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Contributions and questions jor answering should be addressed to '•Minorca, | Poultry Editor, ' Star' Office, and reived not later than Tuesday of each week. "Minorca" will only answer communications through this column. X wwtfi all «ad*r S -a. Merry Christmas, as these are the last notes I shall write before Christmas arrives. Soma breeders art apt to be down in the mouth owing to the high price of food, but by a little extra care and attention this can be squared. As I said in previous notes, all the birds which are not wanted for next year should be carefully examined, and any which have stopped laying should be diaoased of at once. You won't got many more eggs out of them this season. It vou don't know how to tell which hens "have stopped laying, drop me a line and I will explain it again for you. Feed as much green food as possible, as this helps to keep down the food bill, and also tends to keep the blood cool. This is very necossarv as the moulting season comes on. Some" people advise keeping the birds which moult earliest, as they will come on to lay earlier after the moult. This Is not mv experience. I find the best layers are the ones that lay well into the moult. They pet through the- moult quicker and come on to lay sooner than the early moulters. For eggs in March and April I depend | upon the pullets which are hatched in August and September. White Leghorns hatched in October will, if well cared for, lay in March. The breeding birds which are wanted for next year should be rested as much as possible after the moult and not be encouraged to come on to lay too early. If they lay until April, as many of the best will do, it is best to spell them until August; then they are in good fettle to start the breeding season. The chicks will be strong and health}-, and will grow fast. Chicks bred from • hens which have, been laying heavily for months cannot be expected to have strong constitutions. Breed from your best layers, but don't breed from them when they aTe worn out by excessive laying. A lady Tang me up to-day to ask If I could tell her the cause- of blindness in her chickens. I inquired what insect powder she was using, and found she had ■used sulphur to dust the hen. Xo doubt the sulphur got in the eyes of the chicks nnd caused the blindness. Breeders who use sulphur or carbolic should be careful Owing to the changeable weather a number of breeders are complaining of the death of chickens. The chicks seem all right at nizht, but are found_ dead in the morning. Bantam breeders, in particular, have lost heavily in this way. As we cannot help the weather, the only way is to provide good shade .luring the hot weather and good shelter from the cold. _'\s most deaths occur when the chicks are shooting the feather, a good plan is to add a little homp'to the food and cive Douglas mixture in the drinking water. Breeders will be sorry to hear that there is further trouble between the canary breeders and the South Inland Association. It seems, the association want the canary breeders to .write and ask to bo reinstated, ir>d thn breeders object to doing this, but are willing to show if the Dnnedin Fanciers' Club will take- their entries in Hie ordinary way. I understand that if Ihe secretary of the Canary Club would write and ask for the members who have shown at the other shows to bo reinstated it would be all right, and it would be very little trouble. Liver trouble ia likely to occur at this time of the year, particularly if we get hot weather, as we should do. .As T said before, plenty of green food should be given, but even then it occurs sometimes. The birdsi will be noticed hanging about in a deiected manner; the droppings are watery; as the bird pets worse lameness will be noticed, particularly in the left le the leg being drageed as though it was heavy. An open ran is of advantage, but if this cannot be given all soft food should be stopped and oats only fed, niffht and morning. Add a tablespoonful of Glauber's salts to each pint of drinking water twice X week. Give a good supply of sharp grit, also some charcoal in pieces about tho size of a pea. The drinking vessels should be well cleansed with hot water and a little Condy's crystals. Eggs are getting more scarce, but there is a fair supply in at present Grocers are (selling at Is Ed, and breeders arc getting Id more per dozen. After a heavy shower of rain bo very careful about letting the chicks cut in long grass. If chicks get a chill, trouble Is sure to follow. Don't let the hen drag the chicks about. It is best to lock the hen up and let the chicks run about as they like. The value of skimmed or separated milk for poultry is not fully appreciated. Such milk is a valuable adjunct to the poultry food menu, either for fattening or eggproduction. In England skimmed milk is often used for making white flesh on poultry. The method is thus described : The milk is" allowed to become sour before it is mixed with the meal. The acid generated in the milk in a sour state stimulates the appetite, prevents sickness, and gives a-nice flavor to the flesh. Much of the success in fattening depends upon the meal employed, and the color of the flesh is largely determined by whether milk is nsed or not. There is a large amount of phosphates in the solids of sour milk. A jreat advantage in using sour milk, buttermilk, or whey is that waste product is made profitable. indigestion, sour crop,' etc., can be relieved (says an English paper) by administering the following:—Mix a teaspoonfui each of sugar and baking soda .(bicarbonate of soda) in half a pint ot hot •nater. Give two teaspoonfuls twice a day. • Many' people know that bota sugar and soda relieve indigestion, flatulence, etc Another good mixture is half a saltspoonful of soda and four drops ot' essence of peppermint in a tablespoonful of water. Give the birds plenty of sharp grit and charcoal.

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POULTRY NOTES, Evening Star, Issue 15680, 19 December 1914

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POULTRY NOTES Evening Star, Issue 15680, 19 December 1914