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Press Aasociation—By Telegraph—-Copyright,

FRANCO-BELCIAN FRONT. PROGRESS IN FLANDERS ALONG THE COAST. ALSACE FOOTING RETAINED. PARIS, January 5. (Received January 6. at 9.40 a.m.) A communique slates ; Despite the condition .4' the ground, our infantry I"'°I .'rested on the dunes facing Nieuport. Ve won from 200 to 500 metres in the viemitv of St. Georges. tarrying houses anti trenches. We have silenced the German batteries at many points in Belgium, anti our mortars and grenades have stopped the enemy sapping at Metre Dame de Lorette. The. Germans near Lille captured smite trenchef*. which wc retook. Vt c enleied i t'renx Arseni. near Orboy. Progress between Thann and ( ernat was maintained to a point a kilometre east oi Did Tha-nii. SANTIAGO SEA FIGHT. ft[’Kit'S LOSSES CONCEALED. HIS ORDERS, j <• RESCUE NO BRITISH-'’ LONDON, January 5. (Received -January 6, at 8.45 a.m.) M. Verbruggen publishes in the Santiago de Chile newspaper I La Pati'ie a German clergyman's interview with a. German ofheer after the naval engagement off ( oronel. The officer staled tonfldriuially that his ship had 136 wounded, not six. as was officially stated. Ho admitted that the sea was not excessively heavy, and that they did not rescue any British because thev hud been ordered not to rescue any. M. Verbruggen attests the absolute truth of the Interview. [The fight referred to is that in which the Monmouth and (.loot! Hope w.-re lost in the engagement with the ocharnhorsl. Gneiscnau. etc.] THE •‘FORMIDABLE" LESSuN. (iLondon ‘Times’ and Sydney ’Sun Sarviocs.) I.ON DON’. .January 5. ; The Timos's ’ naval correspondent, re ferring to the Joss, of the I'orniidable, says it may be expedient to pay off the older and less protected ships and provide fast merchantmen for patrol and search work. | FRENCH MERCHANTMAN*. | SUNK BV ARMED LINER. T.ON DON. Januai y5. Received January 6. at 8.55 a.m.) The armed merchantman Kronprinz Wilhelm during November sank, t he ship Anne de Bretagne, bound for Australia. j AUSTRIAN RESERVISTS, j LAST IJNeTtLI.FD UP. j I.ON DON, January 5. ! Received -January 6, at 8.30 a.m.) Be rue report,., state that considerable significance is attached to the .Austrian proclamations calling out the last hue of reservists. Medical examination is being waived, and each soldier ia reqnued to bring a. bowl, knife, folk, stout, boots, warm clothing, and a, blanket, f 'll AGO W CATHEDRAL. ROLES FEAR DESTRUCTION. LONDON, January 5. ißeceived January 6. at 8.00 a.m.) The ' DaaJv Mail's' Retrograd correspondent says that the Rules have sent a delegation to implore the Rope's help in saving the cathedral at Cracow, in case. the Austrians carry out their threat to blow up the city. [Cracow was the ancient, capital of the Kingdom of Poland.] IN TRANSCAUCASIA. TURKISH ARMY CORPS CAPTURED EN BLOG. LONDON, January 5. ißeceived January 6, at 8.45 a.m.) i Reuter's Retrograd correspondent states j that the Russians at Sarykamish have cap- j tured the whole of the 9tU Turkish Army ('oris. j THE EX-KHEDIVE i I TO COMMAND TURKS | IN MARCH ON EGYPT. ! (London ‘Times’ and Sydney 'Sun ’ Services.) j LONDON. January 5. I Farid Rev (leader of the. Egyptian Na- | tfonalists) nas visited Vienna, The (.tor- i man and Turkish Ambassadors in Vienna 1 proceeded to Berlin with the object of j persuading the ex-Khedive to command I the Turkish troops. Ills consent was j gained. [ THE RIGHT OF SEARCH. I A HEROIC REMEDY. j LONDON. January 5. { (Received January G. at 8.50 a.m.) | In a letter to the ‘.Morning Rost’ Ar-; tbur Kitson suggests that the simplest way I out of the contraband ditlicnlty between j Britain and the United States is for Britain .; to take the entire cotton and copper sup- ; ply of the United States for a. year or two. | This would shorten the war by depriving | Germany of these commodities. THE WAR’S DURATION. GERMAN FINANCIERS HIT. (London 'Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun’ Services.) LONDON, January 5. ‘The Times’s ’ Washington correspon-I dent states that wide publicity has been j given to the London telegram stating that : Germany now realises she cannot win. In | various subtle wavs efforts are being made to capitalise the hopes expressed by President Poincare, the Kaiser, and others for peace on next New Year’s Day. Such activities cannot be ignored, and ■undoubtedly point to the fact that German-Anierican financiers are dismayed, having relied on the assurance from Berlin that it would he a short war.


