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THE GERMAN EFFORT. j TESTS ALLIED CENTRE. pressure at soissoxs. I’ARIS. January 15. (Rei-ived January 14. at 8.45 a.m.i ; A i '■imrumii|iio states: I .u 1 weather haimpeded operations alone? the whole front. \\\' maintained our position!; on the wot of Spar 17)2 -near Soissonsj, but gave ; ground on the east. i Our artillery <aused explosions in the, 1 enemy's batteries in the Champagne dis- , trier. Violent artillery duels are proreeding from Khohns to the Argoune. We still 1 hold tin 1 salient of Rcnu.-ejour redoubt. BHR LI.VS STATK.M EXT. CLAIMS SUCCESS IX FLANDERS i AX 1) ROUND SOUSOXS, AMSTERDAM, .1 arm ary 15. | , Keec-iv-u! January 14. at 8.4") a.m.) ■ : A Plernian <oniimini-|Ue slates: Altec ;> ; lieavy artillery battle, we eaptuieJ ihe ; trenches at Pahngabrug, a tiuburn of Ximport. Wo finally repulsed attacks on the eaiial at La Ras-ee, also at La. Boi?clle am! Xmivion. Our at Cnniy (across the , i .Aisne from See, ran ns! e.unpleieiy defeated the French, u!m evacuated tho heights no; ih <*l Crony anil north-east of Cutlies, which is lentil of Soissons. 1 We repulsed French- trippers' attacks | near St. Mihh’l, and occupied the heights ; north-east of Nomenv, : HP HI COMMISSIONER'S REPORT. | The High Commissioner reported unde: dale London, 15th January 1n.5 p.ttt.i : " Paris- reports that persistent had wea i ther interfered with operations along the , j entile from. The struggle is still pro- ; I reeding on Spur 152. north-west oi Sois- , I sons, tho Allies maintaining the top ot . | the west slope, hut giving ground on lie | ea.-t. Between Smosons and Ben y-:Mi-Ban I the ITeneh artillery caused explosions at | various. prints among the German bat- '■ tcrie-s, 'I he salient, of the redoubt north of Reausejotir, in the Souam region, remains j in French bands. A trench has been on- | tablished 60 metres from the (lenuaiis. ; FEROCIOUS VOX KLUCK. j FLATTERED BY A RUSK. j (London ‘Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun.’ Services) j LONDON. January 15, j Von Klucks headotiarteis on the Aistie | are a veritable fortress, surrounded by I trenches defended hy nsa; wd batteries | and machine guns. j Von Kluck fold a. journalist ; “They call ; tin Huns and barbarians. I ins. honors us. i levin-,-e. it proves that oir strength was 1 under-estimated." , 1 GENERAL'S SOX KILLED. j ! VOX FALK LX HAY NS LAXI’ | F LI OH T. j RAIDS. January 15, ! ‘Hie I human io-roplatic captured hy a ] j .French aviator at. Amiens early in 0c ; I week was brought down after an hour's | pursuit. Its -|>ilot was only wounded, the j observer being killed. Jhe latter was a. son |of General Von Falkenluiyn. Von Moltke's | siiccestjor. f 1 lit was reported ott Tuesday that both I tim pilot arid tile, observer were killed, j I GERMANY'S NEW SHELLS ; I CAUSE POISONOUS WOUNDS. [(London ‘Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun - Services.) ! LOXiDOXL January 13. 1 ’lhe Keimans are, using shells r onta-uiiit" 1 I ji cojto.iii proportion <>f phusphonie.. Du- | I smoke enabling tho gunner to note where \ | the missilo falls. The wounds caused by j j these shells are poisonous, and ate uu- | 1 treatable. 1 ! TWO FIIFXOir GENERA!,S. i JOFFRE’S RIGHT-HAND MF.X. | (London ‘Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun’ Services.) ; LOXDOX, January 15 i Gem-ra.l J off re’s ifiglrt-band men are ! Generals l-Ax-ii and I)e Alandlruy. Gone* 1 rai Foeh in July was merely the coinmat id ant o? an army eotps. lie is- « : | man of the greatest simplicity and direct.- i ! ness. i j (iene.ral 11- ALmdhuy was a plain i Im'’-r. Ho nis originally a, lloyaliKt. i i lie has spent much of his life in garrison ! | towns on the eastern frontier. He is_ a 1 i dark, agile little man. always ready for i ' quick and long marches. ! GMR MAX DESERTERS SEEK REFUGE, IX If OLLAN'D AFTER FLANDERS PRIVATIONS. j PARIS, January 15, i fßeceived. January 14, at 8.45 a.m.) j < |.c Matin’ save that after Ihe battle ! ( >f (J,o Y«-r many Germans deserted. Xo , i fewer than 11,000 deserted at Bruges, ho- j i tween, November 15 and December 15. j I 'Di’s accounts for the strict watch _ Hi-; Gormans are keeping on the Dutch fron- j tier. i | FRENCH VILi.AGF.RS’ PJJGHT | OX LUXEMBURG FRONT!ER. (London ‘Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun’ Senrioea.) LONDON, January 13. The inhabitants of the French frontier villages, who hitherto thought themselves immune from German oppression, are fiianlcd to find Germans billeted on. them, ! They find the requisitions for rattle feed verv rigorous. Numbers are fleeing to Holland, but the. Germans au- attempting to head them off. FRENCH PARLIAMENTARIANS. THEIR “RECESS’’ OVER. (London ’Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun Service*.) LOXDOX, January 13. There are 125 members of tho French ; Chamber of Deputies serving at the front j who will attend tho opening of the Chant- i ■Tie r ■ gn. TfKfid a,x t

