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THE ALLIES ADVANCE.

THE SERVIAN DEBACLE.

GROUND GAINED EVERYWHERE AGAINST DETERMINED RESISTANCE. ROULERS NOW REACHED. Press Association—By Telegraph—Copyright. PARIS, December 19Official: We gained ground slightly along the dunes north-east of Nicuport. Two strong counter-attacks by the enemy northwards of Yprea and tho -Monin road were repulsed. Tho British slightly advanced in the Armentieres district. Our artillery destroyed two heavy batteries in the Verdun district. Official: Wo have organised our forces on the ground gained on Thursday south of Dixntudc, and have pushed our front to the south of Cambria, Korteker. The advance south of Yprcs continues over difficult and marshy ground. Tho Allies progressed over a kilometre in two days south of tho La Bassce Canal. During the night, of the 17th and the following day they advanced to Albert under a violent tin', and reached the wire entanglements of tho enemy’s second line of trenches. German hand grenades forced us to abandon the trend; captured on Thursday north of Malinccurt, Several Gorman trenches were carried in the Lithons district, where throe violent counter-attacks were ivpnL m l .. Our fire, directed by airmen, demolished two heavy batteries on the heights of the Meuse, and damaged a third. ALONG THE COAST. ALLIES NEARING OST’END. GERMANS DROWN IN DYKES. PARIS, December 19. The Allies’ advanced troops passed Middlekerke (five miles.couth-west of Ostend) in the evening. We drove cut the Germans from a number of trenches on the right hank of the Yser, the forces having pierced the Orman lines just at the end of the inundation at Dixtrvtdc. Tito Belgians were acquainted with the exact position of the dykes and ditches, which, hidden hy murky waters, were previously death traps to every advancing German. Our forces were led by their Belgian comrades over selected parts, knee-deep in water. The Allies, then crossed and charged with the bayonet. Tito Gormans ntaclo a poor defence, and ninny were taken prisoners. Tlie German losses in tho vicinity of Lombaortzyde (close to Nicuport) arc. very heavy. December 20. Official: Wo repulsed an attack at S'eenytrafto, and have appreciably progressed in tho neighborhood of Korteker. We surprised and cut to pieces a column near Liberia. RE ENTER THE CAVALRY. FRENCH DRAGOONS’ SUCCESS. LONDON, December 19. Tho ‘Daily Mail's’ Dunkirk correspondent states •hat the Allies are advancing along the coast in the direction of Ostend. Some French Dragoons attempted' a turning movement near Nicuport, hut German reinforcements, hidden with machine guns, checked it. Tito next night the Dragoons galloped round the Germans’ right wing. The Germans in the dunes were enclosed cm three sides, and surrendered, SOO prisoners being taken. USEFUL WORK BY ENGINEERsTnD ARTILLERY. PARIS, December 19. In order to occupy St. Geotgea (three miles south-east of Nicuport). the Belgians and French cross’d tho flooded country, sometimes waist deep in water. The engineers made pontoon bridges. iSix lines of German trenches., from 500 to 1,000 raids arart, were taken. On reaching fit. Georges it was discovered that the artillery had driven out the Germans. Thirty-eight were found taking refuge in a cellar, and were made prisoners. FURTHER INLAND. ALLIES IN ROULERS. PARTS, December 10. The news of the Fra neo-British advance to Rentiers is confirmed. French and British outposts hold Iloulcts. AVIATOR’S AID. LONDON, December 19. A Belgian aviator bombed a German supply convoy near Ostend. Three motor lorries were ’destroyed. BERLIN’S BALD STATEMENT. BERLIN, December 19. Official i Tho enemy made a number of attacks at Nicuport, Bixschoote, and north of the La Bassce Canal. Fighting continues in tho west of Lens, at Noyon, and cast of Albert, where attacks were repulsed. GERMAN CASUALTIES. AMSTERDAM, December 19. The four last German lists show 22,600 casualties, including 1,600 in the single Wurtemberg Regiment. The Saxon Regiment lest 2.C00 at Beckslaere, in Belgium, in August. Recent lists include 50,000 casualties in the fighting on the Yser. SEASONED TO SHELLS. (London ‘Times’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, December 19. An officer writes that ho decs not believe there is a man living kbo, when he first interviews an llin shell, is not “pink with funk." After tho first 10 he gets quite used to them. “There isn't out here,” he continues, “that insensate hatred one hears about. Wo are out to kill, but when the battles are oyer a splendid universal soldier spirit comes over us all. I saw tho most uncouth man in my company place a cross on the grave of an unknown German.” ENGLISH QUAKERS. HELP FRENCH VILLAGERS. LONDON, December 19. A Paris correspondent says that with tho purpose of reconstituting the life of .the devastated villages soma Americans have formed a committee to collect and distribute the funds of the English Society of Friends. They hifvo sent teams of workers to the country, particularly the Marno portion and the Aicne, including doctors, nurses, sanitary experts, and architects, to help to rebuild the houses feed, clothe, and medically attend to the peasants, and generally to guard againat the dangers to health arising from hasty burial on tho battlefield. It is also intended to lend agricultural implements. it is understood that the Society of Friends are prepared to spend £1,800,000 fox the above purposes.

