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CRIPPLED TURKEY.

CAUCASUS DEFEAT CRUSHING, DARDANELLES FORTS. ' FIVE OCT OF ACTION. THE CALL FOR MEN. BRITISH PRESS CAMPAIGN FOR COMPULSORY SERVICE. GERMANY AND THE VATICAN. RUMANIA’S ATTITUDE, Press Association —By Telegraph—Copyright.

INVASION OF HUNGARY FROM EASTERN FRONTIER, THE rAPIT.iT ALARMED. LONDON., J;iunary 7. j (Received January 8. at 8.40 a.m.) ; The • Daily ChroniVleV Milan correv- ; pondem reports that tin 1 Russians are preparing to burst hun Transylvania. Binh- ■ pefd- is in a state of consternation. Politicians arc 1 1’.' ciisi 11 tr every nerve to prevent from becoming an independent, Slate. 1 RUMAMA’S KKUTRA LI TV. PROSPECTS OF A CHANGE. LONDON. January 7. (Receiver! January 8. at 8.-10 a., m.) I’aris reports state- that developments of the Lirrhost imiiorla.nco are imminent, in Rumania.. A elor.cn English and French Press correspondents liavo left for Rumania via Bulgaria, 1 ITALY AND AUSTRIA. BREAf II WIDENING. ! 1 ON DON. Jan nary 7. j (Received January 8, at 8.40 a..in.) i Rome, reports state that, an incident in | Belgrade, is likely to load to serious complication;; between Italy and Austria. Before the. Austrians occupied. Belgrade the inhabitants left, excepting four Italian miners. When the. Austrians left, Belgrade they look the Italians with them as prisoners. The Italian Government arc investigating the, matter. | franco-belgialTfront. FRENCH COMMUNIQUE. , PARIS, January 7. i (Received January 8, at 9.20 a.m.) ! A communique mentions the brilliant ie■capture of trenches near Lille, the capture jof portion of the enemy’s first, line of trenches north-west of FJirev, in the, I Wocvre. the occupation of woods westward {of Alikirch. and artillery actions along the rest of the front. IT Kill COMMISSIONER'S REPORT. 'Che High Commissioner teporks under date. London, January 7 (7.30 p.m.l: | Paris reports that in the region of Lille a I violent German attack was repulsed. In j t.lm Woevre. important progress was made. | the Allies, being now in possession of a 1 position in line with the enemy. In the direction of Alikirch progress was made. 1 Iho French occupying the woods west ot ; the town. THE ZEPPELINS. DEMONSTRATION EXPECTED SOON. ; (London ‘Times’ and Sydney ’Sun ’ Sstvi^ej.) | LONDON, January 7. | ‘The Times's" correspondent on the Religion frontier reports that a. German avia- ! tor dropped a note promising Dunkirk a ! visit, from Zeppelin on Sunday. The ; appalling weather, however, prevented the performanre. ; It is genci.illy expected that the < Icr- | mans will, soon make a- show with their ! much-vaunted airships, if only to impress | newspaper readers at Home. The first deI monstratiou is likely to be made in the North of Franco or at Dover. EXPORT OF TEA. •SHOULD EMBARGO BE LIFTED! LONDON, January 7. 'Received January 8, at 8.50 a.m.) 'The ‘Standard’ states that the Government’s proposed removal of the prohibition against tire export, of foa. has amazed Mincing Lane. Critics state that Germany's normal consumption of tea is 9,000,0001b. She obtained 16.000,0001b in August and September through Holland, chiefly for her I army. I Tim British price of tea. has already | been increased by the war lax, and will ! be further increased if the export is per- | mitted. | It is stated that the Board of Trade, I hope to remove, the embargo on exports, j reiving solely on careful inquiries as to I their destination. CHURCH. AND THE WAR. WOR LIES CONFER FATE MOOTED. LONDON, January 7. fßeceived January 8, at 8.20 a-.ni.) The Rev. R. J. Campbell suggests that, with a view to ending the war, a. general council of the world’s churches be summoned. He adds that the Pope is the one person with a chance of success in calling such a conference. MORE MEN NEEDED AT THE FRONT | TO AVOID A “STALEMATE." (compulsory SERVICE CAMPAIGN. ( LONDON, January 7. i (Received January ,8, at 8.20 a.m.) The Unionist papers are advocating compulsory military service in Britain. The ‘Daily Telegraph’ says: “Without the numbers which alone can annihilate the enemy, the prospect in Flanders and France is one of mutual exhaustion consequent on a condition of stalemate.” The ‘Morning Post,’ thinks that after five months of war Britain ought to be holding more than 30 miles of the battle lino, seeing that Russia alone holds from 600 to 700 miles. The ‘ Daily Chronicle,’ on the oilier hand, believes that .30,000 men weekly are still being enlisted, and compulsion

