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The lion, treasurers of the Otago Patriotic and (tenoral Welfare Association acIcnowlodyo Hie receipt of the following donations to tin: fund : Previously acknowledged ...£23.119 4 0 “ Sympathiser " B 1 0 0 Scaife Bros,, (liendhu Station u and cl2 11 4 -Mrs Mathkvon, Middlenmnli a 1 1 0 Eliiot H. Mathieson, Middieinaivh r. 0 10 6 Peter A, Matbieson, Middlemarch n 0 10 6 lan 1). .Malhicaon, Miiklleinarcli n 0 10 6 Mary M a thietion, iMiddh--iniuvk b 0 .10 6 Ihiyald Mat luefon, Aliddlernarrh ! B 9 19 0 Balance art union w 3 3 6 (iiihcrt Mt' and Win. ('roper B 0 3 0 Dunedin Choral Society, proceed* if nerfonnaiiioe of ‘.Messiah' \and n2l 0 0 Hillside WerA-llons tilth einil rihnti.ini c 13 17 10 Awamant’u Patriotic Concert Coiiur.ittce ... ... a and n4l 12P9 "A \V;n!;ouait i l!esi<leiu " a and r. 12 .10 0 Piihnerstvii Patriotic C-.m----miUse \ and a 1 0 0 £20.09;J 4 o \ dlenoicy Cicat r.iitain and Ireland fund ; r. slcnoteis Belgian relief fund ; c denotes loeal relief. ’i'iie total of the ioea! pa trio tie lands to dale is £46.677 PA, 4d. NAVAL DEFENCE. ItKiJIT HON. MR FISH PICS VIEWS. The Right Hon. Andrew Fisher (Prime Minister of Australia,!, accompanied by the Hon. .1. A. Boyd (a mein her of the Opposition in the Federal Parliament), arrived at Chriislelmri hj yesterday, and «eve a» eorded a civic reception by the .Mayor. Speaking at the civic reception yesterday. Mr Fisher said; " My friend Mr Boyd and I aie oil opposite sides of politics, and Hold onr views strongly, hut ’hero is one question we. are not divided upon after a, long ctiie.s of strenuous political contests, and that quest ion in a South Pacilic licet i or Hie detenee principally of this most distant part of His Maje.-ty's Dominions, and the incorporation, if ) ossihle. in that idea of Canada, and S.auii Africa. I have met many of your distinguished and representative oiti/.ens in New Zealand, and I have found, if I hat e gauged their opinions correctly. t!iat you am not iiiditlerent to the nil! of a, united licet in tlna-e waPTe — oiy at any rare. . f a, tied <7 two unita in tiic.-o water# —hut you are rather anxious ahem the ..spent,-:. Far he it from me to Miggryi, that the (litheally of raising the necessary money io provide for eliieieiu defence at sea is a light matter, but, whether it he. light or heavy, it is a. duty that we in'.e to ourselves and that wo owe to those who aicoining after us. Ami have had this country handed over to you as we have had em country handed over to the residents of Australia, without tribute to anyone. If it is worth having to govern it is worth providing for its d--feme, ami it is not beiomin,g to our dignity. our independence, our manliness, and our womanliness C. lean on any other eounUy for its defence, it is not like out people to do it. We ought to ho clad to do u, and glad to provide lor our own defence, in th at jhj it. young countries, and if we have something to spare to lend a. helping baud to tin: Mother Country, who gave .it to nu, without a single ponny's tribute. That. i< my view of tile situation. Speaking for Australia, nut not fcpraking for New Zealand, as regards the principle of having a. ,-eparate unit, null as His Majesty's Australian Navy, owned, manned, and controlled by Australia. 1 believe that I riiieiple also is the safest, and I am only embracing this opportunity of telling you what wo had to do in Australia. When this rpK'stion was aigtied in Australia irom every platform, the question of tin 1 separatist movement, was raised. Argument .succeeded i.u allaying it. .and ailtn null the feeling against the navy was iiitt-er and strong, and ainieM equal to tievotes in favor <>i is, yet at the same time it was not ii?)tij that preposition '■vac. pm to Cv lost, like it was lately, that tin' people "’ally realised the necessity and tirgeii, y of having an Auslridian fleet in those waters. I will carry this, point no luithcr. hut 1 believe 1 am stating hare facts when 1 mention that, tie' hint four admirals who came to tne.