I DISCARDING THE KEPT. LONDON, January 33. i ived January 14, at 8,45 a.m.) Somo Fro neb men in the. look-out 1 1 c-nchcs ."vc uynsr improvised lioJmois similar to Nod Kelly’s. THK COPPER FAMINE. HELMETS REQUISITIONED. J’AHIS. January 13, | (Received January 14. at 8.45 Some llmnin regiments with copper 1 helmets ami pikes are rending them to i Germany. AWAIT IX (! THE SERINE, (London ‘'.rimes’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) I LONDON. January 13. : A ‘Timer’ leader, reviewing the war. rays the general conclusion is that there will probably he no startling change in tlic position until spring gives facilities for ! fresh movements, THE CONTEMPLATED INVASION. DATE WAS POSTPONED. LONDON. January 13. ■Received Jan nary 14. at 8.45; i A corpora!, describing the Christmas ; truce, slates that the Saxons said their 1 regiments had previously been in Kiel hardier for three months waiting to go ; a i England. j RED CROSS CONTINGENTS ; COME FROM JAPAN. ; LONDON'. January 13. Received January 14. at 8.45 a.m. ■. Japan is sending Red Cross contingents : to England and France. STRIPPING BELGIUM. COAL AND TIMBER GOING TO GERMANY. i AMSTERDAM, January 13. j ‘Received January 14. at 8.45 a.m.' 1 The ' Tciegraaf ' states that the Germanart; employing 40.000 miners in lie collier ies at Mons, Liege, and I 'lia rlcroi. and sending the coal to Germany: also timber from Namur. Brabant, and Ilainaiilt. KING ALBERT'S HUMANITY. (London ‘Times' and Sydney ‘Sun ’ SeivDca.) LONDON. January 13. King Albert, while inspecting the Bel- ; gian lines with his Staff officer-; on Sund;n. . s;; v: erne men digging trenches, '(’lies were looking very tired, and he inquired , how long they had been working. On iieing, informed that they had doin' 14 hours, he sent them away to red. while : he and his Staff officers continued digging i to relieve them. TROPHIES OF WAB. ' LONDON. .January 13. | Received January 14. at 8.45 a.m.i Tim (Jovcrument are considering how to dispo-e of about 100 captured German guns ■ t (,'w in England. Some have already been exhibited in the provinces to assist rccruit- ! ng. i GERMAN SUBMARINES I AGAIN VISIT DOVER. LONDON, January 13. Received January 14, at 8.45 a.m.i Two submarines endeavored to enter , Dover Harbor. The shore batteries rei pulsed them, .and it is reported that both \ were sunk. | There are. many rumors that German j airships have been sighted in the English | Channel. WERE TREY HIT? LONDON. January 13. (Received January 14. at 12.2 C p.mC Tiie attack on Dover was made in darkI ness, hut .searchlights revealed, the two i German snbimivines, arid the big guns on | the ih(rights behind the castle fired twioo 1 at an interval <>f 10 minutes. Directly after, searchlights (mm hostile j aircraft swept the skm-a, but disappeared in half an hour. SUBMARINE BUILDING. i ORDERS PLACED IN CANADA. OTTAWA, January 12. (Received January 14, at 12.2 C p.m.) The Vickers. Company in Canada have .received an .order for 20 submarines of ; British design. It is inidca'.stood fhev i are intended tv, reinforce, the Bviush. sub(marine fleet. IN AUSTRIA'S CAPITAL. FAMINE APPROACHING. j (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sim ‘ Services.) , LONDON, January 15. j An official market report from Vienna i shows that coal is extremely scarce. The I trade in coni and flour has practically | ceased, and many bakeries are closed. EU MAXI ANS TXTEX TtON. TO INVADE AUSTRIA IN FIVE WEEKS' TIME. LONDON, January 13. I (Received January 14, at 10 a.m.) The ‘ Times ' Sofia, correspondent says that Rumania is expected to begin action in Transylvania in the middle of February. ITALY’S NEUTRALITY. ANTI AVAR PETITION. ROME, January 13. (Received January 14, at 8.45 a.m.) | The pro-Germans are preparing a peti- | tinn to the Government in favor of Italy •waa-inttujjipg. her neutrality.