SARYK AMISH. a crushing brow BY RUSSIAN HAMM HR. SO MR rf.RYKn STBATROV. i ORBMANS AND TURKS | WARE INTO TRAP. I’F.TROGHAD. January 7. ■ ’Received January 8, at 8.50 a.m.l Tho Turks in the Caurasiis _ fmighfc brave) v under German officers, but the j Kli.'Sia'li lender'- oatnmnann-rrr! tbo (!cr- , mans. who planned Hie battle mp tboir ■, favorite text-bun!'; tactics, and fell into a > trap resembling If re Bresiny trap in Po- | land at the end of November, _ ! The German idea was to rest one wing | on a fortress and siring the other Hank for [ an. envelopment movement. Rrzernm wars j the fortress, bid the rlirretion of the (urn- j ing inovemenl remained long a secret, as i the condition of the atmosphere hampered j aeroplane reenimai-sancp, and the ntmin- | tains impeded scouting. The German generals reduced Hmir transport to n minimum, and swiftly advanced in two main bodies, one marching on Sarvkami Ji, while the other crossed j the frontier at Art vine, rear the sen, and | occupied Ardagiui. with Mie mountains in their rear. The Rushans discovered the move on Ardagau in time, and poded a, drone force against the TurkiJi left wing, also between■ the wing and the centre. The Turks were thus lured into a trap. Thev delivered a frontal attack on Sarykaiuish. apparently unaware that their turning movement' had failed ; or else they hoped by a. bold stroke to retrieve its failure. | Tho Turks' losses were appalling. Dead | and wounded aro lying on the ground for . miles. The narrow valleys and thn noun- i tain mads are dotted with frozen corpses | The ground being too hard for burial, ! innnv of the dead were cremated in heaps, | The Russian pursuit was terribly arcln- • ous. Tl was unreasonable, to expect too j much even from -easoned troops. Tho men were obliged to sleep with cattle for ! warmth. _ j The prisoners include an Austrian !?) ! Staff. I A DISTINGUISHED PR ISON ITU CRTROGRAD, January 7. ’Received January 8. at 8.40 a.in.) | The ' (la/.ettc ' Males that the Russians [ captured l/zet Padia, a former .1 urlsi-h i Minister of Mar. i PAVING THR WAV.” GRXRRAD JOFFUE CONGRATULATRS DUKE NICHOLAS. ; (Loudon 'Times’ ami Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services*.) PARIS. January 7. I Genera! Jolfre, in congratulating the. j Grand Dulse .Nicholas on .Russia's groat ! victory in the (kineasus. said : “ By their | constant ami uninterrupted efforts in all i tho theatres the allied armies are paving | tiro way to final victories.'’ GRNFRAL FRBXCTf'S TRIBUTE. : RRTROGRAD. January 7. j (Received January 8, at 9.10 a.m.i .Grand Duke Xichohw has received Sir I John French? congratulations on tho vie- j tory over the- 'Turks at Sarykamish. A TURK'S PREDICTION. A RKVORUTIOX CERTAIN. PARIS, January 7. (Received January 8, at 8.50 a.in.) Sherif Pasha has been interviewed. He. said the Turks did not wish to join Germain-. hut there was no alternative, because ’Turkey was at the mercy of Talaat .Bey and nine other Union of Progress committeemen, who during the last year and a-lialf had received several million j marks from Germany. | Sherif Pasha predicts the certainty of j a revolution when Turkey realises the ?ig- ! nifieanee of tho SaryFamish defeat. | THE COEBEN WAS KNOCKED ABOUT' IN BLACK SR A KNGAGKMKNT. DARDAX RLKRS BOMBARDMENT. FIVE FORTS DEST ROVED. LONDON, January 7. ( 1 tore:J January 8. at 9.50 a.in.) A neutral, writing from Constantinople, reports that up to November 10,000 Gormans arrived and were, taken, directly or indirectly, into this Porto’s service. Some of the Goebeu’s boilers were burned out as a. result of her rapid steaming from tho Black Sea to tire (Bosphorus. There are three largo holes in her on the starboard side, and the mechanism of her j aft turrets has been severely damaged. j Fifty Germans were killed during tho i action (with the. Russian Black Sea fleet I in tho (fuddle of November), and 48 were j buried secretly in tho garden of the. Gor- ! man .Embassy, while 200 wounded were , treated aboard. During the recent bombardment of the Dardanelles by the allied fleets five forts wore put completely out of action. OTTOMAN SUBJECTS. RR ASOXABLE EXEMPTIONS. LONDON, January 7. (Received January 8, at 9.10 a.m.) An Order-in-Corncil empowers the exemption of Christian Armenians, Syrians, and Greeks frrm the alien restrictions on _Turkish subjects resident ia Britain.

