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ABOUND SQISSONS. FLOODS DESTROY BRIDGES. FRENCH REOROSS THE AISNE. PARIS, January 14. (Received January 15, at 8.50 a.m.) General Von Kluck is commanding the Germans in the. neighborhood of Soifsons. A communique etatre: Mist hampered the artillery in Belgium, but there was a vVJfent cannonade "around Nieuport and Yprcs. The Belgians blew up an ammunition denot -at, Stuyvenskerke. Our artillery effectively bombarded the enemy near Lens (between La Basses and Arras;. There was heavy fighting north of Soiesons We have progressed _ slightly north-west of C'ro-.iy. and maintained our positions there despite fierce attacks but we were forced t<. give ground before Vretrny. Floods in tlve Aisne carried awa.y (-everal bridge*, endangering our communication?. We have therefore established portion? south of the river between Cvouy and Missv. We blew up the German sap-heads north of Beausejour. HIGH COMMISSIONER'S CABLE. The- High Commissioner reports under date London. 14th January (6.35 p.m.): Paris reports that the Belgians exploded the Stuyvenskerke farm, used by the enemv as an ammunition depot. North of Soissons there was heavy fighting all day for two miles north-east ai'in north-west of Crony. The Allies hold the first slopes. Counter-attacks on the left resulted in slight progress, without appreciable advance. The centre position was maintained despite repeated efforts by tha enemy, but cafit oi Vregny we yielded ground. A life in the Aisne destroying the bridges rendered the Allies' communications precarious, therefore they have established themselves south of the river. RUMANIA'S INTERVENTION. UNT>KRSTANDING WITH ITALY. ONE SOUGHT WrTH BULGARIA. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Service*.) LONDON, January 14. The Press correspondent at Sofia writes:—"Although Rumania has finally decided on action in Transylvania, and it ir expected the campaign will commence in the middle of February, it is anticipated that the Rumanian Minister to Bulgaria, will shortly make definite proposals to Bulgaria which it is hoped will facilitate an understanding between the two countries. Rumania will probably offer Bulgaria the. restitution of Dobriotch. Baltchik, and the surrounding districts. 'JTicre is reason to believe that ehould this arrangement prove unattainable, Rumania will not allow the unique opportunity of realising her national aspirations to pass. " Another cause of Rumania's temporary hesitation was the uncertainty regarding Italy's policy, but the bonds of friendship have now grown closer." ITALY'S PREPARATIONS. A SIGNIFICANT ORDER. (London ' Times ' and Sydney ' Sun ' Services.) LONDON, January 14. Italy has prohibited the departure from the country of all men under 59 year,'. BOHEMIA'S THREAT TO AUSTRIAN EMPEROR. (London "Timca ' and Sydney 'Sun Services.) . LONDON, January 14. The, leading citizens of Bohemia aTe demanding energetic measures for protection against the threatened Russian invasion. In the event of refusal of this they informed the Emperor Franz Josef that they would go over to the enemy and thus secure the safety of their country. [Bohemia, a division of Austro-Hangary, adjoins Silesia.] ALTERNATIVE ROUTES. SWITZERLAND'S NARROW ESCAPE. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, January 14. A Geneva barrister who has returned from Germany 6tates that the German General Staff decided by a. majority of only two votes to violate. Belgium instead of Switzerland. Many military experts considered the Swiss route the better, as it was feared that. France was prepared for invasion through Belgium, consequent on the revelations of Bernhardt and Von der Goltjs. Itwasonlyon account of the £reat difficulty of entirely changing the mobilisation plan at the last moment that Switzer- I land was yaved. A FRENCH STORY. IMPRESSIONABLE KAISER. j (London ' Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Servioee.) LONDON,/January 14. The Kaiser visited the region of Longwy in September, and photographed the village of Baneillee. Standing beside him was a pretty French girl, and he asked her what she would like. She replied : " Bazeilles to be spared, your Majesty." The Kaiser left a note ordering the village not to be harmed, and the troops obeyed. CAUCASUS CAMPAIGN. THE INVASION OF PERSIA. RUSH FROM TABRIZ. A BRAVE GOVERNOR. PETROGRAD, January 14. (R-seeived January 15, it 8.50 a.m.) Soudja-«d-Donl«3, formerly Governor of Azerbaijan (N.W. Persia), has axrivad at Tifli*. H«, with 400 man, fought.the Turks for 10 hours, and defended a bridge to enable th» refugees to escape. All but four of hk followers were annihilated. The staffs of the consulates and banks at .Tabriz escaped.


