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GERMAN FLEET., Issue 15678, 17 December 1914
SOME BOATSJDOME OUT. SHELL ENGLISH SEAPORTS. ABOUT MOUTH OF TEES. ENEMY DRIVEN OFF. Prtss Association—By Telegraph— Copyright The Prime Minister has received the following message from tlie High Conun.saioner: LGNDON, December 16. The Geimans .-hell.d Sca.b.ruugh (Yorkth.rv) a..d H.i.tiepo*.! (Durham j. British flotillas are engaged. The «tuation ie developing. The Go.mans ul.o bombarded Whitbv, MiddLebrough. and Reciear (Yurkshiie). The fo.tiesi at We<?t Hartiep ol engaged the German v.-s&cL, and tho enemy were driven off. It waa a small German boat that fired on Scarborough and Whitby. WAS ZILEBRUGGE THEIR BASE? LONDON, December 16. A German officer inf.mied a ' Daily News' oorre.-poiuknt that tiie Germane consider Zeebn'gge the k.-y to an attack on Britain. H- ad ied that n :t until the Kaiser's troops cva u;ud Z .b u _c would the invasion of Engi; nd bab ml ned. One of the chief funeions ol the place in the plan of campaign was ts use as a submarine ba;e fur th destri: tin of the transports whbh w. eld b cr .-ing the Thannol next epring with ISiitish reinforcements. Admiial Von Tirpitz believed that suitihle craft would b. able to p;oced from IVilhelrrshaven to Ze bur,' e undisturbed by the British Navy, a plan having been devised for ke«p!ng them under water for days. The officer elso >taied t' at only one submarine was badly damaged in the British naval bombardm m of Ze. bridge. FRANCO-BELGIAN FRONT. ALLIES PUSHING IN. FURTHER ADVANCES MADE. ACTIVITY ROUND LILLE. PARIS. December 16. Official: The F anc. -B lgian forces have debouched at Xiniprt. j nd have occ-pi:d the line westward of L mbaertzyde to St. Georges. The AlPes have advanced SCO metres south of Ypres towa ds K!cn Zillebeke. A heavy criinonr.de is proceeding between Armenti;res end the north-west of Lille. The enemy hav be-rn obFged to withdraw- their gur.s a considerable distance .eastward of their irte [o-iti in. i Tho French to tho southward of L'lle [are operating from a new point of advantage at Veimellcs. and th: eaten the enemy's po itio,, at Lens. HEAVY FIGHTING. PUSHING TO ROULERS. LONDON, Dercmb-r 16. The 'Daily ChiomcloV Dvnkirk correspondent states that th" three days' battle at Ypres be-'an with tli£ bombardment of St. Eloi. The .Allien replied with './>avy artill"ry, under the cover of which *h? infantry advanced to Moorsted?, v'<*Te there wan a det-rniined r"'istance. '''ho Germans concealed armored trucks rt a railway aiding, where they directed a henvv machine gan rnl 'ifle fire, forcing trc Allies to re'ire ?nd rform. S'mnltaneous'v th" Germans advanced ! n'n the wooded cun'ry nenr Zonnebeke. Th"v were checked bv" th" Alii'"? posted the heights at n"-ehivelt. Thcrexmon was a cenernl ndv-nee b'- the Al'ies, .yho regained Meor.H°d J . The artillerv, Incattnsr the armor-vl trucks, blew up the ammunition of the en"ir.v. who retreated, leaving the road to Rnulers or>»n. Meantime ther« wre other German attacks at Poe1"-TK ,I KP' , s-eh'-nd-"»Ie. Liinfreand the enemy striving by wel-dri of numbers to break the lin». Nowhere, however, did they succeed . Tt is estimated that thcr" were 24.000 mcr.Uies in a line e few kil"metree in ]»>-—*h noi-th and south of Yn r e«. R»d Cross declare that the onslaught was the fiercest that has occurred in th'"v recion. T hon(?h Rnulers was rot taken, a solid wedge was driven into the German lines. THE YPRES STRUGGLE. HOW BRTTISII STOOD, AND HOW THEY SUFFERED. AGAINST 8 TO 1 ODDS. LONDON. December 16. The newspapers publish General Rawlinron's and General Bvne'« thanks for the 7th Tnfantrv and 3rd Cavalry Divisions holdintr the Germans at bav and rtnbbornlv defending Ypres. Tlie odds against them were eicht to one. when the two divfsions ■were to refit, th* roll-call of t?-.- infantry alone nhowd that out of «00 officers who «tarted fr-m Tncland only PII were left, and out of 12,000 men only 2,336 TcmainecL LN ALSACE. FRENCH STEADILY ADVANCE. THE RHINtTtN SIGHT. (London "Tunes* and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON. December 15. The French are fiehting in the Vo.