RECIPES. —A Request Week. — Worcestershire Sauce. —Required: One gallon of vinegar, one bottle of anchovy sauce, on* ounce cloves, two ounces garlic otiiona '(cut very fine), quarter of an ounce of cayenne pepper', half an ounce of white, two pounds of treacle, salt to taste. Boil for one hour aml .strain. This will keep for any length of time. Indian Chutney.—-Required; Two pounds of white sugar, one pound of onions (cut very fiu-e), one pound of raisins, four ounces of salt, two ounces of ginger, four ounces of mustard, two battles of vinegar, 15 large apples cut fine. Boil till all are quite soft. Dandelion Beer, —Boil in two and a-halt gallons of waicr one ounce of dandelion leaves, two and a-half ounces of ginger root, and quarter of .an oume of hops. Strain thoroughly, and thou J noil with one and a-half pounds of sugar arid one ounce of Spanish juice. Allow to ferment for 24 hours, then bottle for use. Dandelion Wine.-—Pour -one gallon of hoi I tug water over two quarts-, of dandelion flowers, and let stand for 24 limns. Then strain and add two pounds of while sugar and two lemons. Boil down to three, quarts.’ -Strain once more. Let it .stand for two or three days, thou bottle. Plum Sauce. —Required ; -Six pounds of plums, two pounds of sugar, two pints of vinegar, six teaspoonftils of salt, two teaspconfuls each ox ground ginger, ground cloves. cayenne pepper, and black popper, a, few blades of mace, a. handful of garlic. Stone the plums and boil all Together until reduced to pulp. This takes about two hours.

Apple Cider. —Cut up the apples small, cover with water ard let stand for a- fortnight, stirring well oveiy day. fj train and add two pounds of sugar to every gallon of juice. Let stand again for a. few days. A few raisins help fermentation. Strain and bottle, tying down the corks very securely. A keg is prefera-ble to bottles if obtainable.

ITomo-uuule Yeast la Cape -recipe-h —Bull four good-sized potatoes in a quart of water fur half an hour, remove them, and boil a. small handful of hops in the same water until they sink to the bottom of the pan. In the meantime- ma-sh the potatoes with a tablespoonful each of Hour, salt, and a dessertspoonful of brown sugar. Strain the hop liquor to this, a-nd mix well. Return to the saucepan and boil up once. Thou pour into a stone jar, which should bo kept in a warm place and cavort'd with muslin. It- is ready for use in a couple of days. Herbal Beer.—Required : Niue pounds of sugar, 14 gallons of water, six pieces of horoltound.’five toots of docks, live roots of dandelion, six chillies, three pieces of lump sugar, one handful of hops,-sixpenny-worth of veasfc. Boil until the hops sink t-o tho bottom (about. 20 minutes). Strain-. When blood heat add the yeast. Stir well, and then put a piece, of toasted bread in and pour on the yeast ; leave for two days and then bottle tightly. Barley Water Lemonade. —Required : Two pints of water, six ounces of sugar, rind of one lemon, juice of two lemons, one dessertspoonful of Robinson's patent barley. Mix' smoothly, and. stir on the tire till it boils. Then skim well and strain.

Elder .Flower Wine.—To every gallon of water add three pounds of sugar. one pound of raisins, chopped, and the juice of a. lemon. To every 10 gallons add half a peck of elder flowers and a' tablespoon fill of yeast. Put all into a barrel and till it with cold water. Stir it every day. and when it has done fermenting bung it. and let it stand six months, then north- it. If the wine is to be kept more than 12 months it will require brandy.

Fruit Acid (to be used instead of raspbony vinegar).—Dissolve five ounces of tartaric acid in two quarts of water. Pour it upon 12 pounds of fruit in a. large bowl. Lot it stand for 24 .hours. Strain it from the fruit without pressing. To every pint of liquid add one pound and a-half of pounded sugar, and stir till it is quite dissolved. Bottle it for use, allowing it to stand a few days before corking. This quantity makes eight quarts. It makes a very good sauce for puddings. Raspberries and currants are the best fruit to use.

