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IN THE CARPATHIANS. HUNGARIAN FLANK MOVE. WHV IT FAILED. MEN'S FRIGHTFUL SUFFERINGS. BUDAPEST. .'January 6. (Received January 7, at 8.30 a..m.) Three Hungarian officers relate that-they fought for a fortnight between the Lzok and Dukla Passes on the mountain slopes of the Carpathians. Hundreds of men wore swallowed up jn tho soft snow. Men. horror-stricken at their comrades’ fate, ea-t down and refused to move, though shelled from below. The mountain batteries, drawn _by mules, seldom reached their destination. The mules slipped, rolled down, and disappeared. Many of the guides bolted at night and left the column to their fate. Most of the men were frostbitten and famished, and were unable to use their rifles. When the Russians arrived they surrendered without resisting. The officers expressed the fear that the Russians could not be held oif any longer. MACHINE-MADE GERMAN TACTICS UNALTERED. LONDON, January 6. (Received January 7, at 8.30 a.m.) The ‘ Daily Mail's’ Petrograd correspondent says that the German General Staff have not found any fresh tactical methods for keeping the Russians out of Silesia,. After a pause the Germans have resumed their old methods of frontal attacks in solid formation. This suggests that it is felt unsafe to cease hammering, despite the fact that every blosv is terribly expensive. EXPLOSIVE BULLETS. USE BV AUSTRIANS AND GERMANS. (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, January 6. A correspondent with the Russians at Warsaw says that beyond a doubt the Austrians, as well as the Germans, use explosive bullets. It is rumored that each soldier is given 10 daily. They flash on bursting, indicating the range at night. During fierce attacks the soldiers probably use their explosive bullets first, inflicting horrible wounds. FRANCO-BELCIAN FRONT. THE ROUTINE REPORT. PARIS, January 6. (Received January 7, at 9 a..m.) A communique states ; We repulsed two attacks on the dunes and south-east of St. Georges. W T o progressed 100 metres north-west of Rheimsi _AVe_ recaptured some trenches in La Grnrio Wood, and repulsed violent attacks at Bagatelle and Fontaine Madame. GERMAN OFFICER’S TRICK. “WILLIAM TELL” REVISED. PARIS, January 6. (Received January 7, at 8.45 a,.m.) A German officer, screening himself behind two French women, walked in front of the French trenches reconnoitring. 1 French marksmen shot the, German, and tho women reached the French lines safely. BELGIAN ATROCITIES. NO ROOM FOR SCEPTICISM. RETURNED AUSTRALIAN’S STORY. SYDNEY, January 7. (Received January 7, at 9.40 a.m.) Mr Charles Brooks, who has recently returned from England, expresses surprise at the scepticism of Australians as to the German atrocities, lie says : “ When in England I saw with my own eyes Belgian girls with both hands chopped off, hundreds of men, women, and children with the right forefinger hacked off, and hundreds of men and boys mutilated in a manner scarcely printable.” MORE EVIDENCE. PARIS, January 6. (Received January 7, at 11.55 a.m.) The Belgian Legation has issued a list of Gorman outrages in Belgium. Many religious establishments were destroyed; the parish priest at Spontin was suspended by his hands and feet and bayoneted and shot; and an octogenarian priest at Berchen was tortured. EXCHANGE OF PRISONERS. BELLIGERENTS AGREE REGARDING THE DISABLED. ROME, January 5, (Received January 7, at 8.45 a.m.) All the- 'b-elligereritri Have agreed to the Pope’s proposals to exchange disabled prisoners. FRANK ADMISSION. CAMPAIGN OP FALSEHOOD. AMSTERDAM, January 6. (Received January 7, at 9 a.m.) The. ‘ Cologne Gazette ’ says; “ Circumstances often compel us to answer lies by lies. This is the only way to silence bare. When our soldiers’ arms have prevailed we shall be glad to return to our habit of strict frankness.” BULGARIAN NEUTRALITY. (London ’ Times ’ and Sydney 1 Sun ’ Sendees.) LONDON, January 6. lbe Bulgarian Premier has renewed his declaration that Bulgaria will remain neutral so long {vs her interests are not jeopardised.