would unrloiJbto-rlly irritate many otherwise patriotic men into saying “ Walt until we are compelled.” “ Another matter,” save the ‘ Chronicle,’ “about which the public hope to bear some reassurances .is that of our coast defences. . Many people have left the. coast towns because of the uncertainty." The. ‘New York Herald's’ London correspondent states that the professional footballers have at last made a strong rally to the colors. Lord Kitchener has granted permission to those under contract with their clubs time off from military service to enable them to meet their engagements up to the end of the present season, while army pay will be given irrespective of the club salary that the men may be drawing. SCHOOL TEACHERS APPROVE. (London ‘Times' and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ ServicM.) LONDON. January 7. At a conference of the Teachers’ Guild of Great Britain and Ireland Professor Finlay, of Manchester University, declared that. General Badcn-Powell was the greatest educator of the day. He believed that after the war we should see wholesome compulsion, such as youth itself welcomed, together with a larger acceptance of responsibility to the nation. Mr F. H. Tomplar. of New Zealand, advocated National Service, and maintained that it would destroy militarism. SOME PLAIN SPEAKING BY N.S.W. MINISTER. SYDNEY. January 8. (Received January 8, at 9.45 a.m.) Mr Carmichael, Minister of Public Instruction. referring to the. proposed formalinn of a National Reserve, said : “We have to thank the extraordinarily stringent censorship for the inability of the public to realise the grimness of the. struggle, the true position of the combatants, and the possibilities of the future. This is a war of attrition. The time ha.s come for us tn recognise honestly that the war is going tn tax the utmost, resources of the Alhcs. especially the. untrained millions of the British Empire." Mr Carmichael proposes that every man up to the age of 50 should he compelled to undergo serious military training on at least one afternoon weekly. CARDINAL MERCSER. THE GERMANS' PROMISE, AND HOW THEY KEPT IT. MANY PRIESTS ARRESTED. PERSECUTING RELIGION. (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ' Services.) LONDON, January 7. Cardinal Merrier is described by a distinguished member of the Sacred College as a churchman of the broad-minded type, sagacious, ami holding moderate political opinions. 'The Times s’ Amsterdam correspondent, rays that the Germans have searched the paribhoii throughout Belgium in an endeavor to destroy Cardinal Mender's pastoral to the people. Numbers of priests have been arrested. Monsignor Dewachter (auxiliary bishop to Cardinal Merrier), who is staying at, Southwark, said that tho arrest would cause deep (indignation throughout tho world. The German.'; had assured the Cardinal that he would he, allowed the. fullest freedom in the administration of tho affairs of his Church, lie. had tried to rebuild the Church on the ruins of Belgium, and had reopened the colleges and recalled the priests; but the. task: had proved too great, and his efforts had been thrown away. His feelings, as lie realised the terrible situation, had found vent in the, pastoral which had caused his arrest. ‘The Times’ says; “The arrest will undoubtedly create a, profound sensation in the Roman Catholic Church, throughout the. civilised world. The arrest in his own archdiocese of a, Prince of the Church in the discharge of his ecclesiastical functions could scarcely fail to give deep offence.” THE POPE’S CONCERN. FEELING AT THE VATICAN. ROME, January 7. (Received January 8. at 8.50 a.m.) The. Vatican is without official information regarding Cardinal Mender, and it is believed that all communications have, been censored. The. Pope, has instituted inquiries. His Holiness remarked that the Germans cannot adduce, the same pretext for the in-rest ;iis they did in the ease of the bombardment of llheims Cathedral, Vatican circles are of opinion that the Pope .cannot adhere to a. policy <>i neutrality unless Cardinal Merrier is released. STEADILY GROWING. OCR ARMY AT THE FRONT. " EYE-WITNESS " OPTIMISTIC. LONDON, January 7. :Received January 8, at 11 a.m.) *’ Eye-witneas” reports that an officer and 25 men on the British right centre attacked a, trench on tho evening of January 5. 'they surprised tho sentries and bayoneted 20 men. Our casualties numbered three. The .situation at the New- Year was more, favorable, than at any time since the outset. Tlie, British fores has .swelled to a great and steadily increasing army, inured to war and able to look back on a record of hard fighting such as has seldom been experienced in past history. The, enemy's rnje, is essentially a defensive one, hut tho Allies are steadily carrying out a process of attrition, which must eventually bring the war to an end. WHAT GERMANY WANTS. GOOD NORTH SEA RASE FOR THE FLEET. COPENHAGEN, January 7. , i Received January 8, at 11 a.m.) Herr Ralliu, interviewed, said there would never be. a lasting peace unless Germany gets a station for her fleet on the North Sea, securing the same advantages as Britain. [Albert Ballin is chairman of director? of tho Harahurg-Amerika Shipping Line, and one of the. shipping magnates of Germany.]

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CRIPPLED TURKEY., Evening Star, Issue 15695, 8 January 1915

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2,257

CRIPPLED TURKEY. Evening Star, Issue 15695, 8 January 1915

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