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Further progress of the Allies Is reported from Flanders. The Germans have a naval I2in gun mounted on tho short and eight 15cm guns among the sand dunes. Amsterdam states that thousands of Germans were sacrificed In Flanders during the last few days in the vain attempt to capture Yprcs. This muoh-battered town was to be tho army’s Christmas box to the Fatherland. It Is said that 183 priests have been shot, wounded, or imprisoned for giving evidence of German outrages in Belgium. The Italian Premier told the Senate that he hoped to see peace in 1915, and of such a nature that Italy would acquire both glory and greatness. Canadian troops (Princess Patricia’s Regiment) are now at the front. THE FORWARD MOVEMENT. SLOW AND "DANGEROUS. LONDON, December 20. (Received December 21, at 12.20 p.m.) “Eyewitness,” detailing the forward movement which was begun in Belgium on December 13, emphasises the stubborn nature of the fighting and the necessarily slow progress. The enemy hold a practically continuous defensive zone, consist-’ ing in places of several lines cunningly situated, and with carefully constructed works amounting to a maze of trenches, fortified with every known obstacle, including many varieties of entanglements. The advance involves constant sapping with a view to capturing a hill, village, wood, building, trenches, or even a few yaids of ground, all of which might serve to facilitate further progress. Even the seizure of the approaches does not obviate surprises when once the enemy’s trenches arc gained. The only certain method of advance is to demolish tho trenches with mines and machine guna by a prolonged bombardment, or to mine underneath and blow them up.
' r r RIVERINA WHEAT HELD UP ON MURRAY. SYDNEY, December 21. (Received December 21, at 9.45 a.m.) The Government of New .South Wales have stopped all wheat from crossing into Victoria. Many laden teams are hung up. MISSING TRAWLER. NEW ZEALAND VESSEL MAY SEARCH. MELBOURNE, December 21. Air Tudor (Minister of Customs) has asked New Zealand to send a ship to search for the trawler Endeavor. This makes three vessels now searching for the missing steamer. CHRISTMAS TRADE GOOD IN SYDNEY. SYDNEY, December 21. (Received December 21, at 9.50 a.m.) Though Christmas spending is hardly so heavy as the previous year’s, business is very" brisk. Air Hearn estimates that the Christmas dinner will cost very little above the normal, HOSPITAL COLLECTIONS. RECEIPTS*FALL OFF. SYDNEY, December 21. The Rose Day street collection for the united charities realised about £l,lOO, or less than half last year’s total. PERTH WHARF LABORERS TABOO GERMAN AGENTS. . PERTH, December 21, (Received December 21, at 9.35 a.m.) On the arrival of the steamer Niwaru from New York under the tegis of German agents, the wharf laborers held a meeting and protested against the apathy of the authorities in allowing German firms to act as agents. They decided not to work with Germans, Austrians, or Turks. ANOTHER STEAMER MINED. LONDON, December 20. (Received December 21, at 2 p.m.) The steamer Tritonia, bound for New Brunswick, was mined off tho north of Ireland on Saturday. She is believed to have foundered. The crew have been landed. ACCLAIMING THE SULTAN. NEW ZEALAND TROOPS MUCH ADMIRED. LONDON. December 20.. (Received December 21, at 2 p.m. I An enormous throng acclaimed the Sultan on his entering the Abdin Palace. Five thousand officials and notables were present. The New Zealand troops were especially admired. LOCAL RECRUITING.
Inquiry at the recruiting office to-cay el.r'ted the information that the response to the call for recruits for ,he fourth pm;forroments : s now being well K.sponde.l to ; in fact, recruiting had received a decided fillip, especially as far as the Dunedin area was concerned. The class of man offering his services was Vso mo»t satisfactory Considerable difficulty, however, is experienced in persuading applicants for enrolment to ‘hey the cml tor the necessary medical examination. Tho enrolment for tho Samoan Expeditionary Force is still proceeding, but tho response is far from satisfactory, MISSING SOLDIERS. The national representative oi the Order of the Star in the East has handed us the following notelnquiries for missing, wounded, prisoners of war, or interned civilians may be made through Madame H. Amateiu, Doctor of Law, Advocate, Cours de St. Pierre 7, Geneva, Switzerland, who has been appointed by the Swiss national representative of the Order to facilitate inquiry. Aladame Amsteln is in touch with tho International Committee of the Red Cross at Geneva, tho agency for prisoners of war, and tho Swiss Bureau for the Repatriation of Interned Civilia . u at Berne. Inquirers may rely upon Aladame Anistein’s leaving nothing undone to secure information with regard to relatives and friends at tho front.
FAMOUS PIANIST'S NATIONALITY. In the King’s Bench Division (London) on October 29, before Mr Justice Bray and a special jury, Mr Mark Hambourg, the famous pianist, sought to recover damages from London ‘ Mail ’ (Limited), for an alleged libel published in the London * Mail.' Messrs Wallbrook and Co., the printers of the journal, were joined as defendants. The paper had published this statement: — “ Tilings we want to Hear ” :—“ How long is it since Mark Hambourg discovered that he is a famous Russian pianist; and if he did not consider himself a German in the old days at Broadwood’s?” Mr Mark Hambourg. in evidence, stated that he was bom in Russia in 1879, and that his parents and grandparents were also Russians. At Cromer, where he appeared after the libel, he found that Eeople had been pasting over his concert ills statements that he was a German, and the Superintendent of Police came and asked him to prove he was not a German. He had to show his Foreign Office passbook to establish that he was a British subject by adoption. At Liverjjpol on the previous evening his agents had had to Guarantee that he 'was not a German; ■ 'bo libel had affected him la bis private,
life, his public life, and his club life. | Everybody was “ throwing it up to him' and it was causing him great pain. The jury, without leaving the box, found for the plaintiff, and assessed the damages at £SOO. Judgment was entered accordingly, with costs. Dr W. Kingdon Fyffe, of Wellington, organist at St. Paul’s Church, is going away on active service with the second reinforcements now assembling at TVentham. Both as a surgeon of great skill and a gentleman of social qualities, Dr Fyffe will bs missed in Wellington. The death at the front of Sir Frank Rose is the last chapter in a remarkable family record (says the Westminster ‘ Gazette’). The late Sir Charles Rose (the father of,the baronet now killed) had four sons. All four fought in the South African war, two losing their lives. Of the two who survived one died six years ago, and now the solitary survivor or the four cons is killed in the present war. “ It was a terrible sight to see the Emden when we got over to her in our boats after the battle,” writes Leading-gunner Thomas M’Carthy to his brother, who lives in Sydney. “ She was one mass of dead and dying. Not a thing was left standing on the upper dock. Funnels, foremast, everything, was down, and not a scrap of planking left. She was one mas® of holes. You never eaw anything like it. Croat praise is duo to Captain Glossop, of the Sydney, for the way in which he manoeuvred the ship. Their shells were buzzing all around us, but very few hit us. Our captain was on tho bridge all the time, and one man only 4fb away from him was killed. He was a messmate of mine Wc were going at 29 knots. The action would have been a fine sight at a distance. But, oh! the after-effects' of it were something terrible. What made our job so bad was being so far away from the nearest port and having to take all the Emden’s wounded on board for the 1,600 miles to Colombo. Our two doctors had their hands full operating every other minute of the day.”
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LATEST FROM EUROPE, Evening Star, Issue 15681, 21 December 1914