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THE GERMAN NAVAL RAID, Issue 15679, 18 December 1914
THE GERMAN NAVAL RAID
VOID OF SIGNIFICANCE. WILL NOT MODIFY BRITISH POLieY. STORY OF THE ATTACK. OUT OF THE DARK INTO THE DAWN. THEN BACK INTO THE MIST. Press Association—By Telegraph—Copyrisht. SCARBOROUGH'S SURPRISE. SHELLED IN THE EARLY MORN. LONDON, December 17. A couple of flashes and the roar of bis: guns startled the people at Scarborough, •who were mostly breakfasting by gaslight. It was an unusually dark morning. A light cruiser came close to the shore and a bigger vessel remained in the distance, firing recklessly alonsr the whole sea front. which was tvept by a r.ipid succession of shells. Most of the damage took plate at Castle Hill. The castle keep was damaged. Some of the shells stuv k the general hospital at the< Royal Northern Infirmary, where there sre a number of wounded soldiers. No one was injured. The Town Hall awl several churches wero damaged. The western part of the town suffered 1 badly, and many houses •*«re demolished. The guns were fired in threes. After a few seconds' pause, terrifying explosions indicated where the shells lodged. Three struck the Grand Hotel and did heavy den age. A wounded resident estimates that nearlv a hundred houses were destroyed in East Scarborough. The population generally were calm. SOME OF THE CASUALTIES. MEN. WOMEN. AND CHILDREN. LONDON, December 17. The killed at Scarborough include several children and a Mr John Hall, an ex-alder-man. A postman was about to hand a letter to a servant when a shell exploded between them, killins both. A mother and daue'nter, fleeing "from their house, were killed on the doorstep. Elsewhere a mother and two children were killed Adjutant Will ; am Avery, of the Salvation Army, was killed at Hartlepool. He leaves a widow and five children. THE SCE2CE AT HARTLEPOOL. LONDON. December 17. The residents at the Blackball Rocks, five miles from West Hartlepool, saw the •hips firms: broadsides, and then turning and firinir opposite broadsides. ■ It is reported that the warships displayed British signals and were taken for friendly vessels until they opened fire. One family, consisting of father, mother. and six children at Hartlepool, were all kil'ed. In another case one child was killed and fovrr escaped. Several children who were going to I ochool were-» v — Jed.A shell burst among a group of volunteers and killed seven. OFF WHITBY. INDIGNATION NATURAL, BUT USELESS. . LONDON, December 17. Under cdVer of a haze the warships approached within a mile of Whithy. The first shot lodged at Eastcliffe. Then they got the range and Tained shells on tho town. It is estimated that 200 were fired Many of them fell short of where they were directed. Men, women, and children were killed, and others wounded. Indignation has been universally aroused by the attack, which, in tbe case of such undefended towns as Whitby and Scarborough, la a manifest violation of The Hague Convention. This feeling is exceeded, only by the sympathy for the vic,tin» of the barbaric act. THOUGHT IT WAS GUN PRACTICE. LONDON. December 17. When the thunder of the guns was first heard at West Hartlepool the inhabitants regarded it as gun practice. Then they heard explosions in the direction of the railway station and shipyards, and saw the gasometer and timber yards on the water front buret into flames. Tho weather was hazy, and nothing waa visible except sudden jets of flame. The forts came into action, and all troops were paraded to prevent any possible, land shops and offices were emptied, and business was suspended. The waterworks were partly damaged, and several houses in the higher part of the town were wrecked. Many people ran to the park. Several sheila fell in their midst, but no one was hurt. The coastguard buildings were slightly damaged, ana the windows were broken throughout the town ; otherwise the damage apparently was n->t serious. Precautions had been pre-arranged for just »uch an emergency. The gas was cut off at North Shields. The military guarded tho post office. ITS OBJECT. DOOMED TO" FAILURE. LONDON. December 17. The object of the rn'd was to relieve '.he depression in Germany and create a panic in England with the hope of retarding xeinforcements. , Another object, equally futile, was to divert Borne of the warship* guarding tho North Sea, and thereby enable the wouldbe raiders to reach the trade routes or permit of contraband eutering Germany. The fate of the Emdent'and the result of the Falkland Islands battle are great factors, and the newspapers recall Count BcT«ntlow's recent statement that the Germans must see clearly that in order to fight with success ttey must fight ruthlessly in the proper meaning of the word. PEBBLES AT GIBRALTAR. IiONDON, December 17. "Tb» Times' says editorially: "The possibility of mch a raid was widely - faown, especially on the east coast. It is iufly expected that the Germans will come again, until they come once too often. - They think to frighten us, but we are not easily to he frightened. They might as well throw pebbles at the Rock of Gib■sltar.- ■ THE WAR OFICE REPORT. A2T ABSENCE OB 1 PANIC. LONDON, December 17. The War Office announces that two German battle cruisers and armored cruisers ' ' commenced the bombardment of Hartlepool at 8.15 a.m. The land batteries replied, end apparently hit and damaged the enemy. I"he firing ceased at 8.50, when tbe enemy steamed off. &.:- N«i «• Q& our guns was touched.
