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A BROAD OUTLOOK AND A HOPEFUL. ONE. GERMAN TRADE PARALYSED AT SMALL NAVAL COST. COLOSSAL PREPARATIONS FOR SPRING CAMPAIGN. AUSTRIAN PARTITION LIKELY. LONDON. January 4(Received January 5, at 8.45 a.m.) The. loss of the Formidable has been received hv the public with unruffled reelurns. It i? recognised that the- cost 1 1 annihilating tJerinany's trade by bottling up her fleet has been lower than the most sanguine anticipated. _ Military experts who. earlier in the camnaiirn, exncctca the (-leriuans to be polled from Belgium by March, 1910. now anticipate, that it will require a summer campaign, and the allied preparation-, for tlio. campaign in spring, which are likely to stagger humanity, are now nearing completion. Italy's constant preparations for any emergence are regarded in j'.ngland and France with the greatest satisfaction. Neither is there any uneasiness in regard to reports of activities in Bulgaria, Rumania. or Greece. It is generally predicted that the neutral States in proximity to Austria and Turkey regard the time as almost ripe for adjusting old scores and helping themselves generously to the territories of the tottering and dissolving Aus-tro-Hungarian Umpire. CAN GERMANY LAST? TKACH TALK IN AMERICA. SIGNIFICANT SHIPPING NOTIFICATION . NKW YORK, January 4. ißeceived January 5. at 8.25 a.m.) There lias been a recrudescence of peace talk in financial circles, based cm correspondence containing admissions by German financiers that the, ruling _ powers in Germany know it is impossible for them to conquer. One of the German shipping companies has informed its clients that vessels will resume sailings in tlio spring. IN POLAND. THE WARSAW OBJECTIVE. MORE MEN FOR TIINDENBURG. AMSTERDAM. January 4. (Received January 5, at 8.25 It is suggested that the 200,000 Germans who passed through Cologne", going eastward. will reinforce General Hindcnburg’s army, preparatory to another great effort to batter a wav through to Warsaw. THE THREATENED LINES. GERMAN REIXORCEMENTS SENT FROM BEFORE WARSAW. LONDON, January 4. (Received January 5, at 8.45 a.m.) Petrograd reports that the. Germans have withdrawn six army corps from the Warsaw front, supposedly to guard against a Russian attack -on the Lmvicz-Thorn lines of communication. ON THE VISTULA. GERMANS FAIL TO CROSS. PETROGRAD, January 4. (Received January 5, at 8.50 a.m.) The Germans attempted to cross to the right bank of the Vistula on .Saturday, but wore repulsed. 1N TRANSCAUCASIA. IURKS STILL LOSING. SNOW WAIST-DEEP. PETROGRAD, January 4. (Received January 6, at 8,50 a.m.) Fighting continues in deep _ snow at Sarykamish, tho Russians have now captured 5,700 prisoners. 10 mountain guns, and 17 quick-firers. PANIC IN CONSTANTINOPLE. REPORTED FLIGHT OF SULTAN 'TO ASIA -MINOR. ‘ DAILY EXPR ESS ’ SENSATION. LONDON, January 4, (Received January 5, at 8.45 a.m.) The Athens correspondent of the. ‘Daily Express’ reports a panic in Constantinople. The holy relics have been removed to Brusa (across tho Sea of Marmora, in Asia Minor), and tho Sultan and the Porte are pr-aparing to follow'. The attack on Egypt has been definitelyabandoned, and the troops have been recalled from the Asiatic side of the strait and from Brusa-. FRANCO-BELCIAN FRONT. FRENCH IN AI7ACE. PARIS, January 4. (Received January' 5, at 8.40 a.m.) A communique states: We seized- several points of support at Perthes and Mesnil-les-Hurles. We made further progress at Le Pretre Wood, also at Steinbach, and carried the important heights west of Gernay. Artillery duels are being waged at many poits of the line.