fi-VV OB' IXTKRCKSSTOX. TTIK SRRVICK IX ST. PAUL'S. (London * Times’ and Sydney ‘Sum ’ Services.) LOX.DOA. .January 5. I no Arrlibiijlioj) of Canterhurv, ;u the intercession service at St. Jowl's, took as Ills text I lie peace of (!orl, which passeth all understanding.” In the course of hi# sermon lie said : “ Wo meet in the largest thuich in the Kinpire. in the rcmtral pivot of its throbbing life, on the Hr#t Sunday of what must he a niemorahle rear. The war is over a, greater area and'scale, and more tearful in its carnage, than anv since hie on flic world began. It bullies (he power ot man to reckon the load of sheer, blank sorrow in innumerable homo. Vet. facing all tins. I delilieratelv take this text, and maintain its absolute litness for our thought to-dav."

: ' The Times.' iii a leader, says : " The ! column of religious services which, with : one mind and heart, were held l.ln-miMi'nit ! tlie Kingdom were profoundly impressive. ' Never since the first, permanent divisions ' of I hristendom lias there -been so great, a union of prayer for a common end. Ear beyond the oceans onr fellow-.subject* have sent up their petitions with ours.” OFFICERS WANTED FOR THE R ELXFORCEM EXTSC . A cei fain number of officers are- wanted : from the Otago military distinct to take commissions with the fifth reinforcements, i T.ho-e w lio volunteer will be reipnred to ' go into camp by .January 15. WAR RISKS REDUCED. I'l-’eh United Truss Association,] I V* ELLINGTON’. Jaminrv 6. ■ The Department of Agriculture, hidus- | tries, and Commerce has received advice : from the High Commissioner, dated 2nd hist., that the Government war risk rate lias been reduced to £1 Is per cent., and : Floyd's to ill per cent, war risk only. CHANGED ViKWS, One ol tin 1 editors of the Deriiner Tageblatt ' has taken part as an officer in the ; recent lighting, and ha- sent a remarkable ' letter regarding the Knglis[, troops to that ; paper : - When we inarched forward cvcrv man i was a "iired that Cod had given the ! English very long Kgs, merely that they : might run away like hart’s. We ail I thought about, what we hail heard ol Tommy Atkins when at home, and he- : lieved that we would get some tennis . rackets cheaply, But we ,oon learned j that these clean-shaven gentlemen iiseii their long legs not only for fight- | ing. but very often for very dangerous I attacks. English infantrymen are vert dangeioiis enemies. They defend with I great energy, and when they are driven ‘ hack they always try during night to ; regain what they have Inst. They are I ulnae s helped strongly hv artillery. | which, is of the same ipiality as the Her | man. The Englishman also mes hi, in- | stinct for hunting, and. being a sportsniEut. he has better control oi his nerves than the Dorman. Their cleverness in the use ol terrain and in patrol work >s abo very noticeable, and I cannot alv.ays say the same of patrols on mv own side. 'i he appearance of -neb a letter in a Berlin paper is ,n extraordinary that a corle.'pondent. ol the" Xienwe Hotterdam-che. Conrant’ wired it in full to Rotterdam. TRADI.XG WITH THE EXK.MV. In the High Court at Edinburgh the other day William Drummond Dick pleaded guilty to a, charge of having con. reived a scheme for trading with the eiieun , sent a- letter to an hold porter in Gothenburg. Sweden, stating that he was negotiating for the sale of a cargo of coal with a Berlin company, and requesting the porter to post on an enclosed letter addressed to the (ierman Cuban Electricity onipany, Berlin. _ In (he enclosed letter he slated that the inquiry of the. company icgardmg 1.050 tons of coal was having his greatest, attention. It was pleaded that accused had been misled bv the fact that the cargo was to be .shipped to Cuba. Since 1907 lie had been engaged as a coil importer in Berlin. Tn July he returned to Britain with his German wife, leaving his family in Berlin. I he Lord Justice-Clerk, in passing sentence ot live years’ penal servitude, said nothing could be. more dangerous to the country s interests than to negotiate with the enemy for coal t 0 he sent to sea. THE “FIXI.SHLXa LESSON,’’ Jhus the 'Berliner Tugehlatt ’: —ln command of the now famous Emden stands Commandant Carl Von Muller, for the sec--0,1(1 • v, ' al ; „ Be,nrp taking np this foreign command \ on Muller was, during several yeai.s, engaged on the Marino Board. Last vear. after appointment to tho Emden. iiavnip attained the position of a corveb captain, he was awarded the. Order of th-> Crown of the ord class. ]„ t .|m summer months of 1915 it fell to the lot of the Emden. during a rising on the Vang-tse. to silence the guns of several Clnnese forts which were occupied by rebels. The feat, which had to be promptly undertaken hi tin; interests ol German merchant was quickly accomplished. Among those who are now taking part fn the. cruiser’s voyage in the Indian Ocean is the youthful TTincc Franz Josef of Hohenzoilern who is receiving his “finishing lessons’ as a j u . nior naval officer on hoard. (This was written just before, the Emden received its ‘'■finishing lesson” from H.M.A.S, Sv f j. ney. ] “ AXXrH (LATE THE KNDMSH.” ■\Vo reproduce herewith a translation from the ‘Frankfurter Zeitnng ’ of Thursday. October 29. of the “Army Order of the Day against the English,”' issued bv the Crown Prince Buppreeht of Bavaria Soldiers of the Sixth Army: We have now the good fortune to have the Englishmen on onr front, tha troops of that country whose envy for years has been at work encircling us with a ring of foes, in order to throttle us. It is that country which we have, above all else, to thank for this gigantic, bloody war! Therefore, when we. have to do with this foe. take revenge against his hostile intriguing for the many heayy sarrificcs we have to make. Show him that the Gormans are not so easily to ho erased from the world’s history:' Show him this by inflicting German blows of i very special sort ■ Here is the enemy which chiefly blocks tho way in the direction of restoration of peace! At him 1 I M;rrEEaat.

