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THE WAR

right of search AMERICA’S COMPLAINT. ONE REASONABLE GROUND. SHIPPERS IGNORANCE OF FATE OF CONSIGNMENTS. Press Association—By Telegraph—Copyright, LONDON, January 4. (“Received January 5, at 9.35 a.in.) Reuter’s Washington correspondent states that Britain has informed America that turpentine and resin shipped before Britain tfeclnred them to be contraband will bo paid for if seized: also that copper shipped before it was declared contraband has been paid for or released. Xo cargoes bound for Italy have been detained at Gibraltar since December 4. [The contraband list has been steadily added to by Britain from time to time.] AX UNWILLING TRIBUTE TO MISTRESS OF THE SEAS, WASHINGTON, January 4. (Received January 5, at 1 p.m.) German and, other delegations appeared before the Foreign Relations Committee of the House of Representatives to urge the prohibition of the export of war supplies to Europe, on the ground that Germany’s enemies alone were benefiting owing to the power of the British Fleet. MR ROOSEVELT OX AMERICA’S NEUTRALITY. ■SOME SCORCHING WORDS FOR PRESIDENT WILSON. NEW YORK, January 4. (Received January 5, at 1 p.m.) Mr Theodore Roosevelt’s article, appearing in the Now York ‘ Independent/ is entitled ‘ The Utopia of Hell.’ It states that while a breach of an international agreement such as the invasion of Belgium is the gravest kind of wrongdoing, President 'Wilson's Administration’s selfish indifference to securing a. permanent and righteous peace, by refusing to take tho action necessary to clear America's skirts from the guilt of acquiescence therein, was a much worse crime. If lie. (Mr Roosevelt) knew that the signing of The Hague Convention was merely a pious wish, not intended to bo observed, he never would have been a. party to such mischief. Tho United States, owing to President Wilson’s, action, were maintaining an ignoble peace, and regarding with indifference, the frightful ravages against an unoffending country which they had sworn to preserve inviolate. Such a cult of cowardice was utterly contemptible. REPATRIATION PLOT. AMERICA’S CLOSE INQUIRY, IS GERMAN CONSUL INVOLVED? NEW YORK, January 4. (Received January 5. at 1.50 p.m.) The indications are that 30 Gorman reservists (German-Americans) will be prosecuted for the fraudulent passport conspiracy. Its ramifications arc so widespread, and the diplomatic situation is so delicate, that President Wilson is directing Secret Service investigations. The ‘New York Herald’ hints that a high German official will lie asked to explain his connection with the conspiracy. The inquiry is proceeding slowly, and no definite step will be taken until every detail of the plot ha?.,been ascertained. The ‘ Hex-aid ’ adds that it is doubtful whether the full extent will be revealed until the end of the war. GERMAN PRISONERS PRAISE ENGLISH TREATMENT IN BERLIN PAPER. AMSTERDAM, January 4. (Received January 5, at 1.50 p.m.) The ‘Berliner Tagcblatt’ publishes a letter from a. German seaman, disclosing the absolute comfort he and his comrades arc experiencing in the concentration camp at Eastcote, in Hampshire, and expressing the hope that prisoners in Germany arc equally well treated. FRENCH FIELD GUN. FINE WORK IN ALSACE. PARIS, January 4. (Received January 5, at. 2.15 p.m.) The expulsion of the Germans from Steinbeck was largely duo to tho French sin guns The Germans abandoned 2,500 dead and wounded. A POINT OF VIEW, COMEDIENNE ROSE LEE IVY. ON AMERICA AND ENGLAND. Miss Rose Lee Ivy, the striking blonde singer now showing at tho Princess Theatre, is an American, of Texas, on tho Gulf of Mexico, and, the most voluble spider of words that one could meet without boredom. A.lso a final monument to the decease of that old saying. “ Talkative people arc foolish,” by which for centuries ignorant jreoplo have made a virtue of silouca “ Words,” says Miss Ivy (throwing them abroad, the while at the rate of 250 a minute) “ polish no peanuts,” and I am only a Southerner, who cannot speak for tho North. But anyone who says the Americans and English do not understand each other has ‘a hob axle.’ To Americans John Bull is a sort of stolid elder brother, to be ‘guyed* ad lib, and 'a fair subject for gross machine-made innuendo--hut, like a brother, someone to be stood to in a flaro-up. Yes, there aa’e plenty of Germans in America, and their thoroughness has injected itself into our life like a drug. But so far as I know, it has nob infected our sentiment, and there is no ‘ book ’ on this present race—there being only one winner. Whatever the stage tableau may be, the off-stage climax is for England. Like the Christian, America will be. ra-ved by her last word, and I believe that it will be cast, if need be, for England.” TIME AND THE GERMANS. German thinkers were misled. They miscalculated the forces of both sides. Guo can ceo the truth in tho speeches and writings of Germans who now assert that Germany must win—must, must, must. Why? Because the. whole nation has hypnotised itself into that belief. What nutter fleets and armies and facte when you have proved that two and two make 'twenty-two? The single hop© of Germany now seems to b© that England will tire of the war and turn against, tho great ally whose name is Time. Truly there has not yet been a sign of such a happening. Against depression, therefor©, or rather against impatience., it. is everyone’s duty to wage war. Tho task ought not -to be difficult. It should purely bo easier to bear the absence of decisive news than to bear what has befallen Belgium. It should bo easy to remember that tho great news of each day is that another day has passed—passed" to the credit of the Allies and the debit of the .foe. Though it rained bombs on darkened London night by night, and though never a- morning brought news of any advance at the. front, the great success of each day would ho that Time had scored another jicint.,—Tho- ‘World’s Work.'