To Bottle Fruit,—(a) To every pound of fruit put. six ounces of sugar. Place them in a pan over the lire, and boil for six minutes; put into bottles previously held over .sulphur; paste down with paper immediately. The bottles should bo hot when the fruit is put into them. Dona in this way the fruit will keep for 12 months, (b) Fill the bottles with fruit and set them on the fire in a, saucepan or fish kettle of cold water, till the temperature of the water rises to loOdeg. Keep it at that heat for 30 minutes. Then fill up the bottles with boiling water, covering the top) with salad oil. and tic down immediately. To Preserve Currants for Bottling.—To nine pounds of fruit add itvo pounds of loaf sugar. Set it to boil for 10 minutes, pour into an earthenware jar. and when quite cold put into wide-noeked bottles and cover them with oil or, mutton suet melted. Sot the bottles in a coot place, and when the suet is quite cold tie down with paper. Banana Chutney.—Required: Four pounds of; apples, one and. a-lialf pounds of prunes, „two and a-half pounds of bananas, twb pounds of sugar, one and n.-half ounces of ginger, two onions, one and a-half ounces of salt, half a teaspoonful of cayenne, one ounce of chillies, three pints of vinegar, half a pound of raisins. Stone the prunes and raisins, peel and core, the apples, chop them roughly, put all tho ingredients in a stewpan with vinegar,; and boil for half an hour. Tho onions can be put in whole and removed if preferred. Baking Powder.- —Required ; Sis} ounces of cream of tartar, four . ounces of carbonate of soda, four ounces of ground rice. Mis all well together and pass through a hair sieve, put into a tin, keep covered anti in a dry place. Cough Mixture. —Required : Four ounces of honey, four ounces of golden syrup, one gill of vinegar, two pennyworth of paregoric. Mix all together, using a bone spoon. Take a teaspoonful three times a day, or when the cough is troublesome.

Devil Paste.—Required : One tea spoonful of French mustard, one teaspoonful of English-made mustard, two ounces of butter, one tea-spoonful of chutney, black pepper, salt. Work all t-h© ingredients into the butter with a knife, and rub Veil into the moat before grilling. Home-made Fruit- Salts.—(a) Epsom salts, 4 packets; cream of tartar, 4oz; magnesia, 2oz; tartaric acid, 4oz; carbonate ox soda, 407,; icing sugar, 11b ; ground ginger, iozAll to bo rolled fine and mixed well. The great secret in making these salts is to bake them well in a slow oven. The baking causes them to roll finer, and then they dissolve, quicker, (b) So/, carbonate of soda, loz powdered magnesia, 4oz cream of tartar, 4oz tartaric acid, 4 packets Epsom suite, IZoz castor sugar. Put all through a sifter and bottle in airtight jars. 'HINTS. Old-fashioned chains and brooches of white and pink coral (by request) are beat cleaned by rubbing them with a twist'of soft tissue paper and afterwards polishing L-the-m with a-silk handkerchief ,

For a green growth on stone or brick walls, dissolve on*'pound of chloride of lime in one gallon of cold water. Apply this to tho bricks or flags with a broom or mop. Be careful not to let your shoes or clothing come in contact with the liquid.

A novel way to make tea : (Moisten an ounce of lea, finely ground, with cold water, and let it stand for 20 minutes. Thou pour on the tea, a scant pint of boiling water, and in one minute it is ready to drink. In poaching eggs or in boiling fish add a teaapoonful of vinegar to each pint of water. Both eggs and fish arc improved in color by tho addition of the vinegar, but what is even of greater „ importance, ■both are rendered more digestible. The knife used for peeling a pineapple should never he used for slicing it. as the rind contains an acid that, in apt to cause a swollen mouth and sore lips. Tile Cubans use. salt as an antidote for the illeffects of the peel. A teaspoonful of hot paraffin wax mixed with the hot- starch in stiffening collars and cuffs ensures a beautiful gloss. To Raise the Pile of Velvet- (by request).—See first of all that it is free, from dust; damp slightly the smooth side and pass it rapidly over the hot surface of »ni iron standing on its end. The hot vapor passing through the velvet cause* the pile to stand up. When quilt; dry it should be brushed in the direction of the pile.

THE VAGARIES OF FASHION. Mrs Alex. Tweedie, the authoress, in her latest work. ‘Women tho World Over,’ suggests that since marriage means more to her sex than to the sterner one. the women should do the proposing, and that after marriage the female should retain her maiden name, using tho ” marriage name ” as a, snriix. There's nothing now under the sun, after all. Apropos of the woman’s slavish adherence to the canons of the socalled world of fashion, she writes thus caustically ; —• The year 1913 is dead, and the slim craze has gone with it which ordained that women should go about almost naked, for women uncovered almost everything except their ears. Being, afraid of fat. ankles, they wore stockings full of perforations/ of cobweb gauze. Evening shoes were, worn out of doors, as lighter and thinner. Skirts were slit up so as to evade the weight of a- few ounces of. more material ; nocks were .-lit down nearly to the waist for the. same cause, especially on very fat or very thin females. Sleeves were tight, skirts were tighter. 'I 1 lie hair was plastered down to tho shape of tho head, and the hats were pla stored down on tho top of the. cranium. We are expanding again in 1914. Utterly useless hags of material hang from the. hips and round the knees. Douches arc protruding, and in a few months tho fonr-qnartor-ynrd skirt will be four yards round, and then four times lour. On we go. All beautiful—so fashion decrees. The slim era 7.3 has passed. Starvation is over. Thinning drugs have had their day. Now for fat beauties, more material, and globules to increase bulk. Women will at last have a chance of retaining the shape God made them. One year women stick - out behind, the next year they project in front. One year they are fat above, the next year they are bunch,- below. One year the sleeves contain as much material as .suffices for a, whole skirt at a later date, and another year the sleeves arc so shortami so tight the arms and hands become beetroot color.

