THE ATTACK ON CALAIS.
GERMANY'S RUIXOFS TACTICS. "A MATTER OF lAVR OR DEATH." (Melbourne ' Ajjo'.s ' Correspondent.) LONDON, November F». Germany's desperate attack on Calais, and her equally hazardous invasion of Russian Poland," seem to point to economic pressure, within the (ItTmiiii Empire. Tho German Press, which apparently entertained jk> doubt cf tho ability of German troops to overcome the Allies in tin' .stru£<,'lo for tho coast, declared at the oatset of that strii-trle (hat the possesion of Calais was a matter of life or death i<>r Germany. It did not explain why Gornimiy threw away more' than a hundred thousand men in that attack, and continued it Irmrf after every chance of winniiif; the way to Calais had "one The Orniaii General Staff persisted in hmdiiu: masses of men against positions winch crew more formidable every day. I'liey refused to accept defeat, and continued to put forth superhuman efforts to snaieh .success anywhere aloii". the c< asl lite ot battle when success was no longer possible for them. Why did Germany persist in these ruinous tactics in the coast battle'' At the outset of the war the sacrifice of German troops was understandable. Germany was then fi"htiiv.;" against time, anil was inspired by the. desire to crush Frame in order to have her armies free t > re-ist the liussian invasion. Paris was to bo occupied in three weeks. lint, when that plan was frustrated, first by Belgium, and linally on the .Marne Germanys line-table task went to jiieccs. After the M.tne defeat came Ihe battle of the A.'.-ue, and the battle of the Ai.-ue mer-ed into tiie strujtde- for Calais. Conceivably the possession of Calais iniiihl. .have pav*d the way for some kind of an attack on England, but it is haid to see inuv cvi-n an attack on the most hated ciiemv wa.-- "a matter ,;f life or death for Germany." Therefore, Ihe explanation for Germany's ] rob,illation of her hop,.less coast all-.iup; •uusl be. looke<l lor in another direction. it .-eelns pcssibl > that tiie ominoii.i statement of i\:c Ge'inan i'ui-s is an admit—inn that any sort, of ..i"ek-ivo campii-n mrire absolute ruin to the Geimaii l-'mp'i '. Wleu the war -tarted Giiiiany clamed that, her en uniiiie jio.-itiou was, ume.-aib ;,b|,-\ and that sle ba.l plenty of money and abundant food -unpin-.- for Iwo yen-. Rut her comlm't of I lie cam; ;.ie;ii from tn.' outset has be?u stranevly at variance wilii llie arseitimi. Til P-eleii:m :he I• • vi• J ".ar lax aftvv war t."\ on del, no, I,■■-.-, towns and cities, and sent all the fe-d si ■■<,■■ i-he -ei/cd info Gerinaiiy.' li is true that Germany is puetica'ly self .- -, i) 11 0,, i : n_- as far as -on am) >ye are <-■>.■(■ <•■ if<(. l-;u .-!••• is a!readv fae'd with tin .• ■«• shori. l .." of nlbcr food SHppl.-S. II ]■' eoniimeTC is M railed...! bv the li,!ti,h El, i ; . and ler home imbi-G-ies ar- .i-ad. be, ansa nil h- r able-bodied nvai are at tie van She I' - tri.OOO.'.OO to f-'ed and keen v hbie ua-iy a. tenitie which has she) In i and Au-tria llinieiiy off from ;!.,. ,est ..f re world, and thrown item ■•,, their own :>■ Sn'.ll, •>■?. Al't-r Gic- vonimen c nan. of the e, a. ' battle Germany's eemnmio p.-.-itn.n ve made worse bv Britain'.- action in ■ l> r :;,•■: ihr N'oith S.ai, and lies-i.i'.- eoinpic.-t <,t Oalicia. Altiioiiudi Gcim.iny can still on tain iron oie Irom No! way and Sweden tin-oieh the Rait,", the eio.-iu-- of tie Nmth Sea has stopped Germany obtain i'lL' any tend suppi'.-s from Holland. Tie eonquci-.t of Galei.t. ivis cut o|f Germany'.-s-tpply of j.etto!, whhh .nne aim,,-! en(irely b-om Ik-lien. This d-p, n.-, (! |. .„ ,ee I'Vl'd-r ~'! ':lVpo;!;:,u il.|leclii- ,-n lie we.i tin!"-,- G'Tieiuv wa- w -i: lU'i'Sie! t'l tin- eontin-enev. for i: i-a d;Hienn I" 0,,-r f.--imati> the anreiitaia ,- o; ..■] tin! in a nation in this war vlnai nolo:- tran-poi! is so lar-'K- avail-d ■■! e, the a>,ecs in the (iehi. 'l'll.' methods :h,e German;. aTmi-d when ir.\adiii!j Ru-rian h-nd co!i : 10 th-- tlieory that she is t'acd bv c-o----lue.nic ltiin. ' Not only wane th, Geiue tro-i|r-. fed at Poland's ex|-n-,-. bu: lh" iudu-'ia'al and au'riciiltural |i.-.n:--.> -f :'' i!'.-.-si;"i jirovil,,'' Wv'<' utilircd by Coi many for th" people at hone-. I.are-- ~n;',n lilie- of f-lod.-l ntl's WCle t-e|i'. f- Geiuia;,>, and tin- I'olidi fa-toi lis ,i r • hj -jit w,-r!c \-\'j day and ni-di! lurnin.; >"•: ch'thiin' an! maunfaetur: d ~',••». Is uha-h weo, tints p.ai.d to German-. Ue.-fi.i has all abm.; b,-.--i , olivine d' 'hat Carina 1 . \'s e, .'..inimr.- p, s:t : cn will not allow her to wa-e a lorn.; war. Win n G-ai-'ral Von lb me-nLam! f lirsi invad d , vei v ei,,p io 'he . o'.mtry. His army did stuff-; alo'i, . Tl.i- ak't a, .1 tb" ' !"i man ,: . much that !in v '■' .; 'mi- e.i ma--.. - ,a ;,„.os from tin- we-,,.,.,, I's.in. of wai ;,. diiv oir tin- invad.-e. G- imanv is ,-■ n'| -Ted to pay 111 L"., d ,'.,, |e:n t'ic.llle < Veiytllil!„' I- 1 ' • l-apiil"-. and i; is si.oiili.-aiii tha' -lie ba - iunl ',■- a.,;':-•.,-. i,» :,..'.■, ,] -u'> =ei ii Cue '■: lai-ina her war laud. < m the rju, ,-;a.n of n"-., in- 'lie \'ar (iu.-.neial evp, m are m.-,* ,i tiiat Germany is in th-' w< ak, -t l- ; :!i"ii ~,.;.(. ,-x.v],, A,,-: ria. ••■•I I ..''.'-" v'liit' o?"''h.' 'e'Viuan ma'h ha"' ab .niy ,|.., n „Ml ~.: , >i l.'ta'lv in N - V."i.. a.-j Pen '• le.-Mi;.- ,'mliv .■•.•"I. m i > n- u. ra! ~,,,,,.,-;..; tbat t ; ;" '-e.-ni'ia! '<■■'''' i\ '•' ' ; ''' , banls and •hj" val'.l-' of C-i - li're-m y wdl diminish even more rardh . a-, 1 a .-1 e d v ~.'lan-p of (b-rneoi -..1 v. n-y v. ■!! b- -v. f.iialK
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THE ATTACK ON CALAIS., Evening Star, Issue 15689, 31 December 1914