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The Evening Star SATURDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1914.

Thk Kaiser of Germany io reported to have said, in the course “ With the Help of an address to his of Cod." troops on the eastern frontier, that “withtho help of God wo shall win a lasting peace.” Tho Kaiser does well to place his trust where he says it is, for his princes and lords and generals have failed him. He is not the first autocrat in history who has experienced a similar awakening. In the hour when Nebuchadnezzar was exulting in the great empire that he had built, there came to him a 'voice saying: “Thy

•• kingdom is departed from thee until " thou know that the Most High ruleth in “ the kingdom of men and givoth it to "whomsoever He will.” Why Germany to-day, at tire end of over four months of tho most sanguinary wav in history, stands upon the edge of tho pit of her own digging is because she deliberately and in cold blood brushed aside as unworthy of consideration those factors and forces which civilised nations have long since . ome to regard as moral. Germany entered upon her career of murder and dc- - smut ion reiving upon" tho sword alone. At Potsdam the Kaiser, in tho presence ~f "my Guards.” draw his sword and •waved it be loro the multitude. It was on it, and not on God, that ha relied for that victory which ho has so frequently promised, but which, liko the mirage of tho desert, disappears tire neater ho seems to approach it. There may havo been successes, but there are r.o victories in the German record. By victory men Incan that which is definite and final. And there is nothing cither definite or final in anything that Germany has so far done on laud or sea. H?r objective war. Paris; to she was to hack liar waj - through at so appalling and atrocious a cost that strong men, when they heard thereof, shouhl turn pale and tremble, and good women pray that God might take them to Himself ero their own hour came. Paris, at this time, is busy decorating and preparing to welcome back the President, :he Ministers, and the Deputies who had temporarily forsaken her. This, more •han news from Poland, or Handers, or tho South Atlantic, marks the progress of the Allies, and indicates better than a thousand claims and rumors the actual progress of tho enemy. Look which way and where one will, tho path to German victory, however -devious and tortuous that path may be, is everywhere blocked. Diplomacy ant! intrigue have fared no better than the sword and gun. least and west and north and south, whether in Egypt or China, in India or Abyssinia, tho Kaiser has found his emissaries stopped, not by physical, but by moral forces, against which lying and bribing spend themselves in vain.

It is this emergence of the moral to pit itself against and to triumph over the material that tho future historian, with a truer sense of the duo relation of things than we of to-day can possess, will set down ns the meet marvellous and decisive factor in the greatest war tho race has known. Why should the chief of the Eenutsi (known vaguely to most of us r.s a powerful but fanatical Arab deceit loader), tho natives of Niue (in the Tongan Group), or tho natives of Egypt, the Negus of Ethiopia, and tho princes of India swear fealty to England, and offer, with hearts glowing with pride, themselves, their treasure, and their sons for the use and service of tho Empire? Why, indeed? This, possibly, is what an awakened and stupefied Germany is now asking. In this tremendous world-drama there havo been brought into play emotions and passions of which tho commander;-, of tho Kaiser’s armies and navies noverdreamed. Morality, sentiment, honor! Of what account arc these beside and before Krupp guns and "my Guards”? Yet it is these despised and discarded abstractions, intangible nothings, words, scraps of paper, and soul that are proving the only reality, the only things that count. Nor can there be longer room for doubt that tho unhappy author of this, tho greatest of world tragedies, is himself, through tho red mists that oppress his brain, dimly yet surely apprehending something of tho truth of things. He is for ever protesting, and rushing hither and thither, and declaiming and appealing, as though in imagination ho saw over before him an accusing world, and desired most of all that he should not be misunderstood or misjudged. It is a vain, a hopeless task. German policy has long since been judged and condemned. It stands before God and man as an accursed tiling, and its inspirer is to-day of •' living creatures tho most pitiable. The Arabs, it is said, believe that a white angel walks on the right side of every man jotting down in it book all the good deeds that he does. But on tho left side there stalks a wicked black angel tempting him to evil acts, which are hastily recorded in the book before they can bo repented. And it is to the angel on his left side that tho Kaiser has listened and by him been harried to .the rain of his own House and his country’s glory. One may momentarily regret that so magnificent an opportunity to serve mankind has been flung like rubbish to | the void, but one rejoices to know that in tho sure and' victorious emergence of the Empire from its days of testing the world will receive anew 4ie assurance i that those things which all good men and j women value shall not perish from the i earth. Black and brown and yellow, as i well as white, bo-their tongue and color 1 what it may, havo alike learned in these ; past months what German Culture is and , what the British Empire means. And their reward is sure. [The remainder of our leading matter will be found on page 1 of this issue.]

