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w i-, xga'TLvvr Xjuatm,-. ; Oiatw’BKaMdiul; IpSw ' BRIXANNIA’S CALL. Wrotoin and valley, from East |v-‘. Did' Britannia's call ring’ dear: i, ,*Oll, never indeed, in tho nous of need, >;; v ’Will nay sons be slow to hear T* : ~*l - have nurtured yon from your childhood’s days, / •'■ . And my Hag has kept you free, . And I kniew that all at their. Mother’* call I > //Would: rjtant again to me.” f-.'v ‘Sobfrom snow-clad hill* where the stars are dear To the lands of summer sun. With an early start and an eager heart , Was the march for Home begun. They came from the land of the Southern Owe, Frjnx the fields of tho golden West, While greatest and least of the scattered East Turned out at the Xing’s request. THE WORLD S DREADNOUGHTS. The following interesting and accurate table was prepared by Mr A. Burgoyne, M.P., for the Navy League. It was Issued last October:— i —Speed in Construction.— This is etill in our favor, as the following table shows—though wo are rapidly losing this advantage. “A” is from date of laying down to launch; W B” from date of laying down to commissioning, or, in the rasa of Germany, to the date of completion of official trials. Preparation lor the actual laying of tho keel is comSwnced, in most cases, some months in ftdvunce:— •

-—The World’s Dreadnoughts.— Tho following table shows all the vessels of the Dreadnought era: “A,” in commission; “B,” completing afloat; " C," on the stocks; “ D,” ordered or projected, with the date when the last is japeoted to be ready for commissioning:—,

3 3R a p ji hj MMMM k-* H* K*- 1 S*-® 1 <p to to to to <o to <p to SwM «o § tS ,3 i-i *• m ►-» ,-t i-» f-» na i-* r -a m 00-a 00-o-o-3-a The next table shows the probable Jtrength in —Completed Capital Ships—el this class ou March 31 (the end of the British financial year) from 1913 to 1917. These figures ore obviously only approximate, the totals in each year being exaggerated if the past tendency to delay be accepted as a criterion of probable future

THE TOTAL COST lod coat per ton of representative unite jsshown below. “Estimated” cost tends |o be exceeded : Total Cost. Cost per Ton. £ £

KEEPING BACK NEWS. Commenting upon the Chilian naval Jesses, Mr H. C. By water, in the * Naval and Military Record,’ says: Nothing is lo be gained by unduly minimising the Significance of our reverses, a policy which lends to make the nation unprepared to receive with calmness news of more serious •vents. Too much stress seems to have been laid on the age of the cruisers which hae fallen a victim to tha enemy’s submarines. Whjr not admit that valuable shins have men lost, together with the itili more valuable lives of officers and men? Once a suspicion is created that public opinion is being treated to soothing, syrup, the danger of outside interference with naval strategy, which is now very remote, might become real and urgent. We must strive to grasp the vital . fact that we are warring with a foe who In everything that concerns fighting efficiency is on practically equal terms with aturselves. In certain types of ship we have an advantage due to heavier armament, and our long-service personnel is another factor in our favor. But putting ■ aside for the moment that feeling of confidence which is bom of patriot pride, is there anything to show that we are individually superior to the Germans in S loyal combat! The truth is that neither ha British nor the German Navy had previously had any experience of modem warfare. We reposed confidence in our ' wniqne and magnificent traditions of naval Success. Germany, on her part, having no naval traditions to inspire confidence, , ~ wee more inclined to trust the outward ■ gad visible signs of efficiency. If her ; gallon hod not that instinct for the ilea : which most of us believe to be the natural fieatttge of the British man-of-war’s man, they had the benefit of a splendid training system, which had been framed with ihe sole purpose of turning them into - finished fighting machines.

- —J“Only .Numbers Can Annihilate,*’— Sid this it tenor than ever in its applieson to the present sea campaign. We 1 most not look for any decisive success over -v the Germans unless we can bring to bear ?yn indisputable superiority in quantity and ;* t : jtiality. Wo must not imagine for a moI, 1 old ships of weak armament. 1 .|at ™«T>nftd by British sailors, are good ■ sanou£ to defeat new ships 1 of powerful '} armament manned by German sailors, for r y Jpi?« would presume an inherent superiority .*•' * * ’

in oar own powers 'for which we have not yet had. any real, justification-.. We know our officers and man are as good as any; we all believe them to be better than any i but. as the Germans have precisely the same idea of their own officers and men it is obvious that k both >sidesare equally sure ol their fitness to win.