-o waters, came antagonistic the prnuipie o; a separate Sectand ivnit ,i,wa.y tu'tiveiy in favor of it. That, I think, is a, compliment to what we have done, and 1 hope the principle will be extended." ro.u: AiriTt.i.EßV work. The most oil' olive wo: I: ts done by the ('■■!■. nan gum;.:., > .Mr 'A.-bmcad Bailie:i in the London ' 'l.Vlegraph ') win n llmv eonvontrale i'm ir tin- on the advanei' tiomdics. or simply on tne main totn's marked on the me jo Tin.>e must Ire uc.e.l iiv every man and mmal going to the front, and liv t!m am'.niiaueos sent to get aw.'tv th.. wound.:,d Itoiu th.s advancei.l jo u ns The casualties along these loads 1.• ■ve h.seu frequenlly hears. The (human -ln-.t'ug aga.inat the Fianco-Belgian arliij.■ j v ha-; 1 11 i o ll oMUaniHlinarily ineli'eta ive. '1 hey do their mrn»st to place' the.-e guns oii! of action, employing their long-range how it/s-ic, bat the, hauii.v or, 1 : sueet'ed in [.lacing a single gun " hors de eoinl-at when ol nallv' in pndiion. T!i-.,5,> heavy howitzer .-ie-ils any teirihe to listen to and to look at lain O' o anfy rtx<■ oidinary field shrapni'l is tar rune elteeliv.-. \\ .’urn used again-L loans and villag.o they t itiasli n|> i.-vervtiling winch stands in their wav. ami wild tiny do nod. l.tow to lots thev set on lire. if the.-e shells .-trike the haul chan-secs paves which mxist all over Belgium thev someum-. s lemporai ily block t'ne road, rvi.lch is imnnsliateiv repaired. '1 he stone,- (hrjv.n about, in all directions inlhet terrible v.,-. But when they fail in th.v suit fedd,. you jiapp-'nl to be standing v.ith.n a h'W teei. you S’dler absdutelv no inum. To wtdeh t.hiin burst i.s cnrioim. 'mm .hear slu'd! and then von will suddenly me wit-’, looks like a' niiis■ < \iitoditig. An immense mass of black earth is thn wn to a grettl heigh.t, ii.nd bits of it may miiic (splutterbug over yea;, in which ease you enjoy it good mud hath, 'then follows a terrific explosion. Re.-idt it crater in the ground ai>om aft sleep .and j.eifecily round, and about 12ft, in sliiimetor. Amusing mistakefi aio often made. For inMatiee. oiraviator mistook <i long ot lying | in a, field foe entienehmenls. and a f.-vv | heaps of piled up mimyi l-w no y.c] - for heavy | guns. lit oons-ajeamec. Site lf,'Tiu,an Imv. n | Tiers hoimbardeil this partieiihir sect ion for i an entire afternoon, dropping io2 s’kll-i info the field witH urn-army accuracy. | without hitting a, sand. | TOLSTOVS DITt'KXDAN'i'S AT TilK j FRf.iNT. j NTariv all Hie faniily of tho liito ( ounL ! TV.slov' are. tailing some active part ini Vue [ircsont war. ’1 wo sons, (ount Hya. and Count Leo, .are at the ‘font as n minissioners in the Bns.-nui iiedCro:ii. Count Leo (says the ‘ .Standards’ I’etrogi.-.d c"rrefipond'ent) was wounded during a train collision near the bring line. Another son, Count Michael, is a icserve, ollicer with tho active army, and he has received tho iSt. Stanislav.’ medal for bravery. A daughter of the famous writer CamiKvo Aiexan.<lra is a sister of merry at. a base hitepda! at Biciostock. The widow iComitesS Sophia,), with itnoUier daughter (Countess Tatiana), has established a. hospital for wonndc-d soldiers at Yasmaya J’olyana. Three of tho Count -are also with the active forces. 1 THE DAY.’ .Some stirring lines entitled ‘ The Day ’ were written by Henry B. Chappoli and published in tho Ixmtlon Press. They afterwards appeared in our columns. _ Air W. B. AL Fea has had the poem printed on slips, which he is selling for the benefit of the mutilated Belgian children. People have responded readily, and Mr Foa has already collected a siibst-antial .sum. The price charged for the slips is a vei’A' small one.

