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OPENING OF THE KING EDWARD PAVIUON THIS AFTERNOON. If traced to ifa source, the idea of building tho King 'Edward Pavilion as a ward for women at the Dunedin Hospital would be found to have originated with Mr J. H. Walker. It was fwm him that the suggestion rame to enlist if possible tho services of Mr Hugh Ward, who was iu Dunedit. j„ May ~f iga as j,«ad of tho theatrical company that came hat a with 'Seven J-iJivs,' -A Buchelor's Honeymoon,' and • other plays. Mr Ward and Miss Oraco I'alotta. cheerfully consented to assist by raising immey to form the nucleus of a fund towards such an object. They made » collection in the streets, had an auction at the Town Hall, and jrave a matinee performance at tho theatre- on tho 10th Mm, and handed over £448, wliioh aum was subsidtaed by the Government and augmented by the public until £5,000 \va.s iii hand. That was the start of the scheme. Messrs, Mason and Wales dre-w tho plans, and a contract was let to Mr Robert > Meiklo on the 7th February, 1913, by J winch time, the foundations were laid, the I tender price being £16,237. [ 10-dny this importing structure at tho , coiner of Cumberland and Hanover streets va.- opened. It is declared to be well and iaithfully built. There are twu floors, each with the same capacity—namely, accommodation for 24 beds m the main ward, with three smaller wards each intended for- two special cases. Iras gives a tctal capacity in the Kins Edward Pavilion of 60 beds, exclusive of che sun room. Each main ward measures ICOtt x 26it, and. its associate wards are 16a .v lift a clinical room 16.6 ft x 15ft, being attached to. each of the main wards. i the sauiUiry conveniences, sterilising room, etc., are in the towers. On each I Hoot- there is an Bft balcony in concrete, 1 and as tho lire escape staircase w of iron i the whole attachment is reallv fireproof. I Ihe pavilion is heated bv steam. The

!i:ea(nig apparatus stands in the basement j I here are tii-f piacea in the wards, so as to {make them -Jheerful. Dccolite has been used tor tiie Honis. It gives a surface like liiuileuri, without a joint. There is a rooi garttan over the whole building, with a glasshouse on top. Patients can therefore gel plenty of him, having the use of the roof and the wide balconies. Access to the roof is by a comfortable electric lift. A feature of this pavilion is that it. U p»actically a hospital in itself, Lavtna its own operating room, clinical roo.;: ' arki all other appointments. The structure U of brick, on c-.vrrfic tcundations, with concrete iloors. Thf- interior walls arc plastered or painted s., as to raa« an impervious surf.i m that nil] not cany dust. OFFICIALLY OPENED.

The veremony of declaring the pavilion open was performed this * afternoon in t-ie presence of a largo number of ladies am', gentlemen. •? i , r Hy*> rs .- chairman of the Jlosrutal Committee, presided, and alter reading apologies eallod on Mr Walker to declare the ward open. Mr J. H. Walker, chairman of the Hospital Board, spoke a* follows: Ladies ui\d gentlemen,—The duty of opening this new- pavilion at the* Duiiedin Hospital has devolved ujjon me, and I legret that neither Her Excellency the Countess of Liverpool nor the Hon. U. H. Rhodes (Minister in Chaig* of Hospitals and Charitable Aid) is able to be present with us to-day to perform the ceremony. Before with the actual ceremony, I desire to again give you a. short history of facta which led to the- erection and eomplctio-i of this noble structure. Recognising the great assistance which Mr Hugh Ward with Miss Grace Palotta had rendered in assisting hospitals, Mr Ward was communicated with through the acting editor of the 'Evening Star" (Mr A. Cohen), and as a consequence thereof apreliminary meeting 'A-as held on the 4th May, 1911, in the Mayor's Chamber, when arrangements were made for the campaign for collection of funds with which to erect this building." The battle cry was " For suffering v.ome-i," .ind as a result a magnificent 6um, with tho Government subsidy thereon, amounting to £10,402 lis 7d", was available. The personal efforts of Mr Ward and Mies Talttta wera responsible for thi'. collection of no less a sum iuclud-

