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THE GERMAN FLEET

THE ENGLISH COAST. BOMBARDMENT FROM SEA BY FOUR CERMAN CRUISERS. SOME BUILDINCS DAMACED. ONE PERSON KILLED. LONDON, December 16. (Received Dec. 17, at 8.30 a.m.) Two German cruisers bombarded Whitby, and a number of houses were partially destroyed, as was also Whitby Abbey. One man was killed and several were injured. Tho Press Bureau states: "The. Cermans engaged the fortress at West Hartlepool, and were driven off. Huge holes were made in several buildings, and the Town Hall was slightly damaged. "The Scarborough wireless station Is intact. Many Scarborough residents fled towards Hull. The bombardment began at 8 a.m. It Is reported that several buildings were damaged." The Exchange Company report that four Ccrman cruisers participated in tho bombardment. IN THE NORTH SEA. IMPORTANT MOVEMENTS. BRITISH FLOTILLAS ENCACED. LONDON, December 16. (Received Deo. 17, at 9.30 a.m.) At 1.10 this afternoon the Press Bureau announced that important Cerman movements are taking place in the North Sea. The Cermans are off Scarborough and Hartlepool, and our flotillas are engaged at various points. TWO SHELLS STRIKE A CHURCH. CASWORKS DESTROYED, ALSO ROWS OF HOUSES. NUMBERS OF PERSONS KILLED. LONDON, December 16. (Received Dec. 17, at 12.20 p.m.) Particulars so far received are meagre. The military authorities control all telegraphic communications. About 40 shells fell in Scarborough, the objectives apparently being the wireless station and the Town Hall. Two shells struck St. Martin's Church during a communion service, but the congregation remained calm. The cruisers steamed slowly past the town. The bombardment of West Hartlepool was simultaneous. That of Scarborough lasted 25 minutes. A shell fired the gasworks, but the results are unknown. Rows of houses were destroyed and numbers killed. BRITISH DESTROYERS BAR THE RETREAT. ENCACEMENT NOW PROCEEDING. LONDON, December 16. (Received Deo. 17, at 12.20 p.m.) Tho Press Association report that a naval engagement is now being fought off Hartlepool. A destroyer flotilla encountered three Cerman oruisers eight miles off the coast. THE CASUALTY ROLL. LONDON, December 16. (Received Dec. 17, at 12.40 p.m.) It Is reported that 18 persons were killed at Scarborough and 100 wounded. Thirty shells were thrown into Whitby. Soma fell three miles inland, the damage being chiefly in the Meadowfield distriot. A civilian has died from injuries he received. AMERICAN CRITICISM. HOW CAME THE GERMANS TO BREAK THROUGH! WASHINGTON,,, December 16. (Received December 17, at 12.5 p.m.) Naval experts have expressed surprise that the German*) were able to break through the British Fleet and attack the English coast. It is thought that the Germans ara simply end-eavoring to create a ccare, and that they are unlikely to accomplish any useful purpose. It is also pointed out that the Germans are disregarding the laws of warfare in bombarding unfortified and unprotected towns. NEW YORK, December 16. (Received December 17, at 12.40 p.m.) Apparently the raid was made by two or three fast German cruisers, which dropped shells in towns along a 40-mile etretch of coast and thon disappeared in the fog. FRANCO-BELCIAN FRONT. FURTHER ADVANCES MADE. BRITISH SQUADRON ACTIVE. VIOLENTLY SHEILL WESTENDE. PARIS, December 16. A conununiquo states; , The British squadron violently bombarded Weetende (between Ostend and Nieuport). The Belgians repulsed a oomiter-attack at St

COMING OUT AT LAST, NORTH SEA ENGAGEMENTS. NAVIES GETTING IN TOUGH. BRITISH COAST BOMBARDMENT. AUSTRO-GERMAN FRICTION. Press Association—By Telegraph— Copyright.

