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LATEST FROM EUROPE

The Ailes in North Franco have taken the offensive and made substantial progress. There has been an anti-war demonstration by Turkish women in Erzeroum. Their persistence compelled the Vail to forward a protest to Constantinople against the war. British prisoners are being discriminated against in the German concentration camp at VVesel. The Sultan at the opening of the Turkish -Parliament declared that Turkey was compelled to go to war owing to the policy of the Allies, and he is confident that Turkey will add to the victories of the glorious armies of Germany and Austria. GERMAN TRICKS. FAILED ATVEBMELTJES. Press Association—By Telegraph—Copyright. PARIS, December 15. (Received December 16, at 12.40 p.m.) The Germans at Vermelles collected the women and children in a school in whmn machine guns had been placed. Tne French commander was in a dilemma. He had been ordered to assault the village, but feared lest he nhould injure tho children in the school yard. Fortunatelv the attackers noticed a deaf mute conversing with the children on his fmgers. A French soldier was able to attract the mute's attention, and, epea Icing on his ringers, directed him to push the children under cover. Meanwhile ten French, sharpshooters picked off tho German machine gunners. and a few minutes later Vermel lee was taken with tho bayonet. A LTECTEN'ANTS BOAST. AMSTERDAM, December 15. (Received December 16, at .20 p.m.) The 'Munich Naehriehten' publishes a letter from Lieutenant Eberlcin, in whien ho boasts that h<> placed throe civilians in front o l'tlie, Cermaii advance at St. Die, and that French bullets killed these civilians. TURKISH PARLIAMENT. AX OPTIMISTIC SULTAN AND AX USTKLTHTUL. ONE. - AMSTERDAM, December 15. (Received December 16, at 1.20 p.m.) A Constantinople telegram states that the Khedive of Egvpt attended the opening of tho Turkish Parliament. The Sultan, in his opening speech, declared that when Turkey was family observing the strictest neutrality the Russians attacked her Black Sea fleet, while Erzland and France sent troops to her borders. Turkey was therefore compelled to CO to war. . Tho Sultan said bo was convinced that Turkey would add her victories to those gained' by the glorious German and Austrian armies. SOUTH AFRICA. .MORE REBELSCAPTURFJD. PRETORIA, December 15. '(Received December 16, at 12.40 p.m.) Further rantures have been made, of isolated bands of rebels. Conroy is now the only important rebel still at large in Organia. IN THE BALTIC. NEUTRAL POWERS' GRIEVANCES. CHRISTIANIA, December 15. (R-ec*ived December 16, at 1.20 p.m.) The chief object of tho conference between Denmark. Norway, and Sweden to be held at Malmo, is to discuss neutrality, the repression of contraband, and possibly Germain's confiscation ef neutral ships and the'sowing of mines in the Baltic. A KIAO-CHAU ESCAPEE. THE CORMORAN AT GUAM. WASHINGTON, December 15. (Received December 16, at 12.40 p.m.) The. U.S. Navy Department has learned ofTiciailv of tho arrival at- Guam of a- German converted cruiser, the Cormorau. Her commander was notified by the United States harbor authorities there that she must- leave-, within 24 hours or bo interned. The Cormoran's whereabouts were unknown since .she left Kiao-chau. As it is improbable that the vessel will be. able, to secure sufficient real to take her to tho nearest German port, it is likely that she will be interned. [The Cormorau is a protected cruiser of 1.614 tons, mounting eight 4.lin guns and smaller quick-firers, built in 1892. Guam is a small island belonging to the United States lying to the south of_ the Ladrone Islands' (German) and east of the Philippines.] (Received December 16, at 2 p.m.) Tho German converted cruiser Cormorau has decided to intern at Guam. GERMAN AMERICANS. NOT MUCH LEFT FOR UNCLE SAM. NEW YORK, December 15. (Received December 16, at 8.35 a.m.) American jurists are discussing tho international aspect or the German -citizenship law (enacted in 1914), which enables Germans acquiring foreign citizenship to retain their German citizenship if they obtained permission so to do. The Law also enables foreign citizens of German blood to obtain German citizenship while they remain abioad. AN ARMY OF THE FREE. HAS NEVER FAILED THE COUNTRY. LONDON, December 15. (Received December 16, at 8.55 a.m.) Speaking at a Unionist meeting in London, Mr Bonar Law said that never in the world's liistory had an army such as they required and enlisted voluntarily failed them, nor bad it failed America in her great civil war. Ho was quite sure tliat they would get all the nun they needed. KING EDWARD'S HORSE. RECRUITS WANTED. LONDON, December 15. (Received December 16, at 12.5 p.m.) There are vacancies for 300 good riders and shots in the second King Edward's Horse, owing to tho largo number who have received commissioners in the Regular Army, of which 100 were granted in the last three weeks. Australian candidates can cable their applications through Sir T. Coghl-ui, Agent-General for New •South Wales. NO CLASS DISTINCTIONS. [Pes United Puess Association.'] PALMERSTON X., December 16. " The basis of the principle of the NewZealand citizen army is no class distinctions," was the reply given by the Hon. James Allen to a local deputation which deeired that ex-public school boys should be allowed to form ono regiment, probably of 400 men, for service at the front. He would however, he said, *q ercourago men in any way possible, and suggested the forming of platoons of companies. At present he could not say that this was necessary. Tho deputation also suggested the setting up of concentration camps to hold recruits .not immediately needed. Mr Allen said the department was against taking men away from industries until they were required. He would submit

