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♦ i AN OFFICIOUS BYSTANDER, HIS COPPER TRUSTS IN THIS WAR OF ATTRITION. [By A. Spencf..] ''Vncle Sam'' is roaming about the world's powder magazino with a torch ■which may shed sparks with bad results for all. The nltimato would, of course, be war. That is far off, Jet us hope. The conciliatory manner in which, tho situation is met by tho London 'Times 5 is a bright gleam on the morass of double-dealing. It is not tho first time that tho world's great* st noivhpaper has held the. lantern so that, blundering men may sco -where to walk. 'The Times' admits that tho situaion is diilicult, but speaks of a common-svn.-v! adjustment and the spirit of mutual i good-will. Grand old 'Thunderer,' thundering no longer, but witnessing for righteousness. ]f wo could achieve, the .spirit of mutual pood-will ,-,nd horse-sense adjustment—we may in 500 yuars from now —there would )x> no wars. Aggloni' of shady merchant- trusts —-principally the copper trusts —are behind it all, hut (a* 'The Times' hints) hardship i:. undoubtedly entaikd on L'nited States interests that clash less with tho general w-eli'aro of jnen. I'he revised list of contraband issued at Homo u n October 30, but not published here, takes in almost all the chi f commodities of export. The legitimate merchant, in New York must someiiii."> : ;t with tho atlas on his knee woudeiing what, he cm expert, and where to .send it without risk of «eizur< . It is th■•• ie export iriulilo which features the position ■- that, .any ihe dishonesty of ni.-r, -Junius Whili! the London "1 linos' ha,-; .issuine.l the. role of chief amhatsador lor i-eaoe in Ln gland. President \Yoodrow Wilson, evidently pix-sed by tho political influence of huge warlike, lelentless trade trusts, has lie-on d-.iing as much in America. !!•■ iiui-l, he have ahsoluH-Jy hon-v!. rn-aiiifc-ls. (Jr.-.-it. ■embarrassment has, ho adds, I„.,mi ca.iised to the United States ( ei\i niniciit because, some- shippers con- ■ oaieii e.iiii rali.iiid in cargoes of non- ' oi,!r;ii-:n.d-—for example, under cotton. As 1. ii. .-is their wen-, instances of that kind, .-ii-piii.ei would !«■ cast on "very s.hipniet-i. .ui. 1 ~!! cargoes w mid he liable 1 'lm■ diflVuliy •.:' search, simple, ai- it ' fccni; at th>- lii -l was sketched in ;).,..,. „otes ■-,.,.. ■).!;, \. l-:-ieh Ilriiish .-e.-n ching !:-euto:!;ii,t i.arrio.s his professional ;n ioi, in his hands \ihi-n he steps on th.- <i.-ck o; ;, ..e-iiaband--. If ho lots her .■■.. a;s. hh, ..nit-lov.-r.- tli ■ .\dinhahv and th- ,-:it„.-i. will n.,|„i,v t.> know whv. If hj" holds iiu an innocent v.-s.-l ■.,!..1 dii-rvls } .■'■ arch .an he «. rtVcl«.l and ia-lh:ii-' is :'..i.nd ii: h-r. ;„■ Is <■„>,, l |., r - ivi. \trj- tmi-: i-ii.-st phuti->t. 'i'!;is Nolo iron! Amerh-n is tint i i i i'»!- : t ; sh Fd-oign Oiih - as i-arlv as Xovenr i !.,.,■ 7. li.i. v v. ere not told."so tiie thing 1 has hj. en simmering for 54 <lr,\>. The ground tin ii 1 alien by the State Department. .■.: Washingin:! was that P-ritain was e,, hug its leg;,! rights-. • The Time.-. ' ■■! ii.ber '.) phrased ihe situation as American-; think that <crtain eoniiiio.on ie- can only he sci/i d upon evidence l-ro.-j-iod by the :r;inal .search of ships. Our iui'i,I ,'- <huirtl l.i /'//■■■ .-/ii';;>- info /- /.' /o/- inn fliijutiiiv. AH vr ian /■,/■!/',/ ii.. /■■ In .-;.irrk I fir in on llf fu'i/fi .-■-;-. 'mill thru lit t/u hi ijn in (lrjnull'cf • i-ii/, ii.-i . 'J In- American skipper, in !:;.!. .annot, according t.o the Amcri-i.-o: . ontctiiion, be held responsible for ib- uitima'e disposal of his goods after they iiiivi- readied the hands of the neutr.d i onsigiice. 'I hen •■l'll- Times' adds. ;,nd everv v.c.l si,,-„ild hum in. sentences as jojio v.- : • - Tim altitude of the l'nited States <n,v.:riunent is no donl.f partly due to the determined stand which the Ameriiin copper trusts are making agsinst ibiiiii peltry. Notwithstanding the ' onchi.-ive establishment of the truth of the ,-iMivity of (leriuan agents in the .Ameriain ."iippr market, an attempt has been made to attribute to nnrmnl i'/'/o? the imroase in tliat. export to i!.:it.ral ciiiniT ri.-.-. No p:irti< ular apprehension is felt here about the outcome of the business. Xoihing would please Washington better than' a solution of the controversy by n series of, . ompaitments with neutral European .ountries against ie-e\-p. irtat ion. Ibi' in all the circumstnnees it is not :■ :t. possible io avoid a friendlv, indeed a s\ a.patheti. , stand against the poli<y ■■ iii'li. when oiusidered ,-,i ademi.allv, ■i, loidouhtLdly ddviin, , <J. How trno nil that -nmer, fo-rlny '. if Tiii-v roi;«.:iiT? A r-.rr. sjiondr-nt puts a. w.tnlroiis rjursf|. u asking what, would happen if tho I nil. d •mo;/--* ,-md England wont, t-o war? T'_u ti-.-.u.-aud million dollars - worth «.f intormatiou in ov.hamjc for a- halfpennv stamp: would happen? Almost, imnio-d;at--iy J.--pan wcmhl join, ivu l the net that- subtle casuist, Lord La'isdowiio, L - nv( s ;l world's prominence to would wait for tic American tronhlo. Like Ja<k .Johnson, tho pugilist, th-y would stand off and •' Box- Vurry caam." The ilglhing < '-oflh-ieijt ~f f !,c .Vm-ni-ain fleet, as d with the daivuieso fleet, i« about- two to one, but the personal e] f . m ent tells for more than guns and ships. It is an old Navy expression that, the man who has been' used knows the butdnoss best. Coneejyo, ;,)c-r>, grey-headed Togo, or tho grey-headed Ijui.i. olimbmg t!:« bridgo on the day t-o ! carry on. Tho Americans have boasted since 19'''8 of (heir spotting practice, but, j after al|. it- was derived from the battle of;!. and the- originators may be , trusted to know more than the imitators. I r-TA.ND FROM UNDER, ' \ -good cable r .,ccaped notice yesterday, j The authorities emphasise the danger from fragments and bullets directed against hostile, aire raft.. There, are hints of a raid on London, etc., ,-m.l citizens are counselled to stand from under. j Wo have probably w.vor looked at this matter right way yet. Some Zeppelin, 1-t us say, appears in the sky with three or four tons of dynamite. She appears m the -winter tranquillity over London. Hundreds of balloon guns awing to the sky. taking guide front the. light stations. Some will fire half a hundredweight, some double. It is certain that all will firo very find. When (he shell roaches 6,000 ft or the burster gets to work on the lacquered case, and ja.gjgod metal falls in bold showers on tho inhabitants. There will be. more Scarborough im/uests with the, futile verdict of "Wilful murder." Soino of this murder will bo effected bylumps of British shell returning from the sky. Like everything else in the war, tho bombing of English cities presents features which entirely novel. They have not, even been properly thought of "yet. THE CRACOW FALSEHOODS. In the. beginning of November the London 'Times' went for tho military—horse, fool, and guns. These gilded folk have now assumed tho functions of a newspaper, with some results, as follow:—■ lioiw, September 20.—The Russians have completely cut oif (Jen-era! Dankl's army on the line (Yncow Pizemvsl. High Commifirioiie:', September 21. Russia has 6,000.(XK) men under arins. [Latest estimate be the Jxmdon ''limes' was 2,.W0.000. Say a million more, as matter of fa'.t.J