A SYDNEY LADY'S STORY. A- ii memento of her visit to the scene of the battle of the Marne three days after it was fought. .Mine Sfgar, who returned to Sydney last week, has brought back a German shell. No. 770. "The battleground,” said madame id the course of an interview, “ resembled a newly-made cemetery. Holes had been hastily dug, and bodies thrown in. the graves of the French being marked by white wooden crosses surmounted by the French flag. There was nothing to indicate the last resting-places of the Germans. It was only an hour and a-half’s drive by motor ear from Paris. Paris is literally dead.”' she went on. “Little or'no business is done, ami the shops and cafes all close at 8 p.m. No music of any kind is now heard, and the only sound that steals on the evening stillness is the weeping and wailing of women. Only odd men are now left in the city, and every woman is in mourning, for even the few who have not had relatives killed are mourning very dear friends. Six weeks ago in Paris only black dresses and hats were to be seen in the drapers' shops. if you wanted a colored hat you were obliged to make it yourself. Every line house in Paris is an ambulance depot, and the mistresses Red Cross nurses. The Government allow women whose breadwinners are at the war Is per day and 6d for each child. Fortunately, the harvest and vintage have been good. Fruit and vegetables are plentiful, and given away to the soldiers. All food is very cheap in Paris, and only ‘common ' bread, eaten : the better kinds, for which France is noted, are not now even made for the rich. Since the war the, churches are filled with men praying for the cessation of the war. The priests have been so brave that atheists are coming back to the Church. They think that Paris has been saved by a miracle. When they thought the Germans were about to enter the city they organised a huge religious procession through the sticets. In which nearly the whole population marched. This, they believe, averted the German entry. When a great white German aeroplane with a black eagle painted on it appeared one day and dropped bombs on Notre Dame there «as great consternation. Only the exterior of the building was damaged, but several people were killed. At Boulogne station wo saw 700 wounded Indian soldiers. It was a heartrending spectacle. Many of them were crying and moaning. They were very grateful for food and cigarettes we gave them, especially for the latter. r i he Germans -arc terrified of the Algerian soldiets,’’ declared madame. “One Algerian I talked with had something in his belt of which bo appeared particularly proud. After some persuasion he opened his licit and showed me two cars he had cut off a German soldier. Another had the head of a German in a box ho carried in his hut. It was horrible.” Asked how the wav apparently affected England, madame replied: “Not at all.”' As far as she could see. business was going on seemingly as usual, and the theatres, concerts, ami other places of amusement wore open. Compared with Paris, England was very gay. .Madame does not- seem to think thev fully realised the war in London, though are placards everywhere, asking for half a, million of men for the front,”

FORTUNE FOR A WIFE. Typically' American is the case of Mr Walter Richter, a son of the millionaire. Now York cravat manntacitWer, who has just married Miss Josephine Loughlin, who is known in the fashionable world of the United States ns the “ most beautiful cloak model in the metropolis.’ - Many rivals, who envy Air Richter his; success in love, are maliciously consoled by the thought that it has cost him a fortune, for his father gave him the choice of renouncing hfs bride or his inheritance. Mr Walter Richtey unhesitatingly decided for marriage, and is now looking for employment, for he has lost his position in his father’s factory. His wife, however, is still employed at tho highest salary paid to any New York model, and both profess full satisfaction with their prospects. The marriage took place in September, but has just become public. A companion romance is the marriage of Mr Severin Breding, a wealthy Brooklyn lawyer, to the seventeen-year-old Dorothy Breding, supposed by everybody to bo his adopted daughter. Air Brodin'g’s former wife obtained a Nevada divorce last .December and his second marriage, which became known only this week, took place last March.' Now, says the ‘ Daily Mail,’ it appears that the girl, who had lived with the family since she was four years old, was never'legally adopted.

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WOMAN’S WORLD., Issue 15702, 16 January 1915

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WOMAN’S WORLD. Issue 15702, 16 January 1915

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