Mr A. A. Paape, who went to Westland as the Reform candidate little more than a week before polling day, has earned the title op the West Coast of “the hurry-up .candidate." In nine days ho totalled 1,164 miles, and addressed 26 meetings. His perseverance waa marked by 2,325 votes being recorded in his favor, or within 7CO of the total of his-opponent, Mr “Tom” Seddon. Mr Hewitt, S.M., delivered a little homily on the subject of the cost of living at Kumara a few days ago, reports tho. Greymouth 1 Star.’ The defendant in a judgment summons case said it took all he earned—something over £4 per week—to keep himself and family. The Magistrate said the trouble was not so much the cost of living as tho standard of living. He knew there were hundreds of men with families who got no more than £2 10a per week, and who lived decently and paid 20s in the £. The trouble in New Zealand was tho high standard of living—not the high cost. Here we had not yet felt the pinch of distress, but he was afraid that the time was not far off when we would, and the people would have to live within their means. If a person could not afford butter, he should cat . dry bread; if he could not afford meat, no, should go without it or get the cheapest joints. Tho Magistrate also stated that too many such cases were coming before him. If a man honestly intended to pay ho would endeavor to do so. He had never known anyone who really wanted to do a thing, and who put all his energy into trying to do it, to fail. We are informed by the local office of the Bible in State Schools League that much satisfaction is felt at the result of the elections in Dunedin and eurremnding districts as regards the prospects of the Referendum Bill asked for by the league. Mr Leo (of Oamam), Mr Dickson (Chalmers), Mr Sidey (Dunedin South), the lion. Mr Allen (Bruce) all stand for the Referendum Bill in its entirety asked for by the league In Dunedin West Mr Downie Stewart will support the Bill, bub wishes the voting paper altered so that two distinct issues may be voted upon Messrs Munro (Dunedin Central) and Walker (Dunedin North) while accepting tho Referendum principle, are not favorable to applying it to the Biblc-in-schcols question. Mr Scott (Otago Central) will vote for the second reading of tho Bill, but there his support will end. At a sitting of the Juvenile Court this morning a lad, who pleaded guilty to a charge of stealing a bicycle, was admonished and discharged, his father being ordered to pay £1 towards making good tho damage to tho machine, as well as 6s witness’s expenses. The Magistrate pointed out to the lad, who had hitherto i borne a good' character, the seriousness of the offence, and warned him that he had only escaped a thrashing from the police by the skin of, his teeth, so to .speak. Tho Arbitration Court finished its' business in Dunedin yesterday afternoon. His Honor Mr Justice Stringer and Messrs Scott and M’Cullough go south on Monday morning to attend a sitting of the Arbitration Court at Invercargill. It is a noticeable feature in many of the principal rose gardens tins year that a large quantity of blooms arc coming to ‘maturity at about the same time, instead of being spread over an extended period. That, no doubt, is accounted for by tho fact that the cold winds which were so prevalent earlier in the season were succeeded by a run of several very hot days, and the rose buds which were retarded in development, are now hastening to proclaim their beauties. The Dunedin Horticultural Society’s show on Tuesday should just about catch the roses at their very j best, and as support has been promised from practically all the local enthusiasts, I including Messrs Saul Solomon ami R. i Nichol, and also from growers outside Dunedin, the public can look forward to seeing something much better than usual, especially as last year, owing to the unfortunate weatiier experienced at that time, very few novelties were forthcoming. Some beautiful new varieites will bo exhibited this season, and rose lovers should make a point