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ASTRONOMICAL NOTES FOR JANUARY

[B* the Hon. Director, Wanoanui Observatory.] —Tho Sun—lo in the constellation Sagittarius tili the 21st, when ho outers Capncomus. Having uttained his greatest southern declination on the 22nd ot this month, his path is once again towards the northern hemisphere." His movement in the ecliptic is from the 23rd to tho 17th degree of south declination, and he will be at his nearest point to the earth on January o. Sunspote hare been small during December. On tho 2nd two *m<\)) groups were viable, with another just coming into rinw. At the middle- and onc\ bright Fneulir were .*een near the limb, on either >ide. and small spot* in both hemispheres. —The Moon—will be nearest Venus on the I.lth and 12tn. as aho is approaching the Sun ; Mars on the 15th ; Mercury on the afternoon of the 16th; Jupiter oil the evenings of th,* , 17th and 18th, to the north: Saturn on the 27th, very much to the north of {'■■■:] planet. She'will pass through tho constellations, visible in our er.rly evening ikies, as follows :—ln Aquarius on t lie 19th ; Pisces on the 20th to the 22nd ; Aries on tin- 23m. and to the. 25th; Vaunt* on the 25th also, an 1 till the 27th. iind nearest the bright red star Aldeharan on the 26th; Gemini mi the 2Sth, 29th. and 30th. and nearest the bright stats Castor and Pollux on the 29th. ! Phai-es of the Moon in Now Zealand j Mean Time.-- I d. hj. m. [ Full mnon 1 11 50 p.m. Last <uiarter 9 5 45 a.m. New moon ... '... 16 2 12 a.m. First quaiter 23 3 2 pm. j Perigee 15 1 36 a.m. Apogee 2-1 3 12 p.m. —Mercury—i« a morning star pt the opening of the year, hut speedily comes into line with the I Sun. j;nd after the 4th sets later than lv* I ruler. Ho makes a close conjunction with Mar* on ihe 2nd, is m lunar conjunction on the 16th, and in conjunction with Uranu- on the 21st. I

—Venus —

is now b Jiioruinc star in tlte constellation Scorpio. She is very brilliant, and may be well seen by the unaided eye in, broad <i;.ylight. The best tinv> is from about 9 10 11 a.m., when one can get the eye well sheltered from tho direct sunlight. Venus may bo seen near the meridian at about ihe earlier hour mentioned ami at an eleralion of about twelve. She will l.v> at greatest brilliancy on the 3rd, after which d will not lie quito so easy ti> pick her .ip. but, at this time she is a brilliant white dot c-n the blue b.ie'-.-nmnd of the nciiim- .-kv. She is in lunar conjunction -.: i the'l2th. —Marsis a morning star in the constellation Sagittarius, but is a poor naked-eye object'■ninz to his areat distance. He will be in hj car conjunction on the loth. —Jupiteris an evening Mar. and ndl a fine object in our .skips, but r.ipidly ntvrini; the west in the early evening. I!e will be in conjunction with the moon on the afternoon of the ißth, making a close approach, and will appear cWe to that body Inter on in the same- evening. —Saturn—if. an evening r-tar in Gemini, elo.-e to tho borders of Taurus. Owing to his greater northern declination he is not a. tele-f-.-opic object until he j.s close to hid trreatest altitude near the meridian, when his ring system, which is now very widely opened, may be r-een to advantage. The Moon may be seen to west ;in.'l east of him respectively on the evnintrs of the j £7tb and 28th. ' I --Uranus— j i= now in C'lpiiconius, rather c'nse to the Sun, and ho will lie in lunar conjunction j .m the 17th. ; - ■N'eptune j :.-. an evening star in Cancer. He wiii in-j in conjunction with the Moon on Hie 3rd, j and again on tho oOt'n, and will lie in tht I opposite \H'.n. ut the h'avrus (o that in j which th« Sun is situated on the evenia:: i of the 20th. I - I lie ( oii.iteliution.i--fnr lli!' earlv hours of tho evening ur'.'iticnl as follow, at. about 8.30 p.m. : in the north. Perseus is low down, the anted variabl- .-tar .Algol being slightly to ;h« left of thic north. Auriga-, with th:. bright c.tar Capelia, is to the east and hoi do\tii, ;md Aiies and the Triangle to t.n' vest. Over these may lie .-jen Tauru.-. with th-.' j*retty -roups of the Pleiades and .Hyade's and above, those a-ain F'cidnnus j towards the zenith. Gemini and Orion I .no over the north-west, and Cancer may! he eeen a tittle further round in the same ; dirtction. t'anis Major ir, high and over Hie eastern point. Aijju in the soutb-we.-t, j the biitrht star Canopu.i well up towaid.; j i;.t hiirheat The Southern Cro«s and the Pointers have now drawn out on the sott!!t- ] ear tern side, followed by the Triangle an I Ara. Pavo and Indus are on the. opposite *:no of the southern meridian, low down, v.iih Toucan and Hydru-". :w well a< ' Phoenix, above them. Capricornus ami ! Aquarius are well do\in ir. the west ;•> th ; > ! :nne. with l-'etua and Pieces approaching j •he same position rather more towards | the north. The zone of bright stars I that, lib along the Milky Way from the I Cross and Centaur in th* south, through I Arjro, Canis Major. Orion, and Taurus in j the north, is well phe-ed at this season. ' Jiid forms a splendid feature of our sum | mer skies in these latitudes.

I bes; tn offer all readers wi.-,he.s tor a happy .N'ew Ye;i,r. May the coming year (quickly aettlei the ,-ieat . vil that.'has arfectcd the earth 'hiring the latter pari !•; thU. If m.ui properly reali.-ee! the ini inensiiy of spaco and tin; stars, tlu- nervosity for mutual helpfulness the. dependence of man upon his fellows, then mrely war must cease, and the yr.at tidings of pe;ue on ourtli would U> .sr'oken indeed Jioiu the..-ki>-.- niidtl liv i:i•_;r11 oni fur ever. JKuember 7jo.

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ASTRONOMICAL NOTES FOR JANUARY, Evening Star, Issue 15689, 31 December 1914

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ASTRONOMICAL NOTES FOR JANUARY Evening Star, Issue 15689, 31 December 1914

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