GERMAN ON OUR " INCONCEIV- ' Able ” methods. The danger that arises from the presence of Germans and Austrians in England, and particularly of waiters of those nationalities, is emphasised in the following letter to ‘The Times’ : As I talked this morning with a distinguished German, long resident in this country, he observed ; From our point of view it is inconceivable that your Government should permit Germans and Austrians to reside frhely in your midst, knowing that in the event of a successful raid upon England they will at once rush to the help of the invaders.” On the important question of German and Austrian waiters and managers at English hotels ho said : “It is equally inconceivable that the German j)oop]o would for one moment tolerate English waiters in German hotels at any time. Hotel managers and waiters have particular opportunities for spying on visitors to hotels. They have master keys in their possession opening all the bedrooms, and can therefore search correspondence in the absence of the visitor; they have opportunities of listening, and it should be noted,” be remarked, “that there is hardly a naval or military town, hardly any resort of British military and naval officers, hardly any strategic point of Great Britain, that is not provided with its German hotel waiters.” MAGISTRATE’S PLAIN TALK. A striking comparison of the difference in treatment meted out to Germans in England from that accorded English people in Germany was made by Mr Heddorwick, the North London magistrate, when sentencing Hugo Jobet Falke (55), an excaptain in the German army, to six months in the second division for failing to inform the registration officer for Highbury that he had in his possession a revolver, some live cartridges, a camera, and photographic apparatus, and John Eugene Morrison (51), who claimed to bo an American subject, to six mouths’ hard labor, for aiding and abetting Enlke in concealing the camera. Morrison said that he only obliged a friend by pledging the camera. On his word of honor he had no sympathy with Germany.