=ges at an altitude of B,oooft, clearinß tho way the Rhine. The Alpine troops cover 30 to 40 miles dailv on skis. The French are steadilv advancing towards the Rhine. The residents of Colmar are preparing to evacuate the town. It is asserted that the French can invest Guebwiller. and even Strasburg, whenever they choose. GERMANS ROUND NANCY. POPULACE TERRORISED. (London 'Tunes' and Sydney 'Sun' Service*.) LONDON, December 15. The Germans have developed a policy of organised terrorism in the Nancy region. They are destroying the church towers and all hiyh buildings bkelv to lerve as French observation posts. They aro compelling the inhabitants to dig potatoes, and all able-bodied men to construct trenches. THE RUSSIANS. IN NORTHERN POLAND. GERMANS ADMIT REPULSE. BERLIN, December 15. A communique admits that the German jolumn advancing via Mlawa was forced ,to occupy its former position, owing to Superior Russian forces. RUSSIAN SUCCESSES j %; NORTH AND SOUTH. NO DECISION~IN CENTRE. PETROGRAD, December 16. Official: Our success in the Mlawa, region i> maintained. Law* German forces .are concentrating on the left bank of the Vistula. Fierce fighting has occurred between . Lowicz and Bzura, both sides alternately i "W* made aome progress. J
The enemy have markedly weakened at Czenstochowa and Cracow. We are completing our movement towards the Carpathian passes. The fighting is developing in Western Galicia. AUSTKIAN CLAIM. SUCCESS ROUND CRACOW. AMSTERDAM, December 16. Austrian official reports state that the Austrians compelled the Russians in Western Galicia to retreat, causing the front in Southern Poland to waver. During this advance and in the last battle they took many prisoners. They reached the line from Jaslo (south of Tarnow, to Rujbrot. It is reported that the Russians are retiring alorg tho whole line Rajbrot-Nie-polomice ■ Wolbrom - Nowo - RadomskPttrokow. A SUGGESTIVE COMMENT. TRUTH SUPPRESSED. London 'Times' am! ->hiey Sun' Services* LONDON. December 15. _ The superintendent of a Londoi organisation at Venice states that the authorities are mismanaging the Austrian forces. 'l*he men are marched for six davs and nights without rest, aiul hundreds tall out exhausted. Anybody revealing tho truth al-out Galicia is hanged, as if might cause a «evolution. AUSTRIANS IN SERVIA. DEFEAT ADMITTED. VIENNA. December 10 A communique .-tale;: Our ..lie is.v?. south-ea.t of Valjevo encountered the enemy in far superior miudirrs, necessij taring a retreat by our forces, which hid i iiceii fighting f"r many week.- te.iaeiousL iwitb gnat los-es. The .o ninuni'itio ad- \ mits lfi.it j the Austrians. | WERE .SERVIANS HELPED? I MONTENE-'.RIN >UCCBS. I ROME. December IG. j A Prague (Austria) mes-s-uc reports that j French ii::d Uuss'au infantry are fi.hUiig ': tha erviane in . A ' Cettinjo dcv.'tch claims that the Montenegrin army has crossed the frontier, taken i-erajevo, and captured the railroads for several miles, with a numbe: of prisoners and stores. CAPTURED AUSTRIAN'S. (London 'Times' and Sydney • Sun ' Services.) LONDON, December 15. Nish reports that total captures to Friday were 28,000 prisoners, 70 guns, r and 44 ruiick-firers. TURK DECLINES COMMAND. i London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Service*.) LONDON, December 15. Enver Pasha, who was appointed commander of the armies in the Caucasus, is rejKjrted to have refused the appointment. THE EGiPTIAN INVASION. (London ' Times' and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) LONDON, December 15. Syrian refugees arriving at Alexandria report that there is a continuation of military activity. There is a concentration of troops at Damascus, and heavy, (rune are expected there. Severe epidemics of typhoid and smallpox have broken out. The disarmament of the Lebanese is believed to be imminent, despite German and Austrian