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AND LEAVES THE UNFIT. AN INTERESTING STUDY. Dr J. A. Macdonald, editor of the Toronto ‘Globe,’ discusses in a notable leading article how war takes tho best of the 1 human breed, and leaves weaklings to | breed after their kind for the next ger.crj alien. Ho says : "Tho biological law, by which tho race I is developed and ‘ real civilisation ’ adj vaneed through natural selection and tho j survival of the littest in the struggle for j existence—that law is reversed in war. I '' War’s cal! is ; ‘ Send ns ths best ya j breed.’ The best arc chosen first, and are i first to fall. The fittest stand in the forej front, and do not survive. War's reversed j selection makes for the survival of the unfit. The law works both ways. By it j the nation climbs through breeding from I its tit; l.v it the nation sinks by breeding | irom its unfit. This is tho desolation war j works in the human breed. The fittest do ! not survive. I —War and the Human. Breed.— | " Two newspaper paragraphs should be [ read together. One paragraph tells of tho j recruiting in Scotland of Lord Kitchener’s i mniv. More than 1,100 enlisted in tho j Royal Scots Fusiliers in Ayr; Lord Lovat i< rallying his clansmen to the Highland .Mounted Brigade; Lochiel will command a thousand Cameron Highlanders; almost | the cntii e male population is enlisted : many of the glens and islands; i man of.war age will be left on " Next morning early tho rattl many Beaufort—to be on the Alec recent English, ‘ in and Britain and ■■' War is a biological importance, a regulative the life of mankind which pensed with, since without it an development will follow, which every advancement of the race, and fore all real civilisation.’ ■ "•Biological.’ forsooth! Let BcotlanH au-ever. Let Germany answer. Neven i since the days of the Stuarts has Scotland, j and especially the Scottish Highlands, been free from the toll taken by the reI orbiting sergeants for Britain’s Army. The history of the Celts is. in one. sentence: ‘Forever they went out to battle, and forever they fell.’ The clan followed its chief; the chiefs followed their King, then their Stuart Prince, and now their British King. If war is a ‘ biological necessity,’ what life, what virility, what a race of gianis the moors and glens must yield to-day I’’ —What Germany Will 1/osc. — “ In nun*, than -»0 ;.«<aa Certain.;,- has ‘ had no war. In the 'struggle for.existj em:.; the German Empire ha« developed I in the ‘ survivals ’ not of war but *>f peace. In their industrial compotit'oriS ■of peace iho strongest have survived and tho weakest have gone to the wall. Nov/ that they have for tho first time Hit.-red the sirucale of war—ail their pbvsmal fit. more than 6,000,000 of tho they breed—what will lie the a»- { swor of tin; next, generation of Germans! ('Will the blood poured out in such wild ■ prodigality in the valleys of France, and [ ih- bio;,d"that will yG-Vock like ml rain i tho roads from France over the west to Bolin, and from Russia to Berlin on the ! ea.-i—will that waste of Germany’s befit \ lib. :/] make for tho biological betterment j of the German nation! i —Scotland Speaks.— i •' .'•Votland speaks from long and sad i fyporiPiirr. ‘Every heathery hill looks i ilo'.’.n on a glen lixat, generation after I - •uerntien, ,«eni in answer to the fiery ■ cr, ss and pipes of war the best its homes ■’ 1 1 ;:' i broil. On those moors and through i u, intervales lit': at I test was hard. I 'l no weakling.'* <!h-d in infancy. By tho h;w o; the survival of the fittest there Was ; hr d a race of giants whose killed regi- ■ i.m.uJc. every man of them six foot ot i more, were,'the pride of (heir race and I the glory of Brill.-Ii arms. What row : ~,vj bi-.-iogv ? What has been tho bio- ' b-’:>al oi ,-•■ for Siotiand! i —Tho Hu-bland Clans.— J "In the awfui days of the Forty-five, : out. of this very < ;iV-;m|viuharr, 800 men ; < f the mould marched to Gu! iod-n for tlw-ir ‘ Bourn- Prince Charlie.’ ! but n fortnight ago among those who . iic.V.d out Ur ‘ J.caving Oieuurquhart,’ a, eovj.oral’s guanl. though they tool: I t.;r ; ;r }>-• ‘ from Lora Ness to Gommouy, rc b-i p.-w. the heroic standard of the |-n (ia\,.. Grants from that glen ami i - ■;a Mrailuuev stained with their blood .■ inaibl- iir-I'a.-e.s of India, and saved ■.;, honor of* huniiinity in the awful days ; ..f ii;.: Mutiny ; hut to-day few of their I i;,.u ar- 1 l-u' ’in :heir .tin dear glen.’ , a j;,. fiinrdv ' ‘him -dm.! are gono from •■o rinhgic.s/’. Wild :u:d high, as through ; I’.-!::,uni Waterloo a hundred years ago, i i ,e ■ ( am.-roii's Gal Iwrng’ rose this very ■ m.intii n Loerhd called for his men, h'.-.v many bed the * biological ’ exj ' lien- * of tho elan ‘what time the > < iik-fs caw— down to battle with •' Mea-.r ..- Tim .Mackenzies to-day are : iew at Lo.ldiroem. ■■ In gleaming glens of tho West- : I!vihlaiids there is silence deep as death ; v.her-* '.ii"' a tiiausrnd Campbells would mart up in u night at the tall of Argyll. ; V,, L,:,id of the' Isles who sleeps in lona 1 i ~1:1/1 ever again gather a clan worthy : pis tart mi. fh'-.-ngh "he blew all night on j tii" pihreeh < i Donald. I —'f!ni Phantom Ho; l - I •• T:i. v.«-nt out, thoso Highland clans, over th-s Royal ..Standard flew. Again t . i.-;" Hi -hiund* clans g'> out, the best : ; 'iravcsr of their -breed, and ttn-y ■ vh- e./tim hack. Biology does tho rest. . Ib iuhardi’s ‘ Ihohigiwti necessity ’ accompliejms its work. ’War’s commercial dis1m atio-'s end’a financial ruin are bad "iKUigh, but war’s biological reaction is (hiimigo Ik-vend repair. Its waste in b'.o'.d? !:u waste in human protoplasm, its iuc.ihnilahie waste before their time of whole generations of inii/orn sons of heroic flirty—that waste, unreckoned and prodig;.J, can never lie gathered up again. If biology means anything, if blood tells, •hen tl— wholesale slaughter of youth and vieTO” in the trenches and on the wide ‘human abattoir’ of Europe is loss that has no gain to match. And the loss is ii-.’. aloe of the stalwarts in their toer.s and twenties and thirties. •• There is a never-ending phantom host who ought to have been hut never shall bo—the unborn sons of soldier fathers who fa ?d war’s ‘ biological necessity.’ ‘ ‘ The weaklings survive, the cowards /■'.capo, tho physically unfit wc not called, ti; ■ mcra’ly uncourageous are left to breed aftrr their hind for the next generation; but the strong, the. daring, the willing—they leave no breed behind. That is lasa beyond repair.”

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WAR CLAIMS THE BEST, Evening Star, Issue 15674, 12 December 1914

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WAR CLAIMS THE BEST Evening Star, Issue 15674, 12 December 1914