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The Evening Star FRIDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1914.

The able and patriotic Canadian Minister of Defence, Colonel 3. Throwing Hughes, ia reported to Pebbles at have said that, in a sense, Gibraltar. he was glad that the British people now feit what war was really like. No sensible person will misinterpret or misunderstand snch a deliverance. The earn© comment has, in effect, been passed upon our own Dominion. An esteemed citizen remarked in our hearing yesterday that nothing apparently short, of a few shells dropped ii; oar midst would make, some people realise that the Empire is at war. What have we in New Zealand to make plain, as far as the demeanor of too many of its people is concerned, that we axe at war? The indifference and woree which faced that honored citizen and jrn-at soldier Lord Roberts like n -.all of flint, and against which he fought, in vain, continue to exist. though the war that ha for long had warned us to prepare to meet has buret upor. the Molher Land. Only it is in reverse form. 'Formerly the vawnt laugh and supercilious sneer of superioritv were directed towards making clear to the point of ridicule how absurd all talk of coming was.- was. To-day these same people are light-heartedly saying: "The Germans will "never i-ivsdo us; we shall win through; "our Xav) " (the Xavy on whoso behalf they have never done a hand's turn) "will protect us.'' It ie such as these that Colond Hughes had in his mind's eye when he said he was glad that the British people wero loarning what war was like. The immediate cause of his comment, presumably, was the German ' cruiser raid on th* Yorkshire- coast, Thia, i as we suspected, was undertaken for two reasons: to create panic among the people of the United Kingdom and to hearten tho people of Germany. It failed lamentably to effect the one. but it has temporarily succeeded with the other. All Germany, as fa.* as headlines in the newspaper* can mako it do so, Is rejoicing in " the deeds of our brave seamen," and gloating over the pitiful state of panic or fear to which the hated British have bean reduced. Nor need we grudge them their momentary exultation. Strong in our confidence, and certain as we are in th« ultimate triumph of our arms and those of our Allies on land as well as sea, the shouts of the German Press and peoplo can be regarded philosophically. We know that neither reoent nox rutuw TaJda will more the Admiralty from its pro-arranged plan of campaign by a single hair's breadth, and w* know that a panicstricken British people is not within the range of probability. Raids of this nature will work their own oure. The raiders will be caught, but as well might they throw psbbles, to use the apt simile of 'The Times,' against the Bock of Gibraltar a* fire shell into coastal towns in the hope that England will budge from her i unalterable purpose, or risk fch» fruit* of I final vioi<B» ,

What tho raid has done is to quicken tho national conscience. It is a pity that death and destruction are to awaken the manhood of a country to a realisation of its duties and responsibilities. Every day lost in not coming forward is a day gained by the enemy. Hour by hour it grows clearer that men, and ever more men, are alono needed to bring tho spoiler of the world's peaco to his knees. That, as the New York 'Time?' has truly and bravely said, Germany is- under the moral condemnation of the civiliaed world the Empire and her Allies rejoice to know. Were it not so they would bo better to fight no longer aod to suo without further sacrifice for what terms of peace it might please the modern Attila to grant them. The one thing that is certain and beyond rational equivocation at this hour La that the forces of mankind are upon the sido of the Allies, and that, were it not so, nothing could save them from disaster and national offacemont. If there aro any among us who are intellectually Incapable of appreciating what is meant by " moral foroea," or who confute "moral condemnation" with storios of unproved individual acts of atrocity, let such consider what chances of success the Allies could hope for if Italy, the Balkan States, Spain, Protugal, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and tho United States detested their policy as much aa they now detest the policies of Germany and of that other exponent of higher culture—Turkey? It is because they have tho moral support of 'mankind, and becauso the German attack on and desolation of .Belgium are the most infamous outrages in human history, that the Allies aro as certain of victory as we are that to-morrow's sun will rise. Tho New York 'Times' is* but repeating- what sober men and women have said from the beginning. This war, said tho Prime Minister of England, ,is remarkable because of tho spiritual forces engaged therein. These are greater than the material. It is a war against civilisation that Germany is waging, s.iys Mr Balfour; and "as tho Lord livcth, we are in thi3 war to defend tho weak," cries Mr ■Lloyd George. And what these statesmen say has been said, each in its own way, by Press and platform and pulpit the world over. Destroy or take away that moral condemnation under which Germany now rests, and not ten nor a hundred army corps could give the Allies victory. The soul of a people will beat the sword of the enemy every time, provided it is expressive of those, things that alono make life worth living. This i and no other is the reason why Belgium to-day has behind Iter the material and moral support of Christendom. There would not have boon a single riile fired on her behalf but for the moral condemnation that had sprung into being against her savo.go aggressors. All o£ which means that when the nations are thus inspired and strengthened the quicker they bring their material forces to bear upon the common enemy the sooner will he cease to afflict tho earth.