representations. NAVAL MATTERS. SUBMARINE 81l TORPEDOE'' THE TURK. j MALTA, December 15. The British submarine which torpedoed the Messuedieh off Na.para was 811. STEAMER RECAPTURED. LONDON, December 16. British warships have recaptured the steamer Expected. the bulwark loss, accidental - explosion. LONDON, December 15. Official : The explosion on H.M.S. Bulwark at ?h.eerness was due to accidental ignition of the ammunition aboard. There is no evidence that it was due either to treachery aboard or to an act of the enemy. December 16. At the inquiry into the loss of the Bulwark it was clear from the evidence of eye-witnesses and a diver that no torpedoes or mines could have been used. An examination proved that there was no external damage to the hull. Experts are of opinion that the exact cause of the accidental ignition of ammunition will never be known. AVIATORS' ADVENTURE. LONDON, December 15. Of tho three aviators who lost their way in a mist .and were blown out to sea, one reached Holland and the others were picked up at sea. A destroyer has since salved the aeroplane. Woolwich arsenal. christmaT~holidays. LONDON. December 16. Official : Subject to a possible emergency call for the supply of an Expeditionary Force with munitions, Lord Kitchener is closing the ordnance factories at Woolwich for a short holiday from Christmas morning until the night shift of the 27th. This will be the first time the machinery at the arsenal has been stopped, even for an hour, s : nce the war began. FOOTBALLERS ENLIST. LONDON. December 17. Lord Kitchener has arranged that professional footballers joining the army shall play until the end of the season. Thirty London professionals have joined tho now footballers' battalion belonging to the Middlesex Becriment. VOLUNTARY HOSPITALS. LONDON, December 16. The War Office announces that no further voluntary hosnitals whatever are required at present for the British Expeditionary Forces in France. Any voluntary hospitals now on the Continent and hereafter proceeding thither must work as base hospitals, and not attempt to prooeed further. FAMINE AT OSTEND. AMSTERDAM. December 16. A report published in the ' Handelsblad' states that Ostend has been without bread since Monday week. Potatoes are the onlv food. Dairymen must pay 10 francs daily for permission to sell milk. /' A SWINDLE. UNDER THE RED CROSS. DUTCH AND GERMANS. LONDON, December 16. Mr Tinsley. English director residing at Rotterdam, placed the Uranium Steamship Company's hotel at tho dispc6al of ths municipality at the outbreak of the wax. Thereupon "the building was transferred to the Red Cross Society for the reception of wounded. 'lhe authorities ar« astounded that as the result of a police raid last week it was discovered that tho kitchens had been transformed into a meat-praserving factory. Red Cross rooks were busy packing meat iii boxes. Fifteen hundred contained' stew, and 12,000 were empty, waiting for mincemeat prepared in accordance with the German axnry rccjpa. »
Apparently a meat-packing company, including th©'German manager of the Uranium Hotel and the Dutch manager of one of the Red Cross departments, carried on the business, the ]te<l Cross premises receiving quai.tities to the order of Germany. GERMAN GOLD SCARCE. AMSTERDAM, December 16. The general commanding at Munster, in Wc6tphalia, has appealed to the burghers to exchange gold for paper in order to as6ist the war preparations, solemnly assuring them that they will lose nothing. The oiergy have been requested to influence th© people in the same direction as a duty laid by God upon everybody. GERMANY'S RESERVES. . London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Servicer) PARIS, December 15. The Press maintain that the calling up of the Landsturni is a sure proof that Germany's immense re&ervoir of men is slowly but surely dimi:i-hing. THE llßiti 1 OF SEARCH. WASHINGTON, Decern!»er 16. Sir C A. Spring-Rice has notified the State Department that the Briti-h Government are willing to forgo the right to search vcsels carrying American cargo, if shipmasters pieviova to their departure have conferred wiih Hritish Consuls an I salaried them as to the nature of their cargoes. : France has agreed to give similar assur- ! ances. PLAIN SPEECH AND PL.