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Asm.! 1 her spies and stealing of iHßißraw and 'general under-ground . work slSicmany has' Altogether foiled to underamne things that were of vital imto her r things, too. that.lay upon BjfijSfvexy surface. She embittered her life iffSjh? ;cnvy or the British Empire. “ BriMjtttieris at her ease and given to sports, k*«mSret owns this great world empire, s-pwmoh ah* is incapable <£. defending and of holding together if once it fant' chance of revolting with sucGermany was thinking of how . she liwould “own” such an Empire, and altogether to note how Britain Qxmqi it- In Germany’s sense of the word does not own the great Enghsh\irßpwang Dominions at aIL They are tns :Caaunbnwealths r that voluntarily adv* hare to her as their Mother State, and wfci feel that they stand or fall with her. 'V-Wk-we Britain’s allies, on a basis of •S peculiar affection and sympathy. Uer.l,. many has long been as free to trade with as Britain herself, bhe V availed herself of this privilege readily ;\' en3ugh, but did not see anything in it. //hut the palsied grasp of a degenerate She would take fine care that all possible advantages if sho oa 1 l'l\ such an Empire, and can see no po»ath-e ferwson why Britain should hold us w.*h a teßuthtafasp, except her inability M ncld i^l”us e %Hy other way. She cannot relieve that the nation which she pictures to her‘jiseil as the very incarnation of giveo voiima* tartly, surrenders such advantages. _ It I, 1 Germans could only grasp the simple idea $ that Britain does not own her colonies at -all - in their sense of the word, their £ 'envy would abate. fX''- *,♦****.*■* t T Another thing that the Germans have T failed to learn is that rash and treasons- able talk does not mean the same thing V.‘ in 'a free country as it does within their /'■ hollars. When the safety valve is down L- the. escape of steam is ominous of danXgetpua pressure; hut when the valve is opqn, or partly so, the roaring of the ; 'steam is a sigh of safety. There is no • ■ doqbt at all that this war was undertaken S, largely in tho belief that Britain was /.paralysed by discord within her vast do- : .main.t Ireland, India, Egypt, and South " Africa would he aure to revolt if Britain I involved herself in war. Obsessed with 4 ■' her own idea of how to own world cra--1 pire—namely, by the mailed fist and the il tattling ol the ’sabre—and knowing that an empire so held would take the first & opportunity of rebelling, she omitted to <i'- m-tre any allowance for the different ac- ■ -tum of an empire differently held. Loud talk and bluster with ns only mean a Xfamily quarrel—not that we will welT, coflrtk the interference of a stranger, -i/ Getpany’s lack of experience in suc«s cessf ully governing outlying regions it Prevented her from learning the magic of freedom and the ready response of the fe human heart to generous treatment. Bri- ||; ta&J<sst one empire through the obstinacy fr oik a'German King, hut she did not fail ?dj;td;lea*n the lesson and be wise ever X after, ...The freedom of the Press, in ' Qurt by friends or foes, A man may speak the thing he will, • the' shrilly vocal minority, and the phleg//inatic indifference of the great majority V-imwt be a puzzle to outlandera: Ger ' many : thought she understood it all. But i?> "she was measuring our corn with her own XbusheL t* ****** ■ >li- It was Austria, or at least an Austrian jXruler, who first among modem Germans . conceived the idea of world empire, as it X.Was then understood. Charlemagne was, ’{/tif course, the first German to hold world ;1: empire, but that was more than a thousand years ago, and the world has got X bigger since then. His sway extended : 4 ever Germany, Austria, Hungary, Italy, France, On the break up of’his Eiu- ' phe the eastern part was called Oester?reich—‘Austria, the East Kingdom; and for '-'-■' centuries it was the ambition of the Gcr■matt' Emperors, who in the end came to Z be the Hapsbergs, to rule Austria, Hunnary, Germany, the Netherlands, and f Italy, and that was world empire to them. .flwiric to