It seems that the decision of the Charitable Aid Board in The favor of the acquisition Secondary of Mr C. Tilbnrn's proHospital perty at Wakari for the Purchase. purposes of a secondary hospital was practically unanimous. The opinion of tho architect on the two points submitted to him in regard to drainage and water supply was the deciding factor apparently, and was regarded by the board as being of far greater importance than the considered opinions of tho honorary medical staff and the medical superintendent (Dr Falconer), tho latter of whom has all through the piece expressed a sti-; penchant for the Pine Hill sito if the v.hoieof the land required in view of possible exclusions in the not remote future can be obtained at a satisfactory figure. The member for Dunedin West, who, it will bo remembered, was subjected during the recent parliamentary campaign to a good deal of questioning on the subject, lost no time, after he ascertained that the board were bent on purchasing tho Wakari property in defiance of the protest of the local authorities and the education authorities, in getting into touch with the Minister of Public Health, and in taking steps to hang up, if possible the projected acquisition. If we read aright tho telegraphic correspondence between Mr Stovvart and the Minister, it is open to serious question whether the board have not exceeded their functions. It js quite clear that tho Minister's consent is a condition precedent to the board erecting any " n?w" institution i: the cost exceed £250. That the board kr.eiv perfectly we'd of this impediment to the further prosecution of tho negotiations is manifest by the Minister's telegram to the chairman, and. if for no other reason, courtesy towards the representative of tho State which provide* the lion's share of the expenditure on hospital.'" and charitable institutions should have dictated a different course to the one that has been pursued. Whether the residents of Wakari are ablo to substantiate their opposition or whether the Education Eoai-d can advance weighty reasons against a secondary hospital being planted almost alongside a public school arc question that might eurely bo left to <he decision of the In-speetor-rJeneraJ of HVrritnls. vhcf-e impartiality is above suspicion. There axe two penits on which tho public have a right to expect an explanation from tho chairman of the Charitable Aid Hoard, and Ave hope it vill bo forthcoming:—(l) Did the board obtain a/1 vice from their ora tolicitors as to tho of the purchase, without the consent' or the Minister being first obtained ; (2) why the haste in bringing tho negotiations to their last etage in the face cf the Minister's request that finality should be deferred until Dr Valintine has an opportunity of conferring on Che spot with those whose interests ought not to be lightly brushed aside? From Vie facts disclosed in Mr Stewart'© letter it would appear as if the board's action had been marked by extraordinary precipitancy. The question of a secondary hospital site wai finally decided at last night's meeting of the Hcepital Board, when it was agreed in committee to accept Mr C. Tilburn'e offer of 30 aere3 at Wakari, together with a block of buildings thereon, for the sum of £6,500, for liiu purpose* of a secondary hospital. The approaching season's'greetings were tendered by Mr Widdowson this morning at tho Port Chalmers Court to the bar, tho police, and the Press. The ordinary meeting of tha Hospital Board was held laet evening, and attended by Mr J- H. Walker (chairman), Mra Ferguson, Mrs Jackson, Messrs B. S. Myers, W. T. Talboys, F. G. Gumming, W. E a Knight, C. N. Scurr, J. Cumming, A. Quelch, and Dr Marshall Macdonald. Dr Rosa Collier wrote resigning her position as a co-operative member of the Ladies Pencvolent Committee. The letter was received with regret. A number of matters were considered in committee, the- meeting lasting over two hours. Twelve tenders were received for the erection of the Nurses' Home, and that oi Messrs Fletcher Bros, for £16,957 was accepted. A Gisborae message says :—The bakers anticipate a bread farnino, having only a Jgctnightfa floor flupplj*

Mr H. "Fay, the Norwegian Consul at Melbourne, was yesterday shown tho shipping facilities in Dunedin by Mr Bardsloy, eocretary of tho Otago Harbor Board. After inspecting the Dunedin water front Mr Bardaloy motored down to Port Chalmers in the afternoon, aaid thero Mr Fay was welcomed by the Mayor and allowed the unexcelled docking and ship-repairing facilities a£ the Port of Otagp. The foundries and machine shops were also visited, and the deep-water berthage being prepared at the George street wharf was pointed out. Mr Fay was surprised at tho extent and up-todatenes3 of the shipping facilities of Otago Harbor.

At the Port Chalmers Police Court this forenoon Robert Barber was fined 40s and costs (7s) for blasting tree stumps within ike borough on the sth inst. without.-per-mission to do bo. The police stated that portion* of the tree stumps wero scattered broadcast by the force of the explosions, and several people and a number of children in tho vicinity narrowly escaped serious injury. Mr Widdoweon, S.M., was on the bench.

Apparently, states tho Auckland ' Herald,' some postal officials have not yot become accustomed to tho idea that Samoa has beon taken possession of by British troops. For some inscrutable reason, letters posted in tho United Kingdom addressed to a New Zealander who went to Apia with the occupying force havo been returned through the dead letter office with the intimation that they cannot be delivered. Of course the Post Office does not deliver correspondence to an enemy country, but surely tho British Post Office now know that Samoa is under the flag. Some time ago the commercial travellers of Otago and Southland inaugurated a scheme for the purpose of raising money in aid of the Dunedin and Invercargill Hospitals. As a result Mr James Brown, secretary of tho Commercial Travellers' Association, has forwarded to Mr J. Jacobs (secretary of the Otago Hospital Board) the sum of £3O ltis lOd. Tho Invercargill Hospital has benefited to the amount of £23 0s 4d. The " commercials" are deserving of a special word of thanks for their efforts.