ing the Covdr.iment subsidy, than £SB6 14s 6d, ;-o it will be seen that to these efforts the Hospital authorities are voiy deeply indebted. In addition, the enthusiasm which Mr Ward and Miss Palotta displayed was a great stimulus to tho public, and th.-> work was further carried on by the members of the board and tho honoraiy ttaff, wh.i all showed their individual interest :n the schemo by contributing nio?t generously. The details of tho woik involved to bring about this satisfactory result :icd not- be entered into here, as I have no doubt all present are fairly well acquainted therewith. 'Phis building may be said to be the "last word'' in hospital a; rommodat-ion, and reflects the highest cr?di*. not enly on the designers and architects (Messrs' Mason and Waloc.), but .'ilso upon the contractor (Mr T>. Meibl-e), the work having been eareiullv and faithfully rirvied out to the full sati=fK.-'tion <>i the board. While on this subject, I may mention. the great assistance rendered by tho hou. medical staff In assisting in the settlement of numerous details in connection therewith. Althoueh attached and worked in conjunction with the DmiMin Hospital, the building may ,be said to bo to all intents and purposes self-contained, inasmuch ;is it has its own operation and clinical room?, and i- <o ba used especially for the treatment of diseases peculiar to women. Tt is of different desi.'i to the other pavilions on f*his ground in that it has a. flat roof, with a sun room to enable same to be used for open-air treatment of patients. The floor is consiructcd of decolite. instead of wood. nc. usual, and thereby eaih floor :« in one piece onlv. and contain- ii" .joints, which are liable to open and provide for the accumulation of dust-, etc. An elect l'if , elevator is provided, whii hj nnis from tlv: yround floor to iho 'roof, rind is worked upon the automatic principle t<> enable Fame to tv> worked i.ot onlv by thf hospital _staff, but. if iiececsarv. bv anyone requiring to use the The' ain'i'iiii. uf tho contract, for

the uhci'c building was approximately £l6,OtlC. I*>v th> opeuinc? of this ward jiccon-iriiodatiyn \* immediately provided for 60 more patienis. and upon completion of tin- new muxes' heme further accom-mi-d.vm 1 will be provided for 14 others, and it. is nu'ijipnteil that this increased acoomi'iixlatii 1 will be sufficient on this block fur to come. Many c.piuions liav,» lately been offered us to whether further pxVr-sion* of building* on this block «ill be carried out, but onlv tiui" can decide this question, which nw.'v wiHv 1«- left iu abeyance in the meantime" for co-n.-iderat'on when the tirnwt-h '-f the district watnuiU a further hospital extension. To the public and v'ouslv ie.Miond.vl to all appeal* 011 W-ha't* of "chiriU. and especially to Mr Ward mill Mi-* Palotta, I have to convev t-hs best thanks of the beard, and the pnMic. which we represent, for so fioblv nrovidimr the nucleus of the fund for 'this Hospital. In accordance- with th* expressed wi«h of Mr Ward and with the resolution of the 0h;,?o Hospital and Charitable Aid Hoard. I have much iiL-aMHv in this -building "The Iviua Edward Pavilion." and the appropriateness of this name will fully appeal to vou all. In further compliance with the re?olntions of th« board. I have much r.lejiHvre in naming the upper ward "The l',itchelo>- Ward" and the lowc- ward ••The Florence Nightingale Ward." Could t«-o more appropriate names bo found ? T think not. Dr lialchelor, seti., was, I misht almost say, "the' pioneer in the special treatment of the disease* of wosign, 'and'one who has *iven of his best tfrth" Hcsnitil and the public during his mativ vears of reaidonce amongst: us., "Althougn. now perhaps past the prjme of life, he is at present snowing a splendid example to many cf younger men by plaoinj his services at the " Call of the Empire" and doing his duty with the New Zealand forces at present upholding the honor of thi* country, in th,4'ffttat

