THE RUSSIAN CAMPAIGN.
HUXGARIAx"ISTASIOX. TACTICS. REPORTED RUSSIAN REVERSE. A'-WSTERDAM, December 15. Official: A report from Vienna states #1 tie Anstrians in the Carpathians capered 9,000 (prisoners and 10 machine Ims. , AUSTRIA'S RESPONSE TO HUNGARY'S GRIEVANCE. AMPLE TROOPS SENT. PETROGRAT>, December 15. Owinjr to the massing of Austrian forces in the Carpathians the Russians will be compelled to retire to somewhat more secure and more suitable ground, affording ample freedom of movement. The Russian success at Alhwa enabled the Russians to resume the initiative at tha front agt&Sgxd of the Bzar§ RiYer»
THE TWO EMPERORS. DISSENSIONS ALLEGED. THE HUNGARIAN TROUBLE. PARIS, December 15. Various versions are given ot tho Kaieer's recent mysterious interview with the Emperor Franz Josef of Austria at Vienna, and also of Count Tisza's (Hungarian Premier) visit to the Kaiser. They .agree in showing that there were dissensions between the two monarch's. It is reported that the Kaiser urged Hungary to mate concessions to tho Tran_sylvanian Rumanians in order to prevent Rumanian intervention. THE BALKANS. GERMANS BRIBE NEUTRALS TO REMAIN SO. SOFIA, December 15. General Vo-i der Goltz, on being interviewed, declared that Bulgaria would continue her present policy, and with Rumania receive a permanent extension of territory at the. end) of tho war. GREECE AND BULGARIA. NO APPEAL TO ARMS. (London "Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, December 14. Bulgaria has accepted the Greek proposal for a mixed commission to' inquire into the reee.nt frontier incident on the Grieco-Bidgaxian frontier. SCANDINAVIA. BALTIC SKA CONTROL. | GERMANY GIVES OFFENCE. COPENHAGEN, December 15. There is great indignation in Norway owing to a German Prize Court condemning five Norwegian steamers for carrying pit props destined for English coal mines. CONFERENCE ARRANGED. OF TirREFTNEUTRALS. STOCKHOLM. December 15. At tho instance of King Gustav, the Kings of Sweden, Denmark, and Norway will meet at Malmo on tho 18th inst. to discuss plans to restrict or dimmiek tho economic difficulties arising out of tho war. ' NO CHRISTMAS TRUCE. ROME. December 15. The ' Ocservatore,' tho organ of tho Vatican, referring to the Pope's efforts for a Christmas truce, says that his Tcasous were sentiment, humanity, and pity for the families of tho combatants. All the Powers, it declares, appreciated the loftiness of the pontifical initiative, and tho majority wero sympathetic to the proposals. * Some, however, were unable to agree, and in the absence of unanimity the Pore would not be able to achieve tho result desired. AN IMPROBABLE STORY. THAT A GERMAN" DREADNOUGHT RUNS NORTH "SEA BLOCKADE. REACHES SOUTH ATLANTIC. BUENOS AYRES, December 15. Messages state that the battlo cruiser Von dor Tann has reached the South Atlantic, accompanied by three merchantmen converted into armed cruisers. [The Von der Tann is a battle cruiser of 19,100 tons. 43.C00 h.p., and was designed for a speed of 25 knots. Her best known speed is 28.12 knots. She is heavily armored, and carries eight llin guns, ten 5.9 in q-f., and sixteen 3.4 in q.f. guns., She wa3 completed in 1910.] THE LATE VON SPEE. MERCHANTMEN'S PRECAUTIONS. LONDON, December 15. Sir D. Mawson, interviewed in London, said that when passing Cape Horn the Rnahino took a southerly course to avoid the German squadron. They found the lights at Port Stanley extinguished. The vessel's signals asking for news were ignored until it was known that she was British. The Falkland Islanders, fearing a raid by Admiial Von Spee, sent their women away to hide in caves. SHEPHERDING VON SPEES SQUADRON. JAPAN'S FRIENDSHIP TROVED. (London 'Time*' and Sydney ' Sun' Sendees.) LONDON, December 14. 