"A WORLD-WIDE GRAVE'’. IN PREFERENCE. We know that tho German leaders of thought and of politics were consumed hy tho mad ambition of ruling the world ; that the means (bey thought both justifiable and inevitable for that purpose ivas nil'. We know that a. necessary conse-nm-iiee of that gospel was the ah,-cnee ot ail regard for the racial rights, for the feeling.-. lor the land, for the women, and for the children, as well as for the men of every country that stood in Germany's wav ; that the must -tiered monuments as well a- the humblest homes of the invaded nation should be destroyed : and Unit this polity was not to end with (his generation or with any generation until the supremacy of Germany over all the nations and ,'ilf the people,; of the world was established. Good heaven-! What a world that would be if I ierma-ny became its rule;—especially to those Knglish-sipeaking

and democratic itu es. that have grown up tor centuries in the love (if free institutions! It wore, hotter that the gloomy pi.qiheeies ~f miine astronomers were ltdidled. and that the whole earth were burned up bv (he sun. A universal, u worid-v. id,; grave would be pieferabie to lilt; iiniler a. tyranny i-o inula!, .-n merciless, .so ignorant of every side of lire human heart hnl the fordid ami the cowardly and the suhmiosive. Veil knowing, thou, what would be their fate, if Germany weie to win. every nation which is at war with her to-day feels it were better that millions and millions, and yet again iniiiiinis, ot their nest sons .Tumid die rather Han i-.tnli a hideous yoke should be imposed upon their countries. It is with Franco anil wnh England and with Buss;a- a fight for 1 ift: —a light lor everything Hat makes Hie tolerable." —Mr T. R. O’Connor. M.R.

THE COST TO GALLANT BELGIUM. For (ive days (writes Mr A. BarllettAslunead in the London 'Telegraph i the Belgian army had to bear the brunt o; tho struggle almost, alone, and has added to the reputation which it has built up ever since the ciunnieneemcnt of the war by its heroic -land in the face of incalculable odd’. The debt of gratitude which we owe to our little. Ally has been immeasurably increased by the conduct of the roninants of that army during these critical days. The Belgian army was only bronghi up In its present strength and organised on modern lines two years ago, thanks to the persistency of the King and his Brenner and War Mini-Ler i.M. De Broqncviileb It is to the work of these two men that 1 ( 1 1 Frame and England owe the favorable position in which the campaign stands to-day. The stand before I.lege delayed the llennaii inva-ioii of France; the resistance of the army before Antwerp prevented large reinforcements from pouring down in time to till in the gap between Von K luck's right wing and the coast ; and now the defence of ilm line of ill" Y.-cr has brought about (In' third great failure, and has -topped probably for all time the nun eh on Dunkirk and Cal,'r.-. which was (~ give file German army its longed-for ba-e on tho Engli-h Channel.


(lenenii doffre is an eight-hours-sleep mao. ||r- tm ns. in at 9 every night, and

