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KIEL BARRACKS

MYSTERIOUSLY DESTROYED, TURKISH LOSSES. OLD BATTLESHIP SUNK BY BRITISH SUBMARINE. MORE ARMENIAN MASSACRES. GEKxMAN BRIDGES FOR SUEZ CANAL. Press Association—By Telegraph—Copyright.

GERMANS REVIVE. MAKE FRUITLESS ATTACKS FROM THE AISNE TO ALSACE. PARIS, December 14. (Received December 15, at 8.45 a.m.) A communique states: The enemy violently bombarded our trenches north-west of Sonpir. in the region of the Aisne. We replied, throwing their trenches into disorder. Our artillery destroyed important earthworks on the outskirts. The Allies carried 500 metres of trenches and repulsed two violent attacks at Mont Marie Wood. Wo appreciably progressed at Aspach and other points. A QUIET DAY. The High Commissioner reported, under date London. 14th December (4.50 p.m.) : —Paris reports that nothing noteworthy happened. No infantry attack was made by either side THE BLACK WATCH WIPED OUT ~THE JAEGERS. GENERAL FRENCH'S PRAISE. j LONDON, December 14. (Received December 15, at 8 a.m.) General French, congratnlating the Black Watch on winning fresh laurels on thfj Marne, said: "The Jaegers (light infantry sharpshooters) of the German Guard after that battle ceased to exist. You stuck to yoflr line against treble numbers. Your "country is proud of vou. The Russians won great victories. You. in holding back the Germans, won great victories, too. Had you not dono this the Russians could not' have achieved their successes." HAND GRENADES. "HOME-MADE" AFFAIRS. (London 'Times' and Sydney ' Sim' Services.) LONDON, December 14. An officer in the Royal Engineers writes that his company are turning out hand grenades at the rate of 300 daily. Empty jam tins are filled with small pieces of iron and a few ounces of guncotton. Similar methods were employed in fight ing in tho eighteenth century. ROAD-MAKING FOR ALLIED ARMIES. BOULOGNE, December 14. (Received December 15, at 9 a.m.) One of the Allies' greatest obstacles is the wretched condition of the main roads It has now been decided to make corduroy roads, and thousands of tons oi implements have been ordered from England. BELGIUM AND FAMINE. OUTLOOK BLACK INDEED. (London' Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, December 14. The Belgian Relief Committee in England have received a telegram from Blankntiberghe stating that the situation is grave, and unless tood arrives immediately the whole region will be. plunged in tho blackest famine. .VON MOLTRF/S FALL r ___, 3)UE TO WIRE-PULLING, GERMAN PEiTpLE ANGRY. LONDON, December 14. ([Received December 15, at 9 a.m.) German newspapers show, although the Prt.-.a are ftnu.v prohibited from criticising the acts of the Government, that there is much displeasure over the sudden change in the German military leadership. It instated that Von Moltkc was politically side-tracked, and the supreme command given to Yon Falkenheyn.

The 'Tageblatt' states that Von Falkenheyn was appointed as temporary Chief of Staff on October 25. He has* therefore held the leadership since the fall of Antwerp, since when he has been uniting all the functions which in 1870 were divided between Von Moltke and Von Roon. It is stated that the Kaiser opposed Von Moltkc's proposal to concentrate on the Verdun-Toul line, because of the possibility of a hostile enveloping movement breaking the wed go by which Von Moltke proposed to advance, on Paris. ON DUTCH FRONTIER. LANDWEHR WANTED ELSEWHERE. (London ' Times ' and Sydney " Sun' Servioes.) LONDON, December 14. The Amsterdam ' Telegraaf' states that the German Landwehr on the Dutch frontier have been sent to the front and replaced by older soldiers and by first-line troops who have been slightly wounded at the front. IN KIEL CANAL. GERMAN BARRACKS DESTROYED. COPENHAGEN, December 14. (Received December 15, at 9 a.m.) It is reported that the great Goltorp barracks near Kiel have been destroyed. The cause is being kept secret in Germany. COPPER SCARCE. GERMAN WAR DEPARTMENT AS SECOND-HAND DEALERS. AMSTERDAM, December 14. (Received December 15, at 9 a.m.) Domestic utensils, including cooking pots and coal scuttles, made of copper arc being appropriated hy the German war manufacture departments. THE INTERESTING INVALID. KAISER CONVALESCENT. (London 'Times' and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) LONDON, December 14. The Kaiser's physician has assured an American correspondent that there is no ground for the alarming reports of his patient, who should be able to return to the field in 10 days. ANOTHER ACCOUNT. OPERATION WHEN FIT. BERNE, December 14. (Received December 15. at 11.45 a.m.) A telegram from Munich states that it has been decided to operate on the Kaiser's throat when his feverish conditions abate. The fart of tho Crown Prince being recalled to his father's bedskle has been confirmed . THE KAISER'S POSTMAN WITH BALKAN MAIL. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun Services.) LONDON, December 14. A Copenhagen message states that General Von der Goltz, at Sofia, handed King Ferdinand of Bulgaria a long personal autograph letter from tho Kaiser. He also carried another to Bucharest, and a third to the Sultan. MELODRAMA TN SERVIA. ! KTNG PETER'S SPEECH. PARIS, December 14. ! (Received December 15, at 9 a.m.) 'Le Matin' publishes several Nish messages accrediting the Servian successes to the presence of the aged King, who arrived at the battle front at the supreme moment. He thus addressed his soldiers : " Heroes, your old King has come to die with you for the Fatherland and for Servia. Let us drive out the enemy."

