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[By Mikobca.] Contributions and questions for answering should he addressed to “Minorca," Poultry Editor, ‘Star’ Office, and received not later than Tuesday of each week. "Minorca” will only answer com nt un i cations through this column.

Rhode Island Reds.—At the Dairy Show thine were some well-filled classes, but an English, poultrv journal says ahihiturs will spoil the utility qualities ol the Rhode Islands if they continue to increase the size of the birds as they aie doing. We want the active. distinctive qualities of the Reds emphasised rath-ei man decreased, and the Reds as impel it'd arsi icpre-t-ented the bleed as utility lords, com Lined with a Iwautifa! coloring .and 3vju_; body, with hotter than the Reds as seen at the Dairy Show. Local breeders should make a note of thif:. The judge -it the last Dunedin Show said some of the birds were too largo. To increase the size is to spoil the usefulness of the breed. Owing to Black Wvaudottes being so hard to breed wit-h good yellow legs, am: also the fact that they are not such good layers as the (ether varieties, they arc not gaining in favor at Home. 1: a breed is not a good layer it -.-"On goes out of fashion. Wb are now having some warm days, »;,d shelter ucevssary lor the young birds. They ted lhe |i«i{ mole owing to the sudden change. A breeder rang me up during the week 5,«y one- of his buds had apoplexy. As lathers mav be troubled in thu i*aixu» way I wid give the symptoms and treatment. The bird, apparentlv in robust health, falls sud-.lenlv, and is either found dead or in-scii-ibl./. The only hope of cure is in ini mediate hlecdin.' by opening one of the largest- veins on tin- inner side or the v, mg bv a longitudinal incision- So long .is t h--' thumb is pi-Hsed on the vein at .inv point lie tween the body and the clit I ir-od‘ will flow. The disease is generally caused bv a too liberal or a too stiniukicdiet—homo reed <>r an ovei -supply of -, ea> mid habitual feeding on nuu/.e When one or two birds suffer in a fleck alietnion should be direct,-o to the diet mid m-neml treatment of the birds. Add a packet of Epsom salts and 20 grams of i dire to the soft food lor 20 birds, or give a -lain of calomel and live grains m ctvlome! to each bird. Feed lightly mi mite ,-niv for a. week. Another breeder" wished to known why the chicks were not feathering well. D»i inquirv 1 found t Su* urnoks Lad ttiu h--p and were sleeping huddled up t„ .vther. Chicks should be made lo s;,Wi mu- at- right lime, m ihey will nut feather rwoporly. Add a- little Douglas mixture to Hie drinking water, and a iIU-m h---mp seed to the eiiickcu niixtuie. Vow birds have stinted to moult Doug';is mixture should Is' added to the -thinking water twice a week. Buds HQ confinement in paitiesdar nml it ; al-o plenty of green food. If you notice, the birds plucking teatheis smear th* birds with a- mixture of powdered uloes> and vaseline or laid (uliout gQi_r,- to ;h* ounce’. Allow the biuls out in the open if pus si hie. or place in a fresh iw-n. As much green lood as possible should be given! Let tut* leave* are of special value in cooing the blood. Fanciers will notice with, regret the a-n----zvmnceiiß-ut of the death of Me A.. 1.. Myers. of Oii-isidiurdi. brother of Mr Sf;.' Myers, of t-hia City. Mr A. L. Myers Mais for rears president «»t the Bout-li Island Association, and was also succesjful breeder and exhibitor of Silverjieu(filled Hamburg* and Light- Brahmas, and all through ifis connection with the fancy was very popular. The tr;>p shows that iiu> small rnul medium-sized bird*, for llieir breed, are the best layers. The big. heavy specimen is usually a waster.

A hen is said to have over B.OCO feather#. Borne idea may bo gained of tie quantity of nourishment required to replace these when the bird moults. The addition of a little hemp, sulphur, and iron to the fodo helps the bird with the undertaking. It teems probable that the new Canary i.'lub will join the other fanciers' clubs in sharing the club rooms in Stuart street. The Canary Club so far have not conn; i<. a .settlement with the- .South Island As- > liation. It seems a- pity that some aria ngemeut cannot be made, as it epdlti the r-h-.w when it is divided. .U present there is a good demand for pullets. Any breeder who lias them for wile should' advertise at once, as good prices can be secured. The demand for cockerels has not set in yet, but breeders inform me that they have already had several inquiries. A new trap-ne-t, invented in England, sets automatically. When the l:en enters her nest she does not close, a door, as in other traps. When tho egg is laid, its action in rolling down closes the entrance door and opens an exit. If the hen . does not lay she is at liberty to leave the nest instead of being I.viced in, as is the case with other tran-n is.

While tsays un English writer) there are several points of closo similarity between the French and the English poultry industry, tho points of dissimilarity a,re still more striking. It is true that in both countries the bulk of those interested in the business are peasants and ‘■mall farmers; but though in England poultry-keeping

mil is in its infancy in many respects, in France it has for many years past been regarded as of supreme importance among rural industries. In any country where the laud is split up into a large number of small holdings there one is certain to 2nd poultry-keeping in a flourishing condition. In a country, on the other hand, where large farms abound, the industry is almost sure to bo neglected. France is eminently a land of small holdings, farms of more than 40 acres being rare, whilst the average sidoes not exceed 20 to 25 acres. Thousands of men and women in Franco to-day are supporting themselves and their families upon 10 or 15 acres, and though it is true that- there is not much margin left after providing for the bare necessities of life, yet a living is being secured. A large proportion of these men and women rely largely on their fowls, although, of course, they devote themselves to other important Brandies. —Egg-laying Competition.—■ The New Zealand Utility Poultry Club’s tenth egg-laying competition—April 8. 1914, to March 51. 1915 (six hens to a pent —completed its 39th week on January 5, fis follows :—• Light breeds j' 1. A. W. Adams (Sheffield). W.L.... 1,123 2. B. P. L. Clay son (Eketahnnal ... 1,127 3. ITeretaunga P.G. iSilverstream), W.L. 1,118 4. J. W. Green (St. Albans), W.L..„ 1,093 5. Mrs Mills (Dunedin), W.L. 1,086 6. CaJder Bro=. (Oamaruj, W.L. L. 1,080 7. Willis and Son (New Brighton), (W.L ... 1,074 Heavy breeds; 1. Mis* Rita Nixon, 8.0. „ ... 1,152 2. R. Munger fHutti, 8.0. ... - 1,007 3. w. {-:. Green (St. Albans), SAV....' 980 Indian Runner docks t 1. Serelaump P.C. (Silverstream) 1,037 2. Glencoe Ranch (Karori) ... ... 1,024 Th# 43 pens in the light ■ breeds (252 birds) have laid in the 34 weeks a total of 41,998 eggs; the 18 pens of heavy birds 0.08 birds) have laid 15,555 eggs; and the Indian Runners (»ix pens, 56 birds) have 4&id 5,746 eggs.

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POULTRY TOTES, Issue 15702, 16 January 1915

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POULTRY TOTES Issue 15702, 16 January 1915

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