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GARDENING FOR THE WEEK, Issue 15690, 2 January 1915
GARDENING FOR THE WEEK
Our contributor, a well-known gardener, will be glad to answer questions, which ziust be received not later than Tuesday of each week. — Th'y \«t;etibh> Ciid n—(hu „ t tu of cold, cutting, ami h\ iu I it i* 11 to lee P a winltil ov i ->n ill .rwung oop'' Alt' i r \\L 1 m t\ t tn *d mi fairly i a till it hi bte i greatly ir di \ tl ui_, \nU uul to all f rj - i jim la th olin as Lt i * <. i i hj. •* \llv slow i »l t r\ 1 > \ m? flowing c j s \ u b hit '\ t sential: tl itto'-t T i it [ rtd do it ti>rou„Hh I*t rl i < f the soil , a t I 1 \ ' * ! l l stirred , 1 1 tl K m it ii ret ii«- it i 1 1 tn I keeping \ tea <1 \
\ ! i i —1) « i tt g now. a 1 di th I K \ t i 11 nut water, or uim i
Mjh. t f il \ " t id It ins or -» i I s til r econil erl ( i nl I it. n. i-u-ored ] t < t t- a* not tr tl m lit it u dd be l * B i t i 1 i it leist it m tn \ t I i 1 1 d th New "it i j f 1 i l i i l>uiu 1
lit it t i 1 i i r,n\:iz i it, dlt i t I i I 1 nil floww t i it t m i-> i ' ivovs. irlt I I i I 1 it 1 it 1 utoiti hj it 1 tct giving •> 11 t i n i 1 ' l j ni\ tin 1 1 m man nei I \ ill i i than "*Ai\ 1 ihj \ 1 tt dur long spells oi 11 i I
—The r'tu't <;aidm
\\ l'h re_-ird ••> yi.n : >'d rceenti}nlutri! frit titt-. V l - ad\ isl'.'e to go •no thtiu „,id ui»iM' il tic--, shu< t--Stld tl.'P It n,< , i,, .W "Wood It VII be found that heie piuumg his bi*m M'ieß' .tn o\ct--.i\e mnii. i "t shoot? i\-i-a.. c-peiulh wti. tie "-toi'e fm ts In tin* i<W thii'iiing tu.' miwt tAe j 1 iti? t> can!" tile \ou"'j j-hto'b to d'nilip to the.r pupil- bi/e J.id to i.ni'i the wood It all t r ie yiv* <-lu *- .no left the\ i f ■t.wr *l<?\el'»p to th -■ o thty shotn i tin, ror do the- hjh >i *"or v ood In -n< hj cav >t 1-, tmpj--.hu ior the \oun_' a «-- to Inmate . 1 hi iith\ and in ,t io'idit'on im,- n i'i the tutuie p*> fjie ot the tt
Puispberrifs.—Apply the hoe vigorously in the rows for th" purpose cf keeping down weeds, and also to cut all young suckers that are not required for making canes for next season's use. These suckers should be removed a,s soon as jmssible. as they are only a drag upon the stools themselves.
Wall fruits, such as peaches, apricots, ch-Aries, plums, etc.. should have careful attention by removing surplus growth, °r what is termed breast wood, other than what is required for filling in vacant spaces. This filling; in should be- done early, or the wood yrows stout, and is liable to be bnien oft with the bendinp iu.
—The Tomato House.—
Pay strict attention to watering, also :•> the tying up of tV# stems, cutting out;ide- shoois. and removing decayed leaves. When leaves begin to show signs of decay remove them altogether, and reduce the leaves immediately above- them to about naif their size. When a fairly good crop is set give frequent waterings of weak iiquid manure and abundance of ventilation. —The Vinery.— Assuming ihat thinning lias been accomplished, the berries should now be swelling away at a great rate. If is .•;. wiee pru'tia to go over them a- second time a few weeks after the iirst thinning, to see that there is no overcrowding of berries. Well-thinned and fully-developed beirivs- look better and command a better price iu the market than do crowded Liuiehes. Taking everything into consideration, it pays for thi~ second looking over. Xniv is a time, whilst the berries are iu full pi'ogivss. that an abundance of moisture (thorough soakings of water andstimuants of some kind) should be given. Close up fairiy early in the afternoon. l)i-mp down the house well to create a moist atmosphere, tor vines take up a- lob of moisture from, the roots, and a great rjr.oimt is alio taken up by the foliage, hence the neee.->ity of a moist- atmosphere. Attend, carefully to the ventilation. The vines require a little more warmth during the stoning period, but care musi he taken not to overdo it. as scalding of the berries
k, of frequent occurrence durijifj stoning. .Attend to tin; stopping of young .sideshoots and all surplus growth. Never allow a lot to accumulate and then remove shoots by the barrow load. This praciee is bad, as a huge removal of foliage disorganises the flow of cap. Just remove the you.ni; shoots; whenever they are visible. On. told and windy dnys avoid front ventilation as much as possible, for the purpose of preventing cold draughts, -which are one of the causey of mildew, but if tho sun is hot, on such occasions open them moderately.
'" Goosegog"' sends gooseberries for naming. I may state that it- is nest to impossible to name gooseberries in their green state, though a few aie sufficiently iovwatd to do so. No. 1 is White Lion; Xo. 2, Red Wauiugtun (often called Red Lam Berry), No. 3, not 6urc ; No. 6, London. Tho r.st are much toi> green to identify.
" Currant."—The grubs enclosed in your letter were all in pulp, therefore' it was almost impossible to make out what you ■wj?K to kuvw. But t»y feadiiVi; between the lines I think you wish to know what to do with black euruuits that have only two or three long -noots badly thaken about with winds.- L should say they have not been planted s-ulrkirntiy firm in the- ground, nor have they been sufficiently hard pruned at pruning time, and that they arc afco too long in ihe stem. Although it is unwise to prune black currants too hard : yet the tiv.-t and second "pruning should be fnirly severe, to cause strong growth to break from the has*' to form the future framework of the. bush. Not to prune tivni would be to make the trees k'-'gy, as yon eay yours are Tread them firmly around the stem, and stake them, and prune hard next season. Tha best thing you ran do with your irrouiicL which, you say is full of grub, is io trench it up'deep and apply a dressing of manure, tkn give the surface a coat :■[ fresh lime. Do tlm a:- toon as you mm. When sending such things as grubs, «'iid them in » pill Vox or such-lik--. H.C-.
GARDENING FOR THE WEEK, Issue 15690, 2 January 1915
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