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[By Viva.]

' Viva ** will in this column answer all reasonable questions relating to the home, cookery, domestic' economy, and any fojric of interest to her sex. But each letter must bear the writer's bona fide name, and address. No notice whatever will be taken of anonymous, correspondence. Questions should be concisely put, and the writer's nom de plume clearly written. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. "Subscriber."—(l) Take one pound of sugar to overy pound of fruit (no water), and boil for an hour. (2) Should not advise you to try. "LilJa."—Try lard and sulphur. Melt the lard, and then work the sulphur slowly into it to make a smooth paste. Apply whenever necessary. HOUSEHOLD RECIPES. Almond Cookies. —Required : One pound of ground almonds, one pound of sugar, one tablcspoonful of powdered cinnamon, one tablcspoonful of powdered cloves, one tablespoonful of allspice, four eggs, two tablespoonfuls of baking powder. Mix the sugar with the almonds, add the spices, yolks of eggs, baking powder, the white of eggs beaten stiffly, and flouri to make a stiff dough. Roll out, cut into diamonds, and bake in a moderate oven. Prune Jelly.—Wash half a pound of good prunes, put them into a small basin, add half a cupful of water, put on the cover, and steam until they are soft. Remove the stones and place the prunes in wet moulds. Put one heaping tablespoonful ot' powdered gelatine into a saucepan and one cupful of fruit juice, the strained juice of two oranges, and one table-spoonful of lemon juice. Then stir over the fire till the sugar is dissolved, after which it should be, strained over the prunes. Serve with • a star of whipped cream on the top. Lemon Milk Jelly.—Put one heaping tablespoonful and a-half of powdered gelatine into a saucepan and two cupfuls of boiling water, six tablespoonfuls of sugar, the yolks of three eggs, and two cupfuls of milk. Stir until almost boiling, add the grated rind and juice of one lemon, and strain into a, wet mould. Turn out when firm and decorate with whipped cream and cherries.

Cherry Cake (by request).—Required: Half a pound of flour, quarter of a pound of butter, quarter of a. pound of glace cherries, quarter of a pound of castor sugar, one. grated lemon rind, one large teaspoonful of baking powder, three eggs, two tablespoonfuls of milk. Sieve together the flour and baking powder. Beat the butter and sugar to a soft cream. Add the eggs one by one, beating each in separately. Cut the cherries in halves, and grate the lemon rind. Stir in the flour lightly Then add the. cherries, and lastly the milk. Pour the mixture into a cake* tin lined with two layers of greased paper, and bake the cake in a moderate oven for about an hour to an hour and a-quarter. When cooked take out of; the tin and put on a sieve till cold. A cheaper variety can be made by using two eggs instead of three eggs, three ounces of butter instead of four ounces, or good claritied fat instead of butter. If fewer eggs are used, add rather more baking powder, and use a little extra milk. Keswick Pudding.—Required: Four ounces of breadcrumbs, four ounces of flour, four ounces of suet, four ounces of Demerara sugar, one pound of apples, one egg, one gill of milk, half a lemon, a few grains of salt, one heaped teaspoonful of baking powder. Mix together the crumbs, flour, finely-chopped suet, sugar, salt, baking powder, and grated lemon rind. Peel and core the apples, and chop them rather coarsely. Add them to the mixture, also the beaten egg, the strained lemon juice, and enough milk to make a stiff mixture that will drop heavily from the spoon. Pour it into a greased basin, twist greastd paper over the top, and steam for three hours. As the water in the saucepan boils away it will need to be replenished with more boiling water. Turn, when cooked, carefully on to a hot dish, and serve sweet sauce or sugar with it, Cauliflower Salad. —Required: One large boiled cauliflower, half a, gill of mayonnaise sauce or other good salad dressing, salt and pepper. Divide the cauliflower into large sprigs, sprinkle them with salt and pepper, and arrange them heaped up in a salad bowl. Slice the tomatoes and arrange in a border round. Sprinkle the chopped parsley over and pour the dressing over the cauliflower. Savory Smoked Haddocks.—Required : One smoked haddock, two ounces of butter, two teaspconfuls of chopped parsley, half a lemon, two tablespoonfulr, of milk, two level teaspoonfuls of flour, pepper. Wash the fish, lay it on a baking tin, pour in'boiling water to nearly cover it, and bake for eiglit minutes. Then carefully remove skin arid bonee and lift away the fish in neat, largo unbroken pieces of a convenient size for serving. Havo the butter and milk Tiot in a fireproof bakingdish, lay in the fillets, after dipping each thickly into the flour. Baste them well with the milk and butter, and bake in the oven for 10 minutes. Then strain in a few drops of lemon juice, add pepper and parsley, baste the fi?h well again, and serve it in the dish it was cooked in.