-UN TRUTHS. WASHINGTON. DceemVr 16. ] The N\w Yoik •Times' has a seathirg article, in the coin-o of which it deelai'-f. that Germany is doomed to defenl, ie ba'ikrupt in stal. s-vin.-hip. is ov- ruatehed in arms, and is ni'.der the moral con lenuation of !•!• civili.swl world. Ilic editor urges the G.rinan people to re:o,'-use ih-. 1 incompct- ;ice if the Kris r's rs and to overtfirow h ; m and them. A.METUCAN 01MMON : (London 'Times' and Sydney Sun ' Seivi.-es ) j LONDON. Decvmier 15. I In some eomniunitk's Ainevk'an • p: .mn I is over.vhehr.in'.'ly favorable to th" 'and though oilier-; may n. t feo: positive 'sympathy for Great FJrit-ain and Er.mce, they entertain a serviceable antipathy for Germany. ! ITALIAN POLICY. PREPARING FOR A MOVE. ROME, December 16. The Senate unanimously voted the Cabinet complete political power to deal with the foreign situation, also to take financial measures. LONDON. December 16. The ' Daily Telegraph's ' correspondent states that t ! *e vote is noteworthy, becaus • the Triple Alliance has more partisans in the Senate than in the Chamber. The resolutions may be regarded as implicitly authorising intervention. London 'Times' aud Sydney 'Sun' Servio**.! LONDON. December 15. Italy is determined to obtain immediate satisfaction for the consular incident at Hodeida. NOT A SOUND PROPOSAL. LONDON. December 16. The ' Kolnische Zeitung' states that France, equally with Russia, has rejected the Pope's Christmas truce. THANKS TO GREAT BRITAIN. WASHINGTON, December 15. Tho financial conditions in the f'inreStates are approaching normal. Money is ■cheap, and the bank reserves arc abundant. INDIAN UNREST. THE FRUIT OF GERMAN LIE 3. DELHI. December 16. The internal situation continues tat''"factory. The news of Admiral Sturrbe's v'etr.ry has had an excellent effect n tho pine of some commodities, which were l.i.fb, but are now tinder control. Wild rumors still circulate in the bazaars, ranging from such reports as that tho King has been captured by a Zeopelin, that he is hidinc in a fort at Bombay disguised as an Indian, and that the Kaiser has appointed German Judges to sit with the Enclish Judges. Every effort is being mado to reassure the credulous, both in the British and Indian native States. THE PANAMA CANAL. ENFORCING THE REGULATIONS. WASHINGTON, December 16. The President has agreed to despatch warships to Panama to guard against a breach of neutrality of the canal zone. Governor Goethals states that wireless was constantly being used within territorial waters. * The zone was also used as as base of supplies for bolligerents with radio apparatus. One British collier had already been dismantled. The British Embassy explained that it was improbable that British vessels understood the canal rules on the subject of wireless, but Great Britain did not object to the enforcement of tho regulations. PRIZES OF WAR. A NICE QUESTION. SYDNEY. December 16. In tho case in which the Commonwealth Government are applying before a Prize- Court to have the ship Zambezi and her cargo, captured by H.M.S. Encounter off Rabaul. declared a lawful prize, counsel for the Commonwealth argued thnt tho Phosphate Company and the captain of the Zambezi should* have insisted on knowing exactly the nature of the despatches they were carrying before allowing tho vessel to be chartered. Counsel for the charterers submitted that there was nothing to suggest complicity between their agent and the German Government. Counsel for the owners of the Zambezi contended that the case was unique. Tt would hj" an astounding thing to hold that a British vessel chartered at a time when the agent and tho captain had no knowledge of tho existence of war could bo coiadorcmed. COMING BACK HOME. SYDNEY. December 