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CALAIS RECEDING.

GERMAN CONCENTRATION ON DUTCH FRONTIER, WHY YPRES WAS WANTED. THE EAST COAST RAID, LIMP SELF-JUSTIFICATION. BULGARIA’S HOPES. Press Association— By Telegraph—Copyright,

FURTHER PROGRESS. ONE SLIGHT”REPULSE. many successes. PARIS, December 20. (Received December 21, at 9.36 a.m.) A communique states ; We gained a little ground 'before Nieuport and St. Georges, and progressed slightly cast ana south of Ypres, where the enemy are reinforcing their defence. , Wc captured portion of tho enemy s first line of trenches between llichehourg and La Bassee. W© recaptured a trench north of Mnricourt, and repulsed very violent efforts to recapture the trenches at Ll |ve 6 have maintained our artillery suporiority in the Argonne, where wo silenced the German guns and destroyed the machine gun and the shelters’ observation posts. We dispersed the enemy’s concentration. , , , Tho British lost some trenches towards Neuve Chapeilo, which they had captured on Friday. , : The Indiana advanced some hundreds of metros towards Richebourg. AROUND ARRAS. FRENCH MASSED ARTILLERY DRIVES GERMANS BACK. PARIS, December 20. (Received December 21, at 9.25 a.m.) French artillery, comprising 500 guns, dealt a shattering blow to the German front lines on the north-eastern side of Arras on Thursday The Germans abandoned their trenches before the devastating fire, and retired to Blangy and St. Laurent, where their snipers have taken up positions in tho windows and housetops. The Allies are strongly entrenched on the outskirts of the villages. ALONG THE DUNES. BIG GERMAN GUN. LONDON, December 20. (Received December 21, at 9.25 a.m.) A British seaman who participated in the bombardment of Nieuport and Middlekerke states that the Germans at one point replied with a naval 12in gun mounted ashore. NEAR SCHELDT MOUTH. GERMANS CONCENTRATING. AMSTERDAM. December 20. (Received December 21, at 9.25 a.m.) Refugees report that the Germans Lave posted eight 15cm guns and several machine guns on tho sand dunes between Duinsergen and Heyst. German troops are concentrating along the Dutch frontier between Oostham and Morhout. The ‘Telegraaf’ states that fierce gun fire was heard on the coast on Saturday, the Allies being assisted from tho sea by a warship. Trains of wounded have arrived at Bruges, but most were sent further eastward. HOLLAND PREPARES FOR UNIVERSAL SERVICE. THE HAGUE, December 20. (Received December 21, at 9.40 a.m.) The Dutch War Minister will shortly introduce a Bill for compulsory military service. THE (STRUGGLE FOR YPRES. “ WANTED BY CHRISTMAS.” (Lender* *Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun* Services) LONDON, December 20. Amsterdam reports that thousands of Germans wore sacrificed in Flanders in tho lost few days. Tho Gormans declare that they want to make an acknowledgment to tho Fatherland for Christmas gifts received. Henco tho frantic efforts to capture Ypres before Christmas. THE LANDWEHR SICK OF THE WAR. LONDON, December 20. (Received December 21, at 11.40 a.m.) “ Eye-witness ” states that prisoners’ admissions show that many of the Landwehr are sick of the war, and resent their officers’ harshness. The German paper ‘Steam ’ is discarding its “ Pickelhaubon Chronicles.” AN AIR FATALITY. TWO MEN INCINERATED. PARIS, December 20. (Received December 21, at 9.40 a.m.) Two military aviators fell near Tssy-les-Moulineux. .Their petrol took fire, and both were incinerated. EAST COAST RAID. GERMAN JUSTIFICATION. HER HONOR "UNTARNISHED. AMSTERDAM, December 20, (Received December 21, at 9.25 a.m.) An apparently inspired Berlin telegram declares that Scarborough is a fortified place, and that only the coastguard and wireless stations at Whitby were bombarded—which is nob a contravention of international law. MINE SWEEPERS. three vessels' SUFFER. LONDON, December 20, Two mine sweepers, between Scarborough and IToy, were blown up, and a thud was seriously, damaged. The bulk of the crews were saved. FUNERALS OF THE VICTIMS. THE GERMANWAR SPIRIT. r LONDON, December 20. (Received December 21, at 8.16 a.mi.) There were pathetio scenes at the funerals of the victim* of the German raid on ScaiboN^g^

