FRENCH AND JOFFRE
PUSH PLANS # AHEAD. TIME RIPE TO CLEAR BELGIUM, HINDENBEKG IN POLAND. HUGE FLANKING MOVEMENT. Press Association—By Telegraph—Copyright.
j THE ALLIES' ADVANCE. j GROUND GAINED"IN FLANDERS. PARIS, December 17. (Received December 18, at 9.10 a.m.) A communique states: We have taken several trenches with the bayonet between tho sea and the I.ys. Wo have consolidated our positions at Lombaartzyde and St Georges, and also west of Gheluvolt. We progressed at several points in the' Vermelles region CAPTURED GROUND HELD DESPITE CO UNTEIi-ATTACKS. PARIS, December 17. (Received December 18, at 8.25 am.) British warships, alc-o barges, on tho Yser. armed wiht cannon, participated in Tuesday's fightitii. The Allies advanced from Nicuport to I.omkncrtzydo and St. Georges and furthfr onwards than they have reached since tho beginning of the war. They resisted several counter-attacks. There we're violent artillery duels all Tuesday night and Wednesday. The Allies held the captured positions, including the important one* of Groote and Hamburgh. nEAVY GUNS. ALLIES WELL SERVED. HIGH COMMISSIONER'S REPORT. The Prime Minister has received the following from the High Commissioner, dated London, December 17 (5.30 p.m.): Paris reports that from tho sea to the Lys the Allies took several trenches with the bayonet. In the region of Vermclles progrt-.ss was made at several points. The Allies' heavy artillery tiro was very cfheaciouj> in the neighborhoods of Tracy 1© Vnl, on the Aisne, in tho Champagne, the Argonue, and round Verdun. SIGNIFICANCE OF MOVE. BELCIUM TO BE CLEARED. A CHEERING DISCOVERY. ALLIED FORCES"SUFFICIENT. LONDON, December 17. (Received December 18, at 8.25 a.m.) Reports indicate that tho Allies' advance movement all along the battle-line has- as its immediate object tho driving of the Germans out of Belgium. The result of this change in the plans of General Joffre and General French means that the campaign which was to have started in the spring is now way. It is «tated that the allied generals, in making this change, were largely actuated by the discovery that their estimates of tho effectives under their command erred on the right side. Tho French first-line regiments needed leps timo to recuperate than had been allotted, and Lord Kitchener's new axmy of Territorials will be ready for the firing-line, a month earlier than it had been intended to send them to France. •' EYE-WITNESS" PLATITUDES. (London ' Times ' and Sydney ' Sun' Senrioei.) LONDON, December 17. Tho Press Bureau has issued tho following by "Eve-witness," in which he describes intelligence reconnaissance methods and the way information is gained by inspection of the uniforms of the dead or by cross-examination of prisoners. He says tho newspapers rarely are of value, because no sane Government allow publication of current details of tho nature sought. On the othsT hand, epldiers' diaries and letters are often indiscreet, and unwittingly betray the Btate- of their morale, and disclose where the shoe pinches. A considerable part of intelligence work is af a synthetic character, and amounts to building up first a possible and then a probable theory based on a mass of suspicious facts which merely amonnt to sidelights, and arc not established evi dence. Often an apparently useless scrap of information forms tho final link in tho chain of evidence. FRENCH FOOTBALLER DECORATED FOR BRAVERY. (London' Times' and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) LONDON, December 17. •Jean Cauiolke, the French international Rugby full-back, has been .awarded « medal* for conspicuous bravery. Both his legs were shattered by a shell and had to be amputated. He has requested to return to the front as a typist. '•COURTEOUS, AND NO MORE." (London ' Times' and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) LONDON, December 17. Miss Christobel Pankhurst writes from New York: '' 'f he instructions to our troops to respect German women have had a wonderful effect here. 1 wieh tho French would issue similar instructions to their army." THE RUSSIAN FRONT. ENEMY'S OUTFLANKING MOVE. HINDENBERG'S STRATEGY AND HiTfoRCES. PETROGRAD, December 17. (Roceived December 18, at 8.25 a.m.) The German flanking operations in the Carpathians and on tho Vistula are being conducted on an immense scale. With his recent reinforcements General Hindenberg no\v has 20 army corps on the Polish front, enabling him to send Wo corps to 1 Hungary. A force of 170 ? 000 Austro-Germans crossed tho Carpathian passes. They include three Austrian corps recently withdrawn from Servia. AUSTRIA'S BOLD CLAIM. THE RUSSIANS RETREATING ALONG CRACOW FRONT. PARIS, December 17. (Received December 18, at 9.10 a.m) An Austrian communique states: We are pursuiug the Russians on the entire front in Galicia and South Poland. We advanced to and wcajtured
