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THAT COMMISSION. Tk' k-;oity <jii.'>tioit: Who pays the. dutv': Iris cropped up in a virulent form iii i-onnce! i;.|. m- it It Hi.- price <,f liver, inrhiili!.- nthc" spiiiuious iluid.s When the i'Xi'j-v wa.s lirst- incivastd llic Noeosfary L'omii!. rliti'•- ( '<jn'.nii.-<ion very pioniptly ,1, ruled ikat th- l.n.wer ;:nd til-- publican i.rc-'i .■-!'.: re th:' buidi-n heh'.v-Oli ihcin. Th.- Gomiiiis-:.-:,cr.. f-Tbade publican.-; to indct.-.e th'ii - pric.'< to th-ir thirsty cus-t-.jn.-t.-. ai"! tii.-ii back, considering tin. I th'.-y had d.e.i- a. Kood work. Thcir i-.'K-ii iv.-iics - iii tii-' inai'.v" <»i" beer, aftc-

!< . -. initi>-: .iin- inn ease.-' ill the, price of bread and i;;.s, very caustically com-•n-nu-d upon, <-,p.-cia!iy from the point, of '.:•■•.-.- ;t tie'-o who maintain that Ix-'cr and -i,i-:!:ii ih'.ids ism ill no wise bf-. considered

■■ i ; i-f ■ ss.-n v"' commodities. Jin!' the br, v. c-.s ;iii'l licen.-cd victuallers promptly iiir, i.•!■.■:! their forces, :iikl made such re-pn'.-"iit:'.i ions 10 th<> Commission that they have )'.,.'.' advis--! ill') Governmentthat, this .-' i! 11 • 11;. i - • !" the increased (.'.vi'iso may b«' p;i.--.-d on V> ill'"' <■■-; isumer. lint, how is it i,. 1„> <■. .in'.' 'J'li ~i increase ics 5d per gal-

ii. ;;,! p,-r uuait. or Jd p-r pint. The, plibi'iiv .if ll:e ('•■mniisMi n on the; question I .-piriti-. is to Ik: tested by :i not her depu,ll, ,|, !,i-m. ,no,v 'J'li;.- outlook is that, ve

: liii; pi I'.-i'iii !v be in Mich a. fou' 1 tint- bust ees of ai-v kind v.i\l b"- alumst imprae-

vi, a'rli'. J''ii-.: competition Would do niuch li:oi,. clliojonlh- ;,u,l smoothly 'he work v. !:i.-)i tii-- I'omminsion aie "bungling so


Mouiwhilo a Sydney linn has put ber'ori' tho publ;c a. plain, unvarnished tale .-,'ttiiig forth the nianii'T in which, the pi',•:, of i-crtaiii every-day commodities an- r-ving incr.-asod by tho operation of the m".r tailfl". before tho "truii-s," or tho '• fat. mail."' or any -other of the fearsome b'.-_'''vs which f■ i; in tho stock-in-trade, of a cenaiu section "i our publicists have, any "nit ju" at. all. I'lanneletfo blouses. -.'. iiirii iu.-t. iii London 10& lid per dozen, haw to pav 12s. specific dulv, and 2s lOd a'i \alor<'iii. Ihe total dnlv k 14s lOd,

end. v. itii import charges 2.s 2d, it brings. up tho J:mded co.-t of an eleycnpenny article to 2s 4-1. without any addition for (■■< l, of distribution, or return for outlay. l'_ meat::, thai, the ultimate, purchaser has to pay mo!-: tiian three times as much as .the aiti.-.'e -is worth. Similarly, silk invoiced at 7.11 d. cost the, im-p-T'iT ]">.-. 4,1 to py\. them into his waioI'i.ii--- . with all the cost, and risk of retailfl1■ r --till t" b'.- added. Dress skirts, iuvced at S'jl l'"~, cost .similarly £3 10s; li.-lie," coaus jump from 12s 6d to £1 2s, lv\ \ .lit','.', .another line, from 8s lid to l.i':; 0,1. This means that Iho goods r- n'l -o ■■'. vJrtnailv unsaleable. 'J'hey will bo l.;i:t(!cd. ami ?■"!:(■ io the. islands, or to

