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WAR TREASON COURT MARATIL, Issue 15685, 26 December 1914
WAR TREASON COURT MARATIL
GKRMAX LIF/CTKNAXT 'I'IUKD POH HIS l.lF!i. LM PORTA XT LKTTKJ'.S T(i I'.KIM/IX KliOM KXdLA.XI). l-'or tfi«-> first titiii> in ilif inodfin liistnry ..f (Iroat- lirjtnin ;l innn !i;i..s bvn trio.l for liin lifo liv rciiirt martini in I/ondon. Tin.; wiiv* a (innnun .*py. ('nrl H;ms I/iwty alius Cliarlcs A. Inglis. ;l tictiicii' lii'lltniar.t in tl'n (ierniii ii navy. Tito, charges liim wcw of "war treason" against Great Britain T>v sonditnj; two iettcrn, otic from Kdinburgli on S <•]•>- tombcr 27, a.ml the other from DnbJin on iSeptember ,":>O, " attempt ing to eonvev to ;i enemy of (ire.at P>rit;iin--n;;i)n'ly, (ierninoy "--informat-inii Avith rnKurd to t!n.> dofein-e?; and preparations for w.-ir of Great. Britain. The, court martial n-a.= opened on November 6 at Middlesex Guildhall, under the juvsidiMicy of Alajor-peneral Lord Cheylr.-mioi e. who bad fm- i-olleaenes Colonel ff. ']' l'Ynuiek date Jtoval Horse Guru-d.-), Colonel T. C. Calley" (late Ist Life Guards'. Colonel l)rr,ninion<l-Ilay ;Coldstream I luardsi. Lieutennut-i-olonel Si'ott (Army Nei-vii-e. Corps', l.ictifenauteolonol lltoval Sucfex Pediment!. Izioi.teniuit-enlnue! \\'nmU. D.S.O. (London Garriso!) Artilli-ryl. Major Thomson (Royal lloi-m> (Juardpi. and Major '['ifitter, D.S.O. (Grenadier Guards l . Th<> Krone when the tlial opened was very The court, an oak-pane] led. iiielluv.--lighti.-d Tooiii. wax given over to file iiiilit.nr\ : ;i,t every door i-toorl gnaids' men hari-int: eritranee ?ml egress with ii.xed ba-yoin'ts. Only the privileged feiv gei;u<l admis-iinu to body of the hall after e'ose exaniiiuation : (he public galleiv -,v,vs tlirnwn open and qtiiekly thronged. The piesid"tit read the orders of .Major-gi'iii'i-al Sir Urani is Lloyd, commanding the 7/Oiulon district-, for tlie assembling of th-> eoiirt. martial. " And now," said His Lordship, "the iieeusecl is bioiight tiefnv,. the <-ourf." A resonant order " (.lin'r-k mar-: ii !" was heard from below tin- (..in t. and on the nionteni armed gncrds came up Uje sl.-jis leadin..'from the .-oils. Then n .-! uixlily -bud;, civilian stopped after tlieui into the' dock. 'Alt-it tv.o jiiuveifiii Grenadiers beside, him. He admitted his re.J name, and laised no objection tu any uf tlie niiicers wl;o were to try him for his life. As stitlly as hi:; g'lanU he si oiid at .-itiention. while cadi member of the , oiirf made oath to giro him fair t-iial. 'i'iie piisomr was a young man in the : 'One of'lo'e. me.lium height, w-d! 1.,00. ,i,-, -,„,-,! j|. ~ ..,,-..-!! ~M t lounge .-:.'( of iihte; i-X'ep: fur a. Mushed f.lee, ■ i:nm,,\,,l v.hile jteople .-tared at him; ;„ smali head, deep ,-et. eye*, biggish ears, and sharp features: a, typi'.-.d clerk rather than ,he tra-dii inti.tl siar.gerous spy. In reply to the- .ludge Advo.ate ho pleaded not iruilly in a. tirm von-e of proiiounccil Anuui, an .-ic, ent Prl.ii.u.ni- in Heriin.— Mr Podkin. liie famous ,-ouiisel, opened t'c- i.im' f-i- tin- prose, ution. Slowlv, and in_ . hronologi.-a! older, he told how the prisoner, wild .-pok i; l-iugii.sli iluently and «ith an Ametica.ii ;u-. eut. had posed as an j Amcric.n:. anil vi>ited lidiubtirgh. Loudon. Liveipodi. ; „,| Did..!,,,. • The"-,. j. s : , ~;,,,.,. r.f evidence telidiut; to sh.ov that the. j.ri .-o.if'l- was iu lieilni as early as May 6." he sidd. "It is also char'that prisoner being, as Ic now admits, a. German sub- , je, t. "blamed in IWlin mi August- 4 from the I'nited States Knibns.-y an emergenev i.asspmi in tih- bd.-e naum of Charles A. 'lugii--. oi X.-w , i'..rk. e.'Mitling h'tn t/> tiavel in l-iurop.-."" Counsel gave the prison.