of seeing them. The following further amounts have been received by the Hospital Saturday Association :—St. Helen's, additional, £l9 10s 8d (sale of dog, etc.); Tokoiii School, 19s 9d; Momona School, ICs Cd; Port Chalmers, additional, £2 4s ICd ; Burnside Freezing Works, £1 17s sd; Maungatun, £2 10s; High Street School, 19s; Waitati, 10s lid; additional Post Office (Donald Reid and Co. £1 Is, K. Ramsay £1 Is), £2 2d; Lawrence (incomplete), £43 5s 9d; Clinton. £lO 15s 6d. Waikouaiti’a total was £39. As London ‘Punch’ cleverly illustrated recently, war affects the language and intentions of men and women. In the illustration employed by England's representative humorous journal an exasperated cockney termagant, who was annoyed by her lazy husband anxious to obtain the price of a pint of “art an’ arf,” called him a bloomin’ “ Oolan.” In Dunedin tho influence of rear is exercised in a different manner, but not without some amusement. Foolish men, who occasion ally find themselves before a Magistrate havo evolved an opportune reason for magisterial leniency in cases of drunkenness and the like. Formerly repentant offenders used to plead a desire for the stimulating environment of country places, but now they believe that the only antidote to temptation in the town is service within tho shadow of tho Pyramids. More than one minor offender with “a head ” 'n the morning has evinced an exceptionally keen desire to ho discharged on condition that he joins tho colors for active service. The 5 lag: si rate probably takes the offer at its true value, and has certainly given tho recruiting sergeant assistance. “Our Own” wires from Lawrence:— The butcher’s shop and dwelling in Ross place belonging to Mr Donald Munro narrowly escaped being burnt down about 3 o’clock this morning. A few minutes previously Captain Matthews, of the local Salvation Army, happened to wake, and noticed the glare of fire, and raised an alarm. Mr James Richmond, who is Mr Munro’s foreman, and who with his wife and family live on the premises, heard tho alarm, and at once took steps to got some of the fire brigade plant in operation. Ho was soon joined by three or four members of the brigade, who worked with a will. and after a while got the upper haira of the fire. Mrs Richmond and.her five little children had a narrow escape, as dense smoke quickly filled the building (a two-story one), and in the darkness it was a difficult matter to get clear of the premises. The fire was first noticed at the back of Mr Munro’s premises, in. an outbuilding adjacent forming part of the Army’s buildings, but how it originated and whether on Mr Munro’s or the Army’s premises is merely a matter of conjecture. It was a fortunate circumstance that the fire was got under so quickly, as if it had got a firm hold, with the stiffish breeze blowing at tho time, it would havo been a serious thing for the buildings in that neighborhood, which is somewhat congested. It will take about £IOO to make good the damage done to Mr Munro’s premises, and about £25 to restore the Army barracks. Both buildings are covered by insurance. Mr Richmond loses heavily, as he had no insurance on his furniture or effects. At Wellington last evening there was a disturbance on a vessel lying at one of the wharves. From what can be gathered, the crew, mainly composed of Asiatics, applied to the captain for permission to go ashore, and were refused. Later an organised rush was made for the gangway, but the movement being anticipated, several Europeans had been placed on guard there. A scuffle took place, and .an Asiatic is alleged to have fired several shots from a revolver at one roan who was preventing him from going ashore. Luckily the shots, which were fired at point-blank range, missed their mark, and a European comrade, who was assisting at tho gangway, knocked the possessor of the revolver down and injured him so severely that his removal to tho hospital was j deemed necessary. The revolt was evenj taually subdued, and hte disturbers were I confined to their quarters.