GERMAN ADMISSION. AKI-: CERXAY HEIGHTS CAPTURED? AMSTERDAM. January 4. ' Received January 5, at 8.40 A Gorman communique, after dcnvinp it, now admits Dial, the French have taken St oin bach. The communique adds: The French ca.ptured the German positions on the. heights 'vest of Seunhcim, which the Get mans have since retaken. [Cernay (French) a.n<l -Sennheim (Gorman name) are identical. Ike town Lies between Mulhausen and Thann, in Upper Alsace.] SPIES IX BELFORT, PARIS, January 4. (Received January 5. at 8.40 a..m.) Four German .spies, including a bogus priest, have been arrested at Belfort." HIGH COMM fSSIOXER’S REPORT. The High Commissioner reported under date London. January 4 (6.50 p.m.) :—The Germans admit that Stoinbnch, in Alsace, has been captured. Pans reports that opposite Xoulottes the Gorman batteries were .silenced. There is a, violent cannonade on the Ai«ne and in the Clianipagne. 'The Allies’ batteries enveloped the enemies’ reserves. Several vantage points were seized in the region of Perthes and Messil-lcs-Hurles. Progress was continued north-west of Pont-a-.Mcais-son. THE ROAD THROUGH FLANDERS. MIXED EVERY FEW YARDS. AMSTERDAM, January 4. (Received January 5, at 8.25 a.m.) Shivs reports state that the road from Mosterzolle to Ghent has boon mined every SO metres, the intention being to hamper the Allies’ artillery advance. The number of Zeppelin sheds and aviator hangars is increasing at Bruges. FT! EX OH AIRMEN DO DAMAGE AT BRUSSELS. AMSTERDAM, January 4, ißeceived January 5, at 8.50 a.m.) French aviators bombed and partially destroyed the new dirigible sheds at Brussels on Saturday. Several Gorman soldiers were, killed. GHASTLY RELICS AXD .1 XC'OX-GRUOUS GARBS. (London ‘ Times’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LOXDOX, January 4. “ Eye-witness " says : " Sometimes when new ground is broken in entrenching the spado turns up long-buried dead, ghastly relics of former battles. The surface everywhere is ploughed, and furrowed by shells, bombs, and mines. “ There is something grotesquely incongruous in the appearance of tho Algerians rn their flowing Oriental robes amidst the driving sleet and seas of mud. The .Indians "are, using newspapers for turbans. The French Cuirassiers, with rod rust upon their cuirasses, give quite an old world touch.'’ A SOFT SURRENDER. (London ‘Times’and Sydney ‘Sun’ Services.) LOXDOX, January 4, “Eye-witness” states that ono of our men, when unarmed, was searching tho straw of a farm building when he was surprised by two Germans. Ho pulled out his wire-cutters and presented them like- a revolver, Tho Germans surrendered. A CHANGE SHELL, (London ‘Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun’ Services.) LONDON, January 4. During the bombardment of Fumes a shell hit a shod where some soldiers were being inoculated against typhoid. Ten of them and two doctors were killed. A NAIVE HINDU. POOR OPINION OF GERMANS. (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, January 4. Tho wounded Indians at Brighton make cheerful patients. One officer of cavalry said : “ The Germans are not good soldiers; they are not men of faith. Surely God won’t give them the victory. They have big guns, but when wo get near they kneel and fold their hands.” He added thoughtfully and with manifest regret ; “ The sahibs told ns to spare a few,” LEVIES ON BELGIUM. MEN AND METAL. AMSTERDAM, January 4, (Received January 5, at 8.50 a.m.) The, German commandant of tho village of Overpelt has summoned Belgian 1914, 1915, and 1916 levies for incorporation in the German army. Tho Germans have taken the well-known bronze gates at Antwerp railway station ns material for cannon. BELGIAN PATRIOTS’ ALLEGIANCE TO KING ALBERT, AMSTERDAM, January 4. (Received January 5, at 8.25 Advices state that a meeting of ’Burgomasters at Ghent discussed the raising of the war levy of 480,000,000 francs made by Germany. The Belgian Governor of East Flanders presided. Amid extraordinary- enthusiasm he declared that the.