16. _ Among the passengers by the Maloja are two officers and l 0 men of the Australian and New Zealand contingents, who left the troopships owing to various sicknesses. THE BIBLE SOCIETIES AND THE WAR. The British Bible Societies are feeling in a very marked degree the effects of the world-wide that is raging. In a letter to Mr W. _Browrl, the president of the Otago Bible Society, the Rev. R. H. Falconer, secretary of the National Bible Society of Scotland, writes :—" We have been passing through a time of great society perplexity. An international society, of course, feels the force of any gale which blows, and tho gale haa been plowing from all points of the compass. Our colporteurs in the North of France at Lille, Valenciennes, Douai, and Tonrcoing, and also those in Belgium, are closed in behind the German lines. Our work in Finland and the Russian Baltic provinces was going on up to the end of September. We were asso- ' ciated with work in Moscow, of which ! we have not heard. In Poland our depot \ is in the town of Lodz, which the Germans invaded, from which they retreated, and to which they advanced again. As far as I can gather, it is once again in Russian hands. Of course, we have been quite isolated from the colportage staffs •ince the beginning- of th© war. i
" A difficult problem has been connected with the 'enemy.' countries —Germany, Austria, and Hungary. As soon ae war broke out I communicated with our agent in Germany authorising him to use aJI the stock of Portions amongst the troops, and to use the stock of Testaments, amounting to about 7,000, in hospitals. We circulated about 25,000 Gospels amongst the Hungarian troops during their mobilisation and after, and have authorised the circulation of another 25,000. The serious question, however, was what our financial relations to these countries was to be in view of tho King's proclamation? In Austria we have 23 colporteurs, in Hungary 12, and in Germany we have also a staff. It is grievous to see thia organisation built up through many years thrown into confusion, but with every effort to find a way by which we could maintain work, we have to accept the position that we cannot remit money to or accept deferred financial responsibilities in connection with these countries. We have therefore had to intimate to all our colportage staffs that wages will cease. We have, however, agreed to allow them 75 per cent, comm'ssion upon the value of sales which thev make.
"At Home we have been busy. Immediately after the forces were mobilised in Scotland we were enabled, through the courteous co-operation of the Scottish command, to send a copy of a Gospel" to eich man under arms in Scotland. Wo have made a large circulation in the camps. . . . \Te arc placing a Testament, light in weight, but- rood in type, at tho bedside of every wounded soldier in Scotland. This, alas! runs up to a largo number We are sending weekly parcels to tho chaplains of Scottish regiments at the front. Each parcel contains a number of Gospels and Testaments. Of course, the Testaments for the front are not to be sold by the chaplains, but riven to the men. There is not more calhuu work than that which is heint; carried out by the men who sweep the North Sea for mines, and we have presented 609 of them with Testaments. . . . At
the time cf writing the position of Turkey adds a new element of complication to this world-wide contest. It is appalling that the world in all its parts hm] continents should be convulsed. I fear that we have experiences ahead of us which will try the metal of our race, hut 1 have no doubt as to what the end will bo. The militarism of Germany nm.st be L'round to the dust or p ditical liberties are lost in Europe, and the consequences will be felt across all the seas. The sen.se of common dang'T has weld.vl into an indissoluble unity tho Empire which the Kaiser dreamed would fall apart at the sound of the guns as the heads of .. chain rattle on the floor when the thread is out."