and occupied farms on the left, : bank of the Ys»t. 'The French progressed tat St, Eloi. ! There have- been artillery duels at Arras, on the Aisne. and in the Champagne district, where wo gained a clear advantage at several point.:." We repelled attacks in Montmare. Wood, also to the wftst of Ccrmy (Alsace). i THE SICK KAISER WANTS A TRIP WEST. (London 'Times' and Sydney ' Snn' Services.) LONDON, December 16. ' Lc Temps's ' Copenhagen correspondent says that the Kaisor, although his condition continue* serious, has vowed to quit ids bed and proceed to the western battlefield, dio&pito the supplications of the Kaiserin and the advice of his doctors. THE WARS DURATION. TOO FEW AT THE FRONT. I (London ' Times ' and Sydney ' Sun' Servioes.) LONDON. December 16. I 'The Times'.*' military correspondent, 1 discussing the duration of the war, says: ! "The measure of the time it, will last is the j measure of tho energy we display in j shortening it. Four months aiter its ont- ! break we llnd ourselves with five men in Untiring in England for every soldier at 1 the front. Cntil wo niter t.hi--, proportion we cannot prosecute the war as vigorously : as wo should." THE EMPUtE. iITS IDEALS AND DETERMINATION. i WHAT GERMANY MUST LEARN. THE DOMINIONS IN EARNEST. LONDON, December 16. j (Received December 17. at 9 a.m.) I Sir It. Borden's statement as to ! Canada's military resources has occasioned i wido comment. It* quiet assurance m ul--1 timato British victory is especially com- ; mended. Tho 'Pail Mall Gazette' tays: "Sir R. j Borden's memorandum is a" picture in -miniature, of the diflicultie.s caused by lack I of organisation for war prevailing throtijjhi out tho Empire. At. tho same timo there iti n<> lack of determination in the British people to wo the struggle through to a victorious concJusior. Invidious comparison is sometimes made between the willI ingne«j of Britons overseas to serve the j Empire and tho alleged slackness o,f Bri- j i tons at Home. This is unfair and mispleading, but the Dominions havodono, and ■aie doing, magnificently. AustraJiana and New Zealanders are not a whit behind the Canadians in readiness to serve. The tide of British power is rising steadily and strongly. The Germans will shortly be I conrpelled to realise tho fact—against j which they have stubbornly shut their I eyes—that the Empire is no haphazard objection of tributary States, but a brotherhood of free peoples, with ideals of peace | and lil»erty, and with the determination that these ideals shall .prevail in • the world, and that the weakest nations shall enjoy the right to live their own lives equally with the strongest." AUSTRALIA'S PART. COMPARISON WITH CANADA. j MR FISHER'S CLAIM. MELBOURNE, December 17. i (Received December 17, at 9.30 a.m.) j In the Federal Senate, debating Ans- i jtralia's part in the war. Senator Millen I (ex-Minister of Defence) stated that ; 30,030 had already enlisted, while the Esi timates provide for 42.000 during this ; financial year. Australia should go full- ': speed. right through and assist recruiting by advertising. i In the House of Representatives Mr I Cook (Leader of the Opposition) mainj taincd that Australia was not doing enough compared with Canada. Mr Fisher (Prime Minister) said Australia had dono more, ashore and afloat, than any other Dominion. j NEW GUINEA RECRUITS. SYDNEY, December 17. (Received December 17, at 9.30 a.m.) Reinforcements for tho Expeditionary Force are recruiting from New Guinea and the Pacific Islands, and numbers of men are offering. THE GERMAN TEMPER. FIGHT TO~A FINISH. AMMUNITION SUPPLY PRECARIOUS. ! (London * Times ' and Sydney ' Sun' Servicer) ! LONDON", December 16. j A correspondent, writing from the south of Germany, states that Liega and Namnr have been rebuilt and aro again strongly fortified. All important road croesings and railways and most of the important buildings in Brussels have been mined, and one only needs to pre** a button to convert them into a heap of ruins. The South Germans are not enthusiaetie over the war, but they realise that th«y must stick together. "The popularity of tho Kaiser has lessened. When Germany recognises her hopeless case the southern States will bo the firat to cry for peaoe. After the war the prestige of Prussia will suffer heavily, and will probably disappear. The correspondent ie firmly convinced that the German people -will fight to a finish. When thoy are finally forced to surrender it will not be for want of soldiers, food, or money. The greatest danger lies in the ammunition supplies, Germany (being very short of saltpetre. AUSTRIA'S PERTINACITY SURPRISES THE RUSSLANS. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, December 16. Petrograd officials ara surprised at th« perseverance of the Anstrians, despite repeated and staggering defeats. Th«yhav« foat 36 generals and 190 colonels, chiefly from the Hungarian regiments. Tho ' Neue Preie Presse * admits the dofeats, and urges the nation not to de- , apair. The ' Ptamdonblatt' ad« its read- i

era to believe that the Germans are betraying the interests of Austria in order to protect the. road to Berlin.

