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THE TWO LINES. ISIEFPORT-OSTEND, AND YPRES-ROULERS. DUNKIRK, December 22. (Received December 23, at 8.45 a.m.) 'ln their advance from Nieiiport the Allies cleared a .strong network of fortifications, with many rows of trenches. The houses Itetween Nicuporfca.nd Lom ha ertzy do had been converted into mi'iiatiue forts, with machii'c guns commanding a wide MVff|'. Tin: Rriiish Fleet, aiding the allied infantry attack, did colossal execution. Four .suctxfwvo shvlL-i decimated an approaching Oerman column, and other shells levelled many houses, exposing tha German positions. A finiall number of French troops crossed the Passcheiidaele, Canal by using barge»; us, a bridge. They crawled up the hank and bayoneted the, surprised Germans out of their lirst trench. The rest of the French, troops crossed in a. barge and captured seven other trenches. ALONG Till'. COAST. GERMANS RETREATING. ALLIES* RECONNAISSANCE OF ROUTE TO OSTEND. AMSTERDAM. December 22. (Received De.■ember 23. at- 8.15 a.m.) The Germans have evacuated Middlckerke. The Allies' aeroplanes aie busy examining the region liHwccn the. Yser and tiie Dutch frontier, on lie Scheldt Estuary. [Middbkerke is on the coast, five miles S.W. ol OsU'i.d.J BIUTJSH .SHARPSHOOTER MAKES GOOD PRACTICE. LONDON, Decern her 22. (Received December 23. at 9.10 a.m.) Hundreds of prisonors ucie captured by lite Allies' extreme left in the last few days. The French stormed a farm held by the German marines, many of whom were, killed and the rest captured. A force of 180 British held 10.000 Germans for two days until they wero reinforced. One of tiio b**t. allots was hidden in a. clump of trees with two rifles, havinq a boy to help as loader. He (licked off 120 Germans in 48 hours. NEWS OF LILLE. STILL IN GERMAN HANDS. POPULATION STARVING. LONDON, December 22. (Received December 25, at 9.10 a.m.) The. 'Daily Chronicle' states that the. Allies are gradually driving back the enemy round Lille, through morasses of mud. Boulogne reports that Lille is foodies*. The German commandant, replying to the population's demand for food, said that England's naval effort* to staiTe-. Germany out did not permit Germany to do much to relieve the inhabitants. He. ordered all the Hour to be exported to Germany, where die need was much greater than in Lille. A LONG LINE-. PROGRESS IN SOME PARTS. PARIS, December 22. (Received December 25, at 9.55 a.m.) A communique states: Artillery dude have raged from the sea, to the Lys, also on the Aisne at Rheims. Fierce, bayonet combats occurred at Souain, and we carried trendies ertendiii£ for 1,500 metres near Porlhes-les-Hurhis. Wo traversed entanglements north of MaJincourt, capturing the trenches. We further progressed at Bois-de-Lagrvrie, at Tracy-lc-Vol, also nt Blangy, and repulsed several attacks at Lihons. HIGH COMMISSIONER'S REPORT. Tho High Commissioner reported, under date London, December 22 (6.15 p.m.):— Paris reports that the British troops attacked this morning, retaking the greater part of the trenches previously lost before Lihons. • The enemy made four successive at tuck*, all of -which were repulsed. NICHT RAID BY ALLIES' AIRMEN. 'DAILY MAIL' REPORT. LONDON. December 22. (Received December 23, at 8.45 a.m.) The 'Daily Mail's' Dunkirk correspondent, reports." that the Allies' ahmen boiuliardocl and fired a Zeppelin shed, in Brussels. A nij;ht raid was also made over the German" position on the. coast. Twelve bombs were dropped and did considerable dr.irage. All the airmen returned safely. FRENCH PARLIAMENT OPENETMN rATUS. " FIGHT TOA FINISH.PARIS, December 22. (Received December 23. at 8.55 a.m.) M. Viviani's (Prime Minister) declaration in both Chambers emphasised that this was a light to a finish. Germany's clumsy and futile attempts to throw upon th-3 Allies the responsibility for the war showed that she was conscious that sho must reckon with public opinion throughout the world.