A ihell fell on the Royal Engineers' lines and several in the lines of (lie 18th Service Battalion of. the Durham Light Infaatry. Tho casualties among the troops were seven killed and fourteen wounded. Some damage was done to the town, and the gasworks were set on fire. Tbe people during the bombardment, e«p*cially in West Hartlepool, crowded th 9 streets, and some 22 were killed and 50 wounded. Simultaneously a battle cruiser and an armored cruiser fired shots on Scarborough. Considerable damage was done. There were 13 casualties. Two battle cruisers fired shots at Whitby; damaging the buildings. Two people wert» killed or* wounded The War (Mice adds that at all three places there was an entire absence of panic, the demeanor of the people was everything that could ba desired. HIGH COMMISSIONERS REPORT. SUMMARY OF~THE EPISODE . The Prime Minister has received the following frora the High Commissioner, dated London, December 16:— The fortress at West Hartlepool engaged the German waa vessels, and the enemy i were driven off. It was a 6mall German vessel that fired j on Scarborough and Whitby. Middlesbrough and Redcar were also bombardod by the Germans. Under dale London, December 17 (0.30 p.m.), the Commissioner further states: A German cruiser force made a demonstration upon the Yorkshire coast, shelling Hartlepool, Whitby, and Scarborough. A number of fast ships were employed for this purpose, and remained for about an hour on the coast. As soon as the presence of the enemy was reported to the British patrolling squadron it endeavored to cut them off. On being sighted by British vessels the Germans returned at full speed, and. favored by mist. succeeded in making good their escape. Thp losses on both sides were small, !>ut full reports have not yet. ben received. The Admiralty points out that a demonstration o? this character acainst unfortified towns or commercial ports is devoid of military significance, and must not und-T any circumstances be allowed to modifv the general rava' policy. Under date London, December 17 (2.30 p m.), the High Commissioner again reports : English eoas*. bombardment casualties. —Hartlepool: Troops—7 killed, 10 wounded- Damage was done to the Town Hall, and the gasworks were set on fire. People crowded tho etreel*. and approximately 22 were killed and 50 wounded. At Scarborough there were 13 casualties, and at Whitby 2 people were killed and 2 wounded. There was an entire absence of panic j everywhere. SOME EXPERT OPINIONS. TTIE COUNTER-ATTACK. LONDON. December 17. When the British destroyers appeared ; the enemy's bigger ships desisted their j bombardment- and retired. Some minor j engagements wore unproductive of de- i cisive results on either side. It is generally acrecd by experts that \ the bombardment was outside the control j of the North Sea Fleet, which cannot be everywhere. Moreover, the blockade of the German coasts is not a close blockade, as in olden wars. It is stated that three German cruisers and four destroyers attacked the Tyne j flotilla. \ shell exploded en brawl a destroyer, and killed snm-> of the men and wounded other?. A womded lieutenant and six men from a dertrovrr hav« been taken to the hospital at South Shields. LACKS CONFIRMATION. ! LONDON. December 17. Unofficial: Tt is reported at Blyth that all of the German raiding vessels have been sunk. A STIMULANT NEEDED. LONDON. December 17. Ae a result of the news of the raid, at many places, both on the coast and inland, there 5s a marked spurt in the recruiting. GERMANS LEAVE MINES. THREE STEAMERS DESTROYED. A DESPERATE GANG. LONDON. December 17. (Received December 18, at 9.10 a.m.) Three, steamers were destroyed by mines off Flamborough Head last nicht,_ and several persons were drowned. It is believed that one was a passenger ship. Dr Macnamara (Under-Secretary for the Navv), addre«sinc; the engineers at Cathcart" said that the Germans wero rapidly lrecoming desperate. They were launching their venom and hatred at Great Britain. He did not know what military purpose the bombardment hoped to serve, but it was worth two new army corps to Great Britain. HARTLEPOOL CASUALTY ROLL. 55 KILLED, "ill WOUNDED. LONDON, December 17. (Received December 18, at 9.10 a.m.) Several of tbe shells <iid not explode I that were fired at Hartlepool. Official: Fifty-five were killed and 115 wounded at Hartlepool. j THE GERMAN CHUCKLE. "OUR BRAVE SHIPS." LONDON, December 17. (Received December 18, at 8.50 a.m.) The 'Berliner Tageblatt' declares that "once more our ships have braved the scattered mines and shelled English fortified places." Other German newspapers are equally enthusiastic over the performance. CANADIAN MINISTER'S VIEW. THE BRITISH NEED WAKING UP. OTTAWA. December 17. The Minuter of Defence (Colonel Highes), in the course of a statement to the Canadian public, rays it ie unlikely | that Genera! Joffre will make an imnte- ; diate advance to drive the Germans out of Belgium. Great Britain and France I are by r.o means yet ready for ,-v great j offensive movement. j Colonel Hughes did not think it likely I that the war v.-ould end scon. Germany's I preparations \yw far more complete than I even outeide military exports were aware ! of, and Canada must be ready to arm 8 per cent, of he: male population, if neoesi sary. ' He was gl-id that to some extent the [ British people now felt what war was j really like. It would awaken them to the I immens'tv of conflict, and cause them to abandon football and do their duty.
THE GERMAN NAVAL RAID, Issue 15679, 18 December 1914
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