ON THE CUXHAVEN BASINS. MR CHURCHILL’S PUNCH TO ALLAY PUBLIC OPINION. [By A. Spence.] .7 list, ouo hurt drill days ago the First Lord of the Admiralty asserted, that the German battle fleets would bo dug out of their harbors. Naturally ho gave no hint as to how it would be done, but most of those, who sought to divine the plan thought of air attack. Such an attack has now been carried out at Cuxhavcn, but, as the account, reads to-day, it looks more like a reprisal for the Christmas raid on Dover and fho litanies than a. stroke in earnest. 'l'his hs the fmu lit long-range piece of air work undertaken by British flying men since the war began. As long ago as September 25 a, swoop v.a.j made by Lieutenant C. If. Collett on the Zeppelin sheds at Diissoldorf. Thu second shot canto on Oo tob.-c 10, Dusseklorf being again the main objective, though Cologne sulferc-d also. Tltis dash was a, direct reprisal for the bombing of Ant werp. which, was said to have, been done by a, Zeppelin, though, possibly, observers in the Belgian city are not vei able 1-> say whether they saw a rigid Zeppelin or a non-rigid Pamtral- In the flight, of October 10 Lieutenant R. L. G. Matix, of the Kastchurch Naval hiving belt ioJ, and Lieutenant S. V. >Sip)>o figured prominentlv. .More recently came the alia- !. ->j- Ft iednelu-lmfen, the great Zeppelin base on tlic northern shore of Lake Constance. i.icutcnant tiippe, who was only a. lb ing probationer sax months ago, one.- nu-te showed bis intrepidity, and mes-l now in- well advanced on the road to promotion, iu the Friedrichs ha fen dash we lost, Commander Grey, but the other two Britbh avi units got back t-» Belfort sat’clv, and w ere decorated by the hj t ench i lovsrnmciil. On tin, misty a, rounds received io-day it is <lillicu.lt to (listcm whether the British airmen did much material damage, though lhi,-v have .-plainly given Germany a taste ~f po.-oiial ascendency," and a slap in the face as well. At the beginning ot the war Bi Ham was as far behind Germany in air machines as she was in artillery, but ■ r -. 111 ■ airmen cm go to Cnxlmvon in their chan! - t.-tu-.t i, ally -noing way. and ret in n witli mod-oat ■ ins:-, they are doing very well ;i.d, ■ .!. ('uriiavrii 's 61 miles up the Elite, and. cr-nmicr,'tally .-peaking, is the. port of 11 an; burn. In pea«- tune it waft the. head(piaitei.-- of the Ifaiiihurg-Amerikti line,! and u.-vd lo clear about 10.000X00 lens o! 1 .-hipping per annum, fit war time it is j I't'imariiy a. subunit nc Im.-e. and the bare I id.! itin- light cniis -m fii.-iatmted an<i | .\ i■ ■ l ini. a appr- :o i ,r d tt indicate.-, that huii-' 1 vrrv iI*,I i -110'-"' captains aic In-rue cn the Imok, of the It; it i -1 1 Na\y. We have, s--far. v. --ti ham!-- n: • piolit out "f our light-oim-c. at,-I inis i' - ,11 it ■ at sea is siinthiec \ r tvliich v -• have specially to thank ; .Mr Wir.M-m Cinnci-di. Doth these little 1 ( ■, : bad <uilv .arriv-'-l at completion when tin- war began. Il v. ill be c-memberfd that it w,p, the I' t a!.: tinted v. ,'tich gave out -id,- ne .-•».< g<- -" Engaging f-mr j l I i iii.in -■ r-iyoi s.' and .'ai-a .sent l-y . -i iiv 1- os ; " Sank I!m lot." Tilt; NAME OE HEWLETT. Ti,,' .-adili,-; part r.-f the maws is that hj i'- ,- hot < ' ■nmiaiider Hewlett. He h- tL- .-oil of Mauiii e i 1 ewl-.-tt. the novel|,t. What the world owes to its novelCl,- worl-l is slow in own. but thes-’ j , atw 1 .right tor--lies tlirough the dark f, n of ii ir. .Maeterlinck’s foggy beauty, j Kipling's stabbing phrase, Wells’s white | thought on tlte world’s s-viety, and How- I I. throbbing romanticism all go march- 1 jng gailv. solemnly, sadly forward towards iK- dav rvii.-ti onr infantile outlook on life, as we s- e it. in Dunedin, Welling- 1 Imp. Am t r.ilia . or 1.-mdon. jnriy undergo | 11.II. v, 1 -].-!> it so sorely needs. Hew- j lets are pro i'l. -.s men, whose value we , an pda-' to n-> t-Tin- of iiirrnuy that'
V; HAT DAMAGE HAS BEEN HONK? Tim 11■; : i,■ i !;il ..I'Hii; at Cuxhavcn 1.-.- i uT Frida v. Decent biiy 25, is T. 1 ;" ;iii:nl: naturally began at A:.'. . a 1 1 M \ r!i .-.'aplanes joined in. ili'' micu-J" .■''■" ins lo Lavo bist-d about thr ■’ lioars. ami (of . niiisn) the dclcudv.fio i outr-d. 'J'h<r- Briti!i ,mu Id hardly .-t"P to s^ l ' what da a;a bad i.. um-d. bat, as the i.dl' -1 1 .■ , they made llm usual sii"!. a' in*' uaswru'ko. Tile fn<t i- •, hat i!i" a-, ialnr cannot hover over and -.ii.-rdamaon without rid;. The ib si nii • ion. is often greater di-in hj" min so 1 . British second lonq-a-s.inb., front the air is Huts de<i i. i j l.\- a German correspondent.. in i!;., I•Tin!'".' of- November 10 : I v. as in Du r -.-eldorf when the Enc;-li.d-i ainnan vi.-ite.) the town for llie .-<■ ;,: ai time. ]t v, as a splendid feat—lm fi.d; dm I irnnans by surprise. The .-bd'i'is, serine the hr,stile aiT'-raft hip'h up in (be air, shot, at. it ..’ontinnally 11111 iI suddenly the aeroplane started to 1 1 -i■ ■ lower and lower. The soldiers i early to laidi the aeroplane, as it I• -11, v iimi Middeidv, from a height of between 100 and 205 metre.s, (lie airman (invw several bombs, one of which rea. lied its goal—the Zeppelin shed, in w hi, ii there was the pride of DusE-el-dorf, v. hi- hj had received orders to join l lie army in Tram p, that same afternoon. Jn spite of my being a good dislam e away. J beard the explosion. . . . 