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GARDENING FOR THE WEEK, Issue 15680, 19 December 1914
GARDENING FOR THE WEEK
[ Our contributor, a well-known gardener, will be fllad to answer questions, which . uutt be received not later than Tuesday of each week. —The Kitchen Garden. — Keep the surface of the soil frequently stirred and kept loose. He© and rake weeds that may havo got ahead and aro likely to seed if" left in tho ground. Small weeds do not require raking off, a» they soon disappear with the sun heat. This shows the great advantage of hoeing them early. Take advantage of tho change in the weather to plant out cabbage, cauliflower, and tho early varieties of broccoli. Sow for succession lettuce, radish, tress. Sow onions for drawing youn<». Plant out celery in showery weather. , Give them rich soil, with plenty of manure. I Want out leeks in trenches in rich. w;:llmanurcd soil. J'hoy need nob be planted | in euch cool or damp 4-ituations as celery ! requires. Tl'in out onions, carrots, turnips, parsnips, beetroot, etc.. b»:fore they become too large and a drag upon the young plants left. ' There is still time for sowing scarlet runner beans and French bean*. Tho last sowing of peas should take place before Christmas. Tho early dwarf kinds shoidd be used for this sowing. —The Vinery.— Stop and regulate the growth as previously advised. Continue to thin the berries and tie out tho shouidem of large bunches to enable them to swell and color to their full extent. Keep a constant circulation of air on fine days, but avoid cold, cutting draughts. A.ftt'f all thinning has l>-on accomplished, give the border a watering with liquid manure, and afterward.-- a good scaling of water to wash it in. —The Tomato-house.— Tiiore will bo abundance of work in attending to the requirements of tomatoes. They are making rapid growth. All t.-ide shoots must be promptly removed, and tho stems tied to their supports to prevent them falling and getting injured. 'Keep 'Khem supplied with plenty of water, but do not overdo it, or there will be trouble. Keep plenty of fresh air going, and as the crops set and the fruit swell give waterings with liquid manure once a week, but not too strong. —The Flower Garden.— Keep the lawn regularly mown. After a good rain givo it a thorough rolling. Keep the walks and beds neatly edged. Plants in borders that require .supports should be staked and securely tied. Uulbs that have ripened off their foliage should bo lifted, labelled, and carefully stored until planting time-. Givo these vacancies a good forking up, and if required a dressing of manure. In thosevacant spaces annuals may bo planted. Choose a dull day after rain for the purpose, as the sun's rays are strong now, and would prove rather severe ttpon them if planted out without shelter. Atten'd to the staking of carnations, and where good flowers are desired disbud them by pinching off the side buds and retaining only the crown or leading bud upon each shoot. This should bo done whilst the 'buds are quito youn£. Carnations arc greatly assisted by frequent waterings with weak liquid manure. Primroses may'now bo sown in the open, and this is as good a time as any, probably the best of tho year for outside sowing. The. best situation is a shady position and somewhat damp. They may be sown where they are to flower ; then thin them out. Or they may bo sown in small plots and transplanted when sufficiently strong to handle. Light dnstings of soot are of great benefit to the primrose, besides being a check upon slugs and other insects that attack them. Sow Brompton and East Lothian stocks for early spring flowering. Pansici; may be sown now in the open border. It is essential for them to have the best soil at command ; indeed, it is j hard to make the t-ji 1 too rich for them. Sow iu drills or clumps, where they havo to flower, or in seed beds, and transplant the seedlings. —Answers.— "Subscriber" wishes to know if I can suggest any means of -;etting x'.d of blaclcbirds and thrushes, which are very often j destructive to hits strawberries.—l sim very sorry to say I cannot, except by poisoning som«. of the ftu.t and placing it in open petitions away from children, j and trapping with rat or small rabbit traps. \Vc cati hj a great nianv every year by trapping. Tie fruit upon tho trigger of each trap. The birds take it freely. Then, of course, you can net the fruit by placing large nets over the beds, but where large areas tiro planted this be | comes very expensive. You ateo wish to ! know what aro the best broccoli or cauliflower seeds to grow at this timo of the year. It is getting late for sowing this seed. They will do for coming in late, spring, but they have not such a chance as those sown last month. Late Queen and Latest of All are good. "A.0.L.." haa purchased la William Turner chrysanthemum, and would like to know, as it ia making ail growth on one tinglo stem, whether ho should nip the top to make more shoots.—You do not say if is to h-. grown on to flower in a "pot or if it is out in tho open border. There- aro two ways: To pinch out the I extreme point, or let it b'.eak naturally | and tako tho first crown buds for the I production of largo blooms. If it is in | the open border pinch, oat tho point at I once to encourage it to become bushy. ' I shall be having irtoro to say on this oub- | jeet shortly i "Tomato" wishes to know if tsuper- '■■ phosphate is good for tomatoes, and in | what amount and how it should bo ap- '• plied.—Yes; superphosphate is a good fer- '■ tilieser for tomatoes. Scatter it evenly all | over the surface at the rate of lib to 6ft square of ground; rake it in with an iron ; rake previous to watering. (2) Ho haa a , crimson rambler rose which is verv suli- ; jeet to a mildew sort of blight, and wlta.t j would I suggest for a remedy.—Sulphate I of potassium, lover of sulphur -Joz, to one ' gallon of clear soft water, sprayed on; or boil nib of powdered sulphur in one gallon of water until it is dissolved, then add £lb soft soap thoroughly dissolved; then dilute four of warm water to one of ; tho mixture; spray whilst warm. " Constant Reader" a*ks the cause of cauliflowors having brown spots through the flower. —I do not know what your cauliflowers are troubled with,, not seeing ' thorn or knowing any circumstances under ■' which they are grown. It may be from their roote or from attacks of a blight through climatic influence. I am afraid you cannot do much to remedy tho evil i this season. H.C.
GARDENING FOR THE WEEK, Issue 15680, 19 December 1914
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