The Archbishop of York, in his address at a memorial service, said that the death of the innocents would bo to them a reminder of the ruthless ferocity of that war spirit which the Allies were striving to destroy. A WHINE FOR SYMPATHY. GERMANY’S PITEOUS STORY. AMSTERDAM. December 20. (Received December 21. at 9.40 a.m.) A Berlin telegram states that two of the Allies’ airmen threw 10 bombs into Saarburg, in l.orraine, on Thursday night, killing a Uhlan and severely wounding a girl. They also bombed other villages. QUEER LOGIC CONCERNING BALTIC TRADE. , (London * Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, December 20. The German Press are frantically urging Scandinavia to combine against Britain’s oppression of their trade. ALIENS IN BERLIN. “THE NATIONS LOVE GERMANY." (London ‘Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun’ Service#.) LONDON, December 20. An organisation has been formed in Berlin for the assistance of aliens. Berlin, in appealing for funds, eaya: “ The foreigners in our midst are for the most part* Germany’s best friends, bound to us by a thousand ties.” BELGIAN OUTRAGES. VENGEANCEON WITNESSED AMSTERDAM, December 20. (Received December . 21, at 9.25 a.m.) It transpires that 193 priests have been shot, wounded, or imprisoned for giving evidence before the Commission of Inquiry into the German outrages in Belgium. WHAT MIGHT HAVE BEEN. GERMANY DEALS IN FUTURES. LONDON, December 20. British agents have intercepted a report, dated September 8, intended for .General Von der Goltz, wherein the author advised that ‘‘when the whole of Belgium, with Northern Franco, belongs to us, the Flemings should not bo harshly treated. Their linguistic affinities with Germany should be taken into account, so as to prepare for their union with German peoples a while later.” The Belgian army, like the Bavarians, would bo given a special position in the Germany army. RIOTS IN AUSTRIA. TROOPS DESERTED TO SERVIA. (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney ' Sun ’ Service*.) LONDON, December 20. Riots are occurring in Austria. Trieste reports that 17,000 Austrians of various disaffected nationalities deserted in the recent fighting and joined the Servians. ITALY’S HOPES. AN EARLY PEACE AND MATERIAL GAINS. ROME, December 20. (Received December 21, at 9.25 a.m.) Addressing the Senate, Signor Salandra (the Premier) said he hoped that 1915 ■would see a peace by which Italy would acquire more glory and greatness. GREECE AND TURKEY. R ELATIONS~STRAIXED. (London ‘Times' and Sydney ‘Sun’ Service*.) LONDON, December 20. A Greek non-commissioned naval officer, au attache of the Greek Legation at Constantinople, has been arrested and charged with spying on the ships leaving port. He was tried and sentenced to death. Greece demanded that he be handed over to the Legation, but Turkey refused. Greece has also protested against the Turkish massacres at AivaH BULGARIA’S NEUTRALITY. WHAT SHE”EXPECTS. SOFIA, December 20. (Received December 21, at 11.40 a.m.) A correspondent interviewed Dr Radoslavoff (the Bulgarian Premier), who declared that Bulgaria would remain absolutly neutral, thereby greatly assisting the Allies, especially Ser.via, in return for which she expected the Entente to restore her boundaries as defined by the 1912 Treaty. EGYPT. OUR TROOPS ON PARADE FOR SULTAN’S PROCLAMATION. CAIRO, December 20. (Received December 21, at 9.40 a.m.) Sultan Hussein has been proclaimed. There was an elaborate ceremony and imposing parade of English, Australasian, and native troops. Aga Khan arrived to assist in the accession ceremony. A COLONIAL’S DEATH WITH TROOPS’ IN EGYPT. SYDNEY, December 21. (Received December 21, at 9.36 a.rru) Advices have been received of the death in Egypt of Roy Oartside Cullen, a member of the Expeditionary JToroej Hl» next of kin is his wife, who is resident'in New Zeaiard LOYAL SUDANESE. (London ‘Times’ and Sydney ’Sun* fierrioe*,) LONDON, December 20. Oopmenting. bn the British GovernmenUf announcement that thaw keenly appreciated the loyalty of the Sudanese, the Grand Mufti, in an artlolo publiahed in t,he ‘Sudan Jim#*/ contrasts the Bn*

