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THE ALTAR & THEIR. OFFER, UNCLE SAM HIT. SIR EDWARD GREY’S NOTE. [By A. S'pekce.] The story of the Von cler Tann does not impress. If a Buenos Ayres journal chooses to sav that this important ship was sunk by a British cruiser it is hard to contradict the statement at this distance. At the same time it is more difficult to believe. If she was sunk by one British cruiser—-she is a ship which would require a lot of shot to sink her—the Admiralty would doubtless have told the nation. It is harder to say where the Von dev Tann is. A correspondent of this column definitely saw her in Rio about three weeks before the war. She might pm;} ui aqp.p opt mxiop qoS BATn{ interval. Buenos Ayres news sources placed her as still in the South Atlantic on December 3, but. when, the Germans carried out their raid on the east coast of England on December 16, the naval contributor of the. London ‘ Times' included her as one of the likely ships. Twenty-seven days have elapsed since that raid, so she might be back on the South American littoral again. There can be no blockade that a fast ship will not slip by in weather favorable for a dash to sea. It has long been evident that we have some heavy ships in .South American waters, and perhaps the. Japanese have also. Members of the crow of the transport Maunganui describe certain changes which took place in the escort after the battle at Cocos Island, in which the Sydney sank the Emden. The Minotaur and Ibuki presently cut loose from duty with the transports, and the cruiser Hampshire came on the scene. Ihe Ibuki and Minotaur left steering south-west—for the Cape of flood Hope, in fact. SCOTLAND'S BURNING. A jocose Irishman, referring to recruiting. told the writer yesterday; “Well, it s good to notice, that Scotland is doing something—at last,'' It was only a joke, hut Lord MaeDnnnell has touched the rivalry in a more serious way in the debate on the Army Estimates in the House, of Lords. Sixteen thousand Ulstermen. he said, and 39,000 Nationalists had recruited. He added that, if an equal response had been made in other parts of Groat Britain, we would have had 2,000,000. That rivalry is excellent, but the natural hope is that' His Lordship does not refer to the Highlands of Scotland in his reference to “other parts of Great Britain. The Loudon " Times’ has given a picture of the unparalleled offering of young men which the Highlands and the Hebrides have laid on the altar of war : “ From John o' Groats to the Cock of Scotland, from the. outermost Hebrides on the 'vest to the North Sea. on the east., (here came a, steady flow of young men--Highlanders, Islanders, and Lowlnnders—into the various depots. “ It is in the Highland? ami islands that the most striking results of this widespread patriotism are apparent. Not since the old days of the elan battles, when every clansman considered himself in honor bound to tollow his chief to the held, have the Highlands been so denuded of their male von!h. In the .shepherd :■ shuling and the fisherman's hut. the rail has hern heard and answered ; Che colter has been drawn from' his hard struggle with an intractable soil, the farm servant has left the plough to serve a gun. and giddies, heaters, and gamekeepers have exchanged the Fowling-piece and the sporting gun for n service rifle. There is not a down or village in Hie North of Scotland which has not contributed its quota of men, and many a Highland elaclian is proud of the fact that it. has sent forward evei v able-bodied man. From a small Aberdeenshire village, within a, few days of ihe first appeal every eligible young man with one. exception had joined the colors. Within a. week he joined. Every mm who met him saluted him with the query : ’Hallo, John, are ye no awn vet He could not stand Hie implied reproach in this constant, query. Tile Navy also is being largely recruited from the north coast, and much of the strength of Mr ( 'hurchill's Naval Brigade has been drawn from the ranks of the sturdy fishermen on the Moray Firth. “In the islands the same, story is told. In many of the smaller islands of the Hebrides scarcely a single young man can now be found. All have gone, and only the women and children, assisted by old men. arc left to carry on the work of the croft or holding as best they ran. Nor do they complain. They are proud of tin ir men. Lochiel, whose. new ly recruited Camerons are largely composed of these men, has commended the care of their dependents to the county aiithnritirs. charging them to see that these women and children do not suffer unduly while their menfolk arc fighting. “ But although the Highlands and islands have done their duty so conspicuously, it must not be assumed that the Lowlands nr the cities have not done equally well. The only difference is that while the are practically drained, the cities and the Lowlands still have large reserves to fall back upon. The spirit that animates all classes in the south of .Scotland is indicated by the fact that at least (wo clergymen —one in Edinburgh and the other in Berwickshire -have joined as combatants. The Glasgow Corporation Tramway employees, after <on iriontiug fully 7!