'There really remained of the line cir.-hip limiting but ruins and ashes, bill the papers published the next day " Zenpeiin slightly damaged.'' It e"erriK. therefore, that mueli damage -an bn done by air attack without the bomb-dropper knowing what ho has done, and he is always the. first-hand witness. In two' attach on Cuxhaven the aviators m i far say nothing, and all else that we ian mw is that the vertical guns of the Aivtbas.i ami Tndamited were looking out for Zeppelins, while .submarines wire evaded by a full head of steam and a clever use of the helm. There was, the cables ray, no : urf.-mi attaek, Tim last pari of the • torv ajuv.'.j.s to be on a par with other cables, MORAL EFFECT. Jb-himi this sin]! in the German face is the arm of .Mr Winston Churchill, withcut a doubt. Surrounded by enemies as ae i.-. he knows that from time to time he must do something to reassure crowds and mobs that never should have a voice in war at all. Hi; has achieved that. The EnL'lish newspapers are contrasting lis action with the ent-and-run method of l!m German cruisers ou December 16. .Amsterdam says that it is causing the greatest excitement. Another cable -ays that the damage done ‘‘ is believed :o" he large.” The general opinion is that Britain is beginning a new policy to bear with a view to bringing the German llect out. Tlmn there is “ much criti--ism” in Germany at the fact that the Merman mines could not keep the Arcdmea and the Undaunted out of the Elbe. That part, at least, is incorrect. The affair happened on Friday, and there -on Id not nave been time yet for the German newspapers to reach England via Holland or Denmark. It is plain hat both aides are now busy killing Kruger with their mouths. Solvror consideration is commanded by mything which the London ‘Times’ may ;ay. ‘ The Times ’ describes the dash at Bushaven as the most thrilling incident if the war. “ The attack,” it says, ‘was unique. Instead of Zeppelin raids ,n our fleets, the tables have been turned. Merman srjuadrnus will no longer he able :o think themselves secure in their haruors behind their fortifications,”
In discounting the Zeppelins, * Th* Times’ probably intends to do no mor« than reassure the paniemongers of London. The tables have not yet been turned, mid the task of digging out the German fleet seems as remote as ever, but a first blow—by no means a bad one—has been, given. Whatever ‘The Times’ may eay is at least justified bv the consistency with which its contributors place bull after bull on the target. On October 4, for instance, we received this message : Commenting on the work of minelaying, ‘The Times's ’ naval correspondent says : “It does not in the least prevent our fleets from making periodical sweeps through the North Sea end appearing in the Heligoland Bight, While the theatre of war fs limited, there is still a large portion wherein the fleets can operate." True forecast! Some of the British ships, have now borne it out to the letter. Otherwise the blow at Cuxhavcn does not seem to have had. any other effect except to brace up the nerves of the loud-mouthed in Britain. ANT)—AT LAST. A naval expert, who refuses to disclosa his name. opine,,-: that Britain will only be able to attack the German fleet by means of land armies. Once a British force has gained -a footing, the fleet will ba able to render great assistance. After the Kiel Canal has been captured the destruction of the German fleet will be easily accomplished. There.sft-er there will be nothing to prevent Russia, sending troops through the Baltic to assist the “ western front." The cardinal point in this message has been foreshadowed in these notes long ago. There are. however, two heresies from the wash of which 1 would like to .steer clear. The, investment of points affecting the Kiel Canal can never take place so long as the firing line in Belgium is absorbing them at the present rate. Secondly, the abolition of the German fleet (when that happens) docs certainly open the Baltic, difficulty, but when that waterway is cleared the .Russian troops will not march or sail to the “western front." They will po straight on for Berlin via Stralsund and Rugen, RICOCHETS. _\ Russian correspondent at the front r=i.ys that the Germans have sent their hesi fighting men from France to Poland. It is certain that they have sent some, or the iccont, progressions in Belgium would hardly have been [ros-sibl?. The Rui-sian correspondent vouches that the Germans were assured that peace v.mild ensue if Warsaw were captured by Christmas. It, would compel Russia t’o conclud 'a. separate peace. There is much in this, but 'he correspondent ifi guesting. What would war do without its element of vaudeville'' The Kaiser is said to have addressed his troops strain, neginning with "Dear comwides" and coding “With God's help.'* It is pitiable, to sec the dry-mouthed nation so eager to jap up water at the fountains of falsehood. Lately there lias been public-lied a win book on ‘ Mcmeelf nnd Got!.’ It is blasphemous as it stands, and unless the. Kaiser is directly implicated by the utterance /he probably never said il; it, ought to give every decent man a shudder.
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THE SLAP, Evening Star, Issue 15687, 29 December 1914