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BATTLE OF THE BIGHT

* FIERCE ENGAGEMENT IX* A MINEisTRFAVN SEA. Pride in the British. Navy deepens as one reads, &a everyorro should do, the detailed official accciuit of the na-val right in Heligoland Bisrht.. It is ck-ar from the despatches that "the attack was cleverly conceived, and carried out with brilliancy and bravery in a- sea which the Gernum* had strewyTwith. their death-dealing mines. The first despatch is from Admiral Sir David Beatt y, who, writing from tho' Lion,' save-.—On August 27, at 5 a.m.. I proceeded with the First Battle Cruiser Squadron and First Light Cruiser Squadron in compa-nv, to rendezvous with ihe Rearadmiral", Invincible. At 4 a-m., August 28, the movements of the flotillas commenced as Dreviouslv arranged, the Battle C'miser Squadron ar.d Light Cruiser Squadron supporting. Tire Rear-admiral, Invincible, with' New Zealand end four dejtrovers Iravhig joined my llag. the squadron "passed through the pre-arranged renilexv.n's. At 8.10 a.in. I received a. signal from the Coiumidore C 1..), informing me tr:;;: the riot ilia was in action wiih the e.-.T.iy. This was presumably in the vicit.itv of their pre-arranged rendezvous. Fr.-iA this time until 11 a-.in. 1 remained al-oet The vicinity ready to support as r;eces>.u-\. interoepting varans signals, which contained no information on which I i.--ukd a.:. At 11 a.m. rbe tqiwdivn attacked bv three subtuarines. The attack was frustrated bv ru.pid lnanreiiviin:, and the f.., u - destroyers were ordered to attack them'. Shortly' a fur 11 a.m.. various sig. r.ils hasiiig i'een received ind'c/itig that the C'us.m. d. r" .'J' and Comnn doie (S ) n.-t-e 1»..;,ir in treed of tire Li.ht Gruiser S.piadlon to stii>:->o]t the torpedo flotilla.?. Later I received a, si-mal item ihe Commcdore (T.,i st.at.ing_ thttt be w.xs being attacked by a. large crni.-er. and a. further sigt.al informing me that he wai. being ha:d pressed, and aslrir.g for assistance. The" Captain |D.}. First Flotilla. n!.--o sijrn.-i.lh-d thru lie was in ne<><\ of help. From the. fo.-cgair.g tli-* —Situation Appeared n> Me (V.t'eal —■ The Hotillas had advane-d only 10 miles since S a.m., and wt-jo < nly aboui 25 miles from two enemy bases on their rlank and rear re.-recTively. Commodore rIo.-Hienr.ugh had detached "two of j.|.-, cruisers I-. assist fon-.t> destrovers earlier in the daw and these h.ui'r-.ct ' et. rejoine<). i I'riey ivjoin. d at 2.50 p.m.i A-_the reindicated tho presence of many enemy shir s—<->iie a large ei-uiser—-I con5. iere-1 that ins force mi_-ht not be stiv-ng to deal with the situation eiriii::er*fy lapidly, so at. 11.3*3 a.m. the battle rrnis "rs turned to F.S.K., and worked up :-> fur! speed, tl was evident, that to be Dt any value the support, must be overwhelming and carried out at. the, highest speed possible. I had not K>l. sight of the ri.-k of submarines a-rd possible, scrtie ::: force from tho enemy's base, especially i:i view of the mist to the south-east. Our Vi : .=K s.-fc-e<l. \e.c.d.e. eubuvarii\a ittalk difficult, and the srr-eot.hiiess of the ■--■ a me.de their detection comparatii-eJy ?a-y. I consid-re<l tlu.t ve noie powerful fno-jgii to d-ird with e:;y s<-nie except by a haitie- squadron, which was unlikely to :o;. n .e out in time, provided our stroke was sufficiently rapid. At 12.15 p.m. Fearless and First Flotilla were sighted retiring west. At- the same time the Liedrt Cruiser Squadron was observed to be engaging an enemy ship ahead. They appeared to hr.ee 'her beat. I then steered X.F. to e-ejr.ds of firinir ahead, and at 12.50 p.m. sighted Aiethusa and Third Flotilla, _:etiiing !:.• the v.-estward engaging a. r.ritiser ?' the i\o; - -.. xi class on cur port bow. I r-.eeied to ci.th- r oJT ftmii Il.ligoJand. and ?t 12.37 p.m. oiened lire. At 12.42 the -ii»-my tc.nred to N.E.. and we chased a-t il knots. At 12.56 p.m. sighted and eri- .-.!_- -d a tw, .-funnel] ; <i cruiser ahead. I,ion tired two salvoes at her, which took ec'e.-t. ard >he disappeared into the mist, burning furiously and in a, sinking cordi-ti-jc. In view "f the mist and that, she sreerirtg at hirh speed at. ri;ht angles T.