war which is now .imitating tho world. The history of the self-sacrifice of Florence Nightingale is too well known for me to recapitulate,' but to Dr M. Macdonald must be assigned the honor of the selection of tho name. The work of Florence .Nightingale is now reflected throughout tho whole, world by the admirable services rendered to the siek and wounded by that noble band of workers. To-day on tho battlefields of Europe is p?en the result of Florence Nightingale's .initiation, and thousand?—l might almost say million?—have felt the "benefit of her influence and teaching at the time of the Crimean War. Therefore I liav© no hesitation in saying that, tho names selected sufjice to express our appreciation of the works of those persons after whom this building is named. I now declare this building open for public use, and truat that it will fulfil its purpose in relieving the distress of " suffering women." I)r H L. Ferguson, Dean of the Medical Faculty, and chairman of the hon. medi>cal staff, was the next speaker. He said : It is my pleading duty on the occasion of the opening of the new women's pavilion to say. as Doan of the Medical Faculty, aind also as chairman of tho staff, a few words of thanks to those members of the public whose generosity has .provided the Hospital Board with tho funds-necessary for its erection. I wish especially to acknowledge our debt to Miss Grace *Falolta, an Austrian with whom we have no quarrel, and who is an ever ready and valuable ally in tho cause of charity and mercy. These buildings are- worthily designed and faithfully erected, and will prove* most suitable for the purposes for which they are intemded. We can look forward eon.3dently to rome 400 to 500 suffering women being annually nursed back to health within its walls, and year after year to a number of young men and womon receiving tho training which will fit them for the responsibility of watching over the health of your children and your children's children. Tho pioneers of Otago were far sighted and public-spirited men. While the pioneers of Canterbury devoted their endowments to tho foundations of a church school, tho pioneers of Otago devoted their efforts to the foundation of a- university., which included in its scope of activity a medical school ; and when this Hospital was established its, objects were formulated to be the treatment of the hick poor and the teaching of medicine to tho students in the School of Medicine of the Otago University. It was a courageous and public-spirited act to assume this responsibility, and thero is now hardly a district "in New Zetland which does not more ■or less depend for medical care on those who have been trained in this institution. In tho early days the old Board of Trustees were somewhat afraid that the. presence of tho school would result in inoruaeed demands on tho ratepayers, arid looltins; back at the then condition of the Hospital the school would not have'justified its existence if it had not done so. Thirty-one years ago the Trustee* declined to want- the application of the staff that butter should bo included in the dietary scale of tho inmates, and when a further request was mads that, asystem of trained nurses should be introduced we learned that there unreasonable requests were tho work of a designing section of tho staff, v.-ho were referred to as the University clique. We never fuliy succeeded in teaching tho earlier boards that tho first and last cseential for a hospital is not economy, but efficiency. That efficiency and economy are identical is proved by the fact that om- maintenance charges aVo lower hero than in any other large hospital in tho Dominion. The Trustees took up the position that they had no power to levy rates for building, but the oublic ''quickly gra&ped the fact that 'changes* were necessary. and havo nobly responded to the many appeals that have been made to them. Thav found the money for a nurses' home, thus" rendering possible a reform in the nursing. Thoy found over £2,000 for a woman's ward in response to Dr Batchclor's appeal for funds to erect a building in which abdominal surgery could be safely carried out. but the conditions at the time wore such that Dr Batchelor resigned from the staff rather than con'timto to operate in surroundings which he I<new to be dangerous. They responded to a further appeal from the Trustees for a larger scheme for surgical wards, the result being the Campbell Pavilion, the first effort at modern hospital construction in the Dominion. They responded generously to Dr Brown's appeal for a children's block, to the board's appeal for a new medical block, to numerous appeals by the Hospital Saturday Association for a new operating theatre, a new out-patient department,' an X-ray department, corridors, and other things, and now to the women's block, which is the realisation of the movement Dr Batchelor started 24 ago. In this, your last gift, the staff will ho able, under the best conditions, to carry on their endless fight against disease, and, T trust, to hand on untarnished the best traditions of their profession to their successors. The staff when I joined it consisted of Dr Scott and Dr Brown (representing the University). Dr Batchelor, Dr Maunsell, Dr De Zourhe, Dr Copland, Dr John Mardonald. Dr Stenhouse. and myself; and there was no differentiation of duties except in niv special department. Of that staff. Dr Brown, Dr Batchelor. Dr Stcnhouse. and myself survive ; the Trustees who appointed us are all gone. The distrusteil Universitv clique <;f a couple of years later comprised Dr Scott. Dr Brown. Dr Batchelor. Dr Colquhoun, and myself. The specialisation of teaching in the school involved specialisation in the Hospital, with increased efficiency in every way; and new we havo a staff of 20 and a dozen different departments. That the Hospital occupies the. position it does to-day is due to its connection with the school, and to the public recognition of the fact that tho efficiency the school demanded- was of move immediate benefit to the patients than to tho students in the wards. The needs of a hospital and a tchool are never at an end, but I am bure as now ones arise the public will help tin as generously in the future as they nave done in the past. Your staff have striven earnestly to lead the way iu all hospital matters, and to render Duiiedin a Mecca to which all sick pilgrims of the Dominion 'could come with faith. How far we have Micceeded it is not for me to nay. but T trust our will be animated bv the feeling " What we have we'll hold.''

