Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
This article displays in one automatically-generated column. View the full page to see article in its original form.

PROPELLANTS.

GERMAN*.' AND SALTPETRE,

DASHES IN THE AIR.

THE CHRISTMAS RAIDERS. STURDEE AND SPEE. ■ LAST SEA ENCOUNTER. H>' TBy A. SrESCE.] t "Well, captain, it must he over a year since you were in New Zealand last ! Where have vou lieen all this long time?"

In these word*, or something like them, the shipping reporters were accustomed to address the usual German skipper trading in our waters, and often the reply was: "HeiT Tebnrtcr. I salude jou. ere hnf T heen? I vill dell you." And then familiar story. A New York cargo out to Sew Zealand : in ballast from here to Newcastle ; eo.il from Newcastle to South Ameriui : a nitrate cargo homo to Hamburg. Always the worthy skipper was slue of the nitrate cargo in the Irst lap of a wurhl-eiieirelmg trip. One wonders now. as you look, bin': at it, how many thousands—hundreds of thousand.*—of tons of nitrates have gone from Iqtiique and T.ihahtiano and thereah.-u;'--to Germany in the last, ten years, and now we know why. Berlin t-norted the battle from afar, and whatever she may b;> .-Imi t of it. can hardly be nitrates, though hints to that elfcct have been in the cables. In the schutzen gefecht. last as the bullets tly. she tnav fire on comfortably t;ll the fast.

Still. Spandau, -in« 1 other spots where they deal with nitrate of potash—the "lillainruis -iiltpctre "' of th" poet 'hart- hold its breath ivhilo tin Scandinavian Kln"as cnnffnvd at Maine, :•. few <!,iys ;igo. Tim nitrates l-jtire in the .'a-t list of eouiiabnnds. ;iro! th-- vn-at i>a:-irul deposits of one :>! iht- nitiatiM- i.:trate "I foda—are in South Amesici. Frmn if:"., no more nitr.ite ran come to Jlambur.:. G-ermnny, linwevcr, depends mu-h in this nuttor nn Norway and Sweden, whore thousands, of tons of nitrate o! lime are vcarlv obtained trom the air by an in

gonicus eleetiie process. rropclk.nts and exploits in thehutcherlv activities of the present day al'e cm :i dit.'dlier ?<.ah' than anything that, has lc\evc<\ mhls and sea.- with d< ad men in war before. Th- likv-t terrible .xph.-siv known is hydrazoio a id. i";t none or' the nation* rise 't—not iron, motives of humanitv. hut for other reason--. I:i tin- first place it if r.->.-tlv. a-! 1 in the seiond it .: 'its the .-h-li 0.-im- into metallic du.-i. Ti.e cilijct-t ot a sio-_'e u'tni. for instance, is to ett t'.yins not sinall. Imt. heavy, fnvsinputs of metal. The Russians an- ;it.". believers i-n -.rmu-oUori. both for 1 ''tit- c«"trid:;es ana artillr-rv. It. is mad-- by d,ppmu' cotton or other > elhdo.-e into mine and milphurie acid in siicces-ion. and tii'ii washing off .ill hut- a- tract of the acid ■with water. In high explosives we t-ti. k to iycidov. enihoilyin).' a special treatment ot phenol. forming picric acid. It is believed i,,a; the. French melinite is not niueii diilVreut.

Of the German compound, ui-niuo-tolucne. not -much is known yet. It has been r.ofed, .-..». in the can- of the Tathtind.-r, that a Hritish shin struck by a. Gpriuaii io-peih. falls to pi"'ees faster than a, German rhip hit bv a Hritish torpedo, but i-'nc expertdo not seem to think that this matteis. TIIK FALKLAND FTGllf.