--!'.-, movements as follow: August 27. Went to North .British Hotel :,( Ldiubmgii. where he staved t.iil >eoteiuber 1, a.- ( iiailes A. Inglis", of i New York. On "leaving, directed hi,, lett.-i.--. f. I.i- ic„ddie,,,-d to Clliiaid Comp.ii;;.- at Liverpool. I Aii-uM s'-o.—Despatched from Kdin- i hnrgii I'd-! Olli.e .-. telegram addressed I lo .Ad-.lf I'.ciiihage,;. a ,t a. Stockholm ad- I dre.-s. Copy <,f wire fomul in Jii.s m.( ( , j l"i(k. The teh v 'i-am read: " Mu.-st, ran- | i el. .Johnson vei-v iil last four da vs. Shnii leave shorih.'" Took lodj-::'i"s I with a- .Mrs Ibow..', in KOinhm- i: h. ' ai7d ! .-aid he u-as sighi.-ecin;:. "as no doubt I he w.;.5." said .ouusel drily. | Sepicmbei- 15.—Went to London with I .-.. despat.ii box. and .-lave.,' at hanhoaj Hotel, ldoomsimry. I'.u-icd himself in j evaininiug steps taken to guard public i building.-. >.'j lember 16.—Sent a ''report'' to »| September .17.--P.eturned to TVljn- j burgh, and in the ! rain made acrjuain!.'iiii e of ,-i ~ omig m omau. Mad--acrpui.iutaiiee in Princes street. Kdin- i burgh, of two voung women. !
Si inembei 28.—Went to Liverpool, and staved a! the London and Noll!, We.-teni Hotel in name of "Charles A. lugli-." Left. V.-.-S.X morning for Jlrfly- " He was at Livei p,,0!. fo n.-e his own vxpression. 'to hr.ve n look round,'" broke in Mr Podkiu. ''and from hie letter to n ]:ri-.-on ic. Pciiin you wiil -ee what :,, skilb<l. ti allied ob-<rver he is." Taking un his movcnieiit s again. Mr Podkln traced ti-.em in tin- lollowiug ....ler:--S\ l-temb.-i- 20. On boat i„ Dublin met :it: Aiue:'u ,'.n eane d Lt--, :«i:d the two staved at tie- itreshain Iloiel. Septeii:!,",- ,",:.—Sent a postcard explaining hi< o'epaitiire to Mis- ('hiis-ie Caiius. of Huth.nd cfp'.nrp. T'dinhurgh. October 2.—Wont to Killavnov. putting up a:- the G:eali -Southeni Hotel. -\rii s;-M. 1 as a suspected German agent. Taken to ba-.-iaeks. Tiieie we).- f, mid on Ii:ill (he passpoit v. hi, a had Served hhn so well, in the name of Inglis, and iil7s in Knglish money, in ,;<idiiio:, to (lerinan gold and Norwee.iau not.'S. Among other article- found were : Parth-i lais of P.iiti-li h-t-ses in battle and in Xoi-fh Sea. ii-t of German siiijis sunk up to date, adrlies.-es in Peih'u, liergeu. Haml.a.g. .'id other places, and envelopes with a. peculiar blue lining intended to prevent inspection from ottt.-id.-. Counsel emphasised the siguiticnti'-o of ;eitaln, ititer.epled dr.cunients sent to Stockholm and Peilin. Some contained wo',.|,,ji .... t , Soiitii (Jaeenisfei rv. North and the Vii:!, of Fo'ilh. Oue !.-l t'-r mention d that it was ah.-ohitcly i:e:-ey.:ii-y lo disajipear. lie.i an.-' some ) eooie have appi oached toe. in a di.-igivcahie matilier. . . . Tear of c-pam-ig',- is vt'y great, and one meets a ,-pv in everv stranger. - Tb'i,." T".nailed Mr P.odlvin. "is Mr "uail.-s A. Inglis. of Xew York, with an pa.-fport, to Havel f-igbtseeiug n l-iuiope. And then he went, on to say: I ciiosc the rouie- r/iverpool. Holyln-ad, i>iibiin on purpe-'e, in order to make >e\-. j -■r.-d observations.' Xi-xt he pointed, out he api'i-.iraiice. t-il uat iriu. and ai matnent .f eetiain i'.ritish shi|ss. th" details <.f ~!!:,!! ;u" "ntirily correct. 'I lien prisoner! .vent on lii deal with the condition if j ,) ;l ccs in S'of land, which be had ju-t eft, and ivi'iii": (im- s.)i,.ike about liie probability of the invasion and houihai ilment of l/imdon. ..hieflv bv /e]ipeiin. All important j buil'iin■•-. -a- b as liie House of l'ai lia. j men:-, the Hank of I'ngland, th<! liiirary. j <■!,-.. etc.. are .ncordipgly )Uole.tcrl by -tiong wire r.et -.'" Then for peveial horns witness sucercrlrd vitu. ss in the box. bearing out in derail ounsel's statement- of tiic prisoner's movenents. After a det-eclive ha<l given «?vi- ' leuee as to armored cruisers arriving in ' ho Mersev Docks, and at the .Aquiunia, . i.?r bows stove in, being under repair, the ■dint was cleared, counsel for the, defenc-j aying that lie might have to ask rpje-tions vhi.