AUSTRIA'S FOREIGN MINISTER, COUNT BEBCHTOLD RESIGNS. Press Association—-By Telegraph—Copyright. VIENNA, January 13. (Kocoirai January 14, at 2 p.m.) Count Berchtold, Austro-Hungarhu Foreign- Mnivstnr, has re-signed for personal rea-sons. Baron Step ha n Bnrian, a Hungarian, succeeds to Hie position. PRUSSIAN LOSSES. COPENHAGEN, January 13. (Received January 14, at 2 p.m.) Lists Nos. 11? to 121 contain 44,299 casualties, chiefly of the fighting in Poland during November, making the Prussian casualties 840,343. THE SUBMARINES AT DOVER. | BOTH ESCAPED. LONDON. January 13. (Received January 14, at 2 p.m.) The sinking of either of the German submarines is denied. LORD ROBERTS'S LAST WORDS. MOPE PUBLICITY NEEDED. In a letter to the London 'Times,' M> Gaston Dru says:--"As I was probably one of the last persons who saw Lord Roberts, outsido of his family, the day before he Jeft for the Continent, I think it might interest the public to know what were almost the last words ho .spoke in England in a public capacity. He. had granted me an interview for the 'Echo dePart?.' and, before giving me his views on the situation and on the work done by the French Army, he epoke of his visit to France on the morrow and of the reasons for which he was going over to e-ee Sir John French. I have not, in my interview, reported everything he said there. foT one at least of his utterances ee-emed to me to interest solely England. But to you it will certainly he very interesting." "Lord Roberts eaid that, while the primary reason of his visit was to -sec Ms dear Indian troops (of which he was colonel-in-ehief), he intended to speak to General French about the too great secrecy' which was. to his mind, kept by the military authorities at the front a»d at Home concerning the work and the brave deeds; of the English (soldiers. '"I. naturallv approve,' said Ixyrd Roberts, 'that all the. military movements, whatever they be, should bo kept- absolutely secret from all war correspondents ; but it seems to me that they should be allowed to receive at least a fair modicum of information. Why not allow them to write, for instance, in detail of the glcxrious actions fought by our troops, several days, it goes without saying', after these actions have taken place'.' I am referring naturally to tho English lines. You in France are in a position different from us. You have conscription. Every man is caJled to the color.*, and you do not rely on the public enthusiasm to recruit your army, which can very well afford to bo '"la grande. silciicioufic." In England we i want men, many more men, and if we do ! not let our people at Home know in. detail of tho life of our soldiers at the front, of their brave rights and gallant deeds, how ehall we awake in the eoul of our young men the high sentiment of emulation which will strongly contribute to lead them to the recruiting office? They ai-e brave, no doubt, willing to offer their liv<s to their country if necessary. But they often do not know that it is absolutely necessary, and that every minute they lcs-r> now is a priceless mir.ute, maybe a battle jeopardised in tho future. They do not know enough that our men. arc always fighting agaiitst tremendous odds, that we j want more men and .still move men to equalise matters. They are not sufficiently able to follow day by day—as much, at. any rate, as the military necessities would allow it—the- life ami the fighting of their friends who have enlisted. What has Iw-en done for the London Scottish might, to hit mind, be done with great good rrfuilt for many of the. other units, and I. will talk to French about it.' "May I add that Lord Roberts expressed' that which gave me infinite pbafillvo —the highest opinion of tho French army, of tho French generals, and of General Joffro in particular. IT© spoke highly, too. of the French mm — v As agi.nner,' said he—of the. wonderful power j of our 75. Ho added that, he knew very | well that France, had had up to now to hold the longest lino of battle, that all her men able to' ca.iTy arms had been dra.fl.ed .into tho army, that part of Franco had M'ffored. terrible devastation. But he-j added that wo should shortly feci tlw effects of the great support which England j was preparing to give us." : - ■ I WHY GERMANY IS IGNORANT. j PRESS DARK NOT PUBLISH FACTS. Tho most, astonishing- thing of all (says the. 'Daily Chronicle's' Swies ooirespondont.) was the wn-vo of bitter corrosive hatred of •everything- British that' swept across Germany, from the North Sen to the Lake of Constance, about the middle, of September. The only possible explanation is tlmt li- was dolibe.iaM-ly manufactured to divert the minds of the public from the failure of the great General Staff's plans for tho taking of Paris, and from the enormous, over-iucreamng deathroll. This was comparatively easy, as • there is now no Mich thing as indrpen- j denee of thought. The censorship is unbelievably strict, a.id if a newspaper, on the rare occasions when it, i<s allowed to publish a report from the front apart- from tho official communiques, admits that the Germans have not he-en -successful, it is: immediately suppressed. All news j'c officially distorted, and the j PrefS are to all intents and purposes a j Government department. Indeed, many j newspapers would no longer be in a position to continue, publication were it not for Government, subsidies. Foreign journals aro carefully kept from the public. What more useful for the purnose than a- ca.mpa.rign of haired against- Germany]? richest foe. but for whoso interference it was. claimed that Franco would have been erushed in a. month? This decision taken, the truthful gentleman at the head of the official Press Bureau gave the. signal, and all the journalistic heavy gnus opened fire on Britain and the, British. The English were treacherous. hypocritical, ana moneygrabbinc. They had no culture, and lived only for power, wealth, and plots against Germany.' The Fatherland would have realised" its ideals long ago but for the cunning of England.'and it would never take itfi proper position until England was smashed. Also—and this was the shot that had the most effect- —Germany's other foes -would have been prostrate at her feet already had it not been for th<~ unnecessary interference of perfidious Albion. Pav after day, week after week, tho gospel of "hatred was preached—from the vitriolic Futurism of 'Maximilian Harden j to the coldly precise lies of Wolff, the -semi-official agency which before the war supplied millions, of British, readers with. German news—always from the official j point of view. Charges of atrocities- were manufacturod by professors. To quote- a I Cologne professor writing in the Munich ' Neueste Naehrichten ': Our most earnest desire, despite strong j provocation, wa.s to live in peace with j England. And England. _ whose only i "round for a declaration of war was aj pretended breach of international rights, | tho violation of Belgium's neutrality . . . breaks, the. elementary rules for the treatment ot prisoners in inhuman and brutal manner, uses dum-dum bullets and projectiles with suffocating, poisonous gases, and outlaws herself from the Geneva Convention . . . by injuring and killing wounded men and doctors. If five or six people till a man something ov ssv«n tinvsa lie, will belisve it, especially if he hears- no contradiction. That is what happened in Germany, which., is now seething with anti-British hatred: ; The German war motto is " England der i Feind." —"England the Enemy," !
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TH' WAR, Evening Star, Issue 15700, 14 January 1915