ti'sh banks’ attitude with that of other Governments, which in return for the people's loyalty robs and ill-uses them. The article adds: “ British methods demand nothing short of absolute loyalty.” MALAY MOSLEMS PRAY FOR - ”BRITISH. (London ‘Times' and Sydney ‘ Sun '• Services.) LONDON, December 20. The • High Commissioner of the Malay States has transmitted to the Sul'au Trengganu’s assurance that tho Mussulman, community are praying for a decisive British victory over Turkey. RUSSIAN CRUISER. GOOD WORK IN LEVANT. PETROGBAD. December 20. (Received December 21, at 9.25 a.m.) Official: The Russian cruiser Askold has arrived at Port Said. She captured a German vessel on the Syrian coast, also blew up a Turkish steamer and sank another at Beirut. THE TENNESSEE. (London ' Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Service*.) LONDON. December 20. The American cruiser Tennessee has arrived at Alexandria. [The Tennessee was the vessel concerned in the affair with tho Turkish forte at Smyrna.] GERMANY’S PRESS CAMPAIGN. AMERICANS NOT INFLUENCED, AMSTERDAM, December 20. (Received December 21, at 9.26 a.m.) The ‘Frankfurter Zeitung’ publishes a letter from a German American, who says; “ The impartial people of America are powerless to influence public opinion. America will have nothing to do with you,” The writer contrasts tho American occupation of Vera Cruz, where she has less business to be than has Germany in Belgium. AMERICAN WHEAT FEEDING THE WORLD. (London ‘ Time* ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, December 20. Tho United States exports of breadstuffs in November were valued at 40 million dollars, being four times the previous November’s exports. UNTRUE GERMAN STORY. LONDON December 20. (Received December 21, at 9.40 a.m.) The Gorman Government having stated that German civil prisoners at Hongkong were compelled to work like coolies, the American Consul-General investigated the matter at tho instance of Mr Harcourt (Colonial Secretary), and found the statement untrue. CANADIANS AT THE FRONT. OTTAWA, December 20. (Received December 21, at 9.10 a.m.) Princess Patricia’s regiment is now in the firing line. It was the first Canadian contingent to reach the front. THE LAST OF THE REBELS. 'THE BROTHERS FOURIE. DEATH PENALTY" FOR ONE. JOHANNESBURG, December 20. (Received December 21, at 9.35 a.m.) Captain Fourie has been shot, but his brother’s sentence ■ has been commuted to five years’ imprisonment, BOMB-DROPPING ON BRITISH ARTILLERYMEN. LONDON, December 20. (Received December 21, at 9.25 a.m.) Reuter's Capo Town correspondent states that a Taubo flew over the camp at. Chaukaib, in German South-west Africa, and dropped two bombs. The second fell on a group of artillerymen, killing ono and wounding eight. A DEFIANT SPEECH. RESCUE SOUTH'AFRICA FROM WHAT? CAPE TOWN, December 20. (Received December 21, at 8.45 a.m.) Wolniarans and Corroy, the last of the rebel leaders, have been captured. At tha court martial on the Fonrie brothers, both of whom were lorme.rly officers in tho Defence force, the elder brother bitterly reproached the British for their alleged conduct in the Boer War 14- years ago. He declared that they had injured J3oer traditions at evciv opportunity. There was greater honor to stand where he was, a prisoner, than to be an officer in the British Army. He added that there were enough people on the veld to rescue South Africa. EMPLOYMENT AND THE WAR, DIGGING TMSNOHES IN ENGLAND. (London ‘ Time* ’ and Sydney ' Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, December 20. In many provinces boarding-house keepers suffered severe losses until the Belgian refugees arrived and tho Territorials were billeted on them. Jewellers are busy, owing to recruits buying presents for the girls they are leaving behind. Photographic studios are rushed bv recruits and their sweethearts getting photographed. Unskilled labor is being well paid for work in the preparation of trenches, consequently farmers in manv places experience difficulty in securing labor. RESOURCEFUL ENGINEERS. The great resourcefulness of sea-going engineers has rarely if ever been sostrikingly and successfully displayed as in the rescuing of the s.s. Southport from her German captors. It will be remembered that after the outbreak of tho war. wo read of the Southport escaping from tha port up north whither she had been conveyed by her German captors, and making her wav in a crippled condition to Brisbane. Her engineers saved her. It was a great feat, as the particulars show clearly. The Union Company's naval architect received tho particulars in a letter to hand this week. It seems that tho Southport was coal laden, and in capturing her the German warships secured a prize whiqh caused the enemy to exult exceedingly. In triumph she was conveyed to a German port somewhere north of Australia. The exact name of it does not matter, though that was recorded at the time the escape wa« chronicled. The Germans in those days were busy fighting British tramp steamers and carefully avoiding British cruisers. So the Germans took 200 tone of «oal out of the coal laden Southport and hurried away on another piratical trip. But before leaving they took stepa to render the collier incapable of escaping during their absence. The German engineers went aboard tho British steamer and took away four of her six eccentric straps, removed a length of her copper steam piping, and commandeered every drop of lubricating oil. The drilling machines and other tools were also removed, with the exception of a hammer and a chisel. In this plight the Southport was deemed safely secured until the Germans returned to remove the balance of her coal cargo, and then probably , to scuttle her. But the Germans had not calculated on the resourcefulness of British seafarers. As soon as her captors withdrew the Southport’s engineers got to work. Mechanically the job progressed favorably, but the lack of lubricant seemed fatal to all hopes of escape. Presently, however, somebody remembered that the previous cargo included case oil in tho alter hold. A search ensued. Down in the bilges a drain of oily mixture was discovered. The vessel slipped away from her anchnrsga and s£Ma ass Jagg id thd,