Grilled Tomatoes o« Toast.—Required : Toast three tomatoes, about one and a-half ounces of butter, salt, and pepper. Wash and wipe the tomatoes, cut each, in half roundways Put these halves on a greased baking-tin in a quick oven for about 10 minutes, or until they are tender, but not broken. Toast the bread carefully and trim off the crusts. Stamp out a round for each half tomato, the toast being rather larger than the tomato. Butter these rounds thickly, lay a piece of tomato on each, and sprinkle with salt and pepper. Put them back in the oven to reheat through, and serve very hot. If more convenient the tomatoes may be grilled or fried inetead of baking them. Apple Shape.—Required : One pound of cooking apples, half a pint of water, two ounce* oi loaj sugar, half a lemon, hall an ounce (bare weight) of leaf gelatine, one clove, cochineal. Wash the apples, but dp not peel or coro them, but cut each into about eight pieces. Put them in a. stewpan, with tho sugar, clove, and thinlypared lemon-rind. Let all boil gently until the apples are soft. Then rub them through a wire sieve. Dissolve the gelatine in about two tablespoorafuls of water —in cold weather use rather light weight of gelatine—then strain it into the apple puree. Mix it well in, then add a few drops of cochineal to make the mixture a delicate pink. Pour it into small cups, having first rinsed them out in cold water. Let them 'set.

Hani Groutes.—Required : Cold boiled Ham, a little chutney and mustard, small croutes of bread. Cut the ham into rounds about the size of a two-shilling piece. Spread half of them with mustard and chopped chutney. Cover each with a plain piece of ham, so ae to make a sandwich, thread these en a Email skewer and cook them either in tho oven or on a baking-tin or before the fire. Next take out the skewer, taking care not to separate the pieces of each sandwich. Lay one on each croute of bread, which should be cut the same size as the rounds of Decorate the top of each with a few strips of chili and serve hot. HINTS.

A Good Substitute. —A small sponge of good quality makes an excellent substitute for a dish cloth. We always use one, and find ;t very useful. It should l>e rinsed well in hot suds after using, to keep it fresh and sweet. Glass Globes.—Ground glass globes, whether plain or figured, are much brighter if, after being washed in soap and water, they are rinsed and then allowed to drain instead of being wiped. Torn Lace. —A friend of mine mended some tori: lace with great success the other day in the following way:—First of all place a piece of paper under the torn part, and stitch backwards and forwards with the machine until the hole is quite filled up. If' very line thread is ■used, and the paper picked carefully out after, the mend is hardly noticeable. Home-made Lemonade. —When making lemonade at home from fresh lemons, we always run a piece of the peel through the mincer, and use i*. in the lemonade. It jjives a delightfully piouant iiavor to ifc.

Starched Clothes.—When ironing a starched garment., and a part of it becomes dry, do not damp it with water, but iron first under a cloth wrung out of cold water, and than finish in tho usual way. Grained Paint (by request).—Linseed oil is excellent for cleaning varnished grained paint. It should be applied with a piece of clean, soft flannel, rubbed well in, and polished with a soft duster. And only the very tiniest drop of oil should be used.

For Rubber Plants.—A tea,spoonful of olive oil sprinkled among the roots of an indiarubber plant once a month will help to keep it healthy and in good condition.

To Cure Prickly Heat (by 1 request).— It can-be quickly" relieved by bathing in warm water to which a little bicarbonate of soda has been added. This will not, however, prevent a recurrence of the trouble, which is due to a heated state of the blood, and one should drink freely of some cooling beverage. A teaspoonful of cream of tartar diluted with a quart of filtered water is an excellent mixture.

New Gloves.—lt very often happens that new kid gloves split the very first time they are tried on. This can be prevented by placing them between the foldsof a damp towel" for an hour or so before they are worn. The damp stretches the kid, so that thev will stretch to the required shape without splitting.

