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GRAND WORK BY BRITISH SUBMARINES, Issue 15685, 26 December 1914
GRAND WORK BY BRITISH SUBMARINES
HUNTED FOR HOURS BY TORPEDO CRAFT. Commodore Keyta in a despatch to the Admiralty Board," thus descried the part taken in the operations since tho beginning of the war by tho flotilla, of submarine* under hit) command : H.M.S. Maidstone, October 17, 1914. Sir.—ln compliance with their lordships' directions, I have- tho honor to report as follows upon tho services performed by submarine* sinco tho commencement o£ hostilities. Three hours after tho outbreak of war submarines E 6 (Lieutenant-commander Cecil P. Talbot) and E 8 (Lieutenantcommander Francis H. H. Goodhart) proceeded unaccompanied to carry out a reconnaissance, in the Heligoland Bight. These two vessels returned with useful information, and had the privilege- of being the. pioneers on a service, which is attended bv some risk. During tho transportation of iho Lrqxditionarv Force the Lurchor and Firedrake and all tho submarines of the Eighth .Submarine Flotilla occupied positions from which they could have attacked the High Sea Fleet had it emerged to dhpute tho parage of our transports. This patrol was maintained day and night without relief until tin: personnel of our Army had been transported and all ehanco of effective interferenco had disappeared. These submarine* have sinco been incessantly emploved on the enemy'* coast in the Heligoland Bight and else-whoie, and havo obtained much valuable information regarding the composition and movement of his patrols 'L'hey hava occupied his waters and reconnoitred his .incho-rages, and, while so engaged, havo been sub-ji-cied to skilful and well-executed antisubmarine tactics; hunted for hours at a lime by torpedo craft and attacked by punlire and torpedoes. At davlight on the 28lh August the Limber and Firedrake searched tho area, throinrh whicb the battle cruisers were to ad\am:o, for hostile submarines, and then inooeiM.-d towards Heligoland in the. wake of submarines E 6, ]•: Y, and F 8. which were exposing theimolves with the object Hi h.dueing the enemy to chase them to the westward. Lieutenant-commander Enter;. W. Lcir, commanding submarine E 4. witnessed the sinking of the. (lerman torpedo beat de- .< trover V 187 through Jh'k /len'scope, and observing a cruiser of the Stettin class ck'ne arid open the on the British destroyers which had lowered their boats Lo pick up the survivors, he proceeded to attack the cruiser, but she altered course before- he could got within lange. After coverint: the- retiicment »( our destroyers, wi'.ich had had to abandon their boats, lie loturned to the latter and embarked a lieutenant, and nine men of Defender, who bad been left behind. Lieuteiamt.-e miniMiider Leir's action in remaining on tho .surface in tho vi'-inily of the enemy ami in a visibility which would have placed his vessel within easy gun range of an enemy appearing out of the mini was altogether admirable, 'this enterprising and gallant otlirer took part in the reconnaissr.nro which supplied the information or. which these opera:ion.-, were based, and I bey; ... submit his rnme. and that- of Lieu-tcn.-iui-c'.mmander laib.t. the commanding uliiccr of V. 6. who exuviscd patience, judgment, and skiil in a dangerous posiiion. fee- the favorable consideration of their hedr-hips. dr. September lis Y. 9 tLieuienani-com-maurier Max K. Morton) toipedocd and .sank th? t ierman liu'ht cruiser He la mi miles south of Heligoland. tin Octolier 6, hd i Lirutenant-romman-dei- Max K. ilorti-0,. when patrolling off the Ems, torpedoed and sank the enemy's destroyer .526. The enemy's torpedo craft pursue" tacti-s which, in connection with tiuvr shallow dra.ft. make them exceedingly ddlieiilt to a'.Unk with torpedo, and Lie arena n t-coiuma m ler Morion's: success was th- result, of niueh jiatient and skilful zeal. He is a most enterprising submarine ollicer, and I beg to submit _his name, for favorable consideration. Lieutenant Charles M. S. Cli.ijunan, the second in command of Ed. ts also deserving of credit. Against an enemy whose capital vcs-els haee never, and light cruisers iiavo seldom, emerged from their fortified harbors, opportunities of delivering submarine attacks have nece-sarily been few, and on one occasion oniy. prior to tho l-sl!i -September, has one of our submarines be. u within torpedo ran-o of a cruiser during daylight hour.c I liti-tu-.; j.ii ...■ except iouaily h-avy westerly eale.s which prevailed between the idth and 7,!st Septcmhi r. the position of tho submarines on a lee shoie, within a few miles of the. enemy's coast, wast an uii-plea.-ant one. The short, steep teas which accompany westerly gales in the Heligoland lli-ht made 'it diilieult to keep the coiiniut,' tower hatches open. There wasii., !->;, ;■> be obtained, and even when cruising a!, a depth of 60ft tie- submarines w- re roiling cousiderablv. and pumping—i.e.. vertically moving about 20ft. I submit that it v.,,s creditable to the commandin:: officers that they fihould have main-taim-d '.he;,' stations under such conditions. S'rviee in the Heligoland Bight is keenly i'»ii;:i:t after l>y the commanding officers of the English Bth Submarine Flotilla, and they have all shown daring and ent-r----prise in the execution of their duties. These, -diners have unanimously expressed to nie their admiration of the cool .md gallant behaviour of the officers and men under their command, They are. however, of tho opinion that it is impossible, to single out individuals when all have performed their duties so admirably, and in this [ concur. Coiu-id-nt with the publication of iho above cm,.- the oilieial roporl of the loss of the Ej. "['hi-, was the first time thata British submai ino had been lost in action. Tbe announcement was made in these terms :- - Sub marine E"S (Lieu tenant-comma rider George E. Choimiey. R.N.) is now considerably overdue, and it is feared that piie has he.-n sunk in th- \<Tt'-. Sea. Tho loss had preciously been reported by the German olficia! wireless service, which stated that she bad been sunk on tho previous Sunday in a German bay in tho North .S'.'i. E5 was one of the most, recent additions to tho I'ritish Navy. In connection with the light oil' Heligoland, Captain Tyr-.vhitt, of the Arethusa, was made C.B. : Lieutenants Goldsmith, Loir, and Talbot were promoted to commanders: and the D.S.O. given to Captain Blunt (the Fearless), Commander Meaeh, Commander Forrester-Roso, Commander Samson, Lieutenant WilliamsFreeman, Sciuadron Commander Grey, Flight-lieutenant Maiix. and Lieutenant Collett (R.M.A.).
GRAND WORK BY BRITISH SUBMARINES, Issue 15685, 26 December 1914
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