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.Mr Spencer Lorraine, the well-known musician, has leturned to New Zen land from a visit to Europe. Interviewed by :i Christchurch ' Press ' representative. '.Mr Lorraine had something nf interest to say about the war. as he was in Berlin when war was deelared. and lias since in England seen something of tile effects of the simple. "With my wife and Miss Bowen. „f f'hristchnrrh." said Mr Lorraine. " I was in .Berlin on August 1. We had gone over there to see Miss Bowen started, upon her six months' engagement to sine; hi different parts of Cermany. This tour was to have begun in the middle of August, and we had lieen there for leal a. fewdays when war was de'dared. with a great deal of popular evcifoment. We were fortunate in getting awav hv one of the last clear trains, and were ha'ek in London on the morning of August 3. In London, j when -war was declared against Cermany | the attitude of the people form eel a very j great contrast to ttie scene that prevailed j in Berlin. The English people are ahso- | hitelv confident of ultimate success, and i one Would hardly know that the war was j on from the normal apprara nee of things I This is shown by one little thing. At first J parents, in momentary panic, kept their children home from school, but after a j fortnight they calmer, ami now i all studies in schools arid colleges arc pro | reeding as usual. The Royal" College of ; Music, and the Koyul Academy are giving i their courses as in ;i, normal" As to the. American attitude to the war. Mr Lorraine said that th° Yankee without any foreign mixture, was entirely favorable to the Allies, hut the German (dement, which in the. States was put down at 20,000.000. apparently hampered the official attitude. Up to the, time that lie left President U'ibnifs attitude seemed to have met with general approval. Asked if ho had any personal knowdedge of any atrocities committed upon the Belgians, Mr Lorraine replied in the negative, but said that the. statements were accepted as absolute facts in Great Britain. All that he had seen were pictures shown in London of men with their hands cut off, one nian holding up the hands of his daughter recovered from the debris of his burned house, a.ud others of a similar character. The screening of these pictures was prohibited in the 'United States bv President Wilson. THE EMDEN. There can be no doubt that it. was the intention <jf tho to make a. raid on Eremantle after she had completed the, t'ococi Island job. So much information was secured on Sward the Mooltan at J'orth tho other -lay from Able-bodied Seaman Bent, of LI.M'.A.S. Sydney, who returned ir.vadided from Colombo. "It is true," Bent said, "that it was the. intention of the commander of the Emden to (onio on to Frema title. Tho inert of the Emden told its so much, and they said that it w«iK the intention of the 'old" man,' as they culled the commander, to como cm t-o F romantic to bust up some of our war ships and to haras» cur shipping. They reckoned that nothing could stand with them for t-peed in Australian waters." One of the seamen of H.M.A.S. Sydney, who returned to Australia the other day, was asked "What sort oF a person Commander Mullet, of the Emden. was." " Why, everybody reckoned that he- w;w a. fimt-rate fellow," he replied. "He was given full run of Captain Glossop's rabin, though ho was not allowed to communicate with .the officers or the men. Clue day while his clothes were being washed hi! wore a uniform, belonging to on© of our officers. The sailors wytre very ik'cont chaps, too. They were very eager to do anv work in connection with the ship. They toW iir that mir guns killed all the seamen on the Emden in the. first halfhour. Then the officers brought up the stoker.*, and the firemen, and at the point of revolvers made them attend the gun?. Some of the officers looked a savage Jot. They were all wounded with the exception'of the commander. Half of the chin of the Kaiser's nephew was blown away. None of them seemed depressed, however."