Th<? British and Foreign Bible Society are also laboring in the same direction and on a still hirger sole. The society are undertaking to present as many copies of the Scripture as are needed by : (1) The sick and wounded, reached throuch the Red Cross and kindred organisations; (2) prisoners of war; (3) civilian refugees; (4) the contingents from Canada. Australasia, and other Oversea Dominions.
[ . . . Durins August and September the I Bible Society hav-e provided in connection t with the war over half a million Testa- | merits and Gospels. This total includes | 300.C00 copies for sold'irs and sailors, sick and wounded, in the l'riti.«h Em])ire. and 150,00T Gospels distributed to soldiers in Germany and Austria; but it takes no account of a very large number of Gospels given away among the troops of the Tsar. The Rev. A. Taylor, secretary of the British and Foreign Bible Society, advises tho secretary of the local society that he has already been ii7communication with the captain who has charge of the advance (N.Z.) contiii. ent, and through hirn is sending a full" supply of 10,000 Gosfvels, which will be ready for the men when they land. He adds :" "We are all greatly encouraged by the splendid way in which the Empire lias rallied to a common causo. We hope that after this terrible war is over we shall be so rear together and have realised so well the delights cf unity that we shall remain permanently bound by the closest possible ties." WHEN WAR WAS DECLARED. Mr E. K. Thomas, a well-known Perth lawyer, who was imprisoned in Germany for some days, and eventually escaped, returned by the R M.S. Ophir. " He .said that he w/is in Wiesbaden when war was declared between Germany and England. That day one would have thought the whole German army had been 6waJlowed tip by the s-ea, so great was the funk of the Germans They boasted that they could mobilise 10,000.000 men.
A great majority of the American tourists in Germany we're in favor of (Jermany, because "they had been fed up bv the German Press "lies, but directly they saw the British papers they altered their opinions. Mr Thomas escap<d along the Rhine to Rotterdam. He said there was no doubt Holland was dead against Germany, although the people were frightened that they would be treated as the Belgians were. " PLAY THE GAME." Information which has reached the 'Daily Express' throws a lurid light on the methods to which even the highest officeis in the Gorman army have stooped in their conduct of the war. Tho colonel .of a -celebrated British lancer regiment was wounded in tho severe fighting at Mons, in which his brigade was engaged. Ho was lying in a field hospital when ho was approached by two German officers One of these was a prince, an intimate friend and confidential advisor of the Kaiser. Ho is one of the richest men in the German Empire, and is well known in London. The prince approached the colonel and peremptorily demanded to know th*! dispositions of the principal units in Sir John French's army. The colonel, who recognised him, replied : " Prince , if you were, wounded and I asked you for confidential information about tho German forces, would you tell me?" The calm rejoinder angered the prince, who drew his revolver, and, lcyelling it at the colonel's head, said : " If you don't tell mo what T ask I will blow out your brains." Then the aide-de-camp intervened, and. laying his hand on the prince's arm, said : "That is not playing the game." Both officers then withdrew. According to the Berlin papers, the number of prisoners of w.ar in Germany up to October 21 was £96.8(9. including 5.401 officers. Of this total the number of French is 2,472 officers and 146.897 men; Russians, 2.164 officers and 104.524 men; Belgians. 547 officers and 5L378 men; and English, 218 officers and 8,669 men. The generals at present in German fortresses number 27, of which six are French, 18 Russians (including two commanding generals), and three are Belgians.
GERMAN FLEET., Issue 15678, 17 December 1914
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