; Bochnia (between Tarnow and Cracow). [The Russians have not yet abandoned i their advance on the Latorcza valley, in j tho Carpathians. I [The Latorcza rises in the Carpathians and flows south into the Theiss, which I traverses the centre ol the Hungarian I plain before entering the Danube.] ; RUSSIAN COMMANDER I NOT AT ALL~PER'rURBED. j (London ' Time*' and Sydney * Sun' Services.) ! LONDON. December 17. Pctrcgrnd reports that Austrian [columns are pouring over tho Dukla passes into Galicia. The Grand Duke Nicholas records this fact without comment, and military opinion fully endorses his attitude of complete equanimity. [The Dukla passes through the Carpathians, connecting Galicia and Hungary, He S.W. from Przemsyl and S.E. from Tarnow. The nearest large town to Dukla is Sanok.] RUSSIA'S TERMS. 'IOO HARD FOR AUSTRIA. ALLEGED PEACE OVERTURES. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun* Sorviee*.) LONDON, December 17. A Geneva newspaper (dates that it is rumored that Austria has appealed to Russia for peace. Russia, in her reply, has demanded the surrender of Galicia to Poland, both becoming a kingdom under the Tear; the surrender of Bosnia and Herzegovina to Servia and Montenegro; the withdrawal of Austria from the Triple Alliance ; and the constitution of Austro-Hungary into federal States, one of which shall he an autonomous Bohemia. Austria considered such a Constitution too hard, and discontinued peace negotiations. IN SERVIA. THE AUSTRIAN DEBACLE CREATES OMINOUS MURMURS. LONDON, December 17. (Received December 18, at 8.25 a.m.) Renter states that Scrvia's victory provoked demonstrations in the large cities of Austria and Hungary against the Austrian methods of carrying on the war. The people are denouncing General Potoriek. The police at Budapest dispersed the demonstrators there. Details of the Austrian rout show that France supplied Servia with several of her most modern batteries and abundance of ammunition. The Anstrians lost two entiro army corp» in casualties and prinoners. Tho latter include 400 Italians, whom Servia offered to send to Italy. Prisoners tell heartrending 'stories of hardships. A number died of exhaustion jand frost. Many were foodless for 72 hours. Many Servians are also in a pitiable plight owing to lack of hospital appliances. BRITISH SQUADRONSHELLS TURKISH TROOPS GUARDING ThF~DARDANELLE-S. ATHENS, December 17. (Received December 18, at 8.25 a.m.) A British squadron bombarded some Turkish troops in the Gulf of Saros on Sunday. [The Gulf of Saros is on the northern of the isthmus whose southern shore is on the Dardanelles.] NEXJTRALS AND MINES IN BALTIC AND NORTH SEA. FOUR POWERS' LOSSES. STOCKHOLM, December 17. (Received December 18, at 8.25 a.m.) Through mines, Sweden has lost eight vessels and nearly 60 lives; Denmark, six vessels and six lives; Norway, five vessels and six lives; Holland, three vessels and 15 lives. Sweden's logs alone is estimated at half a million sterling. SW-EDEtN'S NEUTRALITY. GERMANY'S BULLYLNG TONE. LONDON, December 17. (Received December 18, at 8.25 a.m.) The ' Daily Mail's ' Petrograd correspondent says that the attitude of Sweden ia being watched with the greatest interest. The German Minister at Stockholm is daily addressing threatening notes to the Swedish Foreign Office regarding the alleged transit of articles, which Germany claims are contraband, to .England and Russia, The correspondent adds: "Tho systematic attempt to coerce Sweden into the conflict is lea by Austria. It is recognised that the Swedish attitude and Swedish publio opinion are more friendly to Russia than at the beginning of the war." DEFENCE OF AUSTRALIA. BASED BY SPEE'S DEFEAT. MELBOURNE, December 18. (Received December 18, at 9.20 a.m.) The Minister of Defence (Senator Pearce) states that owing to the destruction of the German Pacific squadron tho Commonwealth Defence Department will be able to demobilise portion of the troops. A CANADIAN NATIONALIST PROTECTED bFtHE POLICE FROM THE PUBLIC ANGER OTTAWA, December 17. (Received December 18, at 9.30 a.m.) Mr Bourassa, the Nationalist Leader, attempted to speak at a theatre in this city. An immense crowd assembled, and howled him down. The soldiers connected with tho second Canadian Contingent smashed the doors and windows, forcibly draped the speaker's table with the Union Jack, and sang patriotic songs continuously. The soldiers also attempted to compel Mr .Bourassa to wave a flag, but he refused. There was terrific excitement,
which was only quelled by the intervention of the police, who were obliged to 1 protect Mr Bourassa. The- Nationalist Leader is unpopular both with the 'French and British owing to his attitude on the war. [Mr Bourassa's policy is "Canada for the Canadians." He overlooks the fact that there would have been no Canada todav had it not been for Great Britain.] I AN UNFORTUNATE SULTAN. ■ WHY HE PROCLAIMED A JEHAD. AMSTERDAM, December 17. (Received December 18, at 8.25 a.m.) A despatch from Constantinople says ! that the Sultan has declared that the actions of the Allies had compelled him to proclaim a holy war against the Christian world in defence of their concerted policy, which threatened the destruction of Mohammedanism. [There are more Mohammedans under French, Russian, and British rule than in the whole Turkish Empire. Practically all India, Afghanistan, Persia. Egypt, the Caucasus, Algeria, and the j Soudan have condemned tho action of the Sultan of Turkey.] \ THE GERMANS' NEW GOD. MOST DEVOUT MUSSULMANS. LONDON, December 17. (Received December 18, at 8.50 a.m.) In order to gain the Mussulmans' favor the Germans in Turkey pretend that they have embraced Islam. They pray in the mosques, while sentinels are posted outside. Some