- Lion. v.-'..-. was herself stemming at. 28 Lien's Firing Was "Very Creditable Om- A, -tmyers had rer.ort-ei;l pr-'.-ene.T -■: floating mines to the eastward, and I it inadvisabl* to pur-sue h.er. !- w..~ ii'fj ' - .en'-.-i! tha' the cquodrons mould remain concentrated, and I accordingly oidered a withdrawal. The battle tn'-f-i'-. trc ued north a.pd circled to port, io complete the ciestntction of the ves--'l lit-' pi.rag-d. She was siirhted ..gam at 1 ?o p n. ." steaming S.E. with colois still iiving. Li.'ii opened the v. it 11 t". o turrets, «r,d at 1.55 j> m.. after receiving' two laivoes. shr- sack, 'the fcau- a.'.tacited d--itroyet's were pt.; to pick iii> survivors. nut I deeply regret that they subsequenr.lv reported that t.ny searched the area, but I foui.d none. At i.-'O p.m. the latile cruisers tunic' to the noathwaid, ar<l Queen Mary was again attacked by a. submarine. The attack was avoided by the use of the helm. Lowestoft was;, also un-mcces-sfully attacked. The, battle cruisers fovered the retirement until nightfall. By 6 p.m.. the retirement having been veil executed, and all destroyers accounted for. 1 altered course, spread the light cruisers, and swept northwards in accordance with the C'mim.'tnder-in-Chief\orders. At 7.45 p.m. 1 detached Liverpool to ltosyth with tiermau prisoners, seven officers and 79 men. «urvivors from Main/.. BEITT.-H TAKS A.s HUMAN ITAJRIANS. —btibmaririe OTtioers Win Distinction.— Eear-adraira! A. H. Christian reports from H.M.S. F.uryalus : The cruiser force under "Rear-adrrrirai H. H. Campbell, with Euryahrs fmy flagship) and Amethyst, was stationed to intercept any enemy vessels chased to the westward. At 4.30 p.m. on August '23 the'p cruisers, hftviii_, proceeded to the eastward, fell in with Lurcher and three other destroyer?, and the. v.ounded and prisoners in these ves.-eN were tcdiiilerred in boats to Bacchante, and Cressy, which left for the Amethyst took Laurel in tow, and at 9.50 p.m." Hogue w,is detached to take Arethusa in tow. '1 his latter rs referred to in Commodore Tv. V. Tyrwhitrs report, and I quire i -nour in his remarks as to the skill and rapidity with which this was done in the dark with no lights permissible. 1 < mmodot-e Reginald I. Tyrwhitt was in (ommand of the destroyer flotillas, and ii"'" report is enclosed herewith. His attack was delivered with great skill and caiLmtry. and he was most ably seconded by Captain William V. Blunt, in Fearless. and the officers in command of the destroyers, who handled their vessels in a maimer wor.hv of the best traditions of ihe British Navv. I omm -dote Roger J. B. Keyes, in Lmcher. had. uil August 27. escorted some submarines into p...-,iticm> allotted to them in the immediate vicinity of the enemy's ■ ..ist. On the morning of August 28, "in . ompany with Firedrake, he searched the area to _ the southward of the battle i misers, for the enemy's submarines, and fcubrequemly. having been detached, was present at _ th« sinking of the German eruisei- Alaiuz. when "he gallantly pto-ler-rled alongside her arid rescued '220 of her crew, many of whom were wounded, .-■ubseqt.ently he escorted Laurel and Lt.ierty out of action, and kept them company till Rear-admiral Campbell's cruisers were sighteii. As regards the. submarine officers. I v..j.ild specially mention the numea of : la) Lieutenant-commander Ernest W. I.e;r. His coolness and resource in rescuing the crews of the Goshawk's and Defender's boats at a critical time of the action were admirable. (hj) Lieutenant-commander Cecil P. Talbot. In my opinion tho bravery and resource of the officers in command of submarines since the war commenced ar« worthy of the highest commendation. THE "SAUCY AEETHUSA.-' —Fought With Only One Gun Active.— How the "Saucy ArethusA " fought until she had only on* gun left in action is described in the report r>{ Commodore E. Y. Tyrwhitt, whiah. is written . from HALS. Lowestoft. H« states : I hafa the honor to report that at 5 a.m. on Thursday, August 27, in accordance with orders received from their lordships. I sailed in Arethusa. in company with the First and Third Flotillas, except Hornet, Tigress, H-ydra, and Loyal,