'The Times' say 3 editorially: "By shepherding Von Spee's squadron into the waters where it met ite doom otir Japanese allies enabled us to complete the work they so gloriously began by capturing Tsing-tao. The co-operation of the Australian and Japanese squadrons and the deference to Australasian susceptibilities displayed by Japan in handing over the Pacific islands sho captured to the keeping of an Australian force cannot but tend to modify the sentiments of the Dominions which sometimes threatened to raise delicate problems in the Pacific. It has demonstrated Japan's perception that the preservation and victory of tho Ente-nto are the strongest bulwark of her position. Bv siding in this war with the nations upholding the principles and traditions ot European civilisation, she is proving her right and fitness to take rank with tho great world Powers." GERMAN TEACE iLYCHINATIONS. TRYING TO CATCH THE PRESIDENT. LONDON, December 15. The ' Daily Telegraph's' Washington correspondent says that the ' Kolnische ZeitungV denial "of a. German inspiration of the peace movement in America is not believed by tho public there. When the hankers mentioned in the articles discussed tho movement President Wilson and his Advisers knew that Count Bernstein" was responsible for the stops taken by the bankers. "The 'Kolnische Zeitung*s' declarations aro regarded as a prelude to Germany making some peace move through Rome. The'statement that America as a nation was pro-British was true, but tho _ fact was not definitely known until President Wilson refused to fall into tho trap set by Count Benistorff to get the United States to start a peace movement. LORD HALSBURY'S PLAIN SPEECH. THE KAISER "A DIRTY THIEF," "WHO OUGHT TO BE HANGED." LONDON, December 15. In tho House of Lords ex-Lord Chancellor Lord Halsbury (who is in his 90th year) said that tho Eighth Commandment "("Thou shalt not steal") had a universal application. He protested against the blasphemous cant of any man thinking himself appointed by God to seize another mans property. Any Emperor wanting to possess a world-empire by seizing countries smaller than his own ■was a dirty thief, who ought to bo hanged. He trusted that the war would result in a general agreement that peoples estahshed in their own countries should not be disturbed unless the interference was fully justified. ATROCTTY RUMORS. MELBOURNE, December 15. The Prime Minister (Mr Fisher), on behalf of members of Parliament, cabled to the British Government regarding the stories of mutilation of males in Belgium by the Germans, and has received the following reply:— "Am informed by the Embassy that the Belgian Committeo of Inquiry have no evidence of any such report.' The reply wag received by the House I with chfiajs.
WAR TAXES AND PRICES. 1 THE SEIZURE~OF WHEAT. j SYDNEY, December 15. A board has been constituted to administer the Wheat Seizure Act. _ Proclamations have been issued authorising increases in the prico of bread and beer, as cabled yesterday. [The cablegram referred to read : " The Commodities Ccmniission, after hearing the evidence of licensed victuallers and brewers, recommended an increase in the price of beer equivalent to the extra duties. The- Commission will consider the increases in wines and spirits on Wednesday. It is understood that a proclamation will bo issued to-morrow increasing the price of the 21b loaf to 4d.] PRIZES OF WAR. | SYDNEY, December 15. A Prize Court is hearing the application j of the Commonwealth Government to have the ship Zambezi and hor cargo, captured by H.M.S. Encounter off Rabaul, declared a lawful prize. The petitioner's claim sets out that the Zambezi was a British-owned vessel under charter to the Pacific Phosphate Company ; that on August 6 the master received, through the agents of tho company and on behalf of the Kaiser, orders to proceed from Nauru Island to Rabaul with an agent of the Kaiser carrying important telegrams in relation to the war. and on arrival at Rabaul to hold himself and tho ship at the disposal of tho German Government. Tho respondent in the. case, declared that at the time of tho departure from Naura tho agent of tho charterers of the Zambezi and her captain were not aware that a state of war existed between Great Britain and Germany. The captain of the Zambezi gave evi dence that he was not aware that war had broken out until the officers of the Encounter came on board. Other evidence was driven, including that of ex-German officials at Naura, who supported the evidence of the captain. Other evidence was to the effect that at tho time ot' the capture, the German agent who was on board gave one of the Zambezi's crow a bundle of telegrams to throw overboard. Instead of doing so tho man handed them to tho Encounter's officers. The case is not finished. PETROGRAD