-h it, was highly undesirable, in the ntoi-e.-ts of th<-> jialion, should be. made niblic. The iiroseciiiion next railed evidence to how how tiio two letters of August 27 and septemhi'i' 50, which arc the basis of the var treason charge—signe/1 "Nazi" and nldressed to " Stninmer," of 'Berlin--a iiinin which has liguvcd in almost spy cam n England—were" stopped in th« po.-.t. t"ht) contents of the two incriminating otters are known only lo a trusted, few. lid when it became necessary that they heuld ln> disclosed and their signiticancn ..xplained "by » n.iv.al officer of high rank he court %vas cleared. —Evidonco by the. Pri.^onev. — "When tho proceedings wcro again delared open there came the day's first ,-eiiatton. Ltading cuuitscl Iqx the defence,. [
Mr (|oor_'o Klliritt, K.C.. auiiniineed that !m would cal! Lieutenant Ludy. iiud Iho pri?une.- stepped quickly to the witness stand. Ho declared hifi lienmin nalinnality, gave his rank nn a senior lieutenant of tin 1 (lonium Naval Reserve, huf not " cun.-idorod for active- service." His life was under review- -din-alrd in (lermany, youth a.'v a sailor in liriiish as well as American and Norwegian ships, manhood I'cn' a Uriel ]-,crin(l (our year. 1000) as an oiliecr mi the active list in I lie Herman navy. aftr-ru-miks transference to titreserve. So ho had pmc about, the world fi>" six or .--oven year-. Brief residence in | the I'nited Statos : an unhappy nwiivi.-,-« there, and its. dissolution; then return to ( ii-i many. I "«;t summer he Mow-d in the Meieor. and arrived at. Humhiir-- from Norway on her last cruise put. In hue war bioko "out ■The Namch.ss One.— Interest reached its highest pitch, when. wciu'iii'iL.' everv wind, the prisoner's counsel asked who'sent him (o h'ntikmd. With teaiv, comim,' from his eyr*, he answered in a voire charged with emotion: I have pledged my word of honor not to nanc that name. I cannot, do it. Although names aie discovered in my dmnnien'.s. I do mil icel that. 1 have lioketi niv word. lhit that name -No. 1 lannot- give it. I have pledged my Tiion, with an cllort. the pi iaoi'-r m Ifpo-.-ossiou. to Tiis judges he Lowed, savinp;: " I be:,' v«-lir pardon. I have had a month's ■.onfm-uieiii. and my !khi-, jiau eiven way." The examination liy his junior cohum'!, M■: llowail Harker. pfecivded : j —A Supcaior Naval OfiVor. - Lid von hiiv<» certain iuUrv iow.s with, this person':—Ves. 'lie- first was in Au-p:-t of this year.. I'p to the tme- y.hi had this inter', iiw in A;;~um had vim -over -i'i-ii thai person before'.'- -No. sii■; 1 had not. Or evn le aid of him before? -I had At- you wilim- to le!l the cm, the pisitiiiii in ho- lie occupi-d.—Ho was my .--,, prime \ Mip:-iir, ; - cava 1 olli< ot. Yes. Hou did voti coine to ha.v,"i tlni lirsi. interview wit.ii him'.'—dieeauan I think he in::--! have heard l hat- 1 v anted to i;o ;iv.:.y 1 w.i.- siummmed to sav him. How mauv interviews had von v. ith iiim he;'.,re y,m 'let: JSei Sill'.'—l think fhrc <-r four. 'I lie name Stammer appears in tim ease. "!'n \iear knowledge, have ,\ ou ever seen the man'- 1 saw a fienllemaii passing the oilee where I .ailed one day, and .1 knowit was .Mr Stammer, because 1 heard a:: oth-r pe-vou ud.in.ssii:-; him, hut 1 had tT:t • iin_c to do with him. The instructions. I lid \on i e eive a numb- r of i i..-■ 11"11■ ■ lions from voiir sup.erior oiliecr: - Yes. Are you willm-- to tell the Court, what the prim-in,t| in.-a rm-tioii \va.