' to cam - out tho prearrange! operations. H.M.S. Fearless joined the" fb'tiilns at sea that afternoon. At 6.53 a.m. on J-'ridny. August 23. an enemv's destroyer was sighted, and was chased by the 4th Division or the Third s'lotiiia. !From ..20 to 7.57 a.m. Arethusa and the Third. Hotiil* were engaged with numerous destroyers and torpedo boats which were making for Heligoland ; umrso was tered "to port to' cut them oft. Two cruisers, with four and two funnels respectively, were sighted on the port bow at 7.57 a.m., the' nearest of which was eitgaged. Arethusa receive*! a Immvy hre twin" both cruisers and several destroyers until 8.15 a.m., when the four-funnoil--d cruiser transferred her' firo to Fearless. Close action was continued with the twofunnelled cruiser on cons ere,me: courses until 5.25 a.m., when a bin projectile from Arethusa wrecked the fore bridge of tho enemy, who at once turned away in the. direction of Heligoland, which was sighted slightly on the .starboard bow at about the same time. Ail ships were at once ordered to turn to the westward, and shortly afterwards .speed was reduced to 20 knots. During this action Arethusa had been hit many times, and was considerably damaged : only one 6iu gun remained in action, all other guns and torpedo-tubes having been temporarily disabled. Lieutenant Frio \V. V. Westmacott (signal officer) was killed at my side during this action. 1 cannot refrain front adding that he carried out his duties calmly and collectedly, and was of the grente.-t assistance to in''. A. fire occurred opposite No. 2 gun, prut side, caused by a. shell exploding some ammunition, resulting in a terrific blaze for a short time, and lea vine; the deck burnin-g. This was very pioiuptly dealt with and extinrrindiod. Tli' flotilla* were reformed in division.-, and proceeded at 20 hunts. It was now noticed that Arothust's cpe-d had been reduced. Ee-irless reported that fee Third and Fifth Divisions of the First Flotilla had sunk the German commodore's destroyer, and that two boats' crews belonging t» Defender had been left behind, as our destroyer.* had been fired up'iu by a German cruiser during their act of mercy in saving the survivors of the German destroyer. At 30 a.m., hearing that Commodore, (S) in Lurcher and .Fired rake were being chased by IL-ht cruisers, 1 proceeded to his assistance v. itii Fearless and the First Fiotilla- until 10.37 a.m.. when, having received no news, and being in the vicinity of Heligoland, I ordered the ships in co m _p a ny to turn to the westward. All guns oxe-.pt two -tin were again in working order, and the. upper deck simple of ammunition was replenished. I At 10.55 a.m. a four-funnelled German I cruiser was sighted, and opened a very I heavy fire at about 11 o'clock.' Our position being somewhat critical. 1 ordered Fearless to attack, and the First Flotilla to attack with torpedoes, which they proceeded to do with great spirit. The ill the. hai'.c, and evaded the*attack' About 10 minute* J a tor the. same appeared on our starboard quarter. Opened fire on iter with both 6iu cruiis : Fearlos also engaged her. and one divi-h u of destroyers attacked her with torpedoes without success. The state of affairs and our position was then reported to the Admiral Commandim: Battle. Cruiser .-quadron. We received a. very severe and almost aicttrate. lire from this cruder. Salvo after salvo was failing between 10 and 30 yards short, but. riot a single shell ctittck. Two torpedoes, were also tired at us, well directed but. short. The cruiser was baaly damaged by Arethusa's 6in guns and a, splendidly-directed lire from Fearless, and tdm shortly afterwards turned ;iwv in the direction of Heligoland. Proceeded, and four minutes later sighted the three-fuirnellcd cruiser Mainz. She endured a heavy lire from Arethusa and Fearless and many destroyer.-. After au action, of approximately 25 minutes she was seen to be. —Sinking by the Head, - b'T engines ft op peri, brides beiu ; re, tire. At this moment, the Light ('ruber Squadron appeared, and they very speedily reduced tile Mainz to a. condition which must, have been indescribable. I then leojllsd I>\,il-ss end 'ire destroyers, and ordered tire. "We then exchanged broadsides with a iruge. four-funnelled cruu-ei' on the .-.jath. aid ipsarter ;it long ! ;-an_'o, without vi-iblo -effect. 'file Battle i L'rutr- v Squadron now ;,irive<!, and f j pointed om lids ruii-or to the admiral j commanding. ~nd was f-noitly afti rward-. j informed bv him that, the oui.-er in qitosj tien hid bee , ..u,,!; .-,,,1 ..n.aher >m on ! tire. T liien. proceeded wit.lt ! ■% destrover.-, ! of the Third "Flotilla and 9 <>i the First j Flctilla. Arethusa's, <=peed v. as. about six _ knots until 7 p.m.. when it was impos--1 sibie to proceed any further, and tires I mi'io drawn in .all boiler? except two. and a-?:stance called for. At 9.50 p.m. Gaptain Wihnot S. Nicholson, of the Hogue, took my ship in t.-w in a most sea-manlike manner, and, observing that the night was pitch dark and the only lights show ing were two small hand lanterns, 1 considered hie action was one which deserves special notice from their lordships. I would also specially recommend Lieu-tenant-commander Arthur P. X. '.! horowgoorl, of Arethusa. for the able manner lie- prepared the shin for being towed in the 'dark. —H morabl? Mention. T bee; aeaiu to call attention io the j-i.view, l'eii-lered bv Captain V,", F. Blount, of H.M.S 1-Varles.-, and the com-, mantling office's of the destroyers of the First and Third Flotillas, whose gallant attacks on the German cruisers at critical moments undoubtedly saved Arethusa from more severe punishment, and possible cloture. T cannot, adequately express my c-ati-L-iettoa and pi id.,, at tli- £|uru and aidoi- ~f my officers and ship's company, who carried out their orders with the gre.de c e .ihieaty under the motst trying conditions, especially in view of the fact that the chip, newly built, had not been 4c hours out of the dockyard be fere she was in actio:!. It, : - dilbcuit to specially pitk out individuals, but the follow iny cann under my sp-i i il observation: — Ot> the 'Ar-flm-ii: Lieutenant-com-mander Arthur ]'. X. Thorowjood, first lieutenant, and in 'limw of i he after control; Lieutenant, i o.inmar.d-r Freest, K. Arbuthnot iG 1, in charge of the fore control : Sub-lieutenant (.'live A. Pobinscn. who worked the range-finder throughout the entire action with extra' idiuary coolness : Assistan' Paymaster Kenneth F. Badcoek, my secretary, who attended me on the bridge throughout the entile action; Mr Jaine> T). Godfrey, runner (T.). wh.o was in charge of the torpedo tubes. On the Fearless :_ 'Mr R. M. Taylor (gunner) fm cool-to-- In „<tiou nndei heavy fire. On the Goshawk: Commander the Hon. 11. Meade, who took hits division into' action with, great .-oolites-- and tieive, and was instrumental in linking the German destroyer and, with the boats of his division, saved the survivors in a most chivalrous manner. On the Feriel: Commander Mackerath, who, with his division, mci-t gallantly seconded Commander Meade. On the Laertes: Lieutenant-commander Goldsmith whose ship was seriously damaged, taken in tow. and towed out of action by th? Fearless; Sub -lieutenant Faulkner, who continued to fight his nun after being wounded ; Boatswain Powell. who was gunlayer of the centre gun, which made many hits (ho behaved very coollv. and set a good example when getting in tow and clearing the wreckage after the action) ; P.O. Pritchard. who gallantly dived into the cabin immediately after a shell had exploded there and worked a j fire hose; P.O Piel'ce. who was watch! in the engine room, and behaved with conspicuous coolness -and resource, when a. shell exploded in Xo. 2 boiler. On the Laurel : Commander .Ro. c p, who most ably commanded the vereel throughout the early part of the action, and after having been wounded in botl\ legs remained on the bridge till 9 p.m.. displaying great devotion to duty; First-lieu-tenant Peoploo, who took command after Commander Rose was wounded, and continued the action till its close, bringing bis destroyer- ottt in an ab!o and gallant manner under mtwt trying conditions; Engineer-lieutenant Meeson, who behaved I with great coolnese during tho action,