BELGIAN RELIEF. A CHRISTMAS GIFT. The Prim* Minister has received the following from the High Commissioner, tinder date London, December 19: — Sir T. A. Coghlan, Agent-General for New South Wales, has banded £60,000 to the American Embassy, to forward to the Belgian Minister for the relief of the Belgians. The donation comprises contributions from Queensland, New Zealand, and New South Wales, makipg a total of £IOO,OOO. The donors express tho hope that the money may in tho Christmas season alleviate the miseries of the Belgians. SYDNEY, December 19. The Belgian Consul has remitted free of exchange a further £20,000 for the relief of the Belgians. The money is from New South Wales, Auckland, and Christchurch. NEWS FROM POLAND. LULL ON VISTULA GIVES WAY TO FIGHTING. PARIS, December 19. Advices from Petrograd are to the effect that the sudden lull on the Vistula arises from tho awkward position of the Gorman left wing, duo to tho Russian success in the Mlawa region. It is now certain that die Geiman plan to seize the right bank of the Vistula by making a dash on the left and simultaneously advancing from .Mlawa has completely failed. ENEMY HELD IN POLAND. CARPATHIAN FLANK MOVE CHECKED BY RUSSIA. PETROGRAD, December 19. Official: A lull along almost the whole fiont on the bank of the Vistula was succeeded by the enemv for several days making attacks, all of which were repulsed. The enemy's offensive in Western Galicia has been checked. Wo arc successfully executing- offensive operations on the Sanok-Lisko front (along the San River, south-westjof Przemysl), where wo have captured 5,000 prisoners and several puns and machine guns. “MADE IN GERMANY.” ENEMY'SkCLAIMS RIDICULED. PETROGRAD, December 19. A semi-official message ridicules the German claim to a victory in Poland, as they do not give a single name nor give the number of prisoners. Such a fanfare may deceive the Germans and the Austrians, hut not tho neutrals. Tho Germans arc really being driven from Bekhanoff, with the Russians already at their heels and tripping them. LATER NEWS. ADVANTAGES WITH RUSSIA. PETROGRAD, December. 20. Official: Our artillery prevented the enemy's attempt to cross the right bank of tho Vistula near Dobrzin, and forced the Germans to evacuate an island they had occupied in the middle of tho stream. We captured their pontoons. The fighting on the Bzura is beginning to develop, and several German attacks have been repulsed. We captured 1,000 prisoners on the left bank of the Dunietz. in Western Galicia. A strong force from the Przemysl garrison is trying to get out in the direction of Bmreza. RUSSIA'S STRATEGY. “ SIT TIGHT.” LET ENEMY DEFEAT 'THEMSELVES. LONDON, December 19. The ‘Daily Telegraph’s’ Petrograd correspondent states that the Germans are massing so many army corps along’ the narrow Lloff-Lowicz front that it is obviously intended to tie down as many Russians as possible to prevent their reinforcing the armies before Cracow and elsewhere in Galicia. The Russians, meanwhile, are content with the policy of subjecting Germany to a process of attrition. ‘The Times’s’ Petrograd correspondent states that General Hindenberg’s real objective is not Warsaw but tho prevention of an invasion of Silesia, hence ms feverish activity and inability to adhere to a consecutive line of operations. Tho Russian plans are well served there by the enemy’s advances, which brought destruction when they should have been waiting irt the trenches. All their efforts only postpone the day of reckoning. Tho Russian armies are within a stone’s throw of the Silesian border north of Cracow, which is the real pivot of all tho present operations. Moreover, the desperate flanking movement on the Bzura and from the Carpathians merely serves_ •to indicate that the Russians hold tho pivot firmly, whence they will in duo time sweep away the flanking movements and advance to the heart of Germany. HUSSARS TRAPPED. PETROGRAD. December 19. During the recent fighting 5,000 Hussars belonging to the Prussian Guard were am. hushed. Only 50 escaped. AUSTRO-GERMAN REPORTS. VAGUE AND COMPREHENSIVE. BERLIN. December 19. The pursuit continues in Poland, VIENNA, December 20. Official: Wo routed the Russians in West Galicia, and also in South Poland. We made a successful sortie at Przemysl and took hundreds of prisoners.