11ELG1 AN PA It LI AMEXT TO VOTE "SUPPLY" FOR GEILMANWAR CHEST. PARIS. December 22. (Received December 25. at 9.15 a.m.) A Brussels telegram received via Berlin states thai the German military and civil authorities are convoking a. * Provincial Ass-embly for fie whole of conquered Belgium. Nino provinces, under a threat of severe punishment, have been ordered to send representatives to Brussels on Saturday. lhit= Assembly will be asked to raise a war contribution of 480.000,000 francs. BELGIAN RELIEF. SOME GERMANS CONTIUBITE. LONDON, December 22. (Received December 23, at 8.55 a.m.) Some interned Germans in the Isle of Man are making toys for the island rhops, and are contributing '.lie results to the Belgian relief fund. GERMAN OFFICERS. MANY IN BERLIN SUFFERING FROM NERVES. ROTTERDAM. December 22. (Received December 25, at. 9.15 a.m.) A Berlin roriespondcnt of the • Nicinv.-. Rotterc'amsche (.'ourant' says that there are 3.000 German officers In Berlin, suffering from wrecked mrves, who are unable to return to the from. The Kaicer recently addressed 1 .COO of them, and urged them to pull thetmelvcs toother. ,i----t'nev were urgently required at the flout. THE FALSER. BACK TO 'THE FRONT. (London Sydney ' Sun ' Services.) LONDON, December 22. I*, is reported from Holland that, althni'gh the Kaiser is said to have completely recovered, his medical advisory strongly opnosed his departure from Berlin. The army chiefs, however, insisted that' he must spend Christmas niih the troops at the front, in order to impress and encourage them. Tho Kaiser yielded, against" the strongest solicitations of the doctors. As he left Berlin he looked verv pale and ill, and appeared to have aged. He departed, in absolute silence, no demonstration of any kind being made. TROUBLE IN BERLIN. (London 'Time*' and Sydney 'Sun'Sendees.) LONDON, December 22. Travellers from Berlin state that grave disorders have broken out. When the last list of casualties war. published an .immense crowd yelled : " Down with the war; give us back our fathers and sons." A regiment of Landwehr was ordered to disperse the crowd, but refused, and the police charged the crowd with drawn s'.vords. PETROL. SHORTAGE Tn" GERMANY. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sen ' Services.) LONDON. December 22. Petrol supplies in Germany are running short. The commander (?)'of Hamburg states that if will be necessary to limit its use. otherwise Germany will be placed in a- dangerous position. He advised the substitution of alcohol. THE RUSSIAN FRONT. CERMAN FLANKING MOVE SOUTH OF WARSAW. PETROGRAD, December 22. (Received December 23, at 8.45 a.m.) Six hundred thousand Austro-Germans in West Galicia are attempting to relievo Cracow. The Przemysl garrison have suffered heavy losses in futile attempts to break through. The Germans in Poland are now trying to outflank the Russians at (Jpochno and force an opening to »Soehazow. During the lighting at Krasniz, which finally ended in the Germans retreating, the enemy repeatedly assailed the Russian positions, but were swept back with fearful losses. Tho Russian machine guns piled up quivering ridges of human bodies. Tho Germans rusned forward singing, and then fell in heaps with screams and groans. Eighteen attacks were made, on December 6, costing the Germans 4,000 in killed alone. [Opochno is about 65 miles south-east of Warsaw, lying midway between Petrokow and Radom. Duo north of it is Sochazew, some 55 miles west of "Warsaw, and situated on the Bz.ura, midway between Warsaw and Kutno. Krasniz is in the Lublin district, South Poland, l'o.ssiblv the name should bp. Prasniz, south of Mlawa.] BACK TO BELGRADE. STIRRING FINAL SCENES. AUSTRIAN" MELEE TO QUIT SERVIA FIRST. LONDON, December 22. (Received Decomber 23, at 8.45 a.m.) The recapture of Belgrade , was only effected after a desperate struggle. Until they became demoralised the Austrians put'up a good light, but the fall of Tnrlak caused a general same qui pent. 'The multifarious races in the Austrian forces commenced fighting to decide who should go first.

