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THE WAR

TAKING OF STEINBAOH. HAND-TO-HAND FIGHT. MORE HUN TACTICS. WOMEN AS SHIELDS. Pres* Awaciation —By Telegraph—Copyright.

PARIS, January 6. The German commander of Stoinbach (Alsace), replying to the French demand for surrender ou .December 31. said he did not recard lutnseif as surrounded. !he Cernar road was still open for a possibleretreat. In any case, the Emperor*; troops might he killed, but. they would not surrender. The French approached tno village, m open columns at noon. A mitrailleuse in a church tower swept the edge the wood where a farm was approached by cross-roads. It was necessary to capture this point d'appui at- all costs. The enemy used civilians to shield, them including women with their hair waving and their hands tied behind their backs. This sight inflamed the French, who with bavonet-s captured the farm despite a heavy tire. The ventilation holes of the granary wall formed renccr- loopholes, from which crack shots picked ott the Prus.-ian gunners .■lie hv one. enabling tho principal line to make "a new advance. The Herman infant.v tried to take tho fallen gunners’ places, but. through lack of knowledge rhev lest valuable’ time, and at the end ; .f the afternoon tho French column turned tiencnivs right along the brook. r:v -enemy’s desperate counter-attack north of tho Village completely failed, and the cava-Irv, who counter-attacked on font, v.ere thrown into tho stream and a number of wounded were drowned. The battle continued till evening. Every iane was an ambuscade and every cottage a fortress. The possession of a- wall or door became aa object of furious hand-to-hand fighting. The exasperation on both -ides increased until night terminated tho battle. A French volunteer, taking his luo tn his hands, ignited a stable whore some Germans were sheltering. The flames enabled the mitrailleuses to ho used with ■ icadlv effect on the dying Germans, and the latter*? incendiary bombs blew up their own. ammunition reserve. LITTLE DOING ELSEWHERE. THE TWO COMMUNIQUES. PARIS, January 6. Official : On Monday night we captured a quarrv near the junction of fuc Rouvras, St. Mihlel, and Maizoy roads, also trenches in the vicinity. There was no fighting slsewherc. the weather being bad. AMSTERDAM. January 5. A Berlin communique claim? minor successes north ot Arras, French attacks in the Argonne were repulsed. AI.ONTr THE DUN'ES. BELGIANS BUSH A FARM. PARIS, January 6. Fortv Germans h-dd a farm a.t an important point at St. Georges (I* landers), which was almost surrounded by the floods. The Allies were unable to shell it for fear of hitting their own 'Three Belgians and a Frenchman on Saturday night swam, waded, and crept to tn-3 farmhouse and choked tho thre-o sentries. The rest of the Germans were asleep. A Belgian company then, rushed the farm. Two of tho sleepers were bayoneted, and the rest surrendered. TRENCH LIFE, AN AWFUL TERRAIN, London ‘Times’ and Sydney "Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, January 5. A soldier at the trout writes; ‘‘The trenches are awful places, with 4ft of water. Imagine an incessant drizzle over acres of ploughed fields averaging a foot of mud. with scores of dead bodies. There is an. indescribable stench from acres of rotten turnips. Not a light is shown anywhere. There is a terrific bombardment of shells, yet not a 'single soldier is seen, all being under cover.” DUTCH INVESTIGATION OF BELGIAN ATROCITIES. AMSTERDAM, January 6. The ■ Teh-grand ’ has .secured the account of investigations made by a Dutchman who visited ICO trunks and villages following the German advance from Brus--eliS to Antwerp. The document constitutes. -i terrible dossier of German barbarism, which will be made public at the proper time. THE TOLL OF WAR, ROTTERDAM. January 6. German sappers buried 10,000 dead near Duffced. BERNE. January 6. A fugitive reports that 62 hospitals at 6: i ass burg are full of wounded, FRENCH TRAITOR SHOT. PARIS, January 6. The mvstery surrounding several bomb.iidments of' Fonrnes when exalted personages visited the town has been explained by tho arrest of a railway official, whose signals were detected in connection with an aeroplane raid upon Dunkirk, The ■.tailor was shot. GERMANS MAKING BEADY FOB THE AIR INVASION. AMSTERDAM, January 6. The Germans are taking elaborate precautions to prevent a repetition of the Gi'xhaven raid, and are establishing many :->»• observation posts. There is much talk of a Zeppelin Invasion of England, but it is admitted that nothing cun be done till the spring. NEW YORK, January 6. The ‘New York Times’ correspondent interviewed tho chief of the German aeroplane squadron, who is eagerly awaiting orders to raid England. Tho correspondent states that the German aeroplanes carry 401b and 201b torpedo-shaped bombs. Tho Germans are also using steel darts similar tn those, used by tho French. THE RUSSIAN FRONT. THE EBB OF BATTLE. LULL IN POLAND. RETRO GRAD, January 5. A communiqua states that artillery and rifle fire continue on the left bank of the Vistula, with isolated encounters, near Bolircoff. _ | J3*© position in Galicia is unchanged, cavalry fell upon the rear of the retreating Austrians making their way through mountain paths deep in snow in the Uzok Pass. We took two officers and 450 mon prisoners. BERLIN ACCOUNT. WEATHER UNFAVORABLE. AMSTERD'AM, January 6. A Berlin communique states: Tho posiJon is unchanged in East Prussia and in orth Poland. We are progressing at the Jlzura and Kawka Rivers, but unfavorable amathar is impeding our movement*.