AUSTRIAN GENERAL COURT MARTI ALLED. HUNGARY’S ATTITUDE. CLEAVAGE FROM AUSTRIA.

PETROGRAD, December 19. A Budapest correspondent writes stating that the public arc horrified at the details of the rout of the Austro-Hungarians by Servia. The losses in the flight and rearguard action uere 60,000 in killed and wounded and 35,000 in prisoners. More guns, provisions, and ammunition were lost than Servia even possessed. Tho remnants of General Potiorck’s army were reduced to 100,000 men, who are now in Bosnia endeavoring to reform.

Tli® Austro-Hungarians are worked out with exhaustion from incessant marches and hunger. Count Tisza (Hungarian Premier), in a speech in the Hungarian Parliament, intimated that Hungary would defend herself separately if the Austrians permitted an invasion. Ho emphasised that Hungary was an independent State, although in union with Austria. The independence movement 5a spreading, and is assuming an official character. This explains the German effort to expel the Russians from the Carpathians. ROME, December 19. Advices from Budapest state that the Emperor Franz Josef has ordered General Ponorck to be court maxtialled. EGYPT. A BRITISH PROTECTORATE. SULTAN’S POSITION DEFINED. LONDON, December 19. Britain lias informed Hueseia (new Sultan qf Egypt) that ha was chosen as he was a Prince of Mehemet All, a family that is the moat worthy to occupy the new position as Sultan of Egypt- Egypt’s foreign relations will henceforth be conducted through Britain’s High Commissioner. The revision of the capitulations has been postponed until the end of the war, when, thejr will present a clearer definition of Britain’s position in Egypt and accelerate progress towards self-go-vernment. The religious convictions of the Egyptians will be scrupulously respected