The Austrians held to the last man a] bridge which had been thrown across the River Save, enabling the retreat, though vrlld -and disorganised, to continue. Eventually the fclervians destroyed this bridge, causing 160 officers, 10,000 men, 1,000 horses, and much material to fall into their hands. ESPIONAGE IX ITALY, PRECAUTIONS TAKEN. ROME, December 22. (Received December 23, at 8.55 a.m.) Signor Salandra (Italian Premier) lias directed the prosecution of all persons divulging naval or military information. ALBANIAN CAUTION. ROME, December 22. (Received December 23, at 8.55 a.m.) The present ruler of Albania, Essad Pasha, states that as the Austrians proved unable to defeat the Servians, it would l>e highly dangerous for tlio Albanians to violate their neutrality. THE LATE REBELLION IX SOUTH AFRICA. CAPE TOWN, December 22. (Received December 23, at 9.10 a.m.) The Hon. N. .7. De Wet, K.C., Minister of Justice, speaking in Johannesburg, said that over 4,000 rebels had been imprisoned, of whom 1,200 had been released on parole. Brand WesseLs, the member for Bethlehem, lia.s been arrested, it is understood in connection with the rebellion. NIPPED IN THE BUD. PRETORIA, December 22. (Received December 23, at 8.55 a.m.) Van Schalkwyk and 23 rebels has been captured in the Smithfield district, where they were organising a commando. AUSTRALIAN ITEMS. LEAGUE OF HELP. SYDNEY, December 23. (Received December 23, at 10.35 a.m.) A meeting of French citizens formed a French-Australian League of Help for the purpose of assisting French Red Cross work or the dependents of French or other allied soldiers. THE ZAMBEZI CARE. ■SYDNEY. December 25. Leave has been granted to the owners and charterers of the steamer Zambezi to appeal to the Privy Council. CHRISTMAS PRESENT FOR THE SYDNEY'S CREW. MELBOURNE. December 23. Senator Pearce (Minister of Defence) has received from Mr Dean, of Hawke's Bay, New Zealand, a cheque for £IOO as a present to the crow of the. Sydney in recognition of their luck and pluck in capturing the Emdon. CHEAP CABLES FOR TROOPS IN EGYPT. MELBOURNE. December 23. Arrangem-mis have been made f,ir sendin.i; cheap week-end cables to tin- troops in Egypt. WAITING FOR THE FOE. (London 'Times 1 and Sydney 'Sun'Sen ices.) LONDON. December 22. 'The TimesV naval oorr< f ponrient declares that the Admiralty is hoping that the German fleet may ionic out :.\mY fight, hcnc" it Isais not yet, taken measures t<» simt all German ports. " Wii-'ii tiir Gorinaii.s do come out we. may lie sure wo arc approaching the culminating eyescle of the war. Until that happen." small squadrons may continue their forties and raid the ta.-l' coast/' THE NAVAL RAID. MONETARY LOSS AT HARTLEPOOL. LONDON. December 22. (Received Deccmb'T 25, at 9J5 a.m.-) The damage at Hartlepool is estimated at £150.C00. ' The Mayor of Scarborough, acknowledging Mr Churchill's .'.ymnathv. said that a.s the German naval commanders get. older they will find that on .Iron Cross pinned to the breast by King Herod will not -shield them from the .shafts of shame and dishonor. MR BONAR LAWN VIEW. FIGHTING WILD BEAST.S AND MURDERERS. LONDON. December 22. (Hen'ivcd December 23, at 9.15 a.m.) Speaking at Rootle, Mr Honar Law said it was difficult, to icalico, that a, large German fleet could appioadi England and go back untouched, lie hoped'that, next time they would find something to welcome 1 hem. •' W> are not iilir a superman." said Mr Bonar J-aw." " but a wild beat-t and the murderer of women and childiv i. 'l'h" raid on the .-ast const was part of a. long-planned scheme." SUPPLY SHIPS CAPTURED. LONDON. December 22. (Received Deiember 23. at 8.55 a.m.) British warships near the Falkland*; cantuied the now Ham!mi "i-Amcrika liners Baden and Sant.i Isabel, which wr... acti.ig as eunply .ships for German cruisers. CONFLUENCE OF KINGS. (London 'Times' and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) LONDON. December 22. 'The Times'*' Copenhagen correspondent says that the conference of the Scandinavian Kings at Malmo is certainly not regarded as indicating a. tendency to favor either of the belligerents. WHY IT WAS HELD LONDON, December 22. (Received "December 25, at 9.15 a.m.) The "Daily Telegraph's' Copenhagen correspondent says that Germany proposed to cede ixot.Hin Baltic' islands to Sweden, and to help sVeden to establish n protocloinle over Finland as far as the White Sea, slk> in turn to aid Germany. The offer was ref'i.-ed. whereupon Germany began a. policy of interference with the export of timber. This was the uau*e of the confe/ence of the Kings of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. If, i<s reported that a.=. a result- of the conference none of the countries roir.vrnea will act separately (hiring the. war. LOUD CROMER AND EGYPT. (London' Times' and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) LONDON. December 22. In the course of a letter Lord Cromer rays he understands that British action in Egypt, merely severs the connection between" 'Turkey and Egypt, ali other collateral questions being wisely left over for suhsoquent consideration. "The Timer's' Cairo correspondent states that, iho Ministry remains un(linnged. 'i'bo Premier has shown a remarkable adaptability for and appreciat ion of the requirements of tho moment. The British authorities have recognised that the. present satisfactory_ internal situation is duo to his loyal interpretation of the policy agreed upon. RUMANIAN PROFESSORS' PLAIN SPEECH. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun'Services.) LONDON, December 22. The professors of the Rumanian universities have presented an addiees to Hie French Minister at Bucharest, expressing admiration for and rympathy with France, which thev declare 'has been made the. vicD'm of 'totally unjustified German aggression.

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TO OSTEND., Issue 15683, 23 December 1914

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TO OSTEND. Issue 15683, 23 December 1914

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