NEUTRAL STEAMER SEIZED BETWEEN NEUTRAL PORTS. GERMAN HIGH-HANDED THEFT. STOCKHOLM, January 13. (Received January 14, A German destroyer seized the Swedish steamer Vega, laden with margarine, bound from Rotterdam for Stockholm, and conveyed her to Swinernunde, BERLIN SOCIALIST PAPER. ESTIMATES COST OF WAR. NEARLY £10,000,000 A DAY. AMSTERDAM, January 13. (Received January 14, at 10 The ‘Vorwaerts’ estimates that the daily cost of the war for all belligerents aggregates £9,600,000. Thu damage done to Belgian property is estimated at £255,000.000, and in East Prussia at £2,000,000. THE CAUCASUS CAMPAIGN. TURKS PROGRESS IN SOUTH AND INVADE PERSIA. LONDON, January 15., I Received January 14, at 8.45 a.m.) Reuter's correspondent at Potrograd reports that a Turkish advance guard has occupied Tabriz. WHAT HAPPENED BY THE WAV. CM RISTIANS MASSACRED. PETR OCR AD, January 13. The Tinks and Kurds have readied Manigha. A massac re of Armenians between Lakes Van and Noza, is reported. Many Christians in Azerbaijan and tho Aia.skcrt Valiev died of hunger and cold. Fifty thousand refugees have reached the. Caucasus. Enver Rev executed several officers at Er/.eiina for expressing disrespect for Germany. Turkish prisoners have been brought in in tears. They vehemently denounce the Germans for ruining Turkey. Official : There has been severe lighting in Ka.ra.ngan (V Kara-ghau). The Russians tod; 1.500 Tink.s prisoner, including 11 officers belonging to tin; 92nd Infantry. Flier destroyed a. battalion of the. 52ml Regiment, of which the remnant were taken prisoner. They captured a. hill in Turkish territory, ami seized a depot of artillery .-hells and cartridges. TURKS EFFECT CHECK TO RUSSIAN COUNTER. PETROGRAD, daimaiy 13. flteceivid January 14. at 10 a.m.l The Turks have assembled about 100.000 troops, mainly officered by Germa-ns. in Karamvau i v Karughan). cheeking the ] Russian advance on dm ihirshold of Oil- iir.iu territory. i Tabriz.. iu the extreme N.W. of Per.*-,ta-bes in Azerbaijan, litc district between tho Caspian Sea and Lake Van. Maraj ha. is c. town of has size than Tabriz, from wldeli it lies about 50 miles smith. The operal imis mentioned above are some dis--1 aneo r-omh of tho scene of I lit' 'I urkish defeai at Sarykamish.] EGYPT EXPEDITION. TURKS NT IT ENTIiUSI.ASTfU. GERMANS APPLY BRLSSLRK, CON-STANTINDPLE. -lamiarv 15. I Received ■lanuarv 14, at 8.4n arm.) It Is denied that, tin? Egyptian exp'-di-tion lias, been abandoned. J.O N1) 0X . . I a-n ua ex’ 15. Reulei's Cairo correspondent says that, the Turkish ollicers commanding In Southern Syria do not show any dc.-n-" to advance southwards, doniandina that Con- ! stunt Simple send more trained soldiers. I Nows of the Turkish def. at ::: the Can- | enenis i< d i.-hea rwmi eg the 'I urkt-li reel mts | imist> ring at Helm.-n. Tim '■ Jennan ofHiez I.- ai .* ■ liiefly tin- impelbng lilelor. EEPIT.'"I OX MEAT TRADE, j I.OXDON. Jan miry 15. j ißeeebcl .lanuarv 14. at 12.20 j dhe ( n;R ( Vmsignnieni ( ’ompany’s i animal teport states, t hat. no development - | indicate that, the world's simply ita> overII a ken the demand under nouruil condi- | lions, but the. depression is usually : experienced after a vrar. Large Govcrn- | iifiit. ord<'Ti> have absorbed stocks, hut tho retail meal trade in Hrilain is not prosjeimis. Largo nnmivms of shops liavo Ho-e<!, ;i.nd a majority of the K-niaindet have much curtailed their output. Thu trade inns!, be r-cwon when contracts lapse. Tho. French Government's heavy purchases, are bkeiy to create a fieer market, tend Aus; taiian meat will pi ohably in' relieved of the ddl'erei tia.l duty im\v existing in favor ,-f Argentina. Ml LIT ARY* HOSPITAL AT TRENTHAM. PROPOSAL DISCUSSED BY M EIUCAL ASSOCIATION. A meeting n| the Dunedin division of the British Medical Association war. held last night, when a circular was received from the New Zealand Council of the i Association soliciting support for the j movement to civet, a base military bosj pital tit. Ttentham. The meeting was well attended and enthusiastic. During the discussion it was •said that it should be made abundantly clear that, their hearts were touched hr the motives which induced the council to appeal for hinds for a military hospital. Inn ;iG a. profession a. clear lead wag given to members of the division by the appeal | from the Belgians in the ‘ British Medical j Journal.' Probably it was thought that, if , this appeal had been published before the j council in Wellington