At lart night's meeting of the Hospital Board the " tender of Fletcher Bros. (£15,957) was accepted for the erection of the new nurses' home and lift in Cumberland street. The other tenders received were as follows: —W. M'Lellan £15,588. Armstrong and .Moore £16,210 15s, R. Crawford and Co. £16.805, U. Blackmore £16,869, M'Kinnon and Hamilton £16,985, J. E. White £16,964 ss. J. Watson and Co. £16,660, R. Meilde £17,483, Lawrence and Sons £17.597 14s-, James M'Gill qnd Sons £18.333, Orr Campbell £18.441. Fletcher Bros.' tender for the building was £15,350 and for tho lift £607. W. M'Lrlian'a tender of £15,588 wae for the building only.

It would be well for builders to consult the Drainage Board by-laws, fince in a couple of prosecutions in the Police Court this morning it was stated in defence of two builders proceeded against that the majority of that craft in Dunedin are unaware'of the existence of the by-law compelling builders to give notice to the board before erecting, and to provide a drainage plan. The City Council's permit is not sufficient. The object of the by-law, as explained by Mr Stephens, is to ensure that thero shall be sufficient grade allowed for drainage. In many instances at Tainui, it appeare, the houses were built too low for drainage to be effected. Mr Nichol, who appeared for one defendant, expressed tho opinion that it would be much more reasonable if the City Council official notified the Drainage Board of building permits granted, and the Magistrate (Mr Bartholomew) said that it certainly appeared a reasonable thing where the interests of two bodies wcto identical —as was the case with buildings. Small fines were inflicted. Mr R- H. Newman, "who was chief wireless operator of 11.M.5. Pioneer, and who was transferred to the Pathfii.der. was drowned when that vessel was sunk in the North Rea.

A verv enjoyable entertainment was held at the Dunedin Hospital on Tuesday, Mrs Lindo Fergusson having arranged with the Musical Circle of tho Otago Women's Club to entertain tho patients in that institution. The soloists were Mrs Moore, Mrs Brugh, Miss .Stock, and Miss James. The' latter also gave two recitations. The gleo club consisted of tho following :—Mrs Smith, Misses Jame-s, Whitson, Spedding, Mesdames Greenslade, Wise, Wilkinson. Seideberg, and 'Mason. Mrs Mason acted as accompanist and Mrs Speddincr was chairwoman. Mr W. T. Talboys, on behalf of the Otago Hospital and Charitable Aid Board, thanked the club for tho entertainment which they had to the patients, and a hearty vote of thanks was accorded to Mrs Fergussos for having arranged tho concert.

Tho newspaper 'LTndependanco Beige' has made its first appearance as a newspaper published in London. Within a few weeks this well-known and influential journal has been published in succession at Brvsfels, Ghent, and Ostond, leaving each town within a few hours of the Germans taking possession. v 'The staff left Belgium among the last of the refugees, and with undaunted spirit will endeavor to carry on their work and propaganda from London until Belgium again provides a wife home. ' LTndependance Beige' is- the oldest of all the Belgian papers, having been first produced ar- ' LTndepcndant' on tho pve of tho insurrection of 1830, and assuming its present title when Belgium was mado an independent State. With the motto "Conservation par le progress," th<paper has fought steadily for Liberal causes. Among its contributors at tho time of the coup d'etat, of 1851 were Vieto- Hugo, Challemel Lacour. and Deschanelpere. The staff of the paper in London havo decided to issue it as an evening edition

Writingfrom Melbourne to the Wellington 'Dominion' under da to December 3, a resident of that city says: " The depressioii caused by the war was in a large measure nominal, but that caused by the drought is a real pinch. All the S;ates, excepting Queensland, arc in a bad way. The wheat harvest is exactly a quarter of \v.e-t j car's yield, and that was not hi us to brag about." It is difficult for you in New Zealand to realise what drought means here'. A man was offered 10.000 sheep for nothing th<- other day and refused them. The condition u'as that they should be removed from a certain farm immediately—fact! Isinet-y hordes went suld the cumr day for £SO the lot. A cabman showed me a pair <»f horses in Bowks street thatlih hr.d bought far £5 (the pair) in a- saleyard right here in Melbourne. And yet Australia, recuperates so rapidly that with a few inches <f rain all hands would bo smilinc again." Watson's Xo. 10 is a little dearer than mo.*fc whiskies, but is worth the monev. — tAdvt.2 Parent* and children are requested to read about a tearful accident in another column. —[Advt.l A glass of Speight's beer at lunch and supper is better than all tho tea in China.--[Ativt,] We have received a handy calendar from tho Victoria Insurance Company. "W.M.M." sends us 5s Towards the CV'stmas appeal for those in receipt of charitable aid outside the Benevolent Institution. Troubled with insomnia? A class of Watson's No. 10 makes a so'endid nightcap.— [Advt.]

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The Evening Star FRIDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1914., Issue 15679, 18 December 1914

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The Evening Star FRIDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1914. Issue 15679, 18 December 1914

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