In declaring Egypt free from any duty of obedience to tho usurpers of political power at Constantinople, the British Qoivernment are animated by no hostility towards the Caliphate. The. past history of Egypt shows that the loyalty, of the Egyptian Mohammedans towards _ the Caliphate is independent of any political bonds between Egypt and Constantinople. The strengthening and progress ofMoham-. medan institutions in. Egypt is a matter in which the British Government take the deepest interest. In carrying cut such reforms as may lie necessary Hussein may count on the Government’s sympathetic support. The Government confidently rely on the loyalty, good sense, and self-restraint of tho Egyptian subjects to facilitate the task of the commander of the forces, who has been entrusted with the maintenance of order and the prevention of the rendering of ail to the enemy. King George has sent a message to Prince Hussein promising his unlading support -in the safeguarding of the integrity of Egypt. Prince Hussein has been created a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath. Prince Hussein, in an interview with a ‘Times’ correspondent, said: “I have never been a pretender-. Since the suppression of the Arabs I have been convinced that Egypt needed European direction, and am giateful to the British. My views arc known to Lord Cromer, Sir John Gorst, and Lord Kitchener.- Egypt has now become the centre of an extensive cultivation, moral as well as material.” THE EX-KHEDIVE. CORRUPT AND”UNPOPULAR. THE CHANGE WELCOMED. MELBOURNE, December 20. Capt. Bean (Australian Press agent with the troops), cabling from Cairo, gives details of tho annexation of Egypt. He states that the announcement surprised lobody. Even the peasantry knew that the change was impending. Tile majority of the people realise that British ml© is infinitely preferable to Turkish rule. The Khedive, who was on a holiday visit to Europe at the beginning of the war. wont to Constantinople, where ho intricued with the Turks. While there an Egyptian Nationalist attempted to murder him. ’Hie assailant was killed, hut the Khedive escaped,- though he was hit bv several bullets. Later he definitely took the Turkish side, and expressed hostile sentiments towards the British Government, which decided not to allow him to return to Egypt. The Khedive’s personal influence with the Government was always hopelessly' corrupt. His method of extorting money from the sale of titles and his taking of money from magnates with whom he stayed while on tow had been of late growing into a scandal. FRANCE AND ITALY APPROVE THE PROTECTORATE. LONDON, December 19. Official • Franco has recognised the British protectorate of Egypt. Britain will adhere to the Franco-Moorish Treaty. PARIS, December 19. The newspapers cordially approve of tho protectorate. LONDON. December 19. Reuter's Rome, coi respondent slates that tho protectorate is heartily welcomed as auguring increased prosperity and stability for Egypt and implying greater advantages in Libya for Italy. ITALY’S NEUTRALITY. VON BULOW’S MISSION. GERMANY'S”DILEMMA. LONDON, December 18. Messages from Rome state that Count Yon Bnlow will strive to avert Italy’s participation in tho war. If he is unsuccessful in this he is authorised to ask the King to assume the, initiative in the peace movement ami to offer his mediation. Germany is fully aware of the impossibility of continuing the war, recognising that if Italy participates in it the Russians and Servians will advance upon Vienna, and the Italian fleet will initiate extensive operations in the Adriatic. Count Von Bulow’s main object, it is believed, is to avert the catastrophe of defeat to Germany by arranging an opportune pence movement,. His chances of success, however, are slight. Italy is not likelv to offer to mediate before being assured that the proposal will be acceptable to all concerned. Regarding intervention. Count Yon Bulow is too late to influence, any decision. LOST TURKISH BATTLESHIP. CREW PERISHED. ATHENS, December 19. Advices from Constantinople state that tho majority of tho Messoudieh’s crew were drowned. SOUTH AFRICAN REBELLION. CAPE TOWN, December 18. The total casualties in tiro Union iorces in South Africa to date are 439. comprising 334 caused by the rebellion and 105 in Damaraland. The deaths number 159. December 19. It is estimated that tho losses by looting in Northern Orangia amount to £200,000. Many storekeepers have been ruined as tho result of tho rebels’ depredations. Van den Linden has been sentenced to two years’ imprisonment. The Prime Minister has received the following from the High Commissioner, dated London, December 19:—The American Consul’s investigation proves that the German charges of unseemly treatment of civil enemy’s prisoners at Hongkong are entirely unfounded. SYDNEY, December 19. The war fund now totals £1,015,000. LAST OF THE EMDEN’S CREW. AMSTERDAM, December 19. A wireless message from Berlin states that the harbor master at Rangoon telegraphs that an officer and 43 of tho crew of the Emden’s landing party have been taken on board a collier. NEW YORK. December 19. A message from Tokio reports that a British cruiser captured the Emden’a fugitives on board the stolen schooner Ayesha. THE KAISER S BREAKDOWN. AMSTERDAM, December 20. The Kaiser continues in great nervous depression, and tho Kaiscrin is opposing his return to the front. THE CAMEROON'S GONE. LONDON, December 19. The Colonial Office has issued a summary of the Allies’ operations in tho German Camel eons. It shows that tho whole of tho northern railway running northward from Bonaderi is in British hands. WHERE THREE KINGS MEET. December 19. Tho meeting of the Kings of Norway, Swaden, and Denmark at Mahno was of a most cordial nature, and the, public were very enthusiastic. THE AUSTRALIAN NAVY. SYDNEY, December 19. The Derwent was successfully launched yesterday. The vacated slipway will now be occupied by the Swan. Tho work on the Torrens is well advanced, and it is expected that she will be launched shortly. The Derwent is tho first warship that has been completely constructed in Australia.' ~ . , ■ . ]’• The Hon. Mr Jensen said that she is I the forerunner of many such launchings 'of ships for tho Australian Navy. The t Government intended to continue the inJduatry.

AIR FISHER’S MISSION. MELBOURNE, December 20. The Prime Minister (Mr' Fisher) will sail for Now Zealand on Thursday to consult tho Dominion Government with regard to defence and other matters, and to push on tho proposals with regard to co-operating in a local navy. . AIDING THE KING’S ENEMIES. LONDON, December 19. The Lord Chief Justice, delivering judgment in the Aiders case, said that counsel had cited an Order in Council to show the reasonableness of Ahlers’s view that a margin of time should bo permitted to enable the Gormans to depart, and the Order lent some color to the reasonableness of his belief. Moreover, one material point namely, the alternative issue whether Aiders had been actuated by the purpose or intention of aiding the King’s enemies—had not been put belore the jury in the way it ought to .have been. It nowise followed from tho evidence that Ahlers’a actions were hostile to Britain; certainly they were not necessarily hostile RAPID SHIPBUILDING. LONDON, December 19. (London • Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) The Press Bureau supplies an interesting record of ship construction. At Messrs Cammcl, Laird’s yard tho light cruiser Caroline, which was laid down in January, was launched on September 21, and delivered complete on September 27, alter satisfactory trials. Tho contract date of delivery was May 21, 1915.

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Bibliographic details

THE ALLIES ADVANCE., Issue 15681, 21 December 1914

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3,052

THE ALLIES ADVANCE. Issue 15681, 21 December 1914

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