ware, rebellions, reformations, •it- Turkish ‘lnvasions, and the like the ambi-i-jj tion was scarcely ever realised, but it was vi dreamt of by Frederick of Austria, Em;s#peror of Germany, who died in 1493, after » reign of S3 years. Besides being a ffi^Bat^tttW’atid' a warrior, he was deep vl occult eciences, and probably attabbed' HO little importance to his biHngual . anagram on the five vowels: 'Auptria 'E»b Imperaro Orbi Universe Alles Erd-reioh- Ist Oesterreich Unterthan (All . is subject to Austria). Blowly; the sceptre parsed from ■'/ Austria to tho north. > Luther waa the firet ■ great cause of this, Frederick the /«Great~ was the second, and Bismarck third and final canee. Probably the , -«voung man in a hurry,” who dropped his .jpilot early in his reign," and latterly has Srhpped Tiis generals too. will wreck both ■; r ; J Ws Qwn Empire and that of Austria in his ' ".Jiaste to seize tho “Erd-reich.” ;*,y **»♦*»* Does . conquest benefit the conqueror? ■ '/Sir Norman Anzell says “No.” I think his general theory in ‘The Great Illusion * is not being borne out by the Xiptogresa of events. According to him, the iSYrorld should have’ arrived at a deadlock ./'■(before now. But in the matter above • mentioned I am inclined to agree with 'V,:luin. The conquest of territory already l; \kwcupied by a civilised race can bo of no '- benefit to the nation annexing ■"jilt. The vrill still belong to ’those who occupy it, and not to the citi- ;' sens- of 'other parts o! the conqueror's ■ /domain. / The war. lord may have a little '. ■ more pomp and a little more food for his i- wide, but the nation as a whole has no t-; .benefit. Is Germany "richer or safer for U -Baring annexed Alsace? No; and even 'i. ’itie people who occupy that province are ""'“no better off, but worse. It is a curious fan*, that no great and conquering peoples .' the richest, taken man for man, but a- Hie smaller peoples, like the Dutch, the *:,/ Belgians, the* Danes, and the Swiss. Nc -’’-iTOOplee ate happier than these, or more i’ ’ Srilised-- “Faupy is the country that lm« no: history,” whs tha saying of a wise man, ® Ocrma'nv realised her ambition of coni- ‘ fueling’ the greater part of Weaterr Ehrope, her own people would bo reduceo i? £d militarv slavery to a far greater extenl si - than I* now the case, for they would bay* ■irAo provide standing armun for all then Requisitions. I /i ******* '■ a long time we have daily “repulsed ' r:< " Bartons attacks.” which, after nil. afford 'k 'ma hnt a second-rate satisfaction. I regrel to, see that the hitherto victorious Russian: ri ■ r «pi*k jiow -repubin? ultaclc3 too* Happily ’ Evrster. thev are offset by the fact that th( - i: Setnv have now to deal with onr attacks land are not invariably repulsing then - -'wither Tj “advance slightly” and t< i/ jagain’sOO metres” seem no great matter they ihdicate the turn of tlie tide. W( /■“Jije only feeling the weight of the enem; r - -’ Vyetr and we expect to surprise them one o tb«o days. They say that we find onr fe’wjjlYea better prepared than cautious esti / ■ Tmates had allowed ; hut the real reason i • *i we have to take tho pressure off th< X/Busmans a* they did off us at a very criti time. The ‘Germans thought that the; ■'".iyjy x» glned to our trenches for the win iil* ana that they could safely romov r - £heir best forces to thrust bade the Rva ■ ' inanv. Now » onr time to score off ou 'K. Wyn bat, and to help our friends. jf- •.:-******* i exploit of submarine 81l in goin |r; Djadanellea and sinking tho Turi Messoudieh supplies all the itoa tarring in. our' national satisfactio i' : : Arith por Navy. Wo had. shown our »i W- J in battle, hut there remained I suspicion, that the Germane he! a in the use of the stealthy an gohmarine. 81l has, howeve idipsed all previous exploits b f>«a imorrow passage, passing ha bring , under minefields, striking i and, heat of all, escaping aih in was given and the destroyec ,• «o her track. After that there jcacticable that we may not a nth, reasonable confidence. I wi at,-, tho unconscious humor of. tl offickd account of the sinking < mondieh, She sank owing. to