BABY REFLECTIONS, Bump, bump, biimpety-bump! The low railing built across the porch entrance to keep' the baby from rolling off had been left open by someone, and baby Wilbur's ball bounced softly from step to step, then rolled down the walk. "Baby, why did you," began Esther, rather crossly,' for she was just getting to an interes-ting place in the story she was leading, and .she did not like to be bothered, but her frown and unkind way of speaking, together with the loss of his ball, was too "much for Wilbur, whose httlo face quickly puckered up and he began to cry. " Baby is so cross this morning," the little girl complained to mother, who came out on the porch just as she came back with the ball. "I think it is bis sister who is cross," said mother, quietly. "I? Mother, what can you mean?" " Just this: Baby is a, little lookingglass. When oct faces are smiling and bright ho is happy ; when we are cross, then ho cries. Just smile a little and see what he will do," -she suggested. Esther gathered him up in her arms for a kiss and a hug, then set him back on his 6oft rug and gave him his ball, and he began playing happily once more. WAR RULES FOR HOUSEWIVES. 1. Conduct the thopping personally. Estimate as far as possible the requirements of each meal, as the markets fluctuate daily. 2. If possible, cany the parcels home to save horses and men needed for other purposes. 3. Choose those foods which give most nourishment for the least money. 4. Do not take in more milk than you know you will require, 5. Brown all crusts and scraps of _ bread in tho oven ; crush, and place in airtight tins, to be used instead of flour in making puddings. " 6. Do not cut any bread until it is at least one day old. 7. Keep all cold vegetables left over from dinner for salads for next day. 3. Do not make more tea than i& likely to be used. 9. Avoid all luxuries. A PATHETIC DONATION. Among the donations received by the Queen's work for women fund (reports a London paper) was'an engagement ring, with which is enclosed the following note : —" The boy who gave me this before he went away will never come back. He made me promise, before he joined his regiment, to give it away if anything happened to him. It's a hard wrench to part with it, but I promised to do so. I send it to you as his gift to the Queen's fund.


There has been the craze for transparent stockings. The German trade with this country in these things has been enormous, and amounted last year to 2,511,000 dozen pairs, o' a total value of over £724,000. Incidentally it may bo told that the cotton giovee numbered 988,500 dozen pairs, worth £346,050, and it must be remembered that they have been exceedingly low-priced. These, indeed, are the things that have loomed large in the. " bargain sales" at prices from BJd to le 0-ijd a pair. Girls bought them, and wore them into holes even before they found their way to the washtub. They would not take.'the- trouble to darn them, and, indeed, anyone who practised this useful art was made to see that they were regarded as old-fashioned and dowdy by the would-he butterfly. Neither .Leicester nor Balbristaan have' the machinery that will turn out this flimsy kind of hosiery. Their products, however fine and clear fhev may be, call for better cotton or linen thread, and thus are inevitably more eostlv. One preat manufacturer., questioned on the subject, said that to put in the looms which would do the cheap imitations would invohe large capital outlay, and it would be, at least eight or nine months before they could be, got into working order. The obvious resultwill be in this direction : that women will have to buv a hotter class of stocking, that will wear much longer, but for tins they wi have to pav a higher price. J hey will have to take care of them, and not throw them aside in the. old careless, extravagant, manner. Time must be devoted to *uch'tasks, and thus will be brought about some reaction against that bhnd cult of constant pleasure-seeking m }vmch _ the more thoughtful saw ominous signs oi decadence,—'Girl's Paper andWomans Magazine.' WOMEX'C COLUMN AN OP EN LETTER. TO THE WOMANHOOD OF THE BRITISH DOMINION'S. Dear Madam,—May 1 venture, to address my sisters in New Zealand through the medium of Viva's column? I. have jiM read with the deepest interest your Special Franchise Number. Almost every article in that, issue is of help in bugland, giving not only knowledge concerning the status of women in New Zealand, bill what is even more valuable, a cleatidea of the aims of these women for the future. Once more the thought comes with renewed force : To how many centres in the other Domininions Overseas does this illuminating and helpful contribution find its way ? ..,,.' At the present terrible, crisis in the history of our people it behoves us women more than ever to draw closely together and thus prepare the way for united endeavor in the future. May I beg you to remember that the first essential is that we shall each know what the other is doino-. In e-ach Dominion we must make every effort to extentd he sale of the women's paper of that Dominion. We must encourage each society in each Dominion to take in for the benefit of its members the women's papers of the other Dominions: the 'Woman Voter,' Melbourne ; the ' Liberal Woman,' Sydney; the 'Woman's Century,' Toronto; and the ' Woman's Outlook,' Port Elizabeth. As I take in and read carefully every one of these papers, 1 can speak trom experience as to their value. I am marking you herewith a specimen copy of each" of the English suffrage papers. Each gives in turn a different view of the woman's movement in Britain and all over the world. The horror and desolation of the present upheaval in Europe will undoubtedly he followed by an extraordinary period of reconstruction. It will depend on women even more than on men that this supreme opportunity shall be turned to the highest advantage of the race. The sacred duty lies on each one of us. Will you please do all you can to make the subject of this letter known, and lend the papers to as many people as may apply to you for them.—l am, etc., Harriet C. Newcomb, Hon. sec. B.D.WAC. 9 Grafton street, London, Otfefev 3u j

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WOMAN'S WORLD., Issue 15690, 2 January 1915

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WOMAN'S WORLD. Issue 15690, 2 January 1915

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