open sea with one eccentric on Hie high pressure and one on the low pressure engine. It takes an engineer to realise the significance of that hazard. The layman merely knows that the engines could not be reversed in order to cause the vessel to go astern. But she went ahead right enough, and reached Brisbane safely. FOR BELGIAN RELIEF. &TEPHENSOn”nD LINLEY’S EFFORT. OVER £IOO ADDED* TO THE FUND. During the interval in the final performance of the ‘Hurnpty Dumpty’ pantomime on .Saturday night acknowledgment was made of the splendid efforts of Messrs Stephenson and Linloy and their entire company in raising money for the reiief of distressed Belgians. The Mayor (Mr J. B. Shaddock) said that he wished, on behalf of the Patriotic Association, to thank the Pantomime Company for tho effort made in the City on behalf of the Belgian fund. The company had gone to a great deal of trouble in a good cause. Mr J. A. Johnstone, chairman of tho Public Appeal Committee of the Patriotic Association, after expressing pleasure at again meeting his old friend Mr Stephenson, thanked the company) for the splendid hour’s work put in that morning. The raising of £B2 in a little over an hour was a magnificent performance. He was quite sure that if those bright girls in the company had been able to spend the whole of tho afternoon at the work of collecting the result would have been a remarkable one. Ho mentioned the case of a working man at a patriotic meeting in a country town who, although he had only £IOO in the bank, had given £25 to the patriotic fund. This was the spirit which should actuate them in their giving. There were at present seven millions of starving Belgians who did not know where their next meal was to come from, and it was surely a small sacrifice for them to deny themselves something in order that food and clothing might be given to these people who had done so much for them. (Applause.) Three hearty cheers were given for the company. Mr Geo. Stephenson, in acknowledging the demonstration, mentioned that over £4OO had already been collected by the company in New Zealand for tho Belgian fund during a period of five weeks. They hoped, by the time they finished their season in New Zealand, to hand over to the fund fully £I,OOO. (Applause.) A further appeal for contributions met with a generous response, coins being thrown on to tho stage while Olive Robinson. Ida Jngersole, and others made a hurried but profitable tour through the audience with boxes. .Meanwhile Con. Moreni got busy as auctioneer, and succeeded in disposing of a picture for six guineas and a doll for 10s. Mr H. Lethaby’s section at Burnside was also offered, but the bidding did not come up to the reserve. At the conclusion of the performance Mr Stephenson announced that the proceeds of the sale and collection, added to tho morning’s collection, made a total of £lO2 15s for tho day. PRAYERS FOR PEACE. DANiN EVIRKE, December 21. Tho Moderator of the Presbyterian Church (Rev. A. Grant) has fixed the 3rd of January as a day of prayer and intercession for peace. MISCELLANEOUS. The Roslyn. Methodist Sunday School yesterday collected £2 lls 3d in aid of the Belgian fund. Tho amount was handed to us this morning. Wo have received from L.D.B. 10s for the Belgian fund, the proceeds of the sale of a goose.

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Bibliographic details

CALAIS RECEDING., Evening Star, Issue 15681, 21 December 1914

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CALAIS RECEDING. Evening Star, Issue 15681, 21 December 1914

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