Mr .John Roberts, C.M.0.. Vice-chan-cellor of the Otago University, said that in the absence of the Chancellor (Rev. A. Cameron), who wks out of town, ne had been asked to represent the University on the present occasion. He might- be permitted to take the opportunity of culling attention to the connection betwen the J'nivc-rsity and the Hospital. It >va.s his duty and a- great pleasure to 'onvyy the thanks of the University Council and the Medical ,S"chool generally to the Hospital authorities for the loyal support given to the University in all its te-i:li:ig ;>rrnngoments. Mr Roberts went on to specially refer to the funds . follccicd for the establishment of a patholcgi'al and bacteriological laboratory. Jjubv-rip-tious for this purpose, including a iicnation of £2,000 from a generous lrienci, were collected at the beginning «,f thi;, year, 'amounting to about £7,500, and this, -with the subsidy of £ for £ fr- m the Government, would make up ;i sum sufficient to build and equip the 'aboritory. The Government had boighj and landed to the University a site in King strec-. opposite the Hospital, but as this s.ite was considered Lb be not quite large enough for the requirements, the University Council were urging the Govenm-nt to secure an additional section v.-iih lie view of giving more room. Dr Marshall Macdonald said that he was glad that even after that lapse of time they were now able to offer proper accommodation to those who were suffering from the illnesses peculiar to women, and that that stigma had at last been removed from tho Hospital. He was afraid, however, that the immediate rceult of opening this magnificent pavilion, replete with all modern equipment and requirements, would he an alarmuig'jncTciise in tho number' of races of illness amongft woman in'our City. He ; was glad also that 'the building, of this pavilion would free the children's ward Tor the purpose for which it was originallv built', "because he had always felt that the children had not been fairly treated in that matter. In another sray theis: neyr wards marked it new" 'development. Tb«y jreio Jhe first

wards in which special provision had been made for the students in tho shape of clinical rooms. These rooms were a necessity for clinical work, which was of great* benefit-to the patients. Tho advantage of having a Medical School attached to a hospital was shown in the towns at Home, where, when they had a teaching and a non-teaching hospital in the samo district, the sick poor always preferred to go to the teacliing hospital, because they knew that they got better value there. But he wished "them to understand clearly t-hot while they looked after the students' interests they "always looked first to the patients' inte'rest. fhev taught their students in that Hospital, as in all other hospitals, that the interest of the rich patient must not always be the paramount interest; that tho patient must always come first. There was yet another way in which the new pavilion removed a reproach from their Hospital, and that was that for tho time a room was being set aside for eick nurses. Their nuises worked very hard, their course of training was an arduous one, and they often broke down in the course of it, and hitherto they had had to find accommodation wherever they could, and very often it was in quarters that were not inviting. They now had a fine room set apart for them, and ho wished to utter a word of warning. Sooner or later, iin time of stress, eomeone would set covetous eyes on that room, and he thought they should lay down a hard and fast rule there and then that that room should never in any circumstances be used for any other purpose than that for which it was intended.

.i>u.«*«,.4 w ».,, ,v .* » W. l'j. Logic (a vice-president of the Saturday Hospital Association) briefly addressed the meeting. Mrs Lindo Ferguson said :• I esteem it an honor to-'day to be given tho opportunity of saying a few words in the Batchelor Ward. The Dean, in the course oi his remarks, said something about tho traditions of the medical profession. I was very pleased when, thanks to a suggestion of Dr Marshall Macdonald's, tho board decided on giving these wards names which «re so likely to prove inspiring to those who are to work within them. The nauio of Florence Nightingale calls up to ones mind a tradition of sympathy, charity, and self-sacrificing helpfulness which every true nurfe surely must make the ideal she strivco to attain ; and if thcro is ono name more than another which will become a tradition in the Duiiedin Hospital it is that of Dr Batchelor, the pioneer ot gynecology in New Zealand. If the snrgeons who serve in these words display one half tho energy and one-half the single, minded devotion to duty tliat Dr Batchelor did during hit long connection with this hospital the public and tho board will indeed be well served.

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DUNEDIN HOSPITAL, Issue 15678, 17 December 1914

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DUNEDIN HOSPITAL Issue 15678, 17 December 1914

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