had taken, action it, I would’ have, taken its lead from it, The I establishment of a hospital if required was <a mailer for the Government, and not for private, benevolence. Not. enough reasoned consideration of the allocation of the, contribution,-- of the public compared with the duties of the ,State had been exercised. Though bate in tho day to begin each exercise, it, was not- too hue. No one could say how far private henc-volenee was to bo called on, and wo should not exhaust tho springs of s tic It benevolence in doing work that- should properly be clone by the. State. The two general hospitals for the bane in Europe supplied by Australia were intended to contain tho quota, necessary for New Zealand as well as for Australia. New Zealand doing its part in sending extra horses and men. New Zealand itself provided for its own medicai noeoasities in the held. 'There was no doubt extra hospital accommodation would lie required on the return <>! our soldiers as shown by Dio Month African War experience. There had been, in regard to public subscriptions, a disproportion between the amount available and the amount, required for certain j objects. Tims a largo amount of local dis tress was expected as a. result of tho war, and a large sum raised. This was more than sufficient for present needs, and a considerable amount of it was on. loan to Hut (lily Corporation. There had not been the amount of local distress expected. Medical attention was given free to those suffering directly from the war. So far (here had - been only eight cases helped in this wav owing directly to tho war. These facts allowed tho necessity for reasoned consideration to help the Belgian doctors and phannaeisM. It wan the method by which as a profession, members should take action. Already they had all given to the general Belgian fund. The following resolutions were unanimously carried : That, thj Otago division of the British Medical Association is of opinion tlie the respective sphere of private benevolence and State responsibilities with regard to the present war should be clearly defined. This division recognises that the Government. with tho approval of the entire population of the. Dominion, undertook to send a contingent to help in the war, and that the. whole of this contingent from th® Ifeae 16 left New Zealand until its return should bo homo, by, the.. State..

■ Tho branch, therefore, is of opinion that no private subscriptions should bo raised or used for any of the purposes to which the whole Dominion is pledged. It is obvious that if the reverse of this policy is followed the saving to the general taxpayer will be infinitesimal, while the depletion of the funds available for general and special charitable purposes will bo serious. Both the motor ambulance and the hospital scheme fall within the duties of the State. Tho Government have already ordered a considerable number of motor ambulances for the war, and snob temporary and permanent hospital accommodation as is required ought to be, and can be. met by the Government and by the local hospital and charitable aid organisation. The misdirection of charitable efforts in these and other directions has resulted in a diminution of the help which is urgently needed and amply deserved by our Belgian Allies. This branch, therefore, while recognising the feeling of patriotism which has moved some of nnr colleagues to suggest the purchase of motor ambulances or the building of special hospitals, cannot agree with these suggestions. In place of these they recommend that the New Zealand branch should especially associate itself with the movement described in the ‘ British Medical Journal ' for November 21 for giving special help to Belgian doctors and pharmacists who are .suffering from the effect of the war. Over £IOO was subscribed in the room in aid of the object mentioned in the resolutions, and Dr Cnlqnhoim was appointed treasurer of the local fund. -—The Appeal.The following appeal was issued by a committee composed of leading members of the medical profession in the United Kingdom The committee are desirous of starting an immediate attempt to help the Belgian medical practitioners and pharmacists whose plight has been' so movingly represented by I’rofessor Jacobs as the delegate from a Belgian committee having similar aims. The committee have made all preliminary inquiries, and have come to the conclusion that the most practical step which they can take at once is the despatch to