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Contributions evil questions for answerin'/ should be addressed to “ Minorca, Poultry L’ditor, ‘ Star ’ Office, and received not later than Tuesday of each week. “ Minorca ” will only answer fi.iiiinunicationa throuyh this column. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. “H.C.C.”—(I) Smutty wheat is not good for fowls. (2) Barley should be boiled or steeped in water before being given to fowls. (5) Whole wheat can be fed to chicks when they are a month old, but oats should not be given until they are two months old. (4) There are special methods of fattening carried out for the Home market, but for your own birds the best plan is to place the young cockerels in a email pen. and feed every two hours just what the birds will eat up greedily of the following soft food; —Pollard two parts, bran one part; mix with milk and water if yon can spare the milk, if not water will do. Keep the mixture rather moist, and allow only a small quantity of drinking water. Feed green food once a day, and give a good supply of grit. As the birds come on to moult an iron tonic should be given. Douglas mixture is a handy form in which to give it, also chemical food, but the latter is rather expensive in a large flack. Grooere are selling eg.a at Is 2d, but breeders are receiving Is 3d per dozen for new-laid eggs. • Owing to the drought at Home there has been a great deal of sickness among poultry. This is accounted for by the want of'green food. Of course, green food should be regularly supplied, but during a drougnt it is impossible to supply it. Dunedin breeders are not likely” to suffer with drought, hut round about the Oamaru district it is different. When it is impossible to secure green toed it has been found of great advantage to allow the soft food, when composed of bran and pollard, to stand for 24 hours before it is used: Pour the boiling water on the bran and pollard, and then cover the bucket with a sack. The grain is thus rendered soft and more easily digested. A little Epsom salts should also be added to the drinking water when it is impossible to secure green food. TREATMENT OF GROWING STOCK. If possible the growing stock should now be removed to fresh ground. It is wonderful the improvement that is made in the birds by doing this. The shelter shed should always be provided, and it should be well filled with good scratching material. A good dust bath should be provided, and the young birds should also be dusted with insect powder once a month. Cheap powder blowers can now be procured, and it only takes a few minutes to dust 20 or 30 birds after they have gone to roost. If the dusting is done over a sheet of paper, the powder which is spilt can easily be collected. If the birds show any sign of going off their food a meal shnuld_ be missed and a dose of Epsom salts be given in the morning meal—a heaped teaspoonful to every five birds. Dissolve the Epsom salts in warm water before adding to the soft food. For growing birds there is nothing better than good oats boiled and mixed with gran and pollard; a little meat at noon and a good feed of the best wheat before bedtime. For growing cockerels feed the same, and give them an open run. Select as soon as possible, and only keep the best for breeding. Green food is very necessary for growing stock. Dunedin boys are quite up to date. Seeing a boy with two pigeons in his arms, a lady asked him what he was doing with them. He said he was going to the bird dealer’s to soil them. ” But .won't you miss yonr pets?” the lady asked. “Oh, that’s all right.” said ho. " This is the fourth time I have sold them. They always come back to me as soon as they are let out. It pays all right. I get enough to feed my pigeons on what I get for this pair.” The Bantam Club intended holding a judging competition last Thursday, but owing to it being election day it has been postponed until Thursday, December 17. Mr W. Shrimpton. of Musselburgh, had a fine hatch with his incubator. Out of 52 eggs 48 batched, one was infertile and three dead in the shell. Such results are very encouraging. When the weather is so changeablehot one day and very cold the next—shade should be provided on tho hot days, and provision for warmth made when it is very cold; otherwise diarrhoea is likely to occur among the chicks. It is easier to prevent it than to cure it. If cs clucUK.g Ken Kas scaly legs, and you allow her to sit before curing it. she will probably pass it on to her chicks. It Is easily cured by washing the legs with warm water, then paint with kerosene, and afterwards apply sulphur ointment. An infertile egg keeps much better than eggs which are fertilised; therefore secure infertile eggs to put down for the winter. One of the first questions people who have just started keeping fowls ask is with reference to the weight of food to five to each bird; and for the guidance of hoia who are without experience it is weH for ns to mention that fowls which are laying require 4oz of soft food each (weight when mixed) and 2£oz to. 3oz of

i grain each per day, hut they do not I always eat just the same quantity of soft food, as -when they aro not laying their appetite is not as good.—Exchange. The New Zealand Utility Poultry Club’s tenth egg-laying competition—April 8, ’914, to March 31, 1915, six hens to a pen—completed! its thirty-fourth week on December 1, os follows: —Light Breeds.— 1. A. W. Adams (Sheffield), W.L. ... 977 2. Heretaunga P.C. (Silverstream), W.L 973 5. B. P. L. Clavson (Ekctahuna) ... 965 4. Calder Bros. (Gam am), W.L. ... 963 5. J. W. Green (St. Albans), W.L. 955 6. Willis and Son (New Brighton), W.L 941 j7. D. Y. Gibson (Herbert), W.L. ... 949 1 —Heavy Breeds.— 1 Miss Rita Nixon, 8.0. ... ... 992 2. 11. Monger (Hutt), 8.0 882 3. W. E. Green (St. Albans), S.W. 849 —lndian Runner Ducks.— 1. Heretaunga P.C. (Silverstream) ... 953 Glencoe Ranch (Karori) 913 The 42 pens in the light breeds (252 birds) have laid in the 54 weeks a total of 56,229 eggs; the 18 pens of heavy birds (108 birds) have laid 13,516 eggs; and the Indian Runners (six pens, 36 birds) have laid 5.091 eggs. Reilly, Gill, and Co., auctioneers, Moray place, Dunedin, report: Heavy consignments of poultry come forward, J holders getting afraid of high prices of teed. Kgga are meeting a good demand. Poultry realised : Hens, Is Id, Is sd, Is 4d, ls*sd. and Is 6d ; young cockerels, Is 9d, 2s, 2s 3d ; ducks, 2s, 2s 6d; duck- i lings, 2s Sd, 2s 6d, 2s 9J, 3s; chickens, 3d, sd, 6d, 9d, Is, Is 9d each; turkeys—hens 6d and gobblers lOd per lb. Eggs, stamped and guaranteed, Is case eggs, Hid- „ , . „ I Last month over five and a-half thou- ; sand dozen eggs were put through by the ■ New Plymouth Egg Circle.

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POULTRY NOTES, Issue 15674, 12 December 1914

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POULTRY NOTES Issue 15674, 12 December 1914

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