| IN EASTERN GALICIA. CROWDS OF REFUGEES. (London 'Times’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Sottwm.) LONDON. January 5. In view of the enormous number of Bukowina refugees pouring into .Rumania, the Government are running special trains to ffansport theifl to Austria. _ Rumanians lisSflo to service nave been ordered to return home before the end of the month. IN TRANSCAUCASIA. TURKS UTTERLY ROUTED AND ALMOST SURROUNDED. PETROGRAD, January 6. Official: The Turkish defeat at Sarykamish is complete. The Ninth Army Corps was annihilated, and the commander (Iskhan Pasha), over 100 officers, a large number of men, guns, machine guns, ammunition. and supply columns were captured. Tlie Russians are pursuing the remnants of the Tenth Army Corps. When capturing Ardagan the Siberians sabred two Turkish companies. The Turks are falling back in all directions. The Turks fought bravely, and held Sarykamish resolutely. They made, frequent desperate, bayonet sorties, and even the wounded continued firing after they were struck down. This tenacity was duo to a desire to enable the Turks in the Ardagan and Olty districts to retire. Most of the trophies captured are of German manufacture. The Russians now hold the main roads, and have almost surrounded the Turks, who arc fleeing towards Ardagan. The enemy are frantically striving to find au outlet, but the passes are. deep in snow. ALBANIAN RISING. ROME, January 6, Prior to the rebels attacking Durazzo they demanded that the French and Servian representatives he banded over to them. All the European representatives have left except the Austrian and Bulgarian. who apparently do not fear illtreatment by the rebels. EGYPT’S NEW SCI.TAX. ACCESSION CEREMON IES. (London 'Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun ’ Services.) LONDON. January 5. A correspondent from Cairo write?: “ The Australians and Now Zealanders, little though they partook in the new Sultan's accession ceremonies, clanked their spurs proudly, and the city wove an honest holiday air.” IN SOUTH AFRICA. CAPE TOWN, .January 6. Two German aeroplanes bombed the British trenches near Luderitzhncht, and also the railway, but. did no harm. NEW GUINEA PRISONERS MAY CO TO GERMANY. LONDON, January 6. Eighty-five German? who surrendered at Herbertshohe will depart by the Sonoma on the 16th inst., the terms of their surrender .stipulating that no obstacles will bo placed in the way of their returning to I Germany at the earliest opportunity. P V, EFER ENT IAL T REATM ENT | TO COLONIAL PRISONERS. LONDON. January 6. Sir T. A. Coghlan, Agent-General for New South Wales, has cabled to the Prime Minister intimating that the American Ambassador at Berlin states that British colonial subjects are treated with greater consideration than other Britishers. Their birth certificates are helpful. RECRUITING REVIVES AT HOME AND OVERSEAS. LONDON, January 6. There has been a remarkable recruiting boom at Leeds since Lonsdale's sentence was reported. OTTAWA, January 6. There is great recruiting enthusiasm in Canada. A hundred and twenty-fivo thousand men are now training, while recruiting for the third contingent has not yet started. MELBOURNE. January 6. The military authorities arc embarrassed owing to the considerable number of married men enlisting as bachelors. They have gone to the front without making provision for their wives and families. SYDNEY, January 6. Mr W. W. Hill, secretary of the Now South Wales Rugby Union, states that at least half the State's Rugby Union player? have joined the colors. The union will Wave. I■, ! season. Swimming, boxing, cricket, and | other forms of sport have also been heavily j hit, and are being daily weakened by eui listmcuts. j (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) ' LONDON, January 5. j The war ,-pirit pervades Eton, from ■ which school ICO pupils over 17 years of ! age have answered the country's call, and i 600 young boys in trainiuig. ; King Edward's Horse is receiving many j recruits, and it has been decided not to j disband. The regiment will probably go 1 to the front fn spring. I TRADE WITH ENEMY. ' INDIAN MERCHANT CAUGHT. j DELHI, January 6. Khan, of the Guuput Roy Company, Calcutta, has been sentenced to 18 months’ rigorous imprisonment and a fine of 1,000 rupees for selling mica to Germany via London. Eleven cases of mica were seized at Marseilles. COMMODITMES SCARCK. WHAT GERMANY WANTS. (London ' Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Service*.) LONDON, January 5. It is reported that tho German authorities lack copper, petrol, chloroform, opium, and morphine. Most of the minor operation? on tho wounded arc performed without an anaesthetic. PARIS FASHIONS GO OUT OF FAYOR. (London 'Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun’ Services.) LONDON, January 5. A newspaper letter from Paris says it is no longer tho fashion to be in the fashion. Tho Trench woman is incapable of the least enthusiasm for the very things which she is supposed to have liked. Now a bargain-buyer goes about furtively, rather ashamed. A well-dressed woman is frankly stared at, and shop assistants make grimaces at her. French women show only serious laces, and many are grief-stricken. FALSE PASSPORTS. GERMAN EMBASSY INVOLVED. LONDON, January A The ‘Daily Chronicle’s’ New York correspondent states that the Secret Service asserts that an attache of the German Embassy is compromised in the passport conspiracy. Many reservists from the VaterJand, Kaiser Wilhelm, and other German vessels have disappeared, and are believed to have rejoined tho navy. A lawyer named Deiclea, a Tammany chief, has been arrested at Philadelphia. He denies any knowledge of the plot, but admits knowing of the prime mover, a man named Wedell. It is understood that the latter is aboard the Bergeufjord.