The message adds that these words lighted a tram of powder that was unforgettable. The battle was begun before Topolo, the cradle of the dynasty, where rest the ashes of the Royal Family. THE TURKS. ROUT IN TRANSCAUCASIA. RUSSIANS' HOT PURSUIT. PETROGRAD, December 14. (Received December 15, at 8.45 a.m.) A communique states: All-day fighting occurred on Friday on the Pyrousk-Esmer-Doutak line. The enemy were everywhere repulsed, with heavy losses, and were pursued beyond the river Euphrates. | UNHAPPY ARMENIANS. MORE TURKISH ATROCITIES. PETROGRAD, December 14. (Received December 15, at 8 a.m.) Armenian refugees describe the terrible position of 20,000 Christians at Erzeroum. The Turks threaten to massacre them, owing to their Russian sympathies. Many Armenians and Greeks 6iispected of espionage have been hanged without trial. Their corpses, suspended from lampposts, have been swinging in the wind for weeks. The Turks as they pass spit on the bodies and compel the Christians to do likewise. German officers control the situation. Fifty thousand Turkish soldiers and 1,500 officers are quartered in Erzeroum. BRIDGE TESTING. 1 MADE IN GERMANY TO CROSS SUEZ CANAL. CAIRO, December 14. (Received December 15, at 8 a.m.) Refugees report that the Germans are testing a bridge on Lake Tiberias. It is intended to use it for crossing the Suez Canal. The Arabs in Syria are displaying unwillingness to invade Egypt, and arc being replaced by Turks*. THE SOUDAN. ARABS ABSOLUTELY LOYAL. (London ' Times' and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) LONDON, December 14. The British Office at Khartoum states that (he proclamation of war passed in simply a wonderful manner. Without exception there could be no suspicion of the absolute loyalty of the Arab sheiks and Egyptian officers. PERVERSE PERSIA. UPSETS TURKS' SCHEME. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Sendees.) LONDON, December' 14. The Young Turks are thunderstruck with Persia's decision to remain neutral. They had counted on the Shah's support to distract the British and so facilitate a Turkish attack on Egypt. TURKISH BATTLESHIP SUNK BY BRITISH SUBMARINE. DARING TRIP THROUGH THE DARDANELLES, UNDER FIVE ROWS OF MINES. LONDON, December 14. (Received December 15, at 8.45 a.m.) Official : The Turkish battleship Messudieh, of 9,120 tons, was torpedoed by a British submarine. The Press Bureau states that Commander Norman Holbrook, of Submarine 811, entered the Dardanelles on Sunday, in spite of difficult currents, dived under five rows of mines, and torpedoed the Messudieh, which was guarding a mine-field. When last seen the ship was sinking by the stern. The submarine returned safely, although pursued by gunfire and torpedoes. On one occasion she was submerged for nine hours. [The Messudieh, though, built in 1876. was reconstructed in 1901. She was one of Turkey's five battleships. Her h.p. was 11,000 tons, and she carried 29.2 in. 12 6in, and 28 smaller guns.] The Prime Minister has received the following from the High Commissioner, dated London, December 14 : Submarine 81l yesterday entered the Dardanelles, despite a difficult current. She dived under five rows of mines, torpedoed the Turkish battleship Messudieh, which was guarding the minefield, and returned safely. The Messudieh was last seen sinking by the stern. MUTINOUS TURKS DISLIKE GERMAN DISCIPLINE. | PARIS. December 14. (Received December 15. at 8.45 a.m.) A message from Athens states that a fresh mutiny has broken out among the Turkish troops at Adrianople, and another at Selmic. near Scutari. '•THE JEHAD." • SOFIA, December 14. (Received December 15, at. 8 a.m.) The Turks informed the Libyans that the Holy War is exclusively against Britain. France, and Russia-. ITALIAN LOAN. THE SINEWS OF WAR, ROME, December 14. (Received December 15. at 8 a.m.) Italy is issuing a £40.000.000 loan at 4 per* cent, next January. ITALIAN DREADNOUGHTS. ROME. December 14. (Received December 15, at 9 a.m.) The fourth Dreadnought, the Conte di Cavour. will be completed in February, and the Andrea Doria and the Calo Duilio shortly afterwards. [The above are all capital ships of 22,340 tons displacement, 24.000 h.p.. and 21 knots speed. The armament of the Conte di Cavour is 13 12in guns. 18 4.7 in. and 20 3in q.f., and i*f the others 13 12in guns. 16 6in, and 24 oin q.f.] ITALIAN INTERESTS IN THfTTeVANT. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun'Services.) LONDON. December 14. The Rome papers exhibit growing alarm at the Mussulman unrest in Asia Minor, and suggest that the Italian Government take immediate steps to repatriate the 50,000 Italians domiciled in Asiatic Turkey. THE MAN WHO BEAT THE EMDEN. CAPTAIN GLOSSOP AT GIBRALTAR, GIBRALTAR, December 14. (Received December 15, at 9 a.m.) The. Chambei of Commerce gave a banquet in honor of Captain Glossop and bis officers- There were enthusiastic scenes when thev were returning to the Sydney. The people- removed the horses from their carriage and dragged it from the hotel to the dockyard. UGANDA CITIEFS. GRATEFUL LOYALTY. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, December 14. The Uganda chiefs have written to Mr HaToourt expressing the wish to serve in Francr with 500 men. They stated that " some time ago several of our chiefs visited England, and were heartily welcomed and feted evervwhere. They told us upon their return that they had enjoyed themselves very much- If the English have shown so much kindliness to our fellow-country-men in time of peace, the least we can do is to show .our friendship and share the jdamgcx threatening the Enxuire."