of them wear armlets bearing in Turkish the words: "There is but 0110 God and Mohammed i 3 His prophet." TRAITOR AND FOOL. LONDON, December 17. (Received December 18, at 8.25 a.m.) The 'Vossische" Zeitung' states that Slatin Pasha, late British Inspector-Gene-ral for the Soudan, whom the Emperor Franz Josef recently made a Privy Councillor, has renounced all his English appointments and decorations. AUSTRALLVS CONTINGENT. MELBOURNE, December 18. The Minister of Defence (Senator P*xrce) stated that close upon 20,000 troops had been despatched, at a cost of £253,000 for the first year of their absence. LOYAL CHURCHMEN. PRESBYTERIANS AND THE KING. A deputation from the General Assembly of the Church of New Zealand on Tuetdiiy presented to His Excellency the Governor an expression of the attitude of the Church to the war and their deep loyalty to tho King and Empire. Gibh read the resolution adopted by tho General Arsembly at their recent meeting in this City. In responding, Lord Liverpool said it was well known to himself and to most people that the British in the Homeland were profoundly touched by tho loyally and enthusiasm'of the Biitish beyond the seas. It, was hardly pofsiblc to overemphasise tho del : ght felt at Home at the part the Dominions were playing during the present titanic strife. Every assurance of the affection of the people and the churches of the Dominions for the Empire was prized in a wonderful way by the Homo authorities. He would like, therefore, to have a copy of the TCFolution regarding the war. It was accordingly arranged to have a copy prepared at onco for His Excellency. DUNEDIN WOMEN'S ASSOCIATION. The. following donations have been received :—Arthur Street School Fife and Drum Band (for the Belgians), 17s; Cromwell Ladies' Patriotic Committee (for cardigan jackets), £2 10s; Mrs Murray, Port Chalmers (for cardigan jackets), £l.
SPECIAL CHRISTMAS GIFT FOR BELCIANS. Several citizens have suggested that, in view of the unexampled distress in Belgium, an effort should be mado to raise a special Christmas gift of_ £I,OOO to be forwarded by cable to Belgium immediately. The suggestion that has been made to*the Public Appeal Committee of the Otago Patriotic and General Welfare Association is that probably 200 citizens in Dunedin will be willing to subscribe £5 apiece to such a fund, but, whilst the members of the committee fully approve of the suggestion, they scarcely know how to give effect to it'at such short notice. The matter, however, has been mentioned to the proprietors of the StenhensonLinley Pantomime Company to-day. and they have at once volunteered to give a performance on the streets to-morrow between the hours of 11.30 and 1 with a view to assisting in the raising of this fund. It mav be mentioned that in Auckland, Wellington, and Christchurch the company gave street performances, and, in eacn centre, a considerable sum was raised for tho Belgium Fund, and it is hoped that the citizens of Dunedin will respond to-morrow in their usual generous manner. Those who are unable to be present at the street function and who want to assist in this special effort may send their donations addressed to the. Chairman of the Public Appeal Committee, Box 462, Dunedin. ENTERTAINMENT AT MOERAKI. What is considered the best entertainment yet given in the Moeraki Coronation Hall was a, concert by the young people of the district on December 11 in aid of the Belgian relief fund. Tho pnxrra.mmeconsisted of solos, readings, recitations, and dialogues by tho adults, with several songs by the school children. Two items worthy "of special mention we.ro 'Tho Grandmothers.' a song, given in costume, by some half-dozen schoolgirls, and 'The Piccaninnies.' by the younger school childhen, two little Maoris in appropriate oor< tume takinc the polo parts. This latter was generally considered lha star item of the evening. At the conclusion ot the concert the floor was cleared for tho inevitable dance. During intervals in tho concert ai.d dance a regiment of ladies and girls plied a busy trade in buttonholes, realising a considerable sum. which was supplemented by a generous ooilection, taken up in a flag during the singing of 'Tipptrary.' The proceeds over and above expenses, amount to £l6 ss. PUBLIO SERVANTS AND ENLISTMENT. Replying to a published statement that officers" of the Public Servico had been refused leave of absence in order to enlist in tho Expeditionary Force, tho Publio Service Commissioner Fays that the statement is incorrect. With the exception of three officers, whose cases were deferred for a few days, and ono whose services could not be spared till early in the new year, every officer who desired to enlist had been granted leave of absence, and his position will be kopt open for him until his return. In addition the Government had arranged to pay the superannuation deductions of tho officers absent with the forces. Up to "the present 417 officers of the Public Service had been granted leave for duty with the Expeditionary Forces, and 182 for duty at forts and other places in connection with the New Zealand land defences.
" Six of a Family" sends us 15s for tho Belgian fund. 1
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FRENCH AND JOFFRE, Evening Star, Issue 15679, 18 December 1914