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ON THE LAND.

SMALL GAINS BY THE ALLIES. PARTS, December 18. Official; The Allies have gained ground northward of Yprcs on* the Merrin road, also southward of Bixschoto (between Yores and Dixxnudc). . They have debouched to the north-east of Arras and reached the outskirts of St.

Laurent and Rraisny. They have also appreciably progressed in the Bapaume'Peronne district. LONDON", December 18. The Allies are steadily pressing on the offensive. They have cleared away the Germans between Ypres and Dixmude. IN WYTSCHAETE WOOD. LONDON, December 18. Details of the* success on the outskirts of the wood at Wytschaete (near Messines, between Y’pres and Armentieres) show that the Germans at the Forest of Rench surrendered without a shot, this being due to the capture of the sentries.

I Rifle and maxim lire began to decimate the German prisoners and the British 1 alike, when a shell tired a hayrick, lig'nt--1 ing up the formation of the German trenches. A fresh British battalion worked up. to the flank of the first, the - latter charged, and many German fugi- 1 lives surrendered. The remainder were secured hy cavalry. THE BRITISH MONITORS. i LONDON, December 18. The ‘Daily Chronicle’s’ Dunkirk correspondent states that the destroyers off West ends beat off several submarines which were attempting to attack the ’ heavier British warships. AMMUNITION SHORT. i COPENHAGEN, December 18. j It is stated on high authority that iho Germans have only a fortnight's supply , of cartridges. I IM POLAND. | ACTIVITY IN NORTH ONLY. PKTROGRAD, December 18. i Official : The Russians towards Mlawa are vigorously pursuing the defeated Ger- ; mans, a large number of whom have i crossed tiia frontier. The Russians captured prisoners and several guns. No engagement of importance has taken place on the left bank of the Vistula or in Galicia. 'The < rennan losses in the Lodz district —killed, wounded, and prisoners—are 160,000; Russian losses, 120,000. KAISER WANTS WARSAW. PETROORAD, December 18. Prisoners skate that the Kaiser has ordered that Warsaw must be taken at all costs. AUSTRIAN WOUNDED. | ROME, December 18. Of 800 severely wounded from Galicia who have arrived at Trieste, 20u are doomed to the amputation of their hands and feet owing to frostbite. THE SERVIAN ADVENTURE. . (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney * Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, December 17. Along the trail of the Austrian army in Servia there are myriad evidences of tho completeness of the debacle. Roads are strewn with impedimenta and corpses, a:i(| all unoccupied houses and shops are looted. The most striking feature is tho appalling filthiness of the houses the Austrians occupied. Hospitals containing 5,000 wounded at Valuco resemble manure heaps; it was impossible to enter them owing to tho stench, SUICIDE AMONG TURKS. ■SOFIA, December 17. It is reported that a number of Turkish officers have committed suicide at Adrianople, where the troops are suffering from lack of provisions. VON DER GOETZ. SOFIA, December 17. Advices from Constantinople state that General Von der_ Qoltz (recently on a mission to Bulgaria) has been appointed military commander of Constantinople end Acting War Minister for Germany, Admiral Suchom temporary Marine Minister, Enver Pasha commander of Turkish troops in Anatolia, and Djemel Pasha commander of the troops in Syria. TURKS AND RUSSIAN CONSUL. SOFIA, December 17. The Russian Vice-Consul at tne Dardanelles, who has arrived at Dedeagaich, ~ *tat«Q that he wae confined in a dungeon

. with others for a month at Constantinople, and was released only when the. Italian Ambassador threatened to leave. C ■ . EGYPT. TURKEY'S CLAIMS FORFEITED. LONDON, December 18. Sir E. Grey’s notice announcing Britain’s protectorate over Egypt states that in view of the state of war arising out of Turkey’s action, Turkey’s suzerainty over Egypt has terminated, and Great Britain will adopt all measures for tho defence of Egypt and tho protection of its inhabitants and interests. ITALY AND GERMANY. ROME, December 18. The confiscation of 500 revolvers and 250 daggers discovered in a German officer’s empty house at Tripoli is causing excitement. Count Von Bulow has arrived in Rome.

>| HOLLAND’S NEUTRALITY. | CANDOR AND CANNINESS. . THE HAGUE, Decomber 18. . During a debate on foreign affairs in the Second Chamber, Dr Savornin Lehman, representing tiro historical Christian party, denounced tiro doctrine that “might is right” in international affairs, and that the necessities of war justified 5 the violation of neutrality. He added : , “ The whole world is associating itself ! with Great Britain's appeal for justice i against the invasion of Belgium.” ; On the President 'of the Chamber protesting against this remark, Mr Lehman