ICE-LOCKED. rETROGRAD, December 15. . The city is without water, owing to tho freezing of the conduits. This is the first occasion of such a happening since 1893. The factories are idle, and the tire brigades will be helpless in tho event of an outbreak. THE SYDNEY-EMDEN ENGAGEMENT. THE FIRST WIRELESS MESSAGE. [Per United Prkss Association.] WELLINGTON. December 15. A highly interesting document relating to the fight between the Sydney and the Emden has been sent by an officer of transport No. 10 to a friend in Wellington. It is a report of the wireless messages received by tho vessels during and after the fight. The first message, was received at 6.31 a.m. on November 9, and was picked up by Private W. P. Falconer, of the 6th Wellington Infantry Regiment, on wireless duty on H.M.N.Z.T. Arawa. The message " 5.0.5." and " Strange, warship at entrance" came repeatedly from Cocos Island. , He woke the wireless operator. Raw. in a few minutes. The Emden tried to block the message by continuous interruption, but the operator tuned his receiver differently and managed to keep reading the Coco's Island messages through the Emden's " block," and immediately reported to the naval transport officer and tried to get the Melbonrno and tho transport flagship Maunganui, but the other stations operating blocked the message. At 6.45 a.m. the Waimana said : " Signals quite good," but could not get the Maunganui. Five minutes later a signal was successfully Font to the Maunganui by semaphore! At 7.4 a.m. the Mamiganui got a message through to the Melbourne, and at 7.10 the Sydney left for Cocos Islands. At 9.32 a.m. ' the Sydney was sending code messages which tho Emden tried to block by sending at tho same tune. At 9.47, in order to clear the way, everybody was ordered to stop signalling. At 11.7 a.m. the Melbourne received from tho Sydney : " Enemy beached to save herself from, sinking.*' and 20 minutes afterwards tho further message : " Pursuing merchant collier." Then the Minotaur sent her first message asking for the movements of the enemy. At 11.41 the Sydney 'wirelessed to all stations: "Emden beached and done for." At noon she added : " British casualties two killed and 13 wounded." There were no further messages that day. but next morning at 6.15 the Melbourne reported to the Ihuki : "No further apprehension in re Emden. Ashore on' North Cocos. Foremast and three funnels down, and she has surrendered, while Sydney is intact and proceeding to Direction Island. Do not know when she will rejoin convoy. She is remaining to take oft all guns", and will probably land wounded prisoners on Direction Island. She is also to report on condition of cable." The report has a note that tho Arawa •was the only ship out of 38 transports and four warships to pick up the message (presumably the calls from Cocos Island). BRITISH COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF. DOMINION'S CONGRATULATIONS. [Per United Press Association.] WELLINGTON, December 15. On December 8 His Excellency the Governor despatched a cable message to tho Secretary of State for the Colonies asking him to convey to Field Marshal Sir John French tho following message : New Zealand desires to heartily congratulate you on the honor which His Majesty tho King has conferred upon you as Commander-in-Chief of all His Majesty's Forces in the Field. To-day His Excellency receiver] the following reply : Please accept my warmest, thanks for the kind and generous message from New Zealand. I hnve a vivid recollection of the. splendid work done by the New Zealandcrs under my command in South Africa.—(Signed) French. A FRENCH DOCTOR'S OPPORTUNITY. At Epernay the Germans consumed 50,000 bottles of champagne and levied a war indemnity of £7,OCp. Sion afterwards one of the Imperial princes wa« wounded in the vicinity of Eperray. No German surgeon could be found, sn th* services of Dr Veron, a French doctor, were, sought. He was promised -whatever fee he cared to ask if he would attend the case. The Imperial patient w;m successfully treated by Dr Veron. who, bearing in mind the tax levied on Epernay. fixed his foe at £7,000. It was paid "in gold the same evening.
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THE RUSSIAN CAMPAIGN., Evening Star, Issue 15677, 16 December 1914