F'u-tv-.Muht 'lavs have rolled by sine:* the Battle-of the Falkland*, and. tii.-klt- by trickle, tlio news dribbles to ii.s. There ,w' three accounts to-day—one of » scmi-ollicial nature from London. < ne from New Yoik. «r.d one by the captain of tin- merchantnia:i Orisse". -As M-a< to 1;'-' prosiiiiud. fourthing extra, social mil-' sent to these southern latitude?, and the- Xi .-w York >torv mentions two battle irui.'ers. If they larried 12iu miii-* ; h-:-y must have fits n

erui»«rs of the Di> adnouidit type. 'I he .American story wobbles when it .--peaks of

Bin guns, for 111!!''?-- t!ii-y have ionic very recently that calibre is i ot. mounted in :mr shipe. The British account al.-o ;h« yellow streak of 1 ■ ■uiiiiu over the - white page of ii'i'th in statin.,' tl.it- I '■■ii.it Von Spec, disc-vei ih'.: iiis iMTiir of pi'liv mint too late, tried, to make off it n

20-k::vt epeod. The Si-hm ur.o-si. which .xovld regulate the speed of the sipndi-on, .•ou.'d rot have -.Ion" more than ?y>.'i knots it lit-r h(*t. She had, er. liven about I >ur jr.oiithfi nt w.i, ti'i-'! i'ttist lave been foul: and, beyond t■■ ■.-». :■■'<•*' -'rained her frame- by sonv \<ars since -.vh-'n h-'r encjineers have nev. r deemed it ;afe to "whack her tip" to her iu'l engine inwer. In a, life-end-dcath ein'l'jeiny tiv ! I'Tinana would, of emrse. ri-k all, hut <ti!l t!;e •;tory of 2'"' knot.? looks more than aoubtfid. It is all the. more diiil.tful nln'ii the a-c----rount of the captain of the Oi iss.-i. is en videred. The appearance of the German.** ntfrruptcd coali ie_', arid '" throughout, the ?ctiori tho British were Miori. of ioal." Boats and anything tli.tt. «uti!d l>nni were iv.mined info the furiiac-s Thr>c h.tvo be<sn .some, wonderful stoking t" c.v i<'<-<1 20 kn.ds >ii " anything that v-oukl burn." Tho fact is that, nations reach a state of war everyone throws hie-; conscience ovorbi aid. and becomes mentally and spiiitual.'y jnrnpablo of tcllinij the truth. THE STL'RDFF TRAP. It scorns—at leas! ii- is so stated that Count Von Spee was trapped. Accidentally, 1 think. He had heard of some British oquadron which had lately arrived in South American waters to interfere with his project of maraudini; the Cape Horn t.adt. To bniitf this squadion under ~b-.•ervation .•ervation he cruised to the Falkland;*, and probably approached I'ort Stanley. Following the lisuii) practice, then* happened to be a jruardship outside. On tln.i German {juk: wmn scout- perhaps tic Dresden, perhiij"* tho Piinz h'itel—was in advance (Stnrck-hip end scout sighted each other-. and tho wireless on both ."-ides.-tnust- have Im-iiuii to sinj;. I" hve ni'uutvs five (,!ernuin ships liullcd up on the horizon and cl;>.->e<l c n thti Uritisii sentinel—an prey it Momed Fast smuc lieadhml came I he- British battle cruisers, and then Count Von Npee realised that he had " nnide a tenibla mistake." He accented the inrvitable. forming his two chief t-hijis ami liio J/eipzitj into line, and directing the .Xuvnbere; to get away if possible, it is .stated that, tho (iernmnr, buLrau to fire at over 14,000 yards (say ei-la miles), while tlw British reserved their salvos tilJ the range shortened to nlwnt live miles. I It was ;i clear niornim,'. eotsd for the gunners—one of those mornings when man is prone to say to man : " U is a fine day. Let us go out and kill Romethin<,'." The New York yarn states that. " tho 12in puna raked the Schar-ihorst ar.d Onekenau from stern to storn, nprniny ytiphx/ /wlrx in their fides." The juapiic of Aladdin's ianip could have dono no more. Hou- a ship can h-? raked by low or stein lire, ?.rid sirmdfnncninlv hoied on the li,-am, is what a typical Yanlw** wotud call "a, caution for snake*." Still, larae soetions of a primitive public eecm to <k-sire that cinss of new«. 'DI£ WACIIT AM RHKIX.' If_ titers is anything in tho lon;,' story received, the re&ult wa«i sure from end ro end. Tho Schandiorst apparently went fiiGt. She sank in an hour, probably after being dioabkd light away. The crew were drawn up on tho forecastlo of tho burning ahip awl refus<>d to smTer.der. The Uneisenau, having fiivd her kst sJwt. as«nibl«l the *hij)'» company, and hor (dee Club sang ' Tjie Wacht arn Eliehi." The "Nurnbeva ik-w ;ih«a<i lot 30 miloe tv.i'A wttti 1