AMERICAN TRADE. a coitqFfailure. NEwToRK. January 6. Tiro American Round Halo Press Company, a large cotton concern, has failed, owing to the paralysis in the cotton trade. Liabilities arc sot down at 934,000d01. TEA EXPORT ALLOWED. LONDON, January 6. The Board of Trade are allowing the exportation o£ tea to certain destinations. Exporters must satisfy themselves that none will reach the enemy. PRIZE COURT. LONDON. January 6. Five German prize steamers have been sold at auction, aggregating £150,725. THE PRINCE’S FUND. (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, January 5. The Red Cross Society acknowledge the receipt of a further £5,527 under the Prince of Wales fund from New Zealand. WEEK-END CABLES FOR SOLDIERS. Week-end cable telegrams of a social character for soldiers, sailors, or nurses with the .Expeditionary Forces in England, France, or Belgium may now bo accepted for transmission by either route without a minimum at a charge of 9d per word. Messages for France and Belgium will be posted frea from London to the place of destination. All such telegrams must bear the indicator “K.F.M.’ : in the instructions, which will not be charged for. Senders should as far as possible supply a complete address, including regimental number, rank, name, squadron, battery, company, regiment, or other unit of the Expeditionary Force concerned; in the case of troops not with the Expeditionary Forces at the front the name of the place where stationed. Whore the sender is unable to supply a complete address the telegram will be accepted, but the sender is to be specially warned of the difficulty of delivering. All messages will be accepted at the sender’s risk, and no repetition or subsequent inquiry can be undertaken. INQUIRY TELEGRAMS TO BE SENT FREE OF CHARGE. Arrangements have been made for the transmission, free of charge of “casualty” telegrams of inquiry concerning member's of the Expeditionary Forces in England, France, Belgium, British possessions (except Hongkong), Egypt, and the Persian Gulf officially reported to ho wounded or dangerously wounded (but not of persons reported slightly wounded). Persons officially registered as suffering from disease will come within this category. Three such inquiry telegrams only will bo allowed, and the person presenting the telegram must produce the official notification showing that the person inquired for has been wounded. This notification must be endorsed by the Telegraph Department, to show whether inquiry is first, second, or third. .Such telegrams presented in New Zealand are to be fully coded as Government messages, franked by the superintendent or postmaster accepting them. The telegram must be briefly worded, but contain full information for identification of the person inquired for—rank and regiment, number and name, unit, and '(in case of the Navy) Christian and surname, rank and rating, official or divisional number, find name of ship or establishment. A telegram will be forwarded daily, or as required, to the High Commissioner, who will collect all necessary information, which in turn will he distributed from the G.P.O. on [receipt. Ail inquiries regarding persons at the seat of war in France and Belgium will require to be made by post from London, and some time must elapse before tho information is available. THE MAORI VOLUNTEERS. CHIEFS PATRIOTIC SPEECH. Yesterday was a gala