London, September 26.—1t is officially believed that a great battle is imminent itf East Prussia. Great confidence is felt :n General Rennenkampf. [Since disgraced.] Borne, September 29.—The Buseian armies are concentrated at five points, and will march eimultaneouslv. Petrograd., September 30.—The Russian army is in touch, with the enemy on the. line Cracow-Tarnow-Carpathians. Rome, September 30.—The Russians hava left Przemysl completely Lnvested, and are advancing on Cracow in two colnmns. Rome, September 30.—The Russians merely intend to invest Cracow and pasa on to the invasion of Genna-nv. Petrograd, October S.—Over 8,000,003 RuEsians ara now mobilised. London, October 6. —Petrograd officials consider that the Russian campaign as first planned is succeeding. Petrograd, October 25.—Vodka stopped, [Significant.] Copenhagen, October 31.—1t is "reported " tnat the German General Staff have decided to retiro over the Silesiau, frontior. High Commissioner, October 31.—" Reliable" ; The Germans are evacuating Poland. London, November 11-—Tho Russian Embassy announces that an army is within sight of C'raoow, and the siege ie imminent. London, November 12.—An eye-wHnesa at Russian headquarters says that events; are rapidly converting the* new advanoo west of Warsaw into "a general transfer of the sphere of operations." Petrograd, November 15.—The Rueslaa vedettes are 13 miles from Cracow. Copenhagen, November 16.—The Austrians will abandon Cracow rather than see it bombarded. Liondon. November 30.—The barrier of the city has been broken by the Russians, and their siege guns are. now bombarding. One suburb is on fire. Yesterday.—The eiege is cff. In the foregoing tho citizen may discern what will happen to the world when the military elan takes charge. The theory of the. soldier is a wonderfully noble theory, but 7iot now. Colonel Maude once reduced it to words of the Gospel : "Greater love hath no man than this : thai be lay down his lifo for a friend." It seems' that the soldier has gone further in abnegation. He is calmly prepared to lay down more than his life. Some of them lay down some falsehood every day on tho altar of untruth. TO CORRESPONDENT. " A.C."--Yop. The British. Minotaur and the Japanese Ihuki left Wellington in company with the transports.

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UNCLE SAM., Issue 15689, 31 December 1914

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UNCLE SAM. Issue 15689, 31 December 1914

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