‘tJ of their number to the ’['•'■Hi 1w ■ L and Reservists, raised an entire Glasgow Tramways Battalion, ami short) v 1 after the outbreak of war the entire staff of a small bakery in Glasgow enlisted. “Scotsmen are confident that their country will contribute as readily to the second armv of a. million men as she did to the first.” THE HUMBUG AGAIN. Bravo' Sir Edward Grey! The interim Xoie (.0 Hie United States is nnexpected'y firm, and very different from the, astonishing news of a complete back-down which we had on Saturday. The hope is that we can keep those, deadly copper trusts cap in hand a. little longer! Kir Edward's Note makes point after point,, and every point is vital. Those Americans held up manifests for three days. The British Government will be glad of any arrangement which will surmount mistakes, and they will pay compensation for mistakes. Improper shipments of copper through Holland. Italy, and Scandinavia must cease. The' Government had indisputable evidence of the. destinations of four cargoes that went ostensibly to Sweden. Even the brazen jowl of tins United States will admit the fair play of a prize court. Some ships must undoubtedly be taken to port for proper examination. We can give no nueon'ditional undertaking on foodstuffs. Cotton may go free. Cotton ships, however, must not carry stuff that hurts. And much more to that effect. Poor old astonished Uncle Sam ? It was on November IB that Colonel Tackling — manager of the largest group of copper mines in America, rose with tears in his voice to tell the world that Britain’s declaration that copper was contraband would cause a reduction of £800.000,000 in the annual production, and that the loss of income to producers would he £50,000,000. Let us nope that the worthy colonel may manage to carry on for a little, while longer on a turn-over which baffles ihe calculation of ordinary arithmetic. Some very excellent people—the wives of British soldiers, for example—manage to carry on at a shilling a day. Living on Londoners has also gone up 25 per cent.., one notice*.

PITY THE POOR "SUB." The naval eub-lieutenant -who effects a search of ships bears the load. It is a solemn moment when ho Steps up out of the whaler to the deck of th« suspect. Some days before, Consul Y„, stationed in tlie United States, has -wirelessed to Commodore W. (commanding, let n» eay, four searching warships) that s.a Nefarious J3 loading what cricketers would call a " wrong 'xm." Bhe is likftly to appear in latitude X, longitude Y, on date Z. They start to look for h«r, and heave her to. Commodore W. ha« perhaps only let his senior captain n, little way into the know, and the autocrat on each of this quartet of ships (the commander) knows less. It is. however, the commodore who sends the boats away, and, as soon as he has fired his bow gun satisfactorily and got the liuspec-j, lying still on the water, he summons vSub-Heutenant A. to take charge, of the whaler and do the overhauling. Sub-lieutenant A. thereupon faces the serious job which his eeniors have ehovelled on him. He practically knows nothing about the suspect, but he judges that jf she has been hove-to someone must _ know something. So he uwunta. Thore is the untrue' manifest to ha ejiftod&tered firet, and the usual parcel of f.ilftehood from the captain. Ho has to think hard. If ho lets a prize medal cargo oi contraband go unmolested ho is professionally mined, for the destination of this cargo will 'be tracked down later. If he hauls an mnooent into pork involving claims on the British Government for demurrage and to forth, hj« is equally ruined. Some dav, perhaps, some daring sublieutenant will take on a world's chanoe by accepting the risk when the usual threat is made to throw the ship on his hands. THH HAWKS. Thickening consensus of news points to the coming'of the Zeppelins and other hawks of the skv. Many Zeppelins have been shot to fragments in the