leak I It was (jpiite trt»; :the Titanie also' ■ankowimp ta.'a' ! lwfc,‘ trut-iV-w«a a f«U leal:. In the case "of the Meeaoadieh/ the leak waa probably 10ft or„12li in diameter. By the way, the as. Montoro reports that she could not approach the wreck of the Emdien for “ the stench, of corpses littering: her crumpled deck.” If .this is sheds a curious light on - the condition of the survivors on the German ship. After they ran the vessel ashore they appear to have had some hours of respite before they were again visited by tho Sydney for the purpose of. taking them of! as prisoners. Surely the dead would have been decently put overboard if there had been any discipline. ’ • * * *• * * . * *

It seems that the Germans have repeated their Louvain exploit in Kalisz, in Poland. They have destroyed an ancient city, full of antiquarian interest, because they were fired on. This shows how set aqd unalterable their abominable policy is. Had there been any shame or regret for their outrage at Louvain, strict orders would hare been issued that it was not to bo repeated. But the opinion of the world of outer barbarian's does not weigh with culture. Personally I do not doubt that some rash patriots did fire ou the enemy In both cases. To find these and shoot them is not contrary to the usage of wax; but to slaughter indiscriminately and to burn the city is nothing but a hideous crime. When the war is over I hope that there will be a supplementary indemnity to build (expressive of the world’s opinion on the revival of Hundom in this age. It is curious that we have exactly the same story from Kalisz- as from Louvain, Two companies of Germans fired on each other in error, and to hide the blunder they accused the inhabitants and consigned them and. their town to destruction. The repetition of the story does not by any means make it more credible. It is like the well-worn story that a tramp tells you of his having just come out of the hospital, or of his having a job at Balch’tha, but he hasn’t got his train fare. The first time you hear it you believe it, the second time you doubt it, and the third. time you are sure it is a lie. I do not think, however, that the distracted people iii cither city, lied- The great bulk oi them simply knew that they had not fired, and did not know that anyone else had, so they readily believe the suggested explanation. *******

*Ou a par with the destruction of Lou- j vain and Kalisz is the raid on the unde- ‘ fended watering places of England. It is another hidemu crime. It shows the * fruits of Corsica superseding Galilee, and * of Odin being preferred to Jesus. “ Blessed are the warmakers, for they 1 shall be called the children of Odin, who < is greater than Jehovah.” The new gos- ’ pel, as they illustrate it, is not likely to * take on, or to lead to any great rush into J tho new earth kingdom. Lot us treat the horrible incident with contempt. Too much 5 is being made of it, and the Censor ought 1 to use his blue pencil freely. They say 1 there was no panic, but the columns of < reports we get are themselves panic, and t what must it bo in England? This kind < of thing makes the enemy rejoice, and r sets them talking of what would happen if { they once landed an array of Louvaincrs ) in Britain. The loss of life is only that i of a colliery explosion, and not to be t compared with that of some wrecks. A t great nation should therefore bear it with 1 quiet dignity, and wait for tho settlement, i The east coast of Britain is no doubt what • an Irishman would call “ convenient ” to 1 the ruthless and exasperated foe. It is t one of tho walls that shut his fleet in. f The North Sea, is an oblong of 600 miles 1 by 350 miles. The Continent provides < the southern end, Denmark and the south < of Norway make the eastern side, Britain is (he west side, and the only openings arc j the Strait of Dover and the 300 miles of I sea between the North of Scotland and Norway. Both of these are believed to be well guarded, and in order to guard them ' well, and so also guard the trade routes of * the planet, the coast of Britain is left ' somewhat exposed. That coast, however, is a great factor in the war. It shuts the enemv in more effectually than all possible "fleets, lb must therefore expect to bear some of their barbarous spite. ******* The Pope has proposed a Christmas truce to the nations. It will not be agreed to. but. all the same, wo thank him for letting the still, small voice of Galilee be heard in the -thunder of Odin and Ootska. This is not an orthodox ago, nor an £ age that listens with awo to the voice of jPopes; but, all the same, the world, from ; end to end. is on the side of Bethlehem [ and not of' Corsica. That is the real in- 1 wardness of the dearth of sympathy that , Germany finds in the world at the precent hour. Galilee has suffered some worldly setbacks, hut it's eoul goes marching on, and never more than now has the great heart of tho race ached for peace and good-will and charity and brotherhood that Bethlehem promised. Xhank6 : therefore, vour Holiness, for not having despaired of the world. Odin however, will not serve God if you bid him, and with him there can be no truce; for to him a truce would he hut a scrap of . paper, and we could not truot him. That is the last word ol civilisation to him. "lou are not to bo trusted any more. \on have forfeited the immediate jewel ol your snot your good name—and what shall it profit* a man if he gain the whole world and

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ON THE WATCH TOWER, Issue 15684, 24 December 1914

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ON THE WATCH TOWER Issue 15684, 24 December 1914

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