&ELCIAN ART UNION. The Belgian relief fund art union was drawn to-day at Messrs Wright., Stephenson, and Co.'a office. Tho vanning ticket was No. 2,844, held by " Wat pent," Rose street Hoslyn. The art union realised tho very handsome, tcta! of £177 lis. WORK AT fvIORNINCTON. A*, the Mornington Council Chambers Thursday -will be the last "receiving day" until the holidays are over. Goods will'be received from, 2.30 o'clock. A largo number of holdalLs aiv to he cut out and distributed, to be made for tho reinforcements. | Tho Mayoress requests tho indies 1o continu.3 working during the holidays for tho British and Belgian relief fund, also for the soldiers, as a large number of socks and bolts will bo required about the end of January. Goods have been received for the Belgian relief fund from two ladies at Xaseby. and money from "Lemon Honey" (fourth donation, per Mrs 'fennet). 12s fid. St. Mary's Mother's Union lias sent lis for tho Belgian children. FOR THE BELGIANS. As a result of tho canvass by a number of young ladies the sum of £IBO has been collected towards the fund for tho relief of the distressed women and children in Be'uimn. A few cards have yet to bo. returned, and it is expected that the tina' total will reach nparly £2OO. Tho ladies descrvo great credit for their l unremitting labors tmd congratulations on; such a satisfactory ra-ult. Amongst those who subscribed ara the following:—Cousens and Black, Ohas. Speight, £lO 10s each; Mr Love, Mr A. Black. Lambert Bros.", J. W. Swift and Co., Guthrie, Bowman,' and Co., Speight, Justice, and Co., Todd and Douglas, Mackerras and Ilaz.lett, £5 5s each ; Usherwood and Co., £5: Bell Tea Company, W. F. O. Iteid, Waitaki Dairy Company, Jenkins and Co., Andrew Todd, G-. Simpson and Co., D. Crawford, J. Reid and Son, Mr Stewart-, Walker Bros.. Wvnm and Hope, National Cash Register "Company, Mr Restall, £2 2s each ; Normal School staff. £7 17s; Woodside residents (per Miss Gibb), £3 7s 6d. Other contributions of lesser amounts up to date bring the, total to £IBO. REINFORCEMENTS. Every facility and encouragement .is being given to "men to enrol for the reinforcements, and recruits arc cominir forward in fair numbers. It is more than probable that the men now being enrolled will bo. required to join the third reinforcements now encamped at, Wellington. Private advices from Jiivercarpill show that, tho response to recruiting has been very unsatisfactory. Tho quota for the Tnvereargill area was iixed at .138, and onlv 41 enrolled up to Monday morning last, a shortage, of 147. On Monday, however, there were 17 enrolments, all anxious to go with tho third reinforcements. Last night a man who had arrived by tho evening train from Bamfurly made his way to the Defence Office, and expressed a. desire to enrol and to be sent forward to camp as carlv as possible. Tho astonishing fcaturo is that the Defence Department have an enrolling depot at Ranfurly, clearly indicated by a largo sign, and yet this mam failed to notice it. APPOINTMENT OF GENERAL EIRDWOOD. A certain amount of surprise was oxpressed in Australia when tho appointment of Major-general W. 11. Birdwood was announced to "command the Australians" at tho front. It was pointed out on all sides that Brigadier-general Bridges had already been sent out in command of tho First Expeditionary Contingent. Questioned upon the matter, the Minister of Defence, explained the position. " Our in formation ii," he said. "that. General Birdwood is to command a joint colonial force. We know that the Australian* and Now Zealand men will be part of the force." Tt is probable that Genera! Birdwood will, in fact, have command of a colonial army corps, which will comprise the Canadian contingents, in addition to tho men from Australia, while General Bridges will, of course, still retain hia command of the. Australian division of that corps. DUNEDiN WOf/iEN'S ASSOCIATION. ' The following .-.ontribut-ions arc acknowledged:—Mrs V. Power, 10s_ (cardigan jackets): women of Ratanui, £2 8s (cholera belts); Miss J. M'Kechnic, 4s (cholera belts). PORT CHALMERS WOMEN'S PATRIOTIC ASSOCIATION. At a meeting of the committee yesterday evening tho ladies decided to suspend operations during the Christmas holidays, and to start anaih on the first Friday after the New Year. Meanwhile arrangements have been made that parcels may he loftat the Town Clerk's office or .it Miss Fairlev's Tea Booms. An incrca--cd demand from knittfTS for wool to make socks for the Expeditionary Force has taken place during tho past few days, as many women intend io utilise all their spare time during the holidays in making comforts fnr our troops. About £BO was collected for this fund, but it has practically all been expended, so in order to carry on the needful work donations for it will be very welcome, and the Mayor has undertaken te arrange an entertainment after the holidays to supplement the finances. The treasurer of the committee (Mrs Cunningham) submitted an account yesterday evening showing that for the various activities carried out by the Ladies' Committee they have altogether received about £2OO, by far the larger poriiou_ of which has been devoted to Belgian relief. Tho weekly donation list is as follows: Money: Cardigan jacket fund—Mrs Mur-ra-v £1; British and Belgian relief —Miss Murray £l, Methodist Church £1 2s, Winnie and Florrie Charles 6d, Woo Territorial (Jemmy Smith) £2 13s, Marine Lodge, K.C., £4 1b Goods were received from various donors. A Palmorstcn North message states that word has been received that Dr Martin, a well-known local surgeon at tho front, was mentioned in despatches for gallant servk-es to tho wounded, while under shellfire.