cables, ana the man in the street is always knowledgnblo on them. Ho has long ago summed them up as no good. There is mention to-dav of a Zeppelin and three aeroplanes over 'Calais on Saturday night, and 16 aeroplanes were over the Channel on Simda v. Pome months ago the opinion was formed ! in these notes that every Zeppelin would be preceded and encircled by a. swarm of aeroplane-;, just as a ship among submarines G encircled by a revolving cordon of destroyers. A knowledge correspondent --F. O. *Bridgcman-—got so far as committing himself to the statement that this theory of air warfare was ab = urd. We will see. I DUBIOUS BALKANS. ! Guardedly the statement is put that I Germanv is planning to assist Austria to crush the Serbs. About 100/500 Prussians are to march as .stiffening for 500,000 Austrian.?. We can hardly turn this message down. Tu o .army corps will never be missed from. Prussia, and, as the cable puts it. there is every symptom that Humania is minded to draw the sword on lislulf of what she may deem the winner. Rumania's idea of the winner seems to be the Allies THK LAST, WAR? Manv have wondered, not, without reason", whether this will he the last of war. The London ' 1 imes ' .-ays " No,'' a-d explains : It is not even likely that a long reign of peace, will follow, wherein human | relations will make a- permanent adi vance. unless there is a definite constructive effort to semie it. There is a i danger of usie.g optimism as a, ermen j instead of a. smir. • - ■ bet " s there I fore take in J Comile to discover what i elements of " knl'a 1 '" aie sound and ! needed as ,on! ributlons to our common ! Kuropean life. Never was a great, question so beautifully j put, to sleep. "As long as the great arma- ] mem trusts reign there, will always bo i war, and 'Tin might have said j so in plain words. : THK mi a ye. j A good note lias been struck in the House > oi* Lords by Lord Selbunie. 't he German ' soldier, lie" says, has proved splendidly ; brave. Failure to admit that would rob : cm:- own soldiers of the credit of lighting i them. Well, of course. If the Germans I bad been such runaways and cowards as ! we have sometimes been told, what .credit i would there have been in victory" At the | same time, one would have liked to have ! beard Lord Selborne utter the same sentiI inent three months ago. As far as can |be made out from the Home papers, ! th-re is one fatuous person who is _ re- ; eriving the mitigation he deserves. That I man calls himself an •'optimist." T!fF, HAGPTMF,N FIGHT. It, is only the ' Gaily Mail' talking, but it tells of" bickerings at Ontian Headquarters and n desire by the. generals to I muzzle* the Kaiser. Hindenhurg is. said iU. lea.] the movem-mt. If wo could be i certain that th;* news is true, it | i.s more than revolt--it. is revolu- | tion. Hindenhurg .states —or :s ! alleged to .state--that ho will continue ! to command in Poland only <m one eonj bition : there must be no further interl frrence. .He is t<>ing to march on Wa.rI saw with LOCO.OOO men —a. guess. Yon | Moltke wa.s dismissed for allowing the | British to escape from Antwerp-—a, doubti f:il recital. Yon Kluck's danger (Septem- ! her 6-14) and the fiasco of the march on j Paris are attributed to the failure, of the j Bavarian Crown Prince to arrive, in Gin* | --another long siiot, by a London journal--1 Inbarferctu-e with straieay is serious. Every strategist ruts out Jiis campaign in hio own v.-av. and no two will dwiw out the same set of operations aiik«>. We need not doubt that the- German Headquarters are at loggerheads. Bickerings w«to I'ommon oven during the victorious '.ear of 1870-71, and Lily Braun, wifo of the Chief of the Staff of the BrandenI burg Corps (the "Iron -Corps"), lis* told ! about it, in her (spicily-written hook. | In this w;i.r the best advices obtainI ahlo from Home indicate that not only is : the ear of the Kaiser persistently caaght ! by one jealous general or another, but a i horde of princelings, duke.s, and grand | bosses of email States constantly cruise jin his Ah, those unskilled,, selfish 1 rich I How many peed men's liven go \ down to the Mcriuce at, their beck and : call ' | At latest word th* present Moltke way ' still at- Horn burp. Who b commanding in the west at present—Von Faikenhayn or ! f-omoono else—is not known.

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THE SCOTS., Issue 15698, 12 January 1915

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THE SCOTS. Issue 15698, 12 January 1915

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