CANADIAN FINANCE. THOROUGHLY SOUND CONDITION. MONTREAL, December 14. (Received December 15, at 9 a.iri.) The Minister of Finance, addressing a gathering of business men and financiers, referred confidently to the situation. He said that the banks had emerged stronger than they were at the outbreak of the war, and their resources wore so good that it had not been found necessary to accept the Government's assistance, to any considerable extent. The war had interrupted the How of capital and immigration, and the duty of all Canadians was to co-operate-in producing as much as possible of what can be used or sold. AMERICAN WOMEN KNIT FOR OUR SOLDIERS. (London ' Times' and Sydney ' Sun' Service*.) LONDON, December 14. Washington messages, describing the universal desire of the Americans, show the practical sympathy of the women, who knit during concerts, at theatres, and. cinema shows, and even some In the churches at the request of the clergymen. RUSSIA'S CAMPAIGN. GERMANS REPULSED IN NORTH. NO CHANGE IS MID-POLAND. AN AUSTRIAN COUNTER. FROM HUNGARY INTO GALICIA. PETROGRAD, December 14. A. communique .states : Driving back the retreating Germans in the Mlawa district continues. Vhu Austrians are descending the northern slopes of the Carpathians in the region of the Dukla Pass. 'J'ho situation on the Vistula, is unchanged. [The Dukla Pass is S.W. of Trzemysl and S.E. of Tarnow.] CHANCELLOR'S SON CAPTIVE WITH RUSSIANS. BERNE, December 14. (Received December 15, at 11.45 a.m.) The newspapers state that Herr Von Bethmann Hollweg's son is badly wounded and a prisoner at Petrokow. IN THE ADRIATIC. AUSTRIA LOSES TWO CRAFT AT HER NAVAL BASE. ROME, December 14. (Received December 15, at 11.45 a.m.) Two Austrian torpedo boats siruck mines and saiik at Pola. 'i"he crews were all drowned. EXPORT OF WOOL FROM ENGLAND. LONDON, December 14. (Received December 15, at 11.35 a.m.) The Agent-General for New South Wales (Sir T. Couhlan) has elicited the information that the Board of Trade permit the export of merin-ij. for the. United States if a Bradford conditioning house guarantees that they are unsuitable for military purposes. Three weeks must elapse between the production guarantee and the issue of the Board of Trade export licence. THE ANTWERP OCCUPATION. GERMANS APPREHENSIVE. AMSTERDAM. December 14. (Received December 15, at 12.5 p.m.) The authorities at Hausweerd have detained 15 grain-laden vessels cent by the Germane from Antwerp. It is believed that the Germans were apprcher!6ive as to their safety in Antwerp, and prefer to have the vessels interned in Holland. A TIMOROUS ZEPPELIN BEATS HASTY RETREAT. AM ST KR DAM. December 14. (Received December 15, at 12.5 p.m.) A Zeppelin journeying from Nieuport towards Dunkirk was forced to return owing to the Allies' heavy fire. AUSTRALIAN NAVY. A PRACTICAL GIFT. LONDON. December 14. (Received December 15, at 12.5 p.m.) The Rubber Growers' Association have presented 4,C00 life-saving