Captain AY. O. Funis, adjutant of the South Island Battalion of the New Zealand Railway Engineers, who has been appointed adjutant of the Maori expeditionary contingent, left for Auckland on Mo:> d.-iy to take up his military work. In his private capacity, as a member tho Railway Department's staff, Captain Funis wa.H very closely identified villi the Bailway Officers' Institute, having been an enthusiastic worker on the Executive. Committee over since 1909, when tho society's headquarters were transferred from Wellington to Dunedin. Although -only very short notice of his intended departure w.is given, the members of the local brnnc-hof tho institute (including Captain EnnisV. coadjutors on the executive) decided that he could not be allowed to lcavf. Dune-din without fiomo tangible recognition of his services 1o the officers of the Railway Service, and on Saturday evening there w-a« a pood muster of members of the institute at the institute's office- to meet Mr Ennis and present- him with a token of the esteem in which he is held by his brother officers. The presentation took tho form of a wristlet watch, subscribed for by all members of the executive in New Zealand, and a nurse of sovereigns, subscribed by the members of the. local branch, this present being supplemented bv the addition of a substantial balance left over from the subscriptions of tho members of tho executive. Mr M'Cracken (chairman of the Dunedin branch of the Railway Officers' Institute) made the presentation of the purse of sovereigns, and Mr Kane (chairman of the Executive Committee) that of the watch. Both gentlemen eulogised Captain Fnnis's services to the Officers' Institute, and their remarks -were endorsed by a number of tho others present. Captain Ennis responded in an effective speech, in which he emphasised the necessity for tho maintenance of a strong and united society to watch over the railway officers' welfare.

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LATEST FROM EUROPE, Evening Star, Issue 15677, 16 December 1914

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LATEST FROM EUROPE Evening Star, Issue 15677, 16 December 1914

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