MAID OF ALL WORK. AUSTRIA'S HUMBLE POSHTON. (London * Times' and Sydney ' Sun' Service*,) LONDONr December 16. 'The TimesV Petrograd correspondent says that the Germans continue to impose the most difficult tacks on the Austrian*, who were forced to act as rearguards to the German columns in order to check the Russian vanguard, while the Germans retired from Warsaw. They were ordered not to permit the Russians to pass Cracow into Silesia, and to attempt the envelopment of the Russians eouth of Przemysl, involving crossing the enow-clad Carpathians. IN CRACOW. A QUAPJIELSOME GARRISON. PRUSSIANS AND AUSTRIAN'S. PETROGRAD. December 16. Refugees from Cracow state that the garrison includes the Prussian Guards. A-usfero-German dissensions _ have broken out, and frequently result in bloodshed. THE SERVIAN SURPRISE. THE COUNTRY CLEARED. DISCONTENT IN AUSTRIA. LONDON. December 16. (Received December 17, at 8.50 a.m.) The Servians' eueceas, especially the capture of Belgrade, has caused consternation in Vienna and Budapest. Discontent towards Germany in increasing. iSe.rvia is now entirely clear of Austrian troops. BACK TO THE CAPITAL. Tho High Commissioner's cable, stales that the Servian King entered Belgrade, at the head of his troops. EGYPT. TURKS' HARD TASK. LONDON, December 16. (Received December 17. Nt 8.30 a.m.) 'The Times's ' correspondent in Cairo is convinced that the Turks aro no match foi- tho, Egyptian garrison. How tho Turks will 'cross the desert in sufficient strength is not- clear. AT ST. PAULS. DAY OF INTERCESSION. LONDON. December 16. (Received December 17. at 9.15 a.m.) I Kt. Paul's Cathedral was crowded during tho twenty-four hours' intercession service, ilaj'iy soldiers and Belgians were present. ENGLISHMAN RELEASED. TURKS AND STR 11. PEARS. SOFIA. December 16. (Received December 17, at 9.15 a.m.) Sir Edwin Pears, a British barrister and newspaper correspondent, who was recently arrested by the Turks at Constants ncple, has been released. THE RIGHT OF SEARCH". BRITISH CONCESSION. WASHINGTON. December 16. (Received December 17, at 8.30 a.m.) Sir C. A. Spring-Rice announces that Britain will forgo the right, to search vessels from American ports if their masters satisfy the Consuls at the ports of departure of the character of thair cargoes. WAR RISKS ON SHIPPING. LONDON. December 16. (Received December 17, at 8.30 a.m.) Lloyd's war risk on vessels to Australia and New Zealand is now 25s per £IOO. THE IRISH LEAGUE REPUDIATE CASEMENT. NEW YORK. December 16. The United Irkh League repudiate Sir Roger Casement's visit to Berlin, and declare that he was not authorised to speak for anybody. SINKING OF THE MESSOUDIEII. THE TURKISH VERSION. AMSTERDAM, December 16. (Received December 17, at 12.5 p.m.) A Constantinople telegram states that the Messoudieh sank owing to a leak, and that the crow were saved. It is reported that the Khedive has gone to Vienna. TROUBLESOME PRISONERS. LONDON, December 16. (Received December 17, at 12.40 p.m.) Tho censors discovered that some of the prisoners in the Douglas Internment Camp had been writing to Germany in invisible ink. One culprit was sentenced to two months' imprisonment. ST JOHN' AMBULANCE BRIGADE OVERSEAS. The activities of the St. John Ambulance Brigade aro still being m-intat.ied tmoughout the Dominion. Tho various nursing divisions have been energetically at work colkctina: and preparing clothinc for the Queen Mary's Needlework Guild, which was instituted fi.r the purpose of providing clothing and material for the trick and wounded in the war. Some -particulars with regard to tho work which has bscn done bv tho brigade in tho Otago district may bo of interest The Green Island Nursing Division have forwarded 182 articles of clothing, in addition to 254 tins of milk for tho Belgian babies; th* Caversbam Nursing Division havedospatchod 126 articles; the Oamani Nursing Division have shipped 793 articles; Jnverccirgill Nursing, 343; and Dunedin Nursing, 47 articles. Other nursing divisions aro also at work, nlthonjdi they have not yet despatched any material. A considerable amour.t of money has been collected and forwarded to the headquarters of tho Order of St. John to assist m the piwec-ution of their philanthropic work in aid of the sick and injured. The local contributions bv the brigade are as follows:—Oamaru N»r3in«. £llß 15s 8d j Oamaru Ambulanoo, £6O 16s 10 ; Hanipdon Nursing, £l6 10s 3d ; Dunedin Nursing. £25; Palnrerston South Ambulance £7 10s; Palmcrston South Nursing, £7 10s; Green Island Nwrsinff, £5; Caversham Nursing £8 Is; Invercar rill Ambulanoa and Nursing, £63 ss; Herbert Ambulance, £1 15s. Ths New Zealand branch of tho brigade Jwv> already despatched mar© than 3,000 articles of clothiue and ov>er £l.ocV> in <v>sh. The various divisions will continue, their exertions durintr the co>iti"i'-"ee of ti.o ■war, and the interest and assistance of all niemb-.rs of tb° nimmunity is earnestlv solicited. Further Information' may be obtained from the district secretary, Mr P. Breen. or from the lady stiperintendent, Miss Hooper. Dunedin. We have received from the employees of the Woodhatisrh Varier Mills £2 15s (fch<*ir ninth conti'ibtition)" for the Reldan relief fund. The response to the call for men for Samoa is. so far. vory disappointing. It is understood that only something liks 35 enrolments have been received from the whole of Otago, the bulk of which are from the citv. As a matter of fact only one applicant has enrolled from tho Sotith Otago croup area. Tt has been decided that the field artillery shall carry out their training by brigade camps, instead of by battery training.

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Bibliographic details

THE GERMAN FLEET, Evening Star, Issue 15678, 17 December 1914

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2,275

THE GERMAN FLEET Evening Star, Issue 15678, 17 December 1914

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