I Notification of Sunday services as enume- , rated bolow appears in our advertising i columns:—Ang.ican: All Saints’. PresbyI leriau: First Church, Knox Church, St. I Andrew’s, South Dunedin, North-east Valley, Oaversham, Mornington, Musselburgh, i Roslyu, St. ■ Clair, Chalmers, Auder- . son Boy. Methodist: Trimly, Central Mission, Mornington, Cargill Road, Belleknowes, Woodhaugb, North-east Valley, D uiutas Street, Kow, Abbotsford, Eavensbourne, Iloslyn, Maori Hill. Congregational : Moray Place, Kins' Street, Luth Street, St. Clair. Baptist: Hanover Street, Rdslyn, Sou hj Dunedin, Caveraham,. North-east Valley. Church of Christ: Tabernacle. South Dunedin, Filleul Street, Mornington, CLristadtlphians, Ciioral Hall, Theosophy, Albany Street School, Christian Science. Tho annual display by the pupils of the Christian. Brothers’ School will be given in His Majesty’s Theatre on Monday night. The singing'class, under the baton dt Mr J. Campbell G'llics promises to provide a treat to lovers of good part singing. Two special items in keeping with the spirit of the times will be 1 Come, Ever Smiling Liberty ’ (Handel) and * Land of Hope and j Glory ’ (Elgar). Variety is added to the first part of the programme by a humorous recitation, and a farce by the junior pupils. To show that the physical culture of the boys is not neglected, two exhibitions ot calesthonics —clubs and dumb-bells —and a gymnastic display will be given by three separate squads. The second half of the programme will be chiefly taken up by the presentation of a specially-prepared i£?cc entitled ‘A Masque of Empire,’ under the direction of 'Mr De Spong. Spectacular tableaux. special music by the Kaikorai Band, and a display of military drill promise, in conjunction with the first part of the programmes to provide one of the best entertainments yet given by the school. As will ibe seen from our advertising columns, the | prices are as usual. Speight’s ale and stent are acknowledged by ihe Dominion public to be the beet on the market.—[Advt.] Mr James Gumming, of Arllmrton, scuds us 10s m aid of the Christmas fund. The Mahrno advertised to run to North Spit and Maori Kaik on Sunday, tho lot-u inst. .The Education Be aid notify teachers that salaries will be payable at tho Baua of New Zealand on the 16th hist. Dunedin Starr-Bowkett Society dispose of £I,OOO by ballot on Wednesday evening at Oddfellows’ Hall. Sluart street. A few shares available No. 5 group, if taken up, will participate in ballot. Watson’s No. 10 is a little dearer thin most whiskies, but is worth the money.— [Advt.J Tho Otago Mutual Starr-Bowkett Society will, at their offices on Thursday, dispose of two appronriatlons*of £SOO each. Applications for shares in ihe No. 2 group are being received. At tho monthly popular service at St. Clair to-morrow evening the Rev. VV. J. Ashford will review General Von Bemhardi's book on war, the subject, being ‘ New Culture and Old Faith’ Miss May Walton and Mr M'Lcod will be the soloists. At the Methodist Central Mission, Octagon Hall, Rev. H. L. Richards will preach in the morning, and in the evening Rev. VV. Walker. At the (.veiling service Mr K. Moffatt will sing ‘No Biudcus Yonder.’ Mr VV. D. Mason wishes to meet the members of bis committees to (he Liberal League Office, Empire Buildings, this evening. The subject at tho meeting of the Unitarian Progressive Society in the Club House, Moray place, to-morrow evening will bo ‘ Professor Brown’s Theology.’ “ Have one with me.’’ '* Thanks, I wi'l. IT. have Watson’s No. 10, please.”—[Advt.] No lady should be without Martin’s Apiol and Steel Sold by al, chemists and stores throughout Australasia.—[Advt.] Mr Colhtt is keeping tho local Tourist Bureau open in tin evening, fiom 7.30 to 9.30, from 14ib to 31st hist., for convenience of people who cannot arrange their tours during the daytime “ Gleaner” ‘sends us 10s in response to tho appeal made by Mr W. T. Tulboys to provide Christmas comforts for those in receipt of outdoor relief. Holiday tickets to Ownka will bo issued in connection with tho Ownka show, to be he'd on Wednesday next; and to Ran- | furly for the Manioloto’show on the follow- i ing day. The time for ihe receipt of entries for ihe j Dunedin Horticultural Soc’ely’s Rose Show, j which takes place in the Early Settlers' Hal! | on Tuesday, has been extended till noon on . Monday. The members of the RoJyn brandies of tho 1.0.0. F., A.O F., and U.V.O.D. arc requested to attend a combined church paiaue at tho Ka'korai Presbyterian Church tomorrow morning, particulars of which will be found in our advertising columns.

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The Evening Star SATURDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1914., Issue 15674, 12 December 1914

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The Evening Star SATURDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1914. Issue 15674, 12 December 1914

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