day at the camp of tho Maori contingent at Avondale (Auckland). Invitations had been issued to the relatives of tho soldiers to be present to see what progress had been made by tho troops during their training under canvas, and to partake of a dinner cooked in hongis. A large number of Natives responded to the invitations, and shortly before noon the men were drawn up for parade by Colonel Hume (commanding the Auckland district). Tho colonel was accompanied by Major P.arton, A. A.Q.M.G. Addresses of welcome, were given by Colonel Hume and Major Peacock (camp commandant). Captain Pitta (Native, officer) also spoke. Hari Wahanui (a chief from Otorohanga) replied on behalf of the visitors, and, addressing the soldiers, delivered a stirring speech. “ Greetings this Christmastido and New Year,” ho said. “to those of you who arc training to tight side by side with your -white brethren. It will be seen that the Maoris all over New Zealand are of one opinion in their desiro to help. For the first time in tho history of tho Maori race all tho tvibos aro invited to vi-Vit together. Even as late ns ISS6 there were dissensions among tho tribes under British rule. Wo have learnt wisdom, and regret our former violence, and we are now at last united to help to fight for our white brethren. Although the Maori representatives in Parliament are not prosent to-day. I am here to speak on their behalf.” Turning to the. officers, the speaker continued : “ Wo have, handed our men over to you to be taught to he soldiers. Let them bo taught as soldiers, and not play at it. You," soldiers, don't forget that wo all originate from one common stock. Wc worship one God. Bo truthful, he. honorable. You carry the honor of the Maori race in your hands. Be brave, and remember the flag you have flying over your tents. With reference to your religious beliefs, don't forget that you aim for one heaven. Fear God, read and study your Bibles, and make the British reign over us for ever.” (Cheers.) Various military manoeuvre.-? wore then gone through to show the. assembled relatives what a difference a few weeks’ training had made to their boys. Th is work was done very creditably, and was heartily cheered, as was also an exhibition of physical drill by a large squad. A rush was then made to another part of the camp, where a number of Natives had prepared five hongis loaded with pork, beef, potatoes. eels, and other food. A DINNER PARTY SPOILED. At Ostend one afternoon in November several British monitors, cruising in front of the town, were fired on by German guns installed on the Boulevard Maritime, aim had to retire, thinking that they were safe, Urn German Genera.! Staff ordered the host dinner in the, most luxurious hotel in the town. They had hardly finished their soup when a huge shell fell right in the middle of the dining room, killing several officers, wounding many more and wrecking tho hotel. The shell must have been aimed at a distance of five miles, and was marvellously accurate, for it was tho only one tired. That night the hotel manager and all his staff were arrested.

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https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/ESD19150107.2.11

Bibliographic details

THE WAR, Issue 15694, 7 January 1915

Word Count
2,877

THE WAR Issue 15694, 7 January 1915

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