“OUR BOYS” IH EGYPT. Asked this morning whether there was anything fresh to report about tho Now Zealand soldiers who are in. Egypt, the Hon. James Alien said: So far as I know’ they are very well. There are a. few eases in the hospital, but there is no serious sickness, and there is nothing to add to what 1 told you three or four .days ago. No, our men have not yet been in action, and there does not seem to be any immediate prospect of a fight whore they are. The desert is a fine safeguard to tho Canal. Mr Allen added ; I am hoping for much good to our men as a. result of tins experience, particularly from their contact with the British soldiers. It will be, in my judgment, a tremendous asset, if they Bring back to Now Zealand the real spirit of Tommy Atkins that has been and is of such great value to the Umpire. Tommy's characteristics are coming out in this war in an extraordinary manner. The world is impressed by his serenity in the presence of danger, his freedom from posturing, tho manner in which he meets death with a smile on his face and a joke on his lips. He doesn’t know- that he is a hero. That’s the. temper that our men can learn from. The Territorials have it too. I saw a. letter tho other day from one of tho young officers, quite a” novice, at tho game, who In the course of his duty had to take charge of 140 raw recruits and transfer them from tents to billets. The cleaning up of tho camp before leaving had to be done under circumstances that would have broken the hearts of most men. The weather was wretched —everything and everybody soaked, the camp a slough, tho men sadly wanting changes of clothes—and this 'subaltern, watching tho final proceedings, declares that these Worcester Territorials, who spoke with a dialect that you could cut with a knife, gave him a lesson in cheerfulness and good nature that he will never forget. Not a word of grumbling came from them, and what broke him up was tho farewell remark of one of the men ; “Well, Sam, that’s about tho lot, hut who's going to volunteer to stop and dust the pictures?” A CANDID CRITIC, A member of tho London ‘Times’ staff has had an interview with a. prominent member of the Bavarian Landtag, -who is both sad and candid.' He admits that Germany lias made two or three bad blunders, which have already cost her dear, and may even lead to disaster. The Prussian generals, ho says, should not have been allowed their own way. “Wo should not,” Jin explains, “have violated the neutrality of Belgium. By that wc have lost many soldiers, we have- lost precious time, and we have had no real profit on£ of it. If we had not done that we should not have had war with England, avid in consequence lost the support of Italy, and probably tho war with France would have been already finished.” Ho thinks that if Germany had invaded France as ah© did in 1870, from Alsace and Lorraine, German troops would have been in Paris in a fortnight. He laments that the German war party, “ who are tho best generals in the world,” are not diplomats. If they had been they would never have drawn the Fatherland into imprudences that have brought her no military advantages, but, on the contrary, have been grave hindrances to the execution of her plans. “If they had only Leon prudent France might have been defeated by this time, and have offered very good terms,” while the Fatherland might have been on the eve of success against Russia. Bui how different is the situation to-day! He admits that Germany has won no useful victory anywhere, and is fighting desperately on tho cast and west to save herself* from overwhelming defeats. “ The German generals.” pays this candid Bavarian, “arc a. great danger to our nation. We Bavarians like them only as generals ; otherwise wc don't like them at all. Of course, they arc' Germans, but they arc of a tribe very different from our oven.” If wiser eounscis iiad been followed the outlook or Germany, instead of being dark and doubtful, would have been bright and reassuring. But now the die is cast, and Germany is ” forced to take the chances as they come.” As a patriotic German, of course he hopes and expects the chances will be favorable,— he simply date not allow himself to think otherwise. Germans have been taught always to believe that whatever they .set out to do would be done, and it is treason to imagine, anything eke- Still, ho is obliged to confess that it will not be don© easily, perhaps not at all. England is the fitupeiidon* obstacle to German victory. " Kveiyhody.” he says, “knows our .intention.'