- thai von re -cucl; -Oh. lis; 1 am v.iUinu' to 'say. Tell tile ( 'o'url. then, first, of all, what was the priminal instrmtion you rc-cived fro:,i vnur superior ullh er : - I was to , hooso" my way throuuh Lie-land to NewYork, to -jive i.uti.-e of my safe arrival in Lu-laml. to icniain until the first, enei,miter had taken [dace hct iveen the two rowers, ami to send ai ; urate infoniuit ion as rc-ards the actual losses of the Hriti.sli I'h-et. I hd you re. eive any other inst nr tioiis'. —»Y.-s. That I should ohservc what was coin- on with rejard to movements here in laieland— iiio\,;ment < of the fleet, hut I e.as warm-d not to spv aromid. 1 was to .;,, and have a look round ami ace as mm I; as any traveller , ould see. When it wa> Mimre.stod to you that, you should undertake this duty what attitude did you adopt ':• -When that was put hefore ice i must admit that I felt very um-a-.\ . I felt I was not. a fit man lor a jnli u'l' thai kind. I was so well known , to manv people, and so a'-ciislonm.! ],, p.- I ia I led 'ley. my own name that i felt I I would make a lilumier with the fust, man i f met. [ pointed tiiat out. and said I ■ iould not travel without the lie, essary j do umetits to pro'.c; t .myself. 1 - (hone to the Last. - j A\"as atiythini; ?ai.-l tihout pre.;sui'e i,, fear upon yon to undertake, thm ; duty'.- There was no pressure in that scii-e of (lie word. ]sut there is .-ertainl;. a:> under.-t,«in.linl; in a war like thU that when tlicv male ;L imi feel , liminil to'ol-.cv it. I have m-vei- keen a ; . owar.l in my life, and i •■'.-t:i inly I won't , Mf I'.odliiu. in his final address. ~,!.- I mined that Lody was a skilful and dan- ' urn-nun man. ti'om whom the State re- ! ..aired to l„. prote. ted. - " Life in his Hands." - 'rite frank nature of tin- prisoner's evi- I den, ~ was al.-o the ieadin- • iiar,e. tmist ;c 1 of his .OUllsel's I losille; Speech. Mr UcorL'c ! l-illiott tol<! th- Court that prisi.n-r ha-i i asked him to .-ay that he .time to this j • otinti-y in the servi. e cf his 'ountry. ami ! he came into this .■ountry as a < ioiinan | a.tiiiili'd hv patriot;,- (lerman motives.! i th,. sii-aesrioii-. ~r ),is superior «■/■.:,- ma nd- I in-; ofliicr. and. thiru'lv. he came here j j ahsohnely volm.onilv ii, the sens- that | I lie was not physietdlv i ompelled to lotne. j land entirelv at his own ■•.>; nense. /.',■ , au:e J i into the < ountry to fulfil what he iv:;arded ' : ! as the nmnd.-.te of his .suneriors in the ; j s-rvi-e in whidi he was an oflmrr. He ' j wished t-, -o down to hi:-, final lale a.- ! j a hrave nan. an honest man. ami an j i opendieartcl man. 'i'here was no mi::u-.-i tiou of an altempt at plea'iiiiL' for mercv jor for t'avorahle treatment. " lOij-lishme'ii i will not denv him res[,ect, o,r \)<.\ e.,uv,i-,. |he has shown." said Mr Klliott. '• His j | own -raudiather. an old soldier, held a i fortress .i-aitist Napoleon. . . . 11. ! j kmwv that he . arrie-I hj ljt> ;',, I,;, 1-inds, I and he stands hefore the Court in that -j i-pirit. . . . And h.o will fa.o. the d- - j ' isiou ui th- ( '.irirt like ;l jn.-in." ' —'l'he l-'inal A-t : Midi Like a .-'ok Per- | The findiii.o.s of th.e Court were tram-- ' n.itfed in <lue course to the Ministir of j War. and_ .-oiiliniied hy him. 'J'],,, (had a- t in thi- human drama t.ook- place at ■ the Tower of London on the moriiiim of 1 Novemher 6. Lody ivmt to his doom with ' the calmness and inur.ic;e which !-■ di.--i played during his trial. He preserved j throughout a fearless hearinc. a u .i it ■;., : said that he resolutely refused to allow | f.-eeil th- titles v. hi, hj v,ere poimco at his breast. ' !
WAR TREASON COURT MARATIL, Issue 15685, 26 December 1914
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