otders are issued that nothing is to he allow! d to disturb him in that period. This (says the ’ ’World ') will explain why his nerve,are ~o perfect. Most of the (oinbatants at He front have 1m: one miaplaint : Ihdr inabilitv to sleep owing io the incessant German artillery lire. A LINE DUCAL EXPLOIT. A wounded ollicer now m ho-pilal in Palis tells the following --bny ol a fin.? exnloii of the Due d'Orleaii".'s brother. The Due de Montpon-ier at the beginning of Ho war was at Yokohama.. He offered hi* yacht, the Mekong, in the Briii-h. Sir Conynglnun Greene, onr Ambassador at Tokio, accepted hi-, generous offer in the name of the Briti-h Government on Ali-gn-t 5 la-t. Iml. begged the Duke (o sail hi* yacht, over to Wei-liai-wci himself, and there to hand it over to He Brili-h Meet, stationed in that port. On the way over the Mekong sighted a big German steamship. The duke'- yacht was armed with | three little gnus, mad” more for ornament. t!i,an u-e, and but one man on board who knew bow to lire (Item. The dnM, w;Honl Die sligdite-r lie-il a (ion. gate cini-e to the German ship, and signalled Iter to ha d tn “or be sunk." The merchantman immediately struck Imr colors and surrendered. She tinned out fo be the Tiamaiiieial, a ve- cl of 4.000 ton-. She wn.* led into Wei-hai-wei by the Mekong, where the duke hamlml her over fo the Briti-k authorili"-. alter which he took ship for San Fran-.d-co on hoard tile Mongoh'a. He was n n furl ninitel y laid np in that idly with j lev r-r. which lie coni carted dining his ex ; pi ii l lion in 1 inlo-t '!iinn. | A RIMMA DONNA'S Al’.k-K. j M ni" Imu ‘ Sehnmanii- Hi ink. the I ( k rmaii piaina .p-niia. win. is wrii kiirw.ii |in London, whore she has not sconcd |to m I'i'p: Bri; i-h geld am! !:;>■ pitalily. I M'lids I he ' le-rime" TWebialt ’ frmu New I Toil; an anti 'English letter rom lied in | .-•neb language l hat <■ v■■:i t'ne unfa for jnihlie.itim,. Ear mote diverting is Mine Schumann-I H-lnk'.* tha.t “in Nev, V- •!■!■. aion j p>p .U'r') Irish are ready to 'minaa'c (he livst ( -pj wi't unity to go to Genuany ami iielp." 'i n-- prinni donna explain* Hey aro “ tin tor' nnal ply prevented from carrying oid, H. ir pnr-pv-S,' bee,'HlM' the lllial'-o et'i'l'V shin." Meantime : " 1 am .singing- and (;dk;o" atm doing everything 1 lain i.. id m .me ki-.'.v the truth. The four Bcmian cm no over to create sentiment a.gaiesi i'.pian oiv are doing a!! Hey Me- nr- .d Maps which they have 1 .'anv t .ernian.* would like to go ever. Iml Ihe i "omsids v.arn them not to. bceah-e Dm English u.arsdlip.s aioji everv beat ( and anybody who eVi.n k (•].;> h.t! f-Gd'liian is oo'itnivd. Dli, these English, these , . (deleted by ' T.i.gUkal t ’ censor I. Mine Schumann-Heink was reported in He American Press 1 m. . r laive years ago a,-, having romnin-cd Gm-nuii citizenship and become a. natural.scd American in order to sav- "my .- ers ircn the i lu'i.dus of th.,' German '.uiSilroav .system '’ and preserve- herself from pci'.«vtaion in bkiM.,' End now "my heart Id'i ds and tea re roil down my clucks for our glorious, gallant Germans and Austrians. -May (had he mei'cii'ui to them ami ns.” MISCELLANEOUS. In the trenches along flu: Aker .-ays the 'Daily Chrnniele ’ correspondent men crouch down close to the moi-t mod to shelter themselves from a, wind which is harder to dodge than dnapmd shells. It hi-iic.s them with a fierce cruelty. In spite of all the. woollen comforters and knitted vests ma le by women's hands at. homo the wind finds its way through to the bone- ami marrow of the s.ohbcrs, so dial they are numbed. At night, it is an agony of cold, jneventing sleep, even if men could ,-iocp, while shells are wai'cliing tor them witii a cry of death. Tin' gunner* have dug pit- for themselves, ami when they cea-o the lor a time crawl to shelter. : making through little outlets in the damp blankets in winch they have wrapped their heads and shoulders. They tie bundles of straw round their leg-, to keep out the cold, and pack old newspapers inside their chest* as breastplates. The relatives in Vienna of a. soldier who had been lighting in < i.ilieia recently received from the front a post card on- which he wrote them that things were imt going at all well with the Austrians, and dint personally he would not, he sorry were he to bo taken prisoner by I'ne Russians. On Um other side of (be was written in official handwril-iing : "Shot by order ot court martial.”

The sign Wilhelm street from one of the lending thoroughfares of Toronto has Been removed, and i-hat of Svdnev street substituted in honor of the Au*t-rnli,an cruiser’s success in accounting for the Enideu.

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