meeting was held under the sovereignty of their own King and Queen. ThevJ3eigians were more than over united. It was resolved that the demand be met by a general levy on individuals. AMERICA’S PASSIVITY MR ROOSEVELT SPEAKS OUT. NEW YORK, January 4. (Received January 5, at 8.25 a.m.) Mr Theodore Roosevelt, writing to the ‘New Y r ork Independent,’ denounces America’s cowardice in not enforcing The Hague Convention. If the Convention meant anything it was the duty of the United States to take action when the violation brought such appalling disaster as in Belgium. THE EAST COAST RAID. LIMP GERMAN EXCUSES. AMSTERDAM, January 4. ("Received’ Jaivuary 5, at. 8,40 a.m.) The ‘North Gorman Gazette’ justifies the. shelling of Scarborough because it possesses a redoubt and six bin guns. The German vessels shelled only the coastguard and signal station at Whitby. GERMAN SUBMARINES FEAR THE RAM. DISPERSED BY CRUISER. AMSTERDAM, January 4. (Received January 5. at 8.25 a.m.) The Bremen paper 1 Weser/.estnml ’ publishes a submarine sailor's letter, which relates that when German submarines were cruising near the Dogger Bank on Christmas Day they were scared by a British cruiser, which attempted to ram them. THE PROBE MAY BE OVER-USED. (London ‘Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun ’ Serrioas.) LONDON. January 4. The ‘ British Medical Journal’ states that there is a tendency towards restraint in searching during the extraction of bullets and shell fragments, as the. wounded human body is exhibiting a. remarkable toleration for foreign substances. MOORISH SPY ARRESTED AT GIBRALTAR, GIBRALTAR, January 4. (Received January 5, at 8.50 a.m.) A Moor has been charged with spying within the fortress. A second (Moor gave evidence that the prisoner was, formerly employed at RUT by Manncsmnims, a German firm. PORT OF LONDON. GREAT CONGESTION. DOCK LABOR SCARCE. (London 'Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun’ Services.) LONDON, January 4. All records have been broken in the matter of merchandise stored and waiting to be stored in the dock warehouses of the Port of London. Twenty-eight liners are at Gravesend, carrying every kind of cargo, waiting for a. berth. In the warehouses alone arc 650,000 tons of goods and 80.000 tons of sugar. The congestion is caused by lack of labor. A RECRUITING SPEECH. | HINT OF CONSCRIPTION. LONDON, Jannmy 4. (Received January 5, at 8.25 a.m.) The Rt. Hon. T. J. MacNamara. Parliamentary •Score! ary to the Admiralty, in n- epccoli at tho Browning Settlement) yard that if the thousands of young men, who had not answered their country’s call thought they were, going to enjoy freedom and immunity at the other fellows’ expense they would not do so long. SEDITION IN AUSTRIA. AN .EDITOR EXECUTED. AMSTERDAM, January 4. (Received January 5, at 8.25 Joseph Roirol, editor of a newspaper-, has beer, executed at I’rossnitz (Moravia i for a, seditious speech. GERMAN SHIPS’ OFFICERS. BIG REPATRIATION SCHEME. CO MPA NIES INVOLVED. NEW YORK, January 4. (Received January 5, at 8.25 a.m.) Altogether eleven arrests were made in connection v-ith the attempt to repatriate German reservists by Hie use of false passports. 'the steamer Bergensfjord was five miles out when United States secret service officers pursued and overtook her. A number of German officers have previously escaped in a similar manner. A big organisation has been unearthed to repatriate LOCO officers of the North German Lloyd and Hamburg-Amerika companies. The officials of those companies ars concerns:! in the scheme. A CANADIAN STORY. -MORE CONCRETE GUN-BEDS TO COMMAND QUEBEC. MONTREAL, January 4. (Received January 6, at 8.25 a.m.) Two years ago Baron Long, a. German resident, tried to secure a. concession whereby the Lena Company, of Berlin, official "railway contractors lo tho German Government, were to construct a, harbor in tho Isle of Orleans for tho HamburgAmerika Lin' l . The Canadian Government received the proposal coldly ; nevertheless, tho Gorman company, who obtained a properly on the south end of the island, built heavy roncreto work suited to form a base, for heavy artillery. ]The Isle of Orleans lies in the St. Lawrence, just below Quebec.] DEATH IN EGYPT. PRIVATE CHA MBER LAIN, OF NEW ZEALAND FORCES, SYDNEY, January 5. (Received January 6, at 9.50 a.m.) It is officially reported that Private Sydney Foster Chamberlain, a. New Zealander with the Expeditionary Force, died of pneumonia in Egypt. A NEW YEAR’S M ESS AGE FROM NEW SOUTH WALES. SYDNEY", January 5. (Received January 5, at 9.50 a.m.) Tho Premier of New South Wales (.Mr Holman), in a. special New Year's massage to tho London ‘ Chronicle,’ says : “Thousands are drilling in readiness for tho war. Australia understands the nature of the contest, is unanimous in her support of the Mother Country and her Allies, and is prepored to go through tho struggle to the end.” SYDNEY’S PRESENT* GUARDS’ BRIGADE GRATEFUL, LONDON, January 4. (Received January 5, at 9.50 a.m.) The Agent-General for Now South Wales (SirT- A. Coghlan) has sen tout of the Sydney citizens’ war chest funds consignments of woollen comforts for the Guards Brigade in the trenches, whose commandant writes: “I am very grateful for your magnificent present, which is meet acceptable.’’

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ALLIES8 PREPARATIONS, Issue 15692, 5 January 1915

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ALLIES8 PREPARATIONS Issue 15692, 5 January 1915

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