The_ Turks and Kurds massacred the Christians and refugees at Maindoab. The Ccfisacka ambushod two companies of Turks and 120 gunners on the Caucasus frontier, and kTuevl or took prisoner all of them, and also captured nine field guns. POURING IS; TROOPS. MORE RUSSIAN RESERVES. LONDON, January 14. (Received January 15, at 8.50 a.m.) 'The Times' states that 1,000.000 Russians have lecently reinforced their troops at the front. GERMAN SURVIVORS FROM SPEE'S SQUADRON. LONDON. January 1-1. (Received January 15, at 8.50 a.m.) Two hundred German survivors from the Falkland* engagement have arrived m England. POLAR EXPLORERS HASTENED TO THE FRONT. SYDNEY. January 15. (Received January 15. at 8.50 a.m.i A letter has been received from Pr Maclean, on© of the party sent to the Antarctic in search of j)r Douglas Mawson. Ho states that he and four other members of the. narty. who afterwards went to England- -Captain Rage. Marligan, Bickeitoji, and Hodgman—have joined the British forces at the front. GERMAN NEW GUINEA. AN AUSTRALIAN ADMINISTRATOR. MELBOURNE, January 15. (Received January 15. at 11.15 a.m.) Colonel Pt'thbridge, Secretary of Defence, has been formally appointed Administrator (if German New Guinea, New Britain, New Irela.nd, Leongainville, and the adjacent islands, lately German possessions.

AROUND SOISSOXS. O.V YREONY PLATEAU. GERMAN SUCCESS UNDOUBTED. LONDON, January 14. (Received January 15, at A German wireless states:—Our troops north-cast of Soiss ms attacked the heights of Vregiiy, ar.d cleared the elevated plain, fiwich. a.fter trench wa.s stormed until after dark, despite a pouring rain and docpiy-sodden clay. The Kaiser witnessed the brilliant feat' We captured 14 French officers, 1.30'-' .nen. four '••mn. four machine guns, and one searchlight. PARIS, January 14.

The attack to the nortli-easi "i was of considerable magnitude. Apparently re rent French attacks menaced the. railway junction of Anizv and Le Cateau. Yon Kluok successfully appealed for strong reinforcements, and was enabled to press his counter-attack vehemently.

Y..M.C.A. AND MILITARY CAMPS. ~.\lr Alex. Jamieson, national secretary for the Y.M.C.A... writes us from Wellington : Th« people of New Zealand, especially the fathers and mothers of the young men in the Expeditionary Force, need no reminder of the service rendered by th» Young Men's Christian Association in the military camps. What has been done here has been done in all other pa.rts of the Empire, always with tho permission and often on the special request of tho Department of Defence. But in. addition to what has been accomplished for the comfort of the troops at the home ba«s, specially-trained secretaries have been everywhere offered for sea-vice on tha troopships and at the front. In many instances these offers have been promptly and gladly accepted, Canada commissioning five secretaries for her troops, Australia the same, and India 12. The people of the Home lands have given the Y.M.C.A. close on £50,000 for similar work among the men in camp, afield or afloat.

In New Zealand the Define© authorities decided that it would not be expedient to assign Y.M.C.A. secretaries to duties with the forces after they had left these shores, but upon the arrival of the men in Egypt it became evident that the New Zealandera would be at a disadvantage as compared with the Australians, who had their own five secretaries for camp ■work. Consequently Mr Jossop, general secretary at Cairo, cabled for money to carry on Y.M.C.A. social service among the men from New Zealand. Another cable from a gentleman in Melbourne contained an offer of £SO towards establishing this much-needed work. Both cable* were based upon a misapprehension—viz., that the lack of social work was duo to the neglect of the Y.M.C.A. National Committee of New Zealand. The whole question, however, has been reviewed by the Minister of Defence, who was quite cable General Godley, asking again that we_ might have permission to render gratuitous_servioe to our troops in the field. The reply from General Godley is as follows : " Delighted to have money for Young Men's Christian Association, who are doing escellent work here."

The way is now clear, and immediate action is necessary. May I ask, through you. Mr Editor, that the fathers and mothers and friends of the cont-ingent-ers unite with us in raising £SOO to provide Y.M.C.A. facilities for our troops? And in connection with this appeal we must not forget the continued upkeep of the commodious iron structure recently erected by the Y.M.C.A. and opened by Colonel Potter, Camp Commandant, for the benefit of the mon in training at Twit-ham. With the help from friends and sympathisers which, I am confident, will' be forthcoming, tho Y.M.C.A. will do what only young men can do for' other young men in training camps and on distant iields.

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VON KLUCK'S ENERGY, Issue 15701, 15 January 1915

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VON KLUCK'S ENERGY Issue 15701, 15 January 1915

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