Belgium in portable form of packets of medical and pharmaceutical material. These packets will be made up by Messrs Burroughs, Wellcome. and Co. in accordance with an approved list, and will bo conveyed to Belgium upon advice received from the American Ambassador and Air L. Hoover, the Belgian Minister, the. manager of .Messrs Hamids and Major Gordon, who has already done such good work as a medium for practical assistance between this country and Belgium. The committee have already received promises of a certain number of subscriptions. which justify them in making an experimental consignment, but they appeal to the medical and pharmaceutical professions in this country for funds to enable the Belgian medical practitioners and pharmacists to carry on their work effectually so soon as military and political circumstances permit. We appeal also for surgical instruments; many of these, though not of the latest patterns, will he extremely valuable. The following are especially nspiired :—Scissors, dressing and artery for-eps, scalpels, syringes, and midwifery forceps. The instruments should lie sent a! once to the Master of the Apothecaries’ Hoeiety. Apothecaries’ Hall. Blaclctriars. London. K.('., and any small adjustments required in them lie made. reingee Belgian doctors and pitarinaI ists iii this coiinirv. most of whom ha ve nothing in tin's world Jolt to them. The intention is that the work of the committee siiaii develop, as the conditions of Belgium pcnnli. and that the work shall be a -SOI, in e 1 with mrrc;.pn:i(ling efforts in (treat Britain ami Ireland, ill the Tnile.d States. and other count ncs whhdi arc neutrals or allies in the war. OFFICERS APPOINTED rnr: iti; and mb rfinf'Oiktmi;x is, IT" following ofiicers have been ap pointed to the Bhj and 5Hi f<>;.•<»incuts, and will Dave 1 1 «■ i■ for Tventharn en the Ills prox : Mounted Bides: l.iee-Imiant-i ohjiiei G H St-ewar:. Lieutenant A. S. Herbert (12th .Regiment I, Captain • hnil.ins (sth. Regiment'! Infantry : t'a.n'iain Higby Mnith (Fugiii.w-d. (hi plain Homigaii. Lieutenant Leslie Hnltli lldlli Bcg'im-nt i. Lieutenant J. MTrac Chth Regiment), Lieutenant I’owe 11 -.Otago Bovs’ High, Srhc.-iii, Lieutenants Marshall and I honip.-cn (Waituki Bovs’ High School). Lieutenant F. L. Hum. Fhfh Brgimenii. Lieutenant Tregcar -Hi Regiment : A WIDOW’S A IDEAL. TO THE KDITOK, Sir,--Why till this noise about (iandin's sentenceHe received a fair trial, and the sentence should stand, I quite agree with Holier! Blip eh ford that all Germans, no matter what station in life they occupy, ought to he deported to their own count rv. We arc fight ing one oi Inc most, savage wars ever forced on a Christian nation. It is simply maddening to the mothers who have willingly given their bus.! sons to help the Homeland (n sen so ma.nv cowards, in the rising generation. Why should there he so mm-h trouble, to get men to come- and defend aye, even with their life’s blood our glorious Empire, the home of liberty'.' The shirker is a worse foe to his country than the German F.mpemr. He wants our cnualiv, and the man who hangs back Is helping him to get it. How can we win without men Men. he manly, and don't enjoy your games when your fellow-countrymen's lives are being sacrificed for Hie want, of the help yon can give them. Your brothers are calling you. They need,help, Will yon not answer their call - J am. etc.. Widow, January 12. R. S. J, Fil/.gorald sends n.s ]Qs for the Belgian rebel fund. Members of the Overseas Club and others interested car now obtain collecting Ifor the .Webers and sailors’ tobacco fund. We have received a cheque from the Dunedin IbiTl.icnltmvil Soe-ie-tv for £SO Ms oh Oi (his amount £23 6c, 7d wa-s ehta.irnd J rotu the sale of flowers at the recent rose show, and (ho remainder was given by toe society, whose- generosity in I■ ji mg and equipping a- horse and raising over £ls at their spring show indicates their practical patriotism. We have, received from tin- local branch OI the loconiot ewe railways defvixtment Hie sum of £1 8s their fortnightly contribution. It has been divided to give tins amount in future to the BeUinn relief fund. Hitherto the pavnmnls have been applied to the local distress fund.

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TURKS INVADE PERSIA, Issue 15700, 14 January 1915

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TURKS INVADE PERSIA Issue 15700, 14 January 1915

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