| caught after five hours, indicating 'that then; weiv no 20-kr.ot speeds on the German side, for the Nitrnberg was as fa-st jas any. The story of the Gneisenau reads I like tiio ballad «>f Sir Richard Grenvilb at the Azores. What line men some cf these German sailors must Ic ! CHRISTY-AS COMPLIMENTS. Airmen on both sides made it a lively Christinas, if not a merry one. Commander (,' R. Samson, of tho Ea-stchureh Flying School, lias lx'en up again over tho* oi! tanks at Ureses. On November 24 the K.-.uer offered a reward of £I.OOO for Captain Samson, dead or alive—at least, the K: i;!!.'=:'. war correspondents £aid so. The inference intended was that the Emperor of Germany had Lecomo a subsidiser of private assassir.e, and that he was mitded '» play the role of Herod and John the Baptist over again The air raid up the Thames deserves attfiition, mostly becar.fr'c everything connet', d with it had to pass ;he Censor. Tho Geimarib not as far up the Thames as Eith. and five minutes more would have brought tli.'in «.ver Woolwich Arsenal. The military in Duuedin sriy that Woolwich does not matter. Kverythinij has been removed "elsewhere." Jlow are so many thousands of tens of phmt removed so stlddenlv?

They give the altitudes in the message, too. At one Mage I lie German aeroplane was rt n.CCCft. This was when it was pa.-siug Shc-ppey. Afterwards it followed the river—a prudent course—and dropped to .-I.oooft. Fin I her on it manteuvred to ■get (he fhooters m the British biplanes ii'-ing into each other. How these news .sniiuvs and Hritish air stations estimate the height of a chip hi the sky may he left to them to explain. In truth, only tho man in the aeroplane knows. Three men climb into .i Ta-übe when it starts—the j>ilot in front, captain in the middle, and gunman ie. the icar. When the machine, held ; n it-: lea.-h-.-s by six men, it ready to be .-lipped, the captain in the. centre seat taps the pilot ;nice on the back and holds up Ii- hand. -As the airship works up in spirals towards the skv only the pilot, looking a! the Ihiy soiicuuvo needle of the barograph, knows how high .she is. It. seems that, in the duel with the guardian I!:itis;t biplanes, they dropped.' alternately from higher and lower altitudes. This is becoming an old trick now, new as air war is. '{iio wooden propellers flying a! 1.400 .revolutions a minute leave a backwash in the air, and the ship which is running likes to rife or drop .so that her piirsu-'':- will I>-" left in that air storm. The I iii man rocked occasionally, but that may mean anything. lVrhaps she was occa-sion-illy in the. air gust in rear of a British aerophiu '. or nerhaps tome member of her cn".\ was shot, temporarily throwing the halar.ee to one sick'. If is. a one-sided .-tory. whatever it amounts to. RICOCHETS.

Tin. cablet; from Saturday's issue which t ■'! t'neir own stoiy ; —Home, December i i : It is .i-;-port-.'<l that- tlie Kmp-enn- Fran/ Joseph is Jyintr, and ltn.s received tlie |a.-<t .-;;.oramrnt. Rome, December 241 The Kmr-eror Fran/. dnfcph is at Selioiniliruu .tlie Imperial palace near and iin e-o,„l" health The eeneral offoufive by the Allies in I"ranee ami Khimki's -seems to have attained Jt> ereatrr-t intensity on Thursday ias-t, and was then held \ip by fo_<. It w as, of course, intended to help the battled Ru--ians in l'i;!-nid. 'I iv- Hermans .have .re-enfere<l Mlawn. It is from this place- that Von IlindenImrir ha.-. flanked the central Russian iiniikv, Jet'endim'; Warsaw time after time.

Russians are (iidilinif hard to regain portions on the P./.nr.i. River. This is a very dil:o:ent complexion on the accounts received i" the clay-; when Von Mackens-n wa.s !o be liedt;od up in a coirid:>r of bavonets.

It- seems that the Rritich bluejackets, prior to enteriu.' on the battle of the Falklands. diail: ,; Am Tay " in ten.

