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Our contributor, a well-known gardener, will be glad to answer questions, which t .usl be received not later than Tuesday o/ each week —The Kitchen Garden.— Tire severe cutting winds experienced for some considerable time back have had' a bad effect upon vegetation. Scarcely any kind of crop is making the growth it should at this season, not oven grass. Cabbages, cauliflowers, and stub-like that have been planted out have had a trying time, unless where abundance of water has been applied. Watering becomes an important operation. But recourse should not •be had to it unless effectually carried out. To gives dribbles in such weather as we have been having will bake the ground and leave it in a worse condition than before. Keep the ground. free by hoeing and raking. This will not only destroy all weeds that mav be coming through, but will tend to retain the moisture much longer in the soil. It is hardlv advisable to plant any of the cabbage ‘family during hot weather. Better wait for a change. So the best advice 1 can give in the meantime is to attend to the crops already in.

—The Greenhouse. — Abundance of water will be required just now to keep plants in a healthy condition. Keep the floors of the house damp bv frequent waterings, to keep down the temperature. This is much better for the plants than trying to keep it cool by extra ventilation. To open ventilators much during hot and strong windy weather is decidedly injurious to the plants. Keep plenty of fop ventilation on, and if ventilation at the bottom cannot be given on the lee side, open very moderately. Mo=t kinds of flowers and plants will be' benefited by frequent watering with liquid manure diluted and clear, especially such as fuchsias and large zonal geraniums. . , ~ a . Pelargoniums that are in full nowei or coirc past their best must not receive liquid or food of any kind—only clean water. As they go off flowering do not I give much water. Water only when required. and 'that very moderately, tor the purpose of thoroughly ripening the wood before they are cut back. Later on 1 will give you further advice upon this and root- , ing the cuttings. —The Rose Garden.— I Truly the roses are having a trying time of it. The hot sun and heavy winds have opened out hundreds of blooms, to be . knocked into unrecognisable shapes. On leaving mine the other evening I felt like saying something naughty. Like lat s parrot, if I did not say much I thought a lot. However, by the time this is in print I hope wo shall have had a change for the better to give the flowers a chance to recover themselves before the Rose Show, which, I see, had to be postponed until next Tuesday on acount of other important events. The rose fete takes place in the Botanic Gardens on the 16th. Let us hope, for the sake of the good cause for i which it is got up, that the weather will put on its. best behaviour on. that date. I Do not feed the roses or water with 1 liquid manure during dry weather, unless the ground can be well watered beforehand. Whatever protection is given the roses, see that they are made secure from being battered against the covering. -Cross-fertilising or Hybridising.— The present season should be a good one for cross-fertilising roses. Everything ini dicates a dry season, even if it be a windy one, thus giving a good chance for ripening ! the seed pods. Those who propose trying their hand at this very inteersting work should lose no time in setting about it whilst wo have the best blooms to work 1 upon and to allow a good long season for the seed pods to develop. When it is decided which kind to work upon, and also the individual flower, emasculation must take place as soon as possible after the , flower opens ; that is, to cut all stamens away before self-fertilisation takes place—--1 —then you have a clear field to work upon. ! Protection must be given to both the sced- ; bearing and the pollen-bearing blooms to i prevent insects carrying foreign pollen. It is necessary to apply the pollen two or three times, to make sure of a proper : " take,'’ from one to three days after the j flower has opened. After the operation recover for a few days, then remove the I covering, as no insects can carry pollen to ' harm or change the nature of the previous application. Leave them then to develop, and pick them as soon as they turn rod or yellow, as the case may be. —Answers.— “ L.T.G.’’—Your place is overrun with earwigs, and they are eating your chrysanthemums. You have seen something in : my notes about syringing plants to prevent insects eating them. —Earwigs are a real pest. The material used for spraying plants for insect pests is arsenate of lead—a teaspoonful to the gallon of water. Try scattering a little Paris green around their ' haunts. It is very effective against wood lice. I should also advise you to trap them by placing some dry moss under 4in flower pots slightly tilted. Also cut pieces of broad bean stalks, place them about overnight, and in the morning go around with a tin of hot lifting each piece and shaking the pests into the water. Replace. and repeat the next morning, and ;so on. You will keep them down if you i attend to this, and I should advise you to do so, as they are not particular what they I attack. I know them of old. j “ Rambler.”—The insects forwarded arrived safely this time. They are a form of red spider. Do as adviced for the outside ; that is, nse kerosene emulsion. You say you would fumiirate with the poison named for the .neido. You may use either sulphur or ni cot wide. In either case you must keep outside and close the doors and all ventilation. Bear in mind that no plant life that is in the green state will live after a strong dose of sulphur. “M” —You have a laburnum yon planted five years ago It never flowered until last year, and now it is apparently lifeless.—lt is very hard for me to say what to do. not swing or knowing anytlp.'p ,--f : t- P „ri—’hiding?. Laburnums are rery hardly, ahd hard to kill. If the position is a ivrv <iry one try a good soaking of water. T»i:t I fear there is some other cau-=p which is impossible for me to name without seeing it or knowing move about it. U I knew your full address I would call the first time I am your way. “'Mater” wishes to know if seaweed makes good manure for other things than J asparagus Yes. It is very- good manure I when thoroughly d .'composed. You have ) a'so an a-cre of land at St. Glair doing no‘hing. Do I think it would do to plant lucerne upon it.—Yes ; income makes good cattle feed, and should do well, providing the- land is good, -wlucVi 1 presume it will l>e at St. Clair. “G.S.T."—You have four pelargoniums in 4in pets and in bud Would it matter if yon potted into larger pots, and could you strike cuttings now?— You could pot it on, hut it would be much better to let it flower in the pot it is in now that it haa formed flower buds. Keep it well watered, and as soon as the flowering is over cut it back and strike the cuttings. To pot it on now would not improve the plant much; but, on tho contrary, would increase the risk of losing it in th© winter bv its being too soft, as it would not have time to ripen the wood. H.C.

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GARDENING FOR THE WEEK, Issue 15674, 12 December 1914

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GARDENING FOR THE WEEK Issue 15674, 12 December 1914

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