-'lr Hedderwick : How con T'believe a i?nm wlio claims in one document to be aa .American and in another a, Russian, and whose speech betrays that a German/ I he- .Magistrate went, on to say that if was a. r!iffirull thing to believe in the, honor of Germans to-day. Certainly halke had not behaved honorably in this matter. How did Fa Ike behave? Ho registered, it. was true, but he placed ,iiis revolver and military decorations in the care of an unsuspecting Englishman from whom he. could have, obtained them at any time. As to the camera. Fa Ike had the opportunity of declaring his possession. hut instead he. discusser! the. matter with his .Russo-Aniericau friend .Morrison, and .Morrison disposed of it in such a ■way that, it could easily be got back if wanted. An Englishman behaving in this way in Merlin would have been shot. AX ELECTIOX UXDER. FIRE. All sorts of unexpected things happen in war, as witness the following incident, winch is vouched for. A party of French soldiers having lost all their ollieers. both non-commissioned and commissioned, in action, proceeded to the ejection of a commander whilst the battle was still raging. The gallant company had been fighting all day in a wood. Woods, of-course, do not lend themselves readily to the handling of large masses of troops, and the military superiors who gave our friends their orders were obviously fully cogni-ant of tile fact, for the force engaged at this particular part of the field was comparatively small and well spread out. Unable in many cases to see one another owing to the distance and the limber that separated them, the men yet held their ground hcroieallv from break of day until 4 in the afternoon. Presently, however, the situation began to get on the men's nerves, and the 40 of them who were still left moved out in a body, and found themselves in a. little clearing with a. staff officer barring their way. “What are you doing?” demanded the officer. “We have nobody to commaud us,” they replied. " Voiir captain?” persisted the staff officer. ”We do not know where he is. AVe have tried (.0 find him. but cannot,,” quoth the leaderlcss ones. " Vour sergeant' continued - the I inexorable officer. “They are fallen,” was i the, reply. “Vour corpora hqueried the i officer once again. “They no longer re- [ main.” answered the men. " Verv well, j tlic-n.” said the officer "<in at once and . elect a leader, and then return (o vour ; po-t-," And in five minute- the selection | of a commander had been made with ah.-o----i lute unanimity. | THE KAISER'S ” IF'S." | A\ hen the Kaiser wn.s in Belgium in the | early part of Xovcmhcr he reviewed a largo | force of cavalry, and in the course of an | addre.-s to the officers he oulcgis-d the j work of that arm ot the service, and said : I Perhaps 1 made a mistake in failing to j foresee during peace rnancTuvres all that | the cavalry would now tic doing. fho j cavalry has fought both with the bavj o;„-t and the spade. ] hope that the | envahy will again have an opportunity I of using the lance, if. with (he help of | Gml. Who lias already given ns so many I victories, we succeed in sin rounding thu I rncim. ' M ISC ELLA X EOI is. Mr Kennedy Romford (Clara. Butt's husband) is chauffeur to Sir Frederick Treves, the eminent 1-ondon physician, vho is in charge of Red Cross hospitals. A motor cyclist, who returned from Hie front, ns despatch rider, proved to lx- a much-rc.spectod Church of England curate. ; The man was a mere bundle of rags I splashed with mud. JA 0 have received a posf card from Mr W. B. Bridger, formerly of Dunedin, who is on_ active service with the British forces in .Europe, stating that he was quite well when the card was posted on November 11. Ihe order of the Iron Gross was conferred on November 16 on hundreds of Londoners, but not by the Kaiser. The crosses in question were an imitation of the German iron .Maltese cross, and were sold on the Strand and other principal thoroughfares for one penny apiece, including a long piece ot yellow ribbon. The idea appealed so much to several drivers that they purchased crosses and tied them around the necks of their horses, and when a- bulldog appeared in i Trafalgar square with an iron cross at- | tached to its collar the owner of the dog j was congratulated on having such a highly honored canine. One of the pluckiest acts perfoi-med by a .British officer .stands to the credit of General Sniith-Domen. During the South African War his brigade, which included the Gordon Highlanders, moved forward to take the main Boor position at Dnornkop. The Highlanders clashed up fcho hill, impetuously, and General Bmith-Dorrien. realising their danger of being surrounded, set off as- fast as his horse could gallop straight across" theenemy’s front in order to turn them back. The onlookers held their breath as a hail of bullets beat up the earth all round the intrepid rider, hut lie came through unscathed, and having succeeded in his object, calmly returned to his position ill the rear of the troops, and proceeded to develop his plans for the attack as though he were exercising troops on the parade ground. ‘ 1 The Bishop of Hereford (says the ‘ /Manchester Guardian ') has received a telegram stating that his son, EieutenantColonel Arthur .Jex-Blake Pereival, D.5.0., has been decorated with the Legion of Honor. Colonel Percival, who "is 44 years of age. belongs to the sth Fusiliers, and is serving as a General Staff officer to Major-General Munro, commander of the 2nd Division of the Ist Army Corps in the Expeditionary Force. He was in the. Soudan War of 1898, for which _ be_ received a British medal’and the Khedive’s medal and clasp. During the South African campaign (1899-19021 he took part in the advance on Kimberley including the fighting on Modder River! and was threo times mentioned in despatches. f He was awarded the Distinguish'd Service Order, besides receiving the Queen's medal and four clasps and the King's medal and two clasps. From 1905 to 1906 he was again in the Soudan under Lord Kitchener, was mentioned in despatches, and qualified for staff ser- ‘ yica, I-

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NO RESCUES., Issue 15693, 6 January 1915

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NO RESCUES. Issue 15693, 6 January 1915

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