G'Tinnn newsnapers are adnmniished (in the rablesl not, t<> <;how impatience for further fii'TOffri lie V,-n but to wait. The |.ul-iie in all countries seem to be- alike. Meantime the Grand Duke Nicholas must, h-t R'> t'racou- for the moment, and wearily resume his _ mud man-hc-.i to *Ji- north, ('oniddering his inferiority in numbers. Von nindtnhurt; s"-"ius to have friit home a faiilv- qooil blow.

A torre.-pnndent w'no has returned from Germa.ny snys that. Germany places its hope on the air (loot, and relies on Zeppelins in cause panic. Some portion of this message is war correspondent.--' pillle. This is the part which meutiomi that the airslii)) would ha.ve to fly so far above ami aircraft euns that it would only appear as a star in tlie heavens. Coated in her new aluminium paint, the 'Zeppelin will he hard to see even at 6.000 ft, and the author of the messaire should think things over After the outcry which followed the bombardment of Deoomhei. 16 a further noise rnay be expected when the Zeppelins do appear. The London 'Times' struck a. yood note when it practically staled (Satiirtkiv's issuei that all this recrimination over the bombardment of east coast of KiiLrhiud towns was childish. It is more than childish : it is laughable. An net of war has been committed, and whether it contonus to tiie terms of The Har/iie, t'onveu tion or not docs not matter now-. The thiiiff is how to meet a .--iiiiilar raid, and culling names will not help.

In th- account of the battle of the Falkland-, tiere is some hint that the lii Mi.-ii reopened lire on a sinking ship. It lias t" be remembered, in the first place, thai this news comes from Ameaica. In tTk' prrniK? place, the British gunners weie pei feet ly justiliod in firing as Ion;; as a single Hash came back from the enemy.

-\re they to have heart-burn-iiiLfs already'.' There is mention of some " diploma' y " between Japan and J'ussia over Say'nalien. and a. semi-otlieial denial from I'etn t;iiid. Such a denial from such a bureaucratic lily is worth nothinj,'. The Russian iiristo. rarv is the most corrupt on earth. " I'.'ye-wiiness" is strung on the trench bombs to-day. It is a pity that the brilliant Colonel Swiutou is thua reduced to a bald statement, of the obvious. The author of ''fhe lirwn Curve' must have many a laugh both at the censorship and the public. So he piits~.sumcthing on the wires—anything, in fact. TTAITY XF.W ZF,.\L.ANDFRS. Ibippy New Zealauders, lately in of the Pyramids, where tifty centuries looked down on them, and happier than anything in thf'ir general. A soldier ha-. ;i to ilciiiarul one thing—a sporting chance for his life—and he looks to hi-i commander to irive hi.'n that. On Siiturday, reading; the I'l'iiuo MiiuVter's Christmas ine.sa;re, there came tho vivid reflection that. Sir Alexander (lodley is worth more as ;;. tactician than a battalion of pashas, and beys, lie is of the forward school in the British Army, and has the gift of cdzing up tho military situation as soon as ho tee? it ; also a bulldog way of developing a situation when he cannot see it. Tho Government brochure published after the first instructional camp for officers wheii lie took up tho reins in Xew Zealand brims with tactics quite as fully as any of the learned works published in C.-ermauy. Our own hooks on tactics aro mostly "Cleiy and water," but that little New Zealand publication was A'oii ScherlT's knowledge put with twice. Yon Scheiffs clearness. General Godiey, as it happens, als:i is a irreat believer in the French, a first-class hater of Germans, and has a way of reading men through and through almost at a glance. If a spy or secret agent happened to no«.e round his camp it would hardly take the general a. minute to turn that man up. In euch matters ho sefins to have second sijdtt. TO COKRESPONDENT. " Y.H.B ■"—The German Tatibes are monoplanes, but it- is stated in the Home napers that tho Germans are now building nothing but biplanes. Up till October 15 52 Gennau pilcts had been hilled and ;00 machines put out of aetioi:. Thera is no authentic receid yet that a Zeppelin has been in action, though a lot of them have been shot to pieces—in the cable?. One vanaxe reported over Antwerp and another 3ver Warsaw. Perhaps the coriespondents me confusine ditijjihl'js with usiida.

This article text was automatically generated and may include errors. View the full page to see article in its original form.
Permanent link to this item

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/ESD19141228.2.37

Bibliographic details

PROPELLANTS., Evening Star, Issue 15686, 28 December 1914

Word Count
2,653

PROPELLANTS. Evening Star, Issue 15686, 28 December 1914

Working