ITALY AYD VALONA. (London ' Times ’ and Sydney * Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, January 6. 'The Time*’ Romo correspondent, referring to the occupation of Valona., says: "If the experiment of an independent' Albania. survives the general settlement after the war, Italy will readily give up Valona. hut will jealously scrutinise any other aspirants for its possession.” THE JEWS. CIVIL DISABILITIES. WILL PEACE BRING FREEDOM? LONDON, January 6. (Received January 7, at 8.30 a.m.) New York telegrams state that the Jewish Emancipation Committee are initiatJng plans with a view to having representatives at the peace negotiations between the belligerents, in order to demand worldwide political emancipation. They point out that hundreds and thousands of Jews are lighting in the different armies, and the, war is demonstrating the justice of the Jewish demand for the «me civic privij ieges and human rights ns are accorded I to Christians. HORSING THE ARMY. REMOUNT DEPARTMENT'S WORK. (London ‘Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun’ Serriooa.) I,ON DON. January 6. Within 12 days of the order for mobilisation last August the Remount Department supplied 56,000 excellent horses for the Expeditionary Force, 80,000 for the Territorials. and 18.000 for the reserves. The department subsequently purchased 60.000 horses, and Canada has sent 20,000 highgrade cavalry and artillery horses. The feature of this has been the introduction of heavy draughts into the transport services. thus economising light draughts for the artillery. DEARTH OF DOCTORS. MOST AT THE FRONT. LONDON, January 6. ‘ The TimeCs ’ medical correspondent says there is ©very indication of a famine cf doctors in consequence of the war. Students are urged to return from the front and quality speedily. The casualties among the doctors are high, .and ho recommends that they be forbidden to enter the trenches. “ STATE-WORSHIP," GERMANY’S WRONG IDEAL. (Loudon ‘Times’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, January 6. Bishop Welldon, lecturing before the Educational Conference, analysed German culture. As to the antagonism between Britain and Germany, it meant that not only two systems, but two theories of education fought as rivals. German pin lessors had been inspiring the mind and soul of Germans with ambitious dreams of the conquest of the habitable "lobe. The result was “State-worship.” The highest duty of the citizen was self-sacrifice to the State, but State-worship went further. Germany was put above religion, and if the interests of the State conflicted with the law of Christ Christ must go. THE UNITED STATES. A FRESH DEVELOPMENT. INTERNED GERMAN VESSEL PUT ON AMERICAN REGISTER TO TRADE TO GERMANY, NEW YORK. January 6. (Received January 7, at 10 a.m.) The authorities have permitted an American citizen, Air Breitling, to purchase, the German steamer Dacia. It is understood that Breitung proposes to carry cotton to Germany. It is believed that the United States Government will regard this as a test case concerning the right of transfer of interned German steamers to the American shipping register. The ‘New York Herald’ warns (he American Government that it will ho necessary to guard against German pitfalls to involve America. It adds : “ After all, the overwhelming sentiment in America is friendly to the. Allies.” GERMANY’S HOPE OF AMERICA RETALIATING. (London ‘Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun ‘ Sendees.) LONDON, January 6. A Berlin message says that President Wilson, in the event of an unsatisfactory reply to his Note, will prevent the export of many articles necessary to Britain. THE CARRYING TRADE. SCARCITY OF TONNAGE. LONDON, January 6. (Received January 7, at 8.50 a.m.] Liverpool commercial men have passed a resolution urging the Government tn hasten the sale of prize ships to combat the scarcity of shipping for the requirements of ordinary trade. THE GARIBALDIS AGAIN, A FINB~CHARGE. ANOTHER BROTHER FALLS. PARIS, January 6. (Received January 7, at 11.35 Official: Colonel Garibaldi, with his Italian regiment, made a victorious charge at Coutechaussi, in the Argonne, into a trench which had been breached by sapping it and exploding it. He took IzO Germans' prisoner. The colonel’s brother Oou&Uvntin§ was killed during tiro attack.