rubor:- collarr, to the Australian Navy, in recognition of the Emden exploit, DUNEDIN TRAVELLERS. CAPTIVES ON KRONPRINZ WILHELM. SYDNEY, December 15(Received D-.cemlxT 15. at 10.40 a.m.) Mr J. Cicgg and the Misses M'Nicoll, of Dumdin, arrived by the Ventura. They relate exciting experiences since leaving London at the end of -Inly. They travelled to Paris, Nice. Genoa. Barcelona, and thence to Rio de Janeiro, where th«-y boarded the Indian Prince, lwund for New York. The Tndian Prince was captured by the Kronprinz Wilhelm. They spent eight days aboard the Kronprinz, ar.d were treated with every consideration. They were transferred to a collier, and returned to Rio, whence they left again for New York. On the voyage they passed within 20 miles of the German cruiser Karlsruhe, but they reached New York i-.afely, and caught the Ventura- at 'Frisco. AN ADELAIDE GTFT FROM JUDGES AND LAWYERS. ADELAIDE, Decembr-r 15. (Received December 15. at 10 a.m.) The Judges and members of the South Australian Bar have sulxsoribed £550 for fho presentation of a, motor ambulance to the British forces. A RIDICULOUS STORY. NO FOUNDATION JN FACT. [Pia United Press Association.] AUCKLAND, December 14. American papers to hand by th« Makura contain circumstantial accounts of the supposed loss of the super Dreadnought Audacious, which was struck either by a mine or torpedoed off the Irish coast on the morning of October 27. When the Audacious began to settle a wireless call for help was sent to the Olympic, 10 miles away. The Olympicarrived soon after, and in spite of the rough, sea that was running, succeeded in saving the whole of the warship's crew. An attempt was then made to tow the sinking warship 15 miles to the Irish coast, but at 9 p.m., with the liner and a number of cruisers standing by, the bulkheads gave way. There was a terrific explosion aboard the Dreadnought, and she disappeared. The Olympic then proceeded to Lou.gh Swilly, where she remained for three days, but no one was allowed to land. Then she proceeded to Belfast, but before they landed, the crew and passengers were asked to keep secret the loss of the warship. The whole elaborate story is given an emphatic denial by Dr Beaumont, surgeon on the Olympic, who left that vessel at Lough Swilly, and who was interviewed in America early in November. He declared that no bluejackets were rescued by the Olympic, which saw no trace of the Audacious, and that, so far as he knew, the whole story was a fabrication. [The Audacious was built in 1913. _ She has a displacement of 23,000 tons, is of 31,000 horse-power, and carries 10 13.5 in guns, 16 4in guns, and 6 machine guns. Her designed speed is 21£ knotej

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KIEL BARRACKS, Evening Star, Issue 15676, 15 December 1914

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KIEL BARRACKS Evening Star, Issue 15676, 15 December 1914

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