What we are entitled to conclude is this; that if we can so arrange matters as-to assemble on “ The Day ” a fleet that is incontestably superior in numbers and individually equal in quality to the _ Gorman fleet, victory is practically certain to be ours; that if, on the other hand, onr battle liqs is barely equal to that of the foe, we can expect no decisive triumph, and shall do well if we hold our own. Circumstanced as we afe, with many of our ships necessarily exposed to mosquito attack, we must anticipate losses which may become serious long before the decisive battle is joined, whilst tho enemy, so long as they keep their main force in an unassailable position, are not exposed to the same wearing-down process. Hence it is our obvious duty to press forward with all speed the completion of warships now under construction, and to lay down new units as far as our resources will permit. The annihilation of the German fleet is the object wo are striving for, and to attain it wo shall want every man and every ship we can possibly get. Unless the public is brought fully to realise the need, tho authorities may experience difficulty in obtaining the requisite means, especially financial, of maintaining a sufficient margin of absolute superiority in spite of whatever losses may result from the activity of the enemy’s torpedo vessels. There is growing evidence that the nation as a whole is waking up to the urgency of tho naval situation, and this is all to the good. But tho process might bo hastened if in future the authorities saw fit to be a little more frank in their estimation of whatever losses wo may sustain at sea. A change of treatment which substituted a good tonic for the customary doses of soothing syrup would probably prove beneficial.

1 •J3 .5 s. Is *3 52 o |l cc 0 <> « 5 > o 0 § a > ° A A British Empire 34 A 11.259 29 B 27.466 Germany 23 15.404 17 35.46 V.SJL 12 14.346 10 33.236 Fiance ... ... 13 15.059 8 42.835 Japan ... Jtaljr 9 20.39 5 .49 6 13.35 4 45.625 Russia 7 23.607 Nil Nil Austria • 4 15.8 2 30.25

A B c D ti. Di Con British Empire ... ... 29 7 8 2 46 Ma Germany 17 '6 5 — 28 Sunni U.R.A 10 2 2 2 16 7 ■Franco ... ... 10 3 5 4 22 Sumn Japan 5 4 1 2 12 V I’useia — 6 5 1 12 ? Italy 3 3 — - 4 10 ! Austria 3 1 —. 4 B 7 ... ... 2 _ 1 _ 3 7 Spain ... ... 2 "1 — 1 4 7 Argentine Chuc 2 —a — — 2 7 — l 1 _ 2 7 Tnrkoy £7i ... — 2 1 _ 3 7 Greece ... ... •M *** 1 1 1 3 7

progress; — Totals on March. 31 in 1914. 1915.1916.1917. British Empire > — 28 fiermaoar 17 33 21 42 23 46 26 franca ’ *•* 8 10 13 18 1J.8.A. ... ... ... 9 12 13 14 Japan ... 5 6 9 9 Russia ... 4 7 11 Italy 3 4 6 6 Austria ... Brazil 2 2 4 2 4 2 4 3 Spain 1 2 3 3 Turkey — 2 2 3 Argentine Dime Greece: !'.! — 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 2

British Empire— Coffin fpwood 1,731,600 89.9 Neptune ... 1,715,250 ... 86.1 Monarch ... 1,886,900 83.8 On. Elizabeth 1,325,000 84.37 Lion 2,068,350 78.4 Germany— Nassau 1,840,000 101 Thurinjcen ... 2,304,300 102.7 Moltke ... ... 2,156,560 ... 95.3 Austria— Yiribns-TJnitis 2,525,000 (eat.) 126.2 Conte di Cavour 2,600,000 (est.) 118.1 Caio Duilio 2,833,500 (est.) 115.18 tr.sjL— Delaware ... 1,850,000 92.5 France— Danton ... ... 2,205,000 122.3 Courbet ... 2,603,960 (est.) 113.0 Russia, — Petropavlovst 2,800,000 (est.) 121.7

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NAVAL NOTES, Issue 15684, 24 December 1914

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NAVAL NOTES Issue 15684, 24 December 1914

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