replied that he was not saying on which side right lay. but the appeal to right met with general support. Mynheer Loudon supported the President's intervention, and emphasised the point that the belligerents understood the 1 Netherlands position. Nevertheless it I was tho Government’s duty to ho uneeasI ingiy vigilant. i SCANDINAVIAN POWERS. INJURY TO*THEIR TRADE CANNOT RE HELPED. (London ‘Times’ and Sydney 'Sun’ Services.) LONDON, December 17. j ‘The Times,’ in a leading article, com- ; men ling on tho projected meeting of the j Kings of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden to consider tho mitigation of their economic difficulties, says the Allies are anxious to prosecute the war with as little | hurt to them as possible, but deplore that, lowing to the requirements of self-de-fence, they cannot avoid inflicting injury upon them. A NURSE’S LETTER FROM THE FLANDERS FRONT A Dunedin lady lias received from her sister, a Red Cross nurse who was driven from Ostend to Paris, a letter, dated sth November, from which we arc permitted to make the following extracts;— You will feel anxious—vou must. I know you aro helping all you can in New Zealand. AVill yon got up a work as quickly as you can for mo. Get woollen socks to go over bandaged feet, woollen scarves, 18in wide by 2 jyds long. Got woollen socks knitted without being joined up. so as wo can wrap them round the bandaged feet, for tho agony of slipping oven a loose j sock on is so terrible in cases; woollen j c;aps, like helmets, leaving only eyes i and nose free; shirts of union shirting, not woollen, on account of the washing ; waistcoats, huge and loose ; Cardigan coats, also loose and soft wool, and clastic for everything. God only knows what our wounded and unwounded aro suffering. If you will got up this work, put an appeal in tho Now Zealand papers for this work, which will bo sent direct to me at the front. If you will only do this—say you, Emma, in Dunedin—you Maude, in Auckland, will receive and work to raise clothes and funds, those ul sc at to Miss Dormer Maude, c/o Dr and Mrs Jas. C'autlio, College of Ambulance, 3 Voro struct, Loudon W. The boats will bring thorn Horne free. The College of Ambulance now has raised £2OO for me, and a huge supply of clothes. All the clothes (400 blankets, and hospital equipment, bandages, etc., and 200 beds) I had to leave at Ostend when it fell; hut I had the money safe, and have not lost a penny of it. So if vou will write and organise in Now' Zealand for this, 1, being at the front, can personally see to it being given. I have now returned from three days night and day travelling in an ambulance train to report to the military' here. I took B only ; the others of my staff stayed hero. Wo were within a mile or two of the firing hue ; cannons were booming around vs, bombs were comimg down from above, and the wounded in hundreds ami thousands coming in—two (rainsful went through a station—l may tot mention where—not _ a doctor or a single nurse or a, bit of food with thorn. Tho train jolts are fearful to a strong, sound body—to the wounded it is agony untold. We, B. and 1., and throe doctors and an orderly, gave them such food and help as wo could ; it was dark, muddy, and the carriages stood up so high we couldn’t climb up, but stretched up. I held up huge spoonfuls of rice cake hot, filled their pannikins, and gave “grog,” ,/cmon and hot water; Auxi'a little brandy in

» it. We had seven gallons, fortunately, i ready, but it was only a drop in the ocean, hundreds hadn’t a bite, and they couldn’t reach hospital for hours and hours. No sanitary ' accommodation either—and this is fearful. I am now, by order of military, organising to rdievo and alter things in the ambulance trains. At one station on . Monday morning where we pulled up ; some 300 or 400 English Tommies were ; waiting to start for the front. They , simply devoured B. and myself, finding . wo were English, and wo gave them ' every bit of fllannol we possessed for s cholera belts; they had not one, and their need was great. Again, what was 50 belts amongst 400 Y As their train moved off they cheered and cheered, they hurrahed I waving handkerchiefs and their Hannol bolts. B. and I were the only English they had ■ mot for ages; and when I asked their regiments they with one voice called ’ out every regiment you could think of —bits of Scotch, English—of every county in England—Welsh, and Irish. So I said “Splendid,, a real Irish stow.” I wish you could have heard the roar of laughter that went up, it would have made you proud to bo English. All the time B. and I stood at the door of our Croix Kongo ambulance, as wo never leave it. So they wont off so bravely, but how many will over come back. At another station where wo halted a London Scottish came up and asked if wo could post or get a letter posted to his mother in England. ■ We look it, and ho told us ho was going to join the remnant of the London Scottish. After their baptism 'of lire—2,ooo men out—2oo came back! It was fearful to hoar his account. Again God only knows what our great and bravo men are doing, giving, and suffering. Only 10 days before 1 had stoppicd the night at Abbeville, where the London Scottish were quartered. At the 'Table tl’ bote all sorts wore having .food, and on my right throe officers, Lord Kitchener’s representative, and a member of our Royal Family, whom I was helping to get through to Paris got into conversation, and"! told them who I was, and [ found personal friends of mine in London were personal friends of theirs, and I took messages for them; this one in particular, from Major Green. He said; “Toll them its hard to wait, but when wo are called on wo will give a good account of ourselves.” And he is brio of the officers killed; only five officers came out alive. It is too terrible. Another was a captain As 1 nursed him hack from a severe chill 1 hadn’t time to speak, only time to give him fond and comforts. As he loft he asked mo to write to his mother, Lady Basch. I have done so to-day, telling her of his last thoughts for her. So we see war. I must go, a wire has been given mo from the military. Good-bye, dear ones ; all my love. I have no time for more, and seldom time for a bed; but 1 am well. All the staff are now resting and ready again. Tragedy and comedy go hand in hand. Wo have to cook and do our ■ washing as best wo can at times. The French are sweet to us, and there is o-reat rivalry to even wash onr collars! Free at that, when we can get it done—hut its so difficult.

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ON THE LAND., Evening Star, Issue 15680, 19 December 1914

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ON THE LAND. Evening Star, Issue 15680, 19 December 1914

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