:o.v oi hj; r countrv in which th<"y ca,n bo nali.-el at. the i.'".-t price, obtainable. This ir, the ri'ouli- of ritting a. ninnlx'.i- of w]l-ni'-aniui: jh,'itii:ians to tinker with r-übjects ■:if -.vhicii I hey have no knowledge. It cannot be long be fori'- t ho plausible cry for ::, " .-ci,:nt ilic '' lajitT gives play? to a, passionate- plea, that commerce "shall bo allow. .1 t,, lake its nv.:i course.. Tho sentiment, of i |u: hiVhop who declared that he would rather ~,,,■ Britain fro?, than Britain n,!,"T, ha.s many apphcation». iSonic of thctc, we ' : dov.n under," wo just besinriiie (.-, Vain by painful experience-, tlm.t. most cllieiein of teacher.;. JIAKDLV KNOWS AVHEHI-: TO TURN. Mr ( armichas'l. the MinLs,ter of J'lducation. doi'.s not cultivate either the imaginative iae'.iltic- or the rcticcrce which aie .•itlctco bv some of liJa colleagues. To hear Mr lb»! nan, for instance, on tiie condition of ih- ti'.'.auces of the State, gives one an opilnii.-lh; feeling, akin, doubtless, to that which is experienced by the good people oi Berlin when the Kaiser lecounts to th'-m, tlie glorious exploits of his armv and navy, liut is btn't atfer another pattern. Asked to ecta.blish a park in Anhtield, an important suburb, In- ipiite agK'ed a-s to tho advisablenes.s of f.he sic p. But he declared that ho was at his wits' (.r.d to iitid the money to carry on the nccesfary work of his de])artment. The, ho said, hardly knew where to turn for money I Yet they have money enough to throw away in wheatgrowing, and they do not heeitato to enter into all the unknown monetary liabilities and responsibilities which will attend tho gigantic scheme for the purchase of the. wheat crop—an utterly unnecessary if not an actually mischievous expenditure. To save nt tho spigot and waste at the btingholo is proverbially poor policy. Mr Caj--jnichael's outspokenness should help to clear away a "lot of the "fog" that has been generated of late. lIIF. WHEAT BILL. The. amendment made by the Council in the "Wheal Acquisition Bill seemed of a vciv harmless character; but, as some disgusted Government Mtpporters are beginning to find out, it radically altered the bearing of the Bill. It was originally intended to provide that the consumer—-

i <?., tho miller—should not pay more than. 5s pej bushel for <|he grain. But as tho Bill now stands it enacts that the fanner shall not get lesft than ss, but if the Necessary Commodities Commission 60 decide, ho may receive more! The difference will not' make the measure any the more ac« ceptable to growers, but there is an uncomfortable senso in Government circles of having suffered a somewhat serious snub. Meanwhile, wheat from the country is being sold by auction at the railway station at 6s per bushel, instead of the, 5s specified in the Act, and a very biz nutrn r.ess continues to bo don© with Victoria at, or above the higher rate named. Under theso circumstances, it would be little short of a miracle if there were any rnrjt to fell at sfi. Present indications are the Government will get all the wheat they take by the etrong hand, but little, more. "Bran and pollard are ;it 2s per bushel of 201b, which is than flour used to be not so long Even at these price.* it is almost u, H tainable, the paralysis which h»a str V tho wheat market as > tho result of the G.J vernmont action having apparently reaches the millers as well. FRINCIPLE AT A DISCOUNT.

]t is sieniltcant, but hardly reassuring, that in the debates on the Wheat Bill scarcely any etre«i whatever was laid on the juniple" principle of natural justice which dictates that if any man's property is taken from him for public purpose* fair compensation shall be made him. _ lb was attacked and defended on the question, whether it would or would not encourage tho cultivation of wheat, or whether it would plcneo the farmers cr offend them. But tho justice or injustice of the proposed "grab" was scarcely deemed worthy of notice. Tt seemed to be felt that such a plea would "cut no ice"! Yet. when wheat in worth in the open, market 60 per bushel or more, tho farmer who H required to part with hie grain at 5s if eer'ainlv bein? deprived of his property, and the," pica that it is being done for ib* public benefit in no way deprives hint <* his just claim to compensation. Tit* farmer ha? been treated with similar lack of consideration bv the Federal Government, by their action in abolishing the, dutv oti wheat from abroad. This wa« another assault on the farmer's purse and if called for compensation accordingly.

KAISEKISM ON THE WHARVES. \ short time apo it was announced thai the members of the Wharf # Labour. I;nion, in their own characteristic fashion had decided not to work with any wharf hborer of German. Austrian, or Turkish nationality. It now transpires however, that the "first of these nationalities ib so itronclv represented in the union that a movement has been set on foot to rescind the resolution. It is probably, by the wav the influence of the. German section of'the. union that lias inspired _ *>m& of the most characteristic and Kaisenstio actions of the body. Many of the men who have been bovcotted have married Australian wive", and have families of Australian children. These considerations, however, do not- weigh with the Germophobes. Thcro must be no discrimination, they declare We must not only be on our guard a-aiiiH German treachery, but we must hate the. German thoroughly, because n« is a German, and quite irrespective of his conduct .►• behavior! It seems curious do. trine for Christmas time, of all times. But it takes all sorts of people to make up a, world. If the crusade is earned tar enough it will become necessary for tie Government to make provision for those who are. deprived of support through their breadwinners being deprived, of the opportunity of earning their own livelu hood. *

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OUR SYDNEY LETTER, Issue 15686, 28 December 1914

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OUR SYDNEY LETTER Issue 15686, 28 December 1914

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