, THE LANCASHIRE'S GLORIOUS WORK. Congratulations for splendid work have been accorded by tho Brigadier-general to tlio Ist Loyal North Lancashire Regiment, the King's Royal Rifles, and Northamptonshire Regiment. Tlio achievement is referred to in the following special order issued by Captain B. Pakonliam, BrigadeMajor of the 2nd Infantry Brigade, on October 26 : "In the action of October 25,. 1914, the 2nd Infantry Brigade (less 2nd Battalion Sussex Regiment, left at Beesingho) was allotted the task of reinforcing the Ist Infantry Brigade and retaking the trenches along the Bixschoote-Lange-marck road, which had been occupied by the enemy. In Ijy the German troops, the object of the engagement was accomplished, but not without many casualties in the. brigade. By nightfall the. trenches previously captured by the Germans had been reoeeupied, about 500 prisoners captured, and fully 1,500 German dead were lying out in front of our trenches. The brigadier-general congratultes the Ist L.N. Lancashire Regiment. Northamptonshire Regiment, and the. 2nd King's Royal Rifle. Corps-, but desires especially to commend the fine soldierlike spirit of'the Ist L.N. Lancashire Regiment, which, advancing steadily under heavy shell and rifle fire, aided by its machine gun*, was enabled to form tip within a comparatively short distance of the enemy's trenches. Fixing bayonets, the battalion then charged, earried the trenches and occupied them, and to them must be allotted the majority of the- prisoners captured. The Brigadier-general congratulates himself on having in his brigade a battalion which, after marching the whole of the previous night without rest or food, was able to maintain its splendid record in the past, by the determination and tielfsaerilice displayed in the action. The Brigadier-general has received special telegrams of congratulation from both the General Officer Commanding in; Chief, Ist. Corps, and from the General Officer Commanding Ist Division, and he hopes that in the next engagement in which the brigade takes part the high reputation which the brigade already holds mav be further added to. " B. Pakkvii Air, Captain." Till-! I'll.; FIT FOR. THE DYKES. .Vnil ding tn the London ' Times's ' correspondent, the light at Dixmude on November 10 was a tight for the dykes, because whoever was master of them was master of the ground. Machine guns had the advantage, as heavy guns '■'•ere use-le.-s on the mora.-s. The Germans vety cleverlv Mirnionoted at. .-come places the dilliculties ollVrcd by the inundated land. | The contending forces literally fought in the water, it was ;i. man-to-maii strnggi? in one great, wretchedness. Some soldiers were completely exhausted with <old. The,, wet clothes stuck to thcit bodies, and greatly impeded their movements. The Allies won ground foot by toot along the .-oast near Nieuport. which the i;.'ft is were prevented from entering. Tho\ were fearful of the British naval guns The .Miles' middle line, which occupied Dixmnde. was obliged to yield, but Dixmude was not wholly' occupied by the Germans, as the. Allies re- j tained the outer districts, dim ISolgianj regiment made seven bayonet, attacks on | one night, between Nieuport and Dix- j rnude. Of 2'lo only a.bout 50 returned.] For other regiments. the losses were i heavier. The total of the Belgian losses in killed and wounded is estimated at IU.OCO. MORI-; GERMAN SI.I.MX ESS. j I lie now famous German chocolate f;u - i tory at Portnbello. near Edinburgh, owned j by a Geiir.un alien. Mr William SrhuD.c, ol j Oalashieis, has been taken over by the i mihtary. The building, which is* well \ known en account of the tremendous ! -oinitty of its concrete foundations, ito \ ;:reat structural strength, and the strategic ! position it occupied in the district, recently fell under suspicion, and was the .subject ot an investigation, both by the militaiy and the police. The public were, interested to r-ee a. sentry in iront of it. with rifle and fixed bayonet. On inquiry it was ascertained that the. factory appropriated by the military authorities had been assigned to a Tetritorial detachment of the Itoya' Engineers, who have recently been under canvas in the immediate vicinity. An ad- | van.e party of the corps litis taken pos- | session of the building, and were busy dtoring the day in preparing it fir the re- i '■eptloii of the main body, tor whom, with 1 its airy halls, with concrete roofs ami concrete floors, it should pi ovale eomloi table quarters for the winter, 'lb,, owner, although he has been 40 years or more in the country, never took can naturalisation papers. He attempted to do so to suit his own remeriience after the war broke out, but was M'fused by the Home Office. UK YE Fid. I'. The following stirring call to arms was wriueti by Brer Harte at the beginning of the American Civil War: Hark! T hear the tramp of thousands, And of armed men the hum : Lo ! a nation's hosts have jratherrd .Round the quick, alarming drum— j Freemen, cornel Ere veer heritage be wastrel." snid the quCl;. alarming' (hum. " I.ef. me or' my heart take counsel; War i* not. of Life the sum; "Who shall stay and reap the harvest. AVhrn the autumn days shall come?" Mul the drum b'chocd : - Cnme! Death .-hall reap the braver harvest," said i lie solemn-sounding drum. j "Hut when wen the coming battle. . j What, of protii springs therefrom: j V.'ha; of conquest, subjugation, j Even greater ills become?" | Hut. thn drum \ Answered : " Come ! j You must do the "turn In prove it," said the i Yankee-answering drum. "Whs* if, 'mid the cannons' thunder. Whistling shot and bursting bomb, Whei; m.v brothers fall around me. Should my heart grow cold and numb?" ! Hut. the drum , Answered: "Come! ; Better there in death united than in life a ; recreant --come I" '■■ Thus they answered-—hoping, fearing. j Some in faith, ar.d doubting seme, j Till a. trumpet voice, proclaiming, Said: "My chosen people, come!'' i Then the. drum. ; Lo ! was dumb. ; For tlio greit. heart of the throbbing. I answered t " Ford, we come I" MPsclttJ^Nrm^s. On Saturday evening at, the Rata. Tea Rooms the employees of tlio Woodhflugh Paper Mills met to eay good-bye and wish God-speed lo their fellow-employee. Air das. Yvesthead, who has volunteered for service at. Samoa., and left for Trentham to-day. Mr C. 'F. Mitchell (the com pain's manager) presided, and on behalf of the employees pre'iented .Mr West head with a silver wristlet watch, and ray.or and strop, also a brooch for his wife, at the same time, referring to the very many excellent qualifies of their guest. During the evening a lengthy musical programme was gone through. " Refreshments were handed round, and the usual loyal toasts proposed and responded to. F.P.S. wuid.s lit £1 in aid of the Belgian relief fund. The Chief Postmaster announces that, to •assist in curryiiug out regulation 7 (2), made under the War .Regulations Act, 1914, any posting box on a vessel about to leave for a place- beyond the Dominion is to be closed until authority is again given for it to bo used for the receipt of postal packets. The regulation, in question reads as follows : —" No person shall, otherwise than through the Post Office, send or cause to be. sent out of New Zealand, or bring or cxnso to be brought into Now Zealand, any letter or other written communication of such a nature that in the ordinary course of correspondence or business it "would he transmitter] from or into New Zealand through the. post office."

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MR SPENCER LORRAINE'S IMPRESSIONS., Issue 15697, 11 January 1915

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MR SPENCER LORRAINE'S IMPRESSIONS. Issue 15697, 11 January 1915

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