a.rd steamed the ship out of action, although she, hud boon very severely damaged "bv the oxnlosion of her own lyddite, bv which the" after funnel was ncarly demolished ; Leading Seaman Palmer, who fought, his gun. until the action was although severely wounded m the letr : nUo eighr. men und two stokers, who veer-' .da'ioned in the after Iwiler room, where Ihey conducted themselves with pi cat rooliH.-s during the action, when an explosion blew in'the after funnel, and shell carried away pipes, befados seriouslv damaging the main steam pipe. On tlie Libertv : The late Lieritenantcommander X. K. Bartelot, who commanded the Liberty with great skill and gallantry throughout the action (he was a mo.-t nromif-in< and able officer, and I consider his death :■■■ meat to the N.-ivy) ; Fnginoor-lieidciiaut Butler, who showed much resource in effecting tepairs during action ; First Lieutenant Horan. who took command, and brought his ship out. of action in an extremely able and gallant manner under most trying conditions; Gunner Morgan, who carried out his duties with, exceptional coolness tinder lire: Chief P.O. Beadle, who remained at Iris coit at the wheel for over au hour after being wounded in the kidneys ; and P.O. Stoker Galvin, who took entire charge, ti-ider tho engineer officer, of the prntv ' who stopped" leaks, and accomplished his task alfho'ich working up to his chest in water. On the Lnforey : Chief Gunner Roper, who carried out' his duties with exceptional coolness under file.

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Bibliographic details

BATTLE OF THE BIGHT, Evening Star, Issue 15694, 7 January 1915

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2,958

BATTLE OF THE BIGHT Evening Star, Issue 15694, 7 January 1915

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