. It is & vnry cliliicult iiKitter to cross tho Channel. But we hope—— The experience of a long life shows it, is not prudent to take a great risk when ft is not necessary. For what would happen to Germany if we wore beaten? 1 dare not think about it --and it- i* indeed regarded here as heresy even to think it possible that we might be defeated. The Prussian mil it ary party bar taken _an enormous responsibility upon itself. Moll, I also believe that we shall win. But nothing. nothing at all in sure in this world. There arc now about 3,000.000 volunteers in England, Scotland, and Ireland. There might”come a now army from tho Cape and the Transvaal —it must not be forgotten that the Boer? arc Flemings'like half of the Belgians, And from India might come new armies of one-two million t-oldicrs. It is a. question of money ami time. And Canada and -Australia, and tho other British and French colonies—there are sufficient men there 1” And again comets the sal refrain: “Me should not have taken this risk. Mb could have attained what we desired without this risk —if only we. had not attacked, Belgium.” This is equally candid. Not Prussia only hut Bavaria 'aims at the destruction of England, and both are feeding uneasily that things have gone aglcy. Perhaps itis as wolf that, thus Bavarian gentleman’s name and address are not- "published together with his candor, or would ho ],aving a. still more unpicasnnt time in his own country, it. indeed, ho- had not been •hot. MISCELLANEOUS. The recruiting office at- tho Stock Exchange Buildings lias been closed during the last- few days, as the sergeant-majors, were busy getting out the list.-: of thcx-ai who have already volunteered for tho reinforcements. The office will he opened again to-morrow morning. Canterbury is raising £I,COO provide a camp cooker or kitchen for the New Zealand troops in Egypt-. A young Lorrainer has (says the Parts ‘ Gaulois ’)' just effected an exceedingly smart capture of a German spy on the Grands Boulevards, Paris. This is how it canto about: At the beginning of the war the. Lorrainer was serving in the German army much against his will. At the first opportunity ho descried and took service in tho French army. Wounded shortly afterwards, ha received, when convalescent, leave to visit friends in Paris. A day or two later he was walking down the. Grands Boulevards when lie saw an officer in tho French artillery uniform seated on tho terrace of ft cafe. He duly sainted, hut, so strong was the old habit, that he saluted, not in tho French, but the German fashion. He was about to rectify his mistake when tho officer returned the salute in precisely the same manner. Tins gave our Lorrainer to think, and tho more ho thought the stranger it seemed. He turned back, and spoke, to a policeman at tho corner, telling him his suspicions, and asking him to question the officer us to his identity. Tho policeman replied that he had no power to do so. The young man’s mind was swiftly made, up. Ho walked over to the officer and jostled him, rudely knocking his drink to tho ground. A. scene, ot course, followed, and the officer and the Lorrainer were led off to the police station, precisely the result that the young soldier had been working for. There it was discovered that the artillery officer was a German spy. Tho Lorrainer has obtained from tho military authorities an extension of leave, and tin; document .according it bears the words ; “Has contributed to the arrest of a spy.” Grimsby has lost 22 steam trawlers since the war broke out. Some are probably in German hands, but most of them have been blown up by mines. Thenvalue would bo about- £170,003. -Seventythree feahemen are known to have been killed, «sd SBO aw> prisoners in Gcr-

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Bibliographic details

THE WAR, Evening Star, Issue 15692, 5 January 1915

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2,464

THE WAR Evening Star, Issue 15692, 5 January 1915

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