LORD KITCHENER REVIEWS THE SITUATION. "NOTEWORTHY PROGRESS" EASTWARD OF RHEIMS. GERMAN REBUFF IN POLAND. PRAISE FOR BOTHA. LONDON,. January’ 6. (Received January 7, at 12.10 p.m.) Lord Kitchener, speaking in the House of Lords, reviewed the ebb and flow of the battle tide during the past few weeks. Ho said the French army, despite unfavorable weather, had made noteworthy progress eastward of Rheism and in Southern Alsace, Notwithstanding the transfer of troops to Poland, the Hermans had left sufficient strength to hold the trenches in the west. Their aspirations in Poland had suffered a severe check, and the enemy evidently realised the infinite difficulty of winter operations in Russia. After congratulating Servia. on her extraordinary victories, and Russia on her notable achievement in the Caucasus, Lord Kitchener remarked that much had been talked of a Turkish advance on Egypt, but it had failed at present to materialise. General Botha’s handling of the situation in South Africa was masterly, auguring his success in future operations. Lord Kitchener paid a tribute, to the perfect courage and coolness of the people of Hartlepool. Scarborough, and Whitby in face of a wanton attack devoid of any military advantage. RESERVES AND REINFORCEMENTS. THE SUPPLY OF OFFICERS. LONDON, January 6. (Received January 7, at 12.20 p.m.) Lord Kitchener added that the Allies were daily increasing their resources of men and material, enabling them to prosecutes tho war triumphantly. A householders' canvass showed that 21.800 men wore willing to serve, and the recruiting in Christmas week indicated a rise instead of tho anticipated decrease. Tho War Office had completed the. officers’ cadres for tho Expeditionary Force ; moreover, a considerable surplus of training officers remained to draw upon. Altogether 29,100 officers had been appointed since the war began. Sir John French’s forces had been increased by the Territorial units and a new division, including the lino Canadian regiment. ENEMY REINFORCED TO TRY TPRKS AGAIN. SHORTAGE OF COPPER, AMSTERDAM - , January 6. 'Received January 7. at 12.10 p.m.) Tho Germans at Liege and other towns are requisitioning copper from doors, pumps, and other articles. Great Gorman reinforcements have reached lie Cnurtrai district, foreshadowing an attempt to pierce, the lino northwest of Yprcs. THE BELGIAN PRIMATE. CARDINAL MERC I ER’B ARREST. LONDON, January 6. (Received January 7. at. 11.55 a,in.) In all parts of the. world indignation is bring expressed respecting Cardinal Merojei fc. arrest. Tic ir, widely respected among Protestants. DU T Cll TEL EG R A PITT ST PLAYED DOUBLE GAME. AMSTERDAM. January 6. /Received January 7, at 1 p.m.) A Dutch telegraph official has been arrested for spying,’ in perusing telegrams from one of the belligerents and retransmitting them indirectly to another belligerent. Further arrests are pending. THE TURKS’ MISTAKE TN TRANSCAUCASIA. PKTROGRA I), January 5. (Received January 7, at 1 p.m.) A communique states: Although abundant! v provided with supplies, tho Ninth and Tenth Turkish Army Corps undertook the movement against Saryka-mish across mountainous, smew-covered roads, over steep ridges, almost without supply convoys or field artillery. They relied chiefly on* the sympathy and liberal JuTp of the native Mussulmans, whom their emissaries had previously approached. Both Turkish corps were almost annihilated, tho remainder of one of these being taken prisoner, with three divisional generals. HOW BELGIUM RAVED ENGLAND. Writing in the ‘Nineteenth Century.’ Mr 1). O. Lathbury says that it Germany’ had decided to respect the neutrality of Belgium, subordinating military to political considerations, fcri avoid giving England any direct cause, for otYenec, tho result would have been disastrous to us. Germany' would have gone on with her design to defeat or win over Franco and Russia as a prelude to humbling England, and France and Russia, feeling that England had betrayed them, would have been angry enough to join in the project. “To those who take, this view of tho war and of its origin,” he, says, ” it is scarcely 7 possible to 'overrate the obligations wo are under to Belgium. The continuous and repeated sacrifices made by this heroic little, nation have, gone far to save Tong land from a similar fate, and it will be for us to bear this in mind when the. conditions of peace come to be settled.” A MONS HERO IN TROUBLE. After displaying great gallantry at Mons, where he was wounded, John Joshua Rogers (28), a private in the Queen’s Royal West Surrey Regiment, had a regrettable experience while on sick furlough. Ho was’charged, at Westminster, with, the manslaughter of Thomas Bailey at Johnson street, Lambeth. Prisoner and others had an argument over the war. which resulted in a fight in the street. Bailey, who was knocked down, was conveyed to St. Thomas’s Hospital, and upon arrival there was found to bo dead. TV lieu arrested as tho man who had. struck the blow, accused said: "They set about me, and 1. hit him in self-defence. lam sorry to hoar that he is dead. 1 just defended myself—six of them came for me at once. I’ve only one hand to defend myself. 1 was wounded at Mons.” At the inquest the jury found that Bailey’s death was due to laceration of tin; brain, caused by a fail through a. street scuffle, but there was no evidence, to show tho cause of the fall. Jt was stated that, with tho approval of the Magistrate, the police di_d not propose to offer any further evidence. Prisoner distinguished himself by carrying an officer out of action after lie had been wounded.—The Magistrate (Mr Horace Smith); "1 am very fvlad to hear it. You are discharged. Pako cars not to get into trouble again.” MISCELLANEOUS. Mr E. 8. Paterson, hou. secretary 7 of the Warrington Amenities Society, forwards us £1 2s, “the result of a collection by two ‘ Bisters of Mercy ’ at the fancy dress carnival at Warrington on New Year’s Eve for the Belgian fund.” We have received from Mrs W.H. £1 for the Belgian fund. At tfin Liverpool A-ssizes in November a man who had served as a clerk in a very distinguished regiment was sentenced to six months’ imprisonment with hard labor for disclosing military secrets. When passing sentence, Mr Justice Darling felt it Incumbent to dwell upon the remarkable fact that there came into the possession of this irresponsible junior officer a- document consisting of notes on a letter by a staff officer concerning precautions to 1)0 taken for the defence of the country. His Lordship condemned iho whole system of dealing with these documents as wrong